Root
Dictionary

Salish Nicodemus English

ʔ ʕ č ǰ š ɫ ʷ ɛ ə ɔ · á é í ó ú ɛ́ §
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Ignore Vowels in Salish?

The root dictionary presented here was compiled by John Lyon and Rebecca Greene-Wood and contains nearly 1,400 roots and about 7690 "word" forms. The data come from Lawrence Nicodemus's Coeur d'Alene dictionary. The original work was published by UMOPL and can be found at Lyon and Greene-Wood 2007. All material is copyrighted by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe and may not be copied in any format without written permission from the Coeur d'Alene Tribe.

For reasons of searchability and clarity of presentation, the organization of the dictionary has been altered from its original form. Within a root header, the entries are organized beginning with the least complex and move towards more complex forms. Each entry is separated by a new line and numbered. The entries first appear in the Salishan orthography, then the Nicodemus, and finally an English translation. Nicodemus sometimes identifies the simplest forms as (stem), but not in all cases. Intransitive and simple nominalized forms directly follow, then reduplicated forms, complex forms (those with lexical suffixes), and finally transitive forms and compounds. The following symbols are used to separate the different types of entries: intransitive (†), transitive (‡), complex (//), and compound (§) entries. Entries begin with a root skeleton followed by the transliterated Coeur d'Alene, followed by Nicodemus's English translation, grammatical notations, and additional information.

Lyon and Green-Wood's Root Dictionary

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Root

Salish

Nicodemus

√a

√a 1 a a † hello. (gr.)
2 a a? so. (lit. Is that so?), (adv.)
3 aaaa...! cut out, knock off!, quit, stop. (lit. Cut it out!, Knock it off, quit it, Stop it!), (imper.)
4 aye aye hey. (adv.)

√b

√bc 1 buc buts † boots. (n.)
2 ec+búc+buc=šn etsbutsbutsshn // boots (to be wearing...). ((lit. He is wearing boots), n.)
3 s+búc+buc=šn sbutsbutsshn boot. ((lit. a borrowed root), n.)
4 s+búc+buc=šn+mš sbutsbutsshnmsh rubber boots (putting on...). (vt, pl.n.)
√bl 1 bu·lí buuli † bull. (n.)
√bm1 1 bam bam † go (...fast and far), speeded (be...), be versatile. ((stem), vi.)
2 bam bam intoxicated. ((stem), vi.)
3 bám+bm+t bambmt speedy (H/s is...). (adj.)
4 bam+p bamp speeded (He...), tipsy (He became...). (vi.)
5 s+bam+p sbamp speeding. (v.)
6 ic+bam+p itsbamp intoxicated (H/s is being...). ((lit. H/s is speeding), vt.)
7 niʔ+b[a]m+p=aw'es ni'bmpa'wes // orgy. ((lit. there is speeding or intoxication among them), n.)
√bm2 1 bem bem † buzz. ((stem), vi.)
2 b[e]m bm roar (...of motor or engine). ((stem), vi.)
3 is+bém+b[m]+iš isbembish whirr. (lit. It is...), (vi.)
4 is+bem+bm+iš isbembmish buzz. ((lit. It is...), vi.)
5 is+bém+bm+iš isbembmish hum, humming. ((lit. H/s is making humming sounds/purring), vi, vt.)
6 s+bém+bm+iš sbembmish humming, any humming sound. (n.)
7 s+t+bém+bm stbembm bumblebee, hummingbird. (n.)
8 s+t+bem+bm stbembm hummingbird. (n.)
9 u+b[e]m+m+m ubmmm humming (continuous...). (n.)
√bn 1 benéne benene † banana. (n.)
√bns 1 bins bins † bean. ((l.w. from Engl.), n.)
√bnwh 1 s+bi·nwáh=ulumxʷ Sbiinwahulumkhw // Benewah County. ((lit. Benewah land, named after a Coeur d'Alene), n.)
√bs 1 s+t+bi·só stbiiso † dragonfly. (n.)
√btlym 1 be·tlyém beetlyem † Bethlehem. (n.)

√c

√cc 1 s+čn[t]+coc Schntsots § Canada, British. (Canada (lit. Indian (or peo­ple) of George), adj.)
2 gʷɫ s+čin[t]+cóc guɫ schintsots Angles. ((lit. King George men, n.)
3 ul s+čin[t]+cóc ul schintsots Anglican. ((lit. pertaining to King George's men)., n.)
4 ul s+čen[t]+cóc ha s+q'ʷenp' ul schentsots ha sq'wenp' sunset (Canadian...). (n.)
5 elu+s+x̣em=ínč e s+čin[t]+coc elusqheminch e Schntsots Anglophobe, (lit. One who does not love England). (n.)
√cč 1 ceč tsech † thunder. ((stem), vi.)
√cč' 1 ceč' tsech' lightening striking.
√cgʷ1 1 cegʷ tsegw † behave, character (to have...). ((stem), n.)
2 cegʷ+t tsegwt character, custom, nature, structure (the moral or ethical...of a person or group). (n.)
3 cegʷ+t+s tsegwts nature (his...). ((lit. the way he was born), n.)
4 cugʷ=ílt+m tsugwiltm // begat. ((lit. H/s begat children), vt.)
5 i+cugʷ=ílt+mš itsugwiltmsh breed. ((lit. He is producing off­spring), vt.)
6 s+cugʷ=ílt+m stsugwiltm begetting offspring. (vi.)
7 s+n+cugʷ+cugʷ=íčt sntsugwtsugwicht burlesque. ((lit. imitation), n.)
8 sye+n+cugʷ+cugʷ=íčt syentsugwtsugwicht copycat, imitator. (n.)
9 s+n+cegʷ=elt‑nún‑t sntsegweltnunt ‡ concupiscence. ((lit. desire to beget children (morally), n.)
10 s+n+cugʷ=elt‑núm‑t sntsugweltnumt aphrodisiac. ((lit. desire for be­getting offspring, progeny, young), n.)
11 cugʷ+cugʷ+ús‑n't‑s tsugwtsugus'nts demonstrate. ((lit. He gave him a example), vt.)
12 hn+cugʷ+cugʷ=íč+s‑nt‑s hntsugwtsugwichsnts copy, emulate, imitate. ((lit. He imitated him), vt.)
13 s+cegʷ+es+čínt stsegweschint § animal magnetism, archetype. ((lit. animal example, model; model for a human being; talisman, anything that has a magical effect), n.)
14 s+cegʷ+es+čint stsegweschint model (example for a person). (n.)
15 s+cugʷ+cugʷ+s+čín't stsugwtsuguschi'nt demonstration. ((lit. teaching a person by one's own example), n.)
16 gʷl+gʷl+ɫ+cégʷ+t gwlgwlɫtsegwt weird. ((lit. He does queer things), adj.)
17 tiʔxʷ+eɫ+cégʷ+t ti'khweɫtsegwt acquire (to...). ((lit. He acquired a way (habit), vt.)
18 e+t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ+t et'ikhwlmɫtsegwt eccentric, odd, queer, strange. (vi. (lit. H/s has different ways), adj.)
19 s+t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ+t st'ikhwlmɫtsegwt eccentricity, idiosyncrasy, peculiarity. (eccentricity, idiosyncrasy, peculiarity (lit. differences of a person's ways), n.)
20 t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ‑nt‑m t'ikhwlmɫtsegwntm denature. ((lit. He was changed as to his nature), v.)
21 sul+sul+ɫ+cégʷ+t sulsulɫtsegwt bleak. ((lit. He has a somber and gloomy manner (nature)), n.)
22 č's+eɫ+cégʷ+t ch'seɫtsegwt cad, churl. ((lit. He has bad manners‑an ungentlemanly man), n.)
23 sl'+sl'+eɫ+cégʷ+t s'ls'leɫtsegwt block‑head, chump. ((lit. A person who is uncer­tain in his ways), n.)
24 č's+eɫ+cégʷ+t he s+miʔy+em ch'seɫtsegwt he smi'yem cotquean. ((lit. woman of bad manners), n.)
25 ec+meʔ+m+ɫ+cégʷ+t etsme'mɫtsegwt effeminate. ((lit. He is delicate or unmanly), adj)
26 pinč+cegʷ+t pinchtsegwt customary, usual. (adj.)
27 ɫe+č'is+eɫ+cegʷ+t ɫech'iseɫtsegwt boor. ((lit. one who has bad manners), n.)
28 pos+pos+ɫ+cégʷ+t posposɫtsegwt He has comical ways. (vi.)
29 qʷy'+qʷi+ɫ+cegʷt qwu'yqwiɫtsegwt He has a poor personality. (lit. He is poor as to his nature). (vi.)
30 x̣es+eɫ+cʔégʷ+t qheseɫts'egwt [also recorded as √cʔgʷ] courtly, refined. (He has nice manners, he is courtly, adj.)
√cgʷ2 1 cugʷ tsugw † feathered. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+t+cugʷ+cugʷ=íʔsn sttsugwtsugwi'sn // feather(s). (n.)
√ch1 1 cehé tsehe † an example, a specified instance, a case. ((lit. See!), n.)
2 ceh+t=cín+m‑nt‑s tsehttsinmnts ‡ allude. ((lit. He mentioned it, He alluded to it), vi.)
√ch2 1 s+t+ceh=íp=tč sttsehiptch // thumb. (n.)
2 t+ceh=íčn' ttsehich'n ridge (He went along the...). (n.)
3 t+ceh=íčn' ttsehich'n went (He...along the ridge). (vi.)
√ch3 1 cih tsih † to reach.
√ckʷ1 1 cekʷ tsekw † pull, drag. ((stem), vt.)
2 cékʷ+kʷ tsekukw to be drawn, attracted. (vi.)
3 s+cekʷ+kʷ stsekukw attraction (lit. state of being pulled). (n.)
4 t+cékʷ+kʷ+m ttsekukum attract. ((lit. He was drawn), vi.)
5 s+t+cékʷ+kʷ+m sttsekukum attraction. ((lit. state of being pulled), n.)
6 t+cukʷ+kʷ+útm ttsukukutm attractive. ((lit. capable of drawing (something), adj.)
7 c+cukʷ+m'ín'+n' tstsukw'mi'n'n bob‑sled. ((lit. means of dragging, pulling), n.)
8 či+cen+cékʷ‑n chitsentsekwn ‡ educe (lit. I drew it out (this way). (vt.)
9 hn+cukʷ=úl'mxʷ‑nt‑xʷ hntsukwu'lmkhwntkhw You dug it up. (vt.)
10 t+cékʷ‑nt‑s ttsekwnts detract. ((lit. He drew it off), vt.)
11 hn+cukʷ=úlmxʷ‑nt‑s hntsukwulmkhwnts he pulled it out of the ground. (vt.)
12 t+cukʷ=šn=íw'es‑nt‑m ttsukwshni'wesntm banish, debunk. ((lit. He was snatched away by the feet), vt.)
13 t+cukʷ=šn=íw'es‑nt‑s ttsukwshni'wesnts drag away, carry off. ((lit. He carried h/h off), vt, v.)
√ckʷ2 1 cikʷ tsikw † cranium, stupidity. ((stem). (a cover for the brain, ref. to stupidity), n.)
√cl 1 cil=čt tsilcht // five. ((lit. 5 fingers), n.)
2 cél=č=sq'it Tselchsq'it Friday. ((lit. five days), n.)
3 s+niʔ+cl=áw'as=qn sni'tsla'wasqn quill (porcupine...over head). (n.)
4 ʔupen uɫ cil upen uɫ tsil § fifteen. (n.)
5 cil+čl+ʔúpen tsilch'lupen fifty. ((lit. 5 times 10), n.)
√cl' 1 s+cil'+eɫ+x̣élexʷ stsi'leɫqhelekhw § denture. ((lit. substitute for teeth), n.)
2 s+cil'+eɫ+s+t'š=ástq stsi'leɫst'shastq blueberry (lit. a huckleberry substitute). (n.)
√cɫ 1 s+cúɫ+m stsuɫm † bull, steer. (n.)
2 s+c+cúɫ+m' ststsuɫ'm bull (young...), bullock, steer (young). (n.)
3 c+cóɫ+m'=qn' Tstsoɫ'mq'n // Little Bull Head. ((name of a Flathead Indian), n.)
√cɫxʷ 1 c(=)eɫxʷ tseɫkhw † house. ((stem), n.) [xref ctxʷ]
2 c(=)iɫxʷ tsiɫkhw house.
3 čet+čm'+cíɫxʷ chetch'mtsiɫkhw porch, eaves, awning. (n.)
√cm 1 cum+t tsumt † prompt. ((H/s arrived just on time), adj.)
√cm'1 1 ci+cem'eʔ tsitse'me' † small, they are small. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+c+cm'=íl't ststs'mi'lt // children, offspring. (n.)
3 c+cm'=íc'eʔ tsts'mits'e' midgets, pygmies. (n.)
4 t+c+cm'eʔ=ús ttsts'me'us beads. ((lit. little eyes), n.)
5 hn+c+cám'=al'qs+n' hntstsa'ma'lqsn' roads (small...), vegetables. (n.)
6 elu+s+c+cm'=íl't eluststs'mi'lt § barren, sterile. ((lit. H/s has no children), adj.)
√cm'2 1 s+cóm'=ɫxʷ stso'mɫkhw // longhouse. ((lit. house of mats), n.)
√cn 1 cun tsun † indicate, point, show. ((stem), vt.)
2 cún=čt+m tsunchtm // pointed (he...with index finger), seven. (vt, n.)
3 ʔupen uɫ cun=čt+m upen uɫ tsunchtm § seventeen. (n.)
4 cun=čt+m+e·l+ʔúpen tsunchtmee'lupen seventy. ((lit. 7 times 10), n.)
√cnl 1 cénel tsenel † he, she (It is he or she). (n.)
2 ul+cénel ultsenel belong. ((lit. It belongs to him), vi.)
3 cenel+mí+ncut tsenelmintsut egocentric. ((lit. H/S is by h/h self; regarding self as the center of all things), adj.)
4 e+cenel+mí+ncut etsenelmintsut asocial, egotistic, self‑centered. (vi. (lit. He is usually by himself), adj.)
5 cníl‑ilš tsnililsh ‡ they (It is...). (n.)
6 ul cníl‑lš ul tsnillsh theirs (It is...). (adj.)
√cnmn 1 cánmn Tsanmn † chinese. (n.)
√cnmʔ 1 hi·y+cúnmeʔ hiiytsunme' † student, disciple. ((lit. H/S is the one I taught or am teaching), n.)
2 hn+cunmeʔ+n hntsunme'n conservatory, school. (n.)
3 hn+cun+cún'm'eʔ+n' hntsuntsu'n'me'n' college. ((lit. school), n.)
4 ul hn+cun'+cun'm'aʔ+n' ul hntsu'ntsu'n'ma'n' academic. ((lit. belonging to a school), adj.)
5 i·+cúnmeʔ iitsunme' directory. ((lit. It is guiding), n)
6 s+cúnmeʔ+m stsunme'm declaration, documentation, instruction, directive. (n.)
7 sye·+cúnmeʔ+n syeetsunme'n director. ((lit. One who guides or shows), n.)
8 cunmeʔ+ncút+n tsunme'ntsutn He is a means of teaching oneself (said only of a high qualified teacher). (v.)
9 s+cun'+cun'm'eʔ+ncút stsu'ntsu'n'me'ntsut curriculum. ((lit. teaching oneself repeatedly), n.)
10 č‿y'c+cunmeʔ+ncút chi'tsunme'ntsut We are teaching ourselves. (vt.)
11 cúnmeʔ‑nt‑s‑n. tsunme'ntsn ‡ taught (I...you (sg.)). (vt.)
12 cúnmeʔ‑n tsunme'n taught (I...h/h). (vt.)
13 cúnmeʔ+ɫ‑n tsunme'ɫn showed (I...it to him). (vt.)
14 cúnmeʔ‑nt‑ul[t]‑n tsunme'ntulmn taught (I...you (pl.)). (vt.)
15 cúnmeʔ‑n‑lš tsunme'nlsh taught (I...them). (vt.)
16 cúnmeʔ‑nt+se-xʷ tsunme'ntsekhw You (sg.) taught me. (vt.)
17 cúnmeʔ‑nt‑s tsunme'nts declare. ((lit. He pointed it out to h/h; he taught h/h), vt.)
18 cúnmeʔ‑nt‑se‑s tsunme'ntses He taught me. (vt.)
19 cúnmeʔ‑nt‑sel‑p tsunme'ntselp You (pl.) taught me. (vt.)
20 cun+un+meʔ+útm‑lš tsununme'utmlsh docile. ((lit. They are easy to teach), adj.)
21 cunmeʔ+s+čínt tsunme'schint § taught (he...Indians, human beings, people). (vt.)
22 sye+cunmeʔ+s+čínt syetsunme'schint teacher (of human beings). (n.)
23 cúnmeʔ‑n xʷa hi+s+l'áx̣+t tsunme'n khwa his'laqht taught (I...him who is my friend). (vt.)
24 hn+cun'+cún'm'eʔ+n ɫ n+ʔítš+n hntsu'ntsu'n'me'n ɫ 'nitshn boarding school. ((lit. place for teaching and sleeping), n.)
25 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t he n+cúnmeʔ+n qha'yqhi't hentsunme'n school (It is a big...). (n.)
√cp 1 u· cáp=us uutsapus // blink. ((lit. His eye blinked), vi.)
√cq 1 caq tsaq † bowl, bucket, plate (to put down a bowl,...,bucket). (n.)
2 s+caq+m stsaqm upright (placing a vessel...). (adj.)
3 s+cáq+aq+n stsaqaqn depot, railway station. ((lit. a stopping place), n.)
4 s+cán+caq stsantsaq casserole. ((lit. putting under a receptacle with upper side up), n.)
5 can+c+caq+m'ín'+n' tsantstsaq'mi'n'n saucer. ((lit. concave object), n.)
6 caq=cn tsaqtsn // phonograph (lit. that which is put by the mouth with concave side up (refers to megaphone). (n.)
7 t+caq=cn ttsaqtsn phonograph. ((lit. that which is put by the mouth with concave side up (refers to megaphone), n.)
8 s+caq+aq=cín=kʷeʔ+n stsaqaqtsinkwe'n dock. (n.)
9 caq=íʔɫc'eʔ tsaqi'ɫts'e' broil. ((lit. He cooked by direct radiant heat), vi.)
10 s+caq=íɫc'eʔ stsaqiɫts'e' smoking process. (n.)
11 s+caq=íʔɫc'eʔ stsaqi'ɫts'e' Indian barbecue. (n.)
12 hn+caq=iɫceʔ+n hntsaqiɫtse'n broiler. (n.)
13 t+caq=eneʔ+utm ttsaqene'utm audible. ((lit. capable of being heard), n.)
14 hn+t+caq=íneʔ+n hnttsaqine'n acoustics. ((lit. means of hearing sounds), n.)
15 caq=ip tsaqip follow. ((stem), vt.)
16 a+caq=e·p=íw'es atsaqeepi'wes consecutive. ((lit. They follow one another), n.)
17 caq+caq+aq=l'íp+m tsaqtsaqaq'lipm backwards (He fell...), fell (He...backwards). (adv, vi.)
18 caq‑nt‑s tsaqnts ‡ park (...a car), put down or place a cup, bowl, vessel. ((lit. He placed a vessel upright), vt.)
19 caq=íp‑nt‑s tsaqipnts followed (He...). (vi.)
20 t=caq=íneʔ+m‑nt‑s ttsaqine'mnts heeded, heard, obeyed (He...him). (vt.)
√cqʷ1 1 caqʷ tsaqw † insert (a long object in a tube), long object slips into hollow object. ((stem), vt.)
2 cáqʷ+m tsaqwm stuck (He...a long object in something). (vt.)
3 cáqʷ‑nt‑s tsaqwnts ‡ stuck (He...it in lengthwise). (vt.)
√cqʷ2 1 ceqʷ tseqw † pink (color of tamarack wood). ((stem), adj.)
2 céqʷ+lš tseqwlsh larch, tammarack. (n.)
3 u· céqʷ uutseqw scarlet. (adj.)
4 s+cáqʷ+m stsaqum [also recorded with low vowel] arbutus, strawberry (wild...). (n.)
5 *céqʷ+qʷ=alqʷ tseqwgwalqw // dogwood, elderberry bush. Redwood. (n.)
6 t+coq[ʷ]+céqʷ=us ttsoqtsequs blood‑shot (He has...eyes). (adj.)
√cry 1 co·ray tsooray † July. (n.) [see also √ǰly]
√cs1 1 ces tses † fine, long, slender. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+cas=alqs stsasalqs // mosquito. (n.) [xref √cš]
√cs2 1 cus tsus † to rattle (e.g. snake).
2 cus+cú·s tsustsuuus! jingle jingle. (excl.)
√csp 1 ni kʷu‿cósep ni ku Tsosep? Are you Joseph? ((qu.).)
√cš 1 ciš tsish † heated, hot, long, tall. ((stem), adj.)
2 ciš+t tsisht long (it is...). (adj.)
3 céš=alqʷ tseshalqw // tall (he is...). (adj.)
4 t+céš+ceš=qn ttseshtseshqn comet. ((lit. It (star) is long‑hair), n.)
5 s+cen+cíš+tis=čn=šn stsentsishtischnshn § high top shoes. (n.) [xref √cs]
√ct1 1 cut tsut † although. (conj.)
2 cut ciʔ tsut tsi' although. (conj.)
√ct2 1 cut tsut † self. (n.)
√ctxʷ 1 cétxʷ tsetkhw † dwelling, home, house, residence. (n.)
2 c+cétxʷ tstsetkhw bungalow. ((lit. small cottage), n.)
3 c+cetxʷ tstsetkhw cabin, cottage, shack. ((lit. little house), n.)
4 e+gʷeɫ+cetxʷ egweɫtsetkhw home (to go...). ((lit. He went toward home), vi.)
5 čiʔc‿ʔegʷeɫ+cétxʷ+mš chi'ts'egweɫtsetkhumsh bound. ((lit. I am headed for home), adj.)
6 cétxʷ+s xʷa maʔ+maʔám=al'qs tsetkhws khwa ma'ma'ama'lqs § convent. ((lit. their house those who wear women's clothes (nuns)), n.)
7 ul mac'p he cétxʷ+s ul mats'p he tsetkhws apiary. ((lit. belonging to a bee's house), n.)
8 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+cétxʷ nuk'wɫtsetkhw caste. ((lit. one house), n.)
9 aʕʷ+eɫ+cetxʷ a(weɫtsetkhw H/s has many houses. (vt.)[see also √cɫxʷ]
√cw'1 1 ciw' tsi'w † child (youngest). ((stem), n.)
2 s+cíw'+t'=mš stsi'wt'msh // child (youngest...). (n.)
3 s+c+cíw'+t'=mš ststsi'wt'msh baby (...of the family). (n.)
4 s+c+céw'+t=m'š=qn'=čt ststse'wt'mshq'ncht finger (little or fourth...). ((lit. youngest finger), n.)
√cw'2 1 cuw' tsu'w † punch. ((stem), vt.)
2 cúʔ+um tsu'um [also recorded as √cʔ] hit (he...something with the fist). (vt.)
3 s+cúʔ+uʔ stsu'u' blow. ((lit. a sudden hard stroke, as of the fist), n.)
4 cuw'=íčt+m tsu'wichtm // boxing (he feinted in...), feinted (he...in boxing). (n, vi.)
5 s+cuw'=íɫc'eʔ stsu'wiɫts'e' clout. ((lit. hitting a person with the fist), vt.)
6 cúw'‑nt‑s tsu'wnts ‡ hit (he...him with the fist). (vt.)
7 cúʔ+cuw'‑nt‑s tsu'tsu'wnts hit (he...him repeatedly), repeatedly (he hit him...). (adv, vt.)
8 s+cuw'‑n't'‑wíš stsu'w'nt'wish boxing. ((lit. hitting one an­other with the fist), vt.)
9 sye+cuw'‑n't'‑wíš syetsu'w'nt'wish boxer. ((lit. One of two who hit each other with the fist), n.)
10 t+coʔ=qin‑t‑m ttso'qintm clobber (slang). ((lit. He was batted with fists as to the head), v.)
11 ul sye+cuw'+n't-wíš he s+ɫúxʷ=čt ul syetsu'w'ntwish he sɫukhwcht § glove (boxing...). ((lit. glove of a boxer), n.)
√cxʷ1 1 cexʷ tsekhw † caress, fondle. ((stem), vt.)
2 céxʷ‑nt‑s tsekhwnts ‡ caress. ((lit. He touched or treated him in an affectionate or loving manner), vt.)
3 céxʷ‑nt‑se-s tsekhwntses condole. ((lit. She expressed sympathy to me by caressing me), vi.) [see also √cx̣ʷ]
√cxʷ2 1 hn+c+cxʷ+út hntstskhut † creek, rivulet. (n.) [xref √c'xʷ]
√cx̣ʷ1 1 cax̣ʷ tsaqhw † accumulate. ((stem), vt.)
√cx̣ʷ2 1 s+céx̣ʷ=[t]kʷeʔ stseqhwɫkwe' // Spokane Falls, Spokane, Wash. (n.)
√cx̣ʷ3 1 s+cex̣ʷ+n stseqhwn † condolence, caressing. (n.) [for expected √cxʷ]
√cy' 1 cuy' tsu'y † chilling. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· cúy' uutsu'y chilly (it is...). (adj.)
3 cúy'+cuy'+t tsu'ytsu'yt clammy. ((lit. It is disagreeably moist and cold; it causes chills), adj.)
4 s+cúy'+y' stsu'y'y chill. ((lit. becoming chilled), n.)
5 cen+c'úy'+c'uy'=čt tsents'u'yts'u'ycht // chills. ((lit. He causes chills (by being scantly clad) in cold weather), n.)
√cy'ʔ 1 c+cíy'eʔ tstsi'ye' † sister (a woman's younger...). (n.)
√cʕ 1 caʕ tsa( † scream, shriek. ((stem), vi.)
√cʕʷ 1 caʕʷ tsa(w † fringe. ((stem), n.)
2 a· cáʕʷ aatsa(w fringed. ((lit. It is fringed), adj.)
3 s+can+cuʕʷ=íc'eʔ stsantsu(wits'e' // shawl. (n.)
√cʔ 1 ciʔ tsi' † concede, near (a second person there). ((lit. that which is away from me but near you; all right), n, adv.)
2 e n+cíʔ entsi' there (near you). (adv.)
3 t'iʔ+ciʔ t'i'tsi' adequate, sufficient. ((lit. That is enough), adj.)
4 teč+ciʔ techtsi' there (over there). (adv.)
5 mel'+ciʔ me'ltsi' by that. (adv.)
6 cut ciʔ tsut tsi' although. (conj.)
7 teč+ciʔ‑š techtsi'sh begone!, get (...away!), go ((You)...in that direction!). (vi.)
√cʔt 1 coʔót tso'ot † bawl, blubber, wailed (h/s...). ((lit. He cried out loudly), vi.)
2 coʔot tso'ot sob, weep. ((stem), vi.)
3 s+cóʔot stso'ot wailing, weeping. (vi.)
4 coʔo·t=álumxʷ tso'ootalumkhw // brownie, elf. ((lit. one who weeps, wails about on the land), n.)

√c'

√c'č1 1 hn+c'áč'=qn hnts'ach'qn // log (...on the head). (n.)
2 hn+c'ač=qn hnts'achqn mountain northeast of Plummer. (n.)
√c'č2 1 c'eč ts'ech † count, number. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+c'éč+č sts'echch amount, numbers. (n.)
3 s+c'éč+m sts'echm computation. ((lit. counting), n.)
4 s+cen+c'éč+m stsents'echm auction. ((lit. counting from under), n.)
5 sye·+c'éč+m syeets'echm counter. ((lit. One who counts), n.)
6 sye·+c'éč+n syeets'echn computer. ((lit. One who counts), n.)
7 hn+c'éč=us hnts'echus // accounted, ciphered, computed, counted. (v.)
8 hn+c'eč=us hnts'echus calculate, count, compute, figure. (vi.)
9 hn+c'č=us+n hnts'chusn calculation. (n.)
10 hn+c'č=ús+n hnts'chusn calculator. ((lit. keyboard machine for the automatic performance of arithmetic operations), n.)
11 s+n+c'eč=us snts'echus calculation. (n.)
12 s+n+c'éč=us snts'echus algebra, arithmetic, figuring. ((lit. counting heads (faces)), n.)
13 sye+n+c'éč=us syents'echus bookeeper. ((lit. One who counts heads), n.)
14 s+c'č=ásq'it sts'chasq'it almanac, calendar. ((lit. means of counting days or skies), n.)
15 t+c'áč=alqs Tts'achalqs Tekoa Mountain. ((lit. numbered point), n.)
16 cen+c'éč‑nt‑s tsents'echnts ‡ evaluate, to appraise. ((lit. He counted it from under), vt.)
√c'č3 1 c'ič ts'ich † prickly, rough. ((stem), adj.)
√c'kʷ 1 c'ékʷ+kʷ ts'ekukw † alder shrub, bearberries, elderberries. (n.)
2 c'ákʷ+kʷ=alqʷ ts'akukwalqw // elderberry bush. (n.)
√c'kʷʔ 1 c'ikʷeʔ ts'ikwe' † left‑handed. ((stem), adj.)
2 et+c'íkʷeʔ etts'ikwe' left‑handed. ((lit. He is...), adj.)
3 s+t+c'iʔkʷeʔ stts'i'kwe hand (left...). (n.)
4 s+t+c'íkʷeʔ stts'ikwe' left hand. (n.)
5 čn'‿t+c'íkʷeʔ ch'ntts'ikwe' (lit. I am left‑handed). (vt.)
6 tač s+t+c'íkʷeʔ tach stts'ikwe' § apart. ((lit. toward the left hand), n.)
7 teč+s+c'íkʷeʔ tech stts'ikwe' apart (lit. toward the left hand). (n.)
√c'kʷn 1 s+c'ukʷín+m st'sukwinm † running (of a human being). (n.)
2 c'ukʷkʷín+m ts'ukukwinm balance (he ran to regain...), ran (he...to regain balance). (n, vi.)
3 c'ukʷ+c'ukʷín'+m' ts'ukwts'ukwi'n'm practiced (he...running), running (he practiced...). (vt, n.)
4 čn‿cukʷín+m chntsukwinm ran. ((lit. I ran), vt.)
5 čn‿t+c'ukʷen+ɫ+niw' chntts'ukwenɫni'w (lit. I ran by the side of, i.e., moving car). (vt.)
√c'k'ʷ 1 c'ek'ʷ ts'ek'w † poke. ((stem), vt.)
2 c'ek'ʷ ts'ek'w stiff (ref. to body), to be stiff (as bones). ((stem), adj.)
3 c'uk'ʷ+mín+n ts'uk'wminn cue. ((lit. means of thrusting; the tapering rod used in billiards, pool), n.)
4 cen+c'uk'ʷ+mín+n tsents'uk'wminn column, buttress, support. ((lit. a prop), n.)
5 e cen+c'ék'ʷ etsents'ek'w braced, bracketed, supported (to be...). ((lit. It is propped up), vi.)
6 c'uk'ʷ=íčs+n ts'uk'wichsn // cane. ((lit. walking stick), n.)
7 hn+c'ok'ʷ+c'ok'ʷ=áx̣n hnts'ok'wts'ok'waqhn crutches. ((lit. means of supporting the armpits), n.)
8 li·béč he c'uk'ʷ=íčs+is liibech he ts'uk'wichsis § crosier. ((lit. a bishop's staff (cane), n.)
√c'l1 1 ča·+c'ál=alqs. Chaats'alalqs // Tensed, Idaho. ((lit. Grove on a spur), n.)
√c'l2 1 c'el ts'el † stand (ref. to a person). ((stem), vi.)
2 c'el'+l' ts'e'l'l arrive, stop (come to a...). (vi.)
3 c'él[']+l' ts'el'l arrive. ((lit. He reached his destination), vi.)
4 s+c'él'+l' sts'e'l'l. arrival (of one person). (n.)
5 c'el+iš ts'elish arise, rise, stand (up). (vi.)
6 c'él+iš ts'elish arose (He...), came (He...to a standstill), got (He...up from a chair), stood (He...up). (vi.)
7 s+či·+c'él+iš schiits'elis moon (new...). (n.)
8 e·+c'él+m+ncut eets'elmntsut budge, move. ((lit. It moves itself), vi.)
9 i·+c'él+m+ncut iits'elmntsut astir, bestir. ((lit. He is moving himself), vt.)
10 c'el=álqʷ ts'elalqw // to play with the stick game (lit. setting up sticks against a board). (v.)
11 s+t+c'ál=[q]n stts'alwn cowlick. (n.)
12 c'l+l+íš=ul'umxʷ ts'llishu'lumkhw alight. ((lit. The bird came to a stand after a flight), vi.)
13 c'l=qín+n ts'lqinn bonnet, war‑bonnet. ((means of putting juttings up from the head), n.)
14 s+c'l=qín sts'lqin headdress. (n.)
√c'l3 1 c'l=íčt+m ts'lichtm // bungle. ((lit. He acted ineptly or inef­ficiently), vi.)
√c'ls 1 c'alus ts'alus † kingfish, kingfisher (bird). (n.)
√c'lx̣ʷ 1 c'alx̣ʷ ts'alqhw † claw. ((stem). scratch with claws, vt.)
2 c'lx̣ʷ+mín+n ts'lqhuminn claw. ((lit. means of scratching), n.)
3 c'álx̣ʷ‑nt‑s ts'alqhwnts ‡ fingernails (he scratched it with his...), scratched (he...it with his fingernails). (n, vt.)
4 c'álx̣ʷ‑nt‑se‑s ts'alqhwntses claw. ((lit. He (cat) clawed me), vt.)
√c'l'1 1 c'il' ts'i'l † outline, shadow. ((stem), n.)
2 s+c'íl'+c'el'+t sts'i'lts'e'lt contour, shadow. (n.)
3 k'ʷl'+ɫ+c[']íl'+c'el'+t k'u'lɫtsi'lts'e'lt § delineate. ((lit. He formed a shadow), vt.)
√c'l'2 1 c'ul' ts'u'l † news (bad...), tidings (ill...). ((stem), n.)
2 c'el+l ts'ell to fear a fierce one.
3 c'él'+p ts'e'lp He became frightened. (v.)
4 čn‿c'él'+p chnts'e'lp horrified. ((lit. I was horrified), vt.)
5 c'él'+c'l'+t ts'e'lts''lt frightening (It is...), is (one who...horrible, fierce). (vi.)
6 c'él'+p ts'e'lp frightened (He became...). (adj.)
7 c'él'+s+c'l'+t ts'e'lsts''lt fierce, horrible (one who is horrible or fierce). (adj.)
8 s+c'él'+c'l+t sts'e'lts'lt fright. (confuse, n.)
√c'ɫ 1 c'iɫ ts'iɫ † cool (weather). ((stem), adj.)
2 c'íʔɫ ts'i'ɫ cooled (it...off). (vi.)
3 u· c'íɫ uuts'iɫ cool. (adj.)
4 u c'u+c'eʔɫí· uts'uts'e'ɫiii cool (It remains...). (adj.)
√c'm 1 c'am ts'am † pointed (almost..., as a football). ((stem), adj.)
2 c'ám+c'm=alqs ts'amts'malqs // pears. ((lit. pointed at the ends), n.)
√c'm'1 1 s+c'am' sts'a'm † bone. (n.)
2 u s+c'ám' usts'a'm bone (It is all...). (n.)
3 s+c'ám'=qn sts'a'mqn // brain, cerebellum, cerebrum. (n.)
4 ul s+c'ám'=qn ul sts'a'mqn cerebral. ((lit. of or pertaining to the brain), adj.)
5 hn+c'+c'm=ál'n hnts'ts'ma'ln arrowhead. ((lit. piece of bone on end of an arrow), n.)
6 ac+p'n+p'n'+as+c'am' atsp'np'nasts'a'm § H/h bones are in a lying posi­tion. (vi.)
7 ʕaʕʷ+s+c'ám' (a(wsts'a'm bony. ((lit. it has many bones), adj.)
8 u+x̣ʷal'+á s+c'am' uqhwa'la sts'a'm bony. ((lit. It is like a bone), adj.)
9 x̣amá+[c]'am' qhamast'a'm heavy‑boned. ((lit. He is heavy as to the bone), adj.)
10 x̣am+a+s+c'am' ɫ dol+dólq'ʷ+t qhamats'a'm ɫ doldolq'wt burly, husky. ((lit. He is heavy‑boned and strong), adj.)
√c'm'2 1 c'o[m]' ts'o'n † suck (on a solid object). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+cóm'+m stso'mm [also recorded as √cm'] sucking. (n.)
3 s+c'úm'+m sts'u'mm making the sound of sucking. (vt.)
4 is+c'úm'+c'm'+iš ists'u'mts'u'mish H/S is making the sound of sucking; h/s is making the sound of a mouse. (vt.)
5 c'óm'‑nt‑s ts'o'mnts ‡ sucked (H/s...on it), sucked (he...it). (vi, vt.)
√c'm'ɫ 1 s+c'óm'+c'om'ɫ+t sts'o'mts'o'mɫt † abscess, boil, carbuncle. (n.) [see also √mc'ɫt]
√c'p 1 u+y+c'óp uyts'op † grasp, hold (H/i suddenly gets a very tight hold or grasp), suddenly (it...became tightened). (adv, n.)
2 ya+c'p yats'p clam up (lit. It became tightened up). (vt.)
3 *ye+c'óp yetsop to tighten (suddenly).
4 s+y+c'p=a'wes syts'pa'wes // connection, tightening together. (n.)
5 s+n+c'ip=s+m snts'ipsm cat nap. ((lit. an eye pinching), n.) [xref √c'p']
√c'p'1 1 c'ep' ts'ep' † airtight, lightproof. ((stem), adj.)
2 c'ep+m‑st‑m ts'epmstm ‡ caulk. ((lit. It (canoe) was made water­tight by packing seams with pitch), vt.) [xref √c'p]
√c'p'2 1 c'ip' ts'ip † pinch. ((stem), v.)
2 hn+c'ap'‑s hnts'ap's ‡ She "snapped" her eyes (a sign of contempt). (v.)
3 c'+c'íp'‑n't‑s ts'ts'ip''nts chuck. ((lit. He pinched her slightly (playfully), vt.) [xref √c'p, √č'p'1]
√c'p'l 1 s+c'ip'al+yóh+m sts'ip'alyohm § dole. ((lit. dealing out something sparingly), vt.)
√c'p'q' 1 c'ap'q ts'ap'q' † [also recorded as √c'p'q] adhere, stick to (as glue). ((stem). adhere, vi.)
2 t+c'áp'q tts'ap'q adhere, stick to. ((lit. It stuck fast as if glued to something; he became firmly attached), vi, vt.)
3 c'p'q'+mín+n ts'p'q'minn glue, agglutinin. (n.)
4 ča[t]+c'p'q'=iɫxʷ+n chats'p'q'iɫkhwn // asphalt, glue for the roof. (black‑top, pitch. (lit. means of paving roads), n.)
5 s+c'p'q'=íw'es sts'p'q'i'wes cohesion. ((lit. sticking together), n.)
6 c'p'q'=íw'es‑nt‑s ts'p'q'i'wesnts ‡ agglutinate. ((lit. He stuck two or more things together), vt.)
7 c'p'q'=íw'es‑n ts'p'q'i'wesn compose. ((lit. I stuck it together), vt.)
8 t+c'áp'q'‑n tts'ap'q'n annex. ((lit. I glued it to something else), v.)
√c'p'x̣ʷ 1 c'+c'p'x̣ʷ=íl'=us Ts'ts'p'qhwi'lus † hole (tiny...). ((lit. little spring north of Old Daniel place, west of De Smet, Idaho), n.)
√c'q' 1 c'aq' ts'aq' † batch, bunched, clumped, cluster. (n.)
2 a·+c'áq' aats'aq' cluster, system (root or nerve). ((lit. A cluster or clump of bushes), n.)
3 a·+c'áq' aats'aq' clump. ((bushes) n.)
4 c'aq'=álx̣ ts'aq'alqh // battery. (n.)
5 c'aq'=álx ts'aq'alkh brain, brainpower. (n.)
6 ul c'aq'=álx̣ ul ts'aq'alqh cerebro‑spinal. ((lit. pertaining to the brain and spinal cord), adj.)
7 c'áq'=aɫp ts'aq'aɫp fir. (n.)
8 c'áq'=eɫp ts'aq'eɫp fir. (n.)
√c'qʷ1 1 c'eqʷ ts'eqw † butcher. ((stem), n.)
√c'qʷ2 1 c'uqʷ+[c]'uqʷ+čs+n'cút ts'uqwt'uqwchs'ntsut † acclaim. ((lit. clapping one's hands), n.)
√c'q'ʷ 1 c'+c'óq'ʷ=ops ts'ts'oq'ops nit, young of lice. ((larvae of lice), n.)
2 c'+c'óq'ʷ+l'=ípeʔ ts'ts'oq''lipe' red nit. (n.)
√c'q'ʷn 1 c'uq'ʷn ts'uq'un † pronounce. ((stem), vt.)
2 c'uq'ʷn+cút ts'uq'wntsut name (H/s pronounced h/h own...). (n.)
3 s+c'aq'ʷ+c'úq'ʷn' sts'aq'wts'uq'w'n catechism. ((lit. that which is pronounced repeatedly (ref. to catechetic (al) instruction), n.)
4 c'uq'ʷ+c'uq'ʷún'+m' ts'uq'wts'uq'u'n'm chattered, read aloud, recited. ((lit. H/s pronounced one thing after another), vi.)
5 hn+c'oq'ʷ+coq'ʷún'+em'n' hnts'oq'wtsoq'u'ne'mn' classroom. ((lit. a room for reading), n.)
6 i+c'uq'ʷ+c'uq'ʷún'+m'š its'uq'wts'uq'u'n'msh articulate, reading, reciting, school (going to...). ((lit. He is uttering (speech sounds), vi.)
7 c'uq'ʷún‑t‑s ts'uq'unts ‡ designate, named (he...), pronounced (he...it). (vt.)
8 c'uq'ʷún‑šit‑s ts'uq'unshits bequeath. ((lit. He gave or left something to him by will), vt.)
9 s+mel'+c'uqʷún+m sme'lts'uqunm § connotation. ((lit. mentioning (or inferring) something with what is said), n.)
10 s+nukʷ+c'uq'ʷ+c'uqʷún'+m' snukwts'uq'wts'uqu'n'm classmate (lit. fellow reader). (n.)
√c'r1 1 c'ar ts'ar † cold (to the touch). ((stem), adj.)
2 c'ar+t ts'art bleak, cold (It is...). (n.)
3 hn+c'ár+t hnts'art water (cold...). (n.)
4 pinč c'ar+t pinch ts'art § remains (It...cold or chilly). (vi.)
√c'r2 1 s+c'ér=us sts'erus † currants. (n.)
√c'r3 1 c'or ts'or † salt, sour. ((stem), n, adj.)
2 u· c'ór uuts'or brackisk, salty, sour (it is...). (adj.)
3 c'ór+emn ts'oremn salt shaker. (n.)
4 hn+c'óʔor hnts'o'or sour (it became...). (vi.)
5 a+n+c'ór=kʷeʔ ants'orkwe' // salt water. (n.)
6 hn+c'or=kʷeʔ hnts'orkwe' brine. ((lit. salt water), n.)
7 hn+c'or+c[']ór'=kʷeʔ hnts'ortsor'kwe' soda‑pop. ((lit. sour water), n.)
8 hn+c'+c'ór=us hnts't'sorus eyes wincing because of extremely sour sensation (ie. lemon). (vt.)
9 hn+c'ór=s+m hnts'orsm winked (he...). (vi.)
10 s+n+c'ór=s+m snts'orsm winking. (vi.) ‡ hn+c'ór=kʷeʔ‑nt‑s salted (he...it). (hnts'orkwe'nts, vt.)
11 hn+c'ór=s+m‑nt‑s hnts'orsmnts winked (he...at him). (vi.)
√c'r(') 1 c'aʔar ts'a'ar † ache, hurt, ill. ((stem). to be hurt, ache, adj.)
2 s+c'áʔar sts'a'ar ache (to...), pain (to feel...), illness. (vi, n.)
3 s+c'aʔar sts'a'ar illness, sickness. (n.)
4 hn+c'ar'+n hnts'a'rn ailment, disease, sickness. (n.)
5 čiʔ‿c'aʔar chi'ts'a'ar ill, sick. ((lit. I am sick), adj.)
6 i·+c'áʔar=qn iits'a'arqn // crapulous. ((lit. He is having an ache as to his head), adj.)
7 s+c'aʔar=qn sts'a'arqn headache. (n.)
8 s+c'aʔar=qín sts'a'arqin headache. (n.)
9 s+c'aʔar=qín=šn' sts'a'arqinsh'n arthritis. ((lit. feeling pain in the knee), n.)
10 s+t+c'ar'=ilgʷes stts'a'rilgwes ailing, ill (lit. feeling pain physically at heart). (vt, n.)
11 ul hn+t+c'ar'=ílgʷes+n ul hntts'a'rilgwesn clinical. (adj.)
12 hn+t+c'ar'=ílgʷes+n hntts'a'rilgwesn clinic, hospital. (clinic. (lit. place for the sick), n.)
13 s+niʔ+c'áʔ+c'ar'=enč sni'ts'a'ts'a'rench pains (intestinal...). (n.)
14 s+n+c'ar'=ínč+n' snts'a'rinch'n backache. ((lit. suffering pain in the back), n.)
15 s+n+c'ar'=íneʔ snts'a'rine' earache. ((lit. having pain in the ear), n.)
16 s+t+c'áʔar=gʷl stts'a'argul bellyache, colic, stomach ache. (n.)
√c's 1 c'es ts'es † collect (by picking), salvage. ((stem), vt.)
2 c'es+p ts'esp annihilate, consume, destroy. ((stem), vt.)
3 c'es+p ts'esp gone (It is all...). ((lit. It went away piece by piece), adj.)
4 c's+c's=qín'+n' ts'sts'sqi'n'n // [probably same root] catbird. (n.)
5 hn+c's+p+nún‑t‑s hnts'spnunts ‡ deplete. ((lit. He succeeded in emptying it), vt.)
6 hn+c's+p+núm‑t‑m hnts'spnumtm empty. ((lit. It (ie. bag) was emptied), vi.)
7 hn+c's+p=úl'mxʷ‑st‑m hnts'spu'lmkhwstm devastate. ((lit. The land was deprived of inhabitants), vi.)
√c'sl 1 s+c'sl'=úseʔ sts's'luse' † hail. (n.)
√c'št 1 s+c'išt sts'isht † brother‑in‑law. (n.)
√c'wn 1 s+c'uwe·ní sts'uweeni † giant. ((lit. big‑foot), n.)
2 s+c'uwe·ní he t+t'míxʷ sts'uweeni he tt'mikhw § dinosaur. ((lit. It is a giant one who is an animal), n.)
√c'w' 1 c'aw' ts'a'w † boring, dry, soaked, washed out. ((stem), adj.)
2 c'áʔaw' ts'a'a'w dilute, thin out. ((lit. It was washed), v.)
3 c'áw'+c'aw'+t ts'a'wts'a'wt insipid, stale (It is stale...). (adj.)
4 c'áw'+emn ts'a'wemn detergent. ((lit. a cleansing liquid), n.)
5 c'áw'=s+m ts'a'wsm // washed (He...his face). (vt.)
6 c'áw'+c'aw'=s+m ts'a'wts'a'wsm washed (They...their faces). (vt, n.)
7 c'áw'=s+n ts'a'wsn soap. ((lit. means of washing face), n.)
8 hn+c'áʔ=us+n hnts'a'usn basin, washbowl. ((lit. means of washing the face), n.)
9 hn+c'áw'+c'aw'=cn hnts'a'wts'a'wtsn cliche. ((lit. He speaks word that are washed up, insipid), n.)
10 i t+c'áw'=qn+mš itts'a'wqnmsh He is washing his hair (lit. He is shampooing). (vt.)
11 a+can+c'áw'+c'aw'=qs+t+m atsants'a'wts'a'wqstm bureau, chest (of drawers), dresser. (n.)
12 s+n+c[']aw'+ɫ+qap=íɫc'eʔ sntsa'w'ɫqapiɫts'e' § dish washing. (n.)
√c'w'q 1 c'aw'q ts'a'wq † extract (a solid object), pull out (a solid object). ((stem). to extract a solid object (as nail out of board), vt.)
2 c'ow'q=ín+n ts'o'wqinn // corkscrew. ((lit. spiral shaped device for drawing corks from bottles), n.)
3 c'áw'q‑nt‑s ts'a'wqnts ‡ nail (He pulled out the...), pulled (He...out the nail). (n, vt.)
4 hn+c'ow'+c'ow'q=íns‑nt‑n hnts'o'wts'o'wqinsntn teeth (his...were extracted). (n.)
√c'xʷ1 1 hn+c'éxʷ+t hnts'ekhut † channel, creek, stream. (n.) [xref √cxʷ]
√c'xʷ2 1 c'ixʷ ts'ikhw † to prepare chips by peeling and tying.
√c'x̣1 1 c'ax̣ ts'aqh † fry. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+c'ax̣ sts'aqh meat (fried...), steak. (n.)
3 c'áx̣‑n ts'aqhn ‡ fried (I...the meat). (vt, n.)
√c'x̣2 1 s+c'+c'x̣=íʔst sts'ts'qhi'st gravel. (n.)
√c'x̣ʷ1 1 c'ax̣ʷ ts'aqhw † acquiesce, choose, guilty, voluntarily (to do...). ((stem). responsible, vi, vt, adj, adv.)
2 c'áx̣ʷ+m ts'aqhum betroth, devoted. ((lit. He promised solemnly, H/s vowed, h/s promised marriage), vt, vi.)
3 s+c'ax̣ʷ+m sts'aqhum betrothal, bond, commitment, obligation, promising. (n.)
4 c'áx̣ʷ+c'ux̣ʷ+n ts'aqhwts'uqhwn admonish, advise, counsel. ((lit. Give good counsel), vt.)
5 s+c'á·x̣ʷ+c'ux̣ʷ+n sts'aaqhwts'uqhwn counsel. ((lit. giving advice or guidance), n.)
6 s+c'áx̣ʷ+c'ux̣ʷ+m sts'aqhwts'uqhum advice. (n.)
7 sya·+c'áx̣ʷ+m syaats'aqhum devotee (lit. One who has vowed to do a specific duty). (n.)
8 sya·+c'áx̣ʷ+c'ux̣ʷ+n syaats'aqhwts'uqhwn counselor. ((lit. One who gives advice), n.)
9 i‑y+t+c'áx̣ʷ iytts'aqhw You did it willingly, on purpose. (v.)
10 hiy+t+c'áx̣ʷ hiytts'aqhw deliberate. ((lit. It was done deliber­ately), vt.)
11 hn+c'ux̣ʷ=íl+m hnts'uqhwilm // devaluation. ((lit. teaching (promising) that is handed down to offspring forebearers), n.)
12 t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ tts'uqhwipele' decide, judged (He...). (v.)
13 s+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ stt'suqhwipele' arbitrament. (n.)
14 s+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ipeleʔ stts'uqhwipele' judgement. (n.)
15 s+t+c'ox̣ʷ=ipeleʔ stts'oqhwipele' decision. (n.)
16 hn+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ+n hntts'uqhwipele'n bar, bench, canon, chancery, judgement, law (the...), law. (n.)
17 hn+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípleʔ+n hntts'uqhwiple'n edict, equity, law. ((lit. promise made by one for others, public announcement having the force of a law, means of judging), n.)
18 sya+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ipleʔ syatts'uqhwiple' arbiter. (n.)
19 sya+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ipeleʔ syatts'uqhwipele' judge. (n.)
20 siya+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ siyatts'uqhwipele' judge, chancellor. (n.)
21 s+c'ux̣ʷ‑n't-w'íš sts'uqhw'nt'wish ‡ compromise. ((lit. promising mutually), vi.)
22 ul s+čint hen+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ‑is ul schint hentts'uqhwipele'is § democracy. ((lit. government of the people), n.)
23 miy+miyaɫ+sya+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ipeleʔ miymiyaɫsyatts'uqhwipele' judge (competent and critical), connoisseur. (n.)
24 s+meʕʷ+l+s+c'áx̣ʷ+m sme(wlsts'aqhum promise (a...broken), promise (breach of...). (n.)
25 hi+s+nukʷ+meʕʷ+ɫ+nt+c'ux̣ʷ=ípleʔ+n hisnukwme(wɫntts'uqhwiple'n complicity. ((lit. He is my partner in violating the law), n.)
26 elu+ɫ+n+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ+n eluɫntts'uqhwipele'n anarchic, lawless. ((lit. H/s/i has no law), adj.)
√c'x̣ʷ2 1 c'ex̣ʷ ts'eqhw † spark. ((stem), n.)
2 c'éx̣ʷ+c'ex̣ʷ+t ts'eqhwts'eqhwt ember, coal, spark spark. (n.)
3 s+t+c'ex̣ʷ+ncut stts'eqhwntsut asteroid, stars, self‑illuminating body. (n.)
4 ul [u+x̣ʷel'+e] s+c'éx̣ʷ+ncut ul sts'eqhwntsut or uqhwe'le § astral. ((lit. It is like a star), adj.)
5 sye+č+súxʷ=eneʔ tel' s+t+c'éx̣ʷ+ncut syechsukhwene' te'l stts'eqhwntsut astrologer, one who understands the stars. (n.)
6 č+súxʷ=meʔ+n ha s+t+c'exʷ+ncut chsukhwme'n ha stts'ekhwntsut [also recorded as √c'xʷ] astrology. ((lit. self illuminating body that is a guide), n.)
7 s+t+miy+iy=ipeleʔ+s xʷe s+t+c[']éx̣ʷ+ncut stmiyiyipele's khwe sttseqhwntsut astronomy. (n.)
√c'yx̣ʷ 1 hn+c'oy'+cóy'x̣ʷ+m Hnts'o'ytso'yqhwm † Spangle, Washington. ((lit. town in Washington, n.)
√c'ʕn 1 c'aʕ'+c'in'=šn' ts'a')ts'i'nsh'n // character (name of...in a parable). (n.)
√c'ʔ1 1 c'uʔu+m ts'u'um † cry, weep. ((stem), vi.)
2 c'úʔu+m ts'u'um wept (h/s...). (vi.)
3 e· c'úʔu+m eets'u'um weep, cry. ((lit. H/s weeps), vi.)
4 c'úʔ+c'uʔ+m+ul ts'u'ts'u'mul cry!, weep!. (v.)
5 eč+s+c'uʔ+m+ís echsts'u'mis... weep. (vi.)
6 s+c'úʔu+mš sts'u'umsh mourning. (vi.)
7 čn'‿c'úʔu+m ch'nts'u'um weep, wept. ((lit. I, customarily, weep/I wept), vt.)
8 čiʔc‿ [c']úʔu+mš chi'tssu'umsh weeping (I am...). (vi.)
9 čeɫ+či+s+c'úʔu+mš cheɫchists'u'umsh weep. ((lit. I will weep), vi.)
10 k'ʷneʔ čn‿c'úʔu+m k'wne'chnts'u'um weep (I am going to...). (vi.)
11 kʷʔ‿c'úʔu+m ku'ts'u'um weep (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
12 kʷu‿c'úʔu+m kuuts'u'um You (sg) wept, weep. (vi.)
13 k'ʷneʔ kʷu·‿c'úʔu+m kwne'kuuts'u'um You (sg.) are going to weep. (vi.)
14 kʷu‿y'‿c'úʔu+mš ku'yts'u'umsh You (sg) are weeping. (vi.)
15 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+c'uʔu+mš cheɫkusts'u'umsh (lit. you (sg.) will weep). (vt.)
16 e· c'úʔ+c'uʔ+m‑lš eets'u'ts'u'mlsh weep, cry (lit. H/s weeps (pl.)) (v.)
17 i·+c'úʔu+mš iits'u'umsh H/s is weeping, crying, sobbing. (vi.)
18 čes+cuʔ+uʔ+mš chestsu'u'msh he/she will weep. (vi.)
19 k'ʷneʔ c'úʔu+m k'wne'ts'u'um H/s is going to weep. (vi.)
20 č‿c'úʔ+c'uʔu+m chts'u'ts'u'um wept (we...). (vi.)
21 č'e·+c'úʔ+cuʔu+m ch'eets'u'tsu'um weep (we...). (vi.)
22 č‿ʔi·+c'úʔ+c'uʔu+mš ch'iits'u'ts'u'umsh lit. we are weeping. (vt.)
23 čeɫ‿č‿s+c'ú+c'uʔu+mš cheɫchsts'u'ts'u'umsh weep (lit. we will weep). (vi.)
24 k'ʷneʔ č‿c'úʔ+c'uʔu+m k'wne'chts'u'ts'u'um We are going to weep. (vi.)
25 kʷup‿c'úʔ+c'uʔu+m kupts'u'ts'u'um You (pl.) wept. (vi.)
26 kʷup‿ʔe·‿c'ú+c'uʔu+m kup'eets'u'ts'u'um You (pl) weep. (vt.)
27 kʷup‿ʔi·‿c'ú+c'uʔu+mš kup'iits'u'tsu'umsh You (pl) are weeping. (vi.)
28 k'ʷ neʔ kʷup‿c'ú+c'uʔu+m k'wne'kupt'su'tsu'um You (pl.) are going to weep. (vi.)
29 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+c'uʔ+c'uʔu+mš cheɫkupsts'u'ts'u'umsh (lit. you (pl) will weep). (vi.)
30 c'úʔ+c'uʔ+m‑lš ts'u'ts'u'mlsh wept (they...). (vi.)
31 i· c'ú+c'uʔ+m‑lš iits'u'tsu'mlsh They are weeping, sobbing, crying. (vi.)
32 čes+c'uʔ+cuʔu+mš chests'u'tsu'um weep. ((lit. they will weep), vi.)
33 k'ʷneʔ c'ú+c'uʔu+m k'wne'ts'u'tsu'um They are going to weep. (vi.)
34 čs+c'uʔ+mí‑nt‑s chst'su'mints ‡ bewail. ((lit. He expressed sorrow or regret over it), vt.)
35 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑m‑n echsts'u'mistmn I (cust.) weep for you (sg.). (vi.)
36 kʷu‿iʔ‑čs+c'uʔu+m+mín+m kwi'chsts'u'minm I am weeping for you (sg.). (vi.)
37 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑s‑n echsts'u'misn I weep for h/h. (vi.)
38 hiʔ+čs+c'uʔ+mí‑n‑m hi'chsts'u'minm weeping (I am...for h/h). (vi.)
39 kʷup‿hiʔ‑čs+c'uʔ+mín+m kuphi'chstsu'minm I am weeping for you (pl). (vi.)
40 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑s‑n‑lš echsts'u'misnlsh I weep for them. (vi.)
41 hiʔ+čs+c'uʔ+mí‑n‑m‑lš hi'chsts'u'minmlsh weeping (I am...for them). (vi.)
42 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑ulm‑n echsts'u'mistulmn I weep for you (pl.). (v.)
43 kʷp‿hiʔ+čs+c[']uʔ+mí‑n‑m kuphi'chstsu'minm weeping (I am...for you (pl)). (vi.)
44 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑me‑xʷ echsts'u'mistmekhw You (sg.) weep for me. (vi.)
45 č+niʔč+s+c'uʔ+mí‑n‑mp chni'chsts'u'minmp weeping. ((lit. you(s) are weeping for me), vt.)
46 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑xʷ echsts'u'mistkhw You (sg.) weep for h/h. (vi.)
47 i‑čs+c'uʔ+mín+m ichsts'u'minm Prob You (sg.) are weeping for h/h. sobbing, crying. (vi.)
48 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑me‑s echsts'u'mistmes H/s weeps for me. (vi.)
49 č‿y'c+čs+cuʔ+mín+m‑s chi'chstsu'minms lit. h/s is weeping for me. (vt.)
50 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑mi‑s echsts'u'mistmis H/s weeps for you. (vi.)
51 kʷu‿y'‿čs+c'uʔu+m+mín+m‑s ku'ychsts'u'minms H/S is weeping for you (sg). (vi.)
52 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑me‑lp echsts'u'mistmelp You (pl.) weep for me. (vi.)
53 čn‿ʔi+ʔ+čs+c'uʔ+mín‑mp chn'i'chsts'u'minmp you (pl.) are weeping for me. (vt.)
54 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑xʷ‑lš echsts'u'mistkhwlsh You (pl.) weep for them. (vi.)
55 i‑čs+c'uʔ+mín+m‑lš ichsts'u'minmlsh Prob You (pl.) are weeping for them. sobbing, crying. (vi.)
56 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑me‑s‑lš echsts'u'mistmeslsh They weep for me. (vi.)
57 č‿y'c+čs+cuʔ+mín+m‑s‑lš chi'chstsu'minmslsh lit. they are weeping for me. (vt.)
58 e čs+c'uʔ+mí‑st‑mi‑s‑lš echsts'u'mistmislsh They weep for you (pl.). (vi.)
59 kʷup‿ʔi‿čs+c'uʔ+m+ínm‑s‑lš kup'ichsts'u'minmslsh They are weeping for you (pl.). (vi.)
√c'ʔ2 1 c'iʔ ts'i' † deer, venison. (n.)
2 ye·+c'íʔ yeets'i' deer (He killed the...), killed (He...the deer). (n, vt.)
3 c'íʔy=elxʷ ts'i'yelkhw // buckskin, deer hide. (n.)
4 ul s+yuxʷm=ús+m=ul'mxʷ he c'iʔ ul syukhmusmu'lmkhw he ts'i' § caribou. ((lit. deer of a cold country), n.)
5 čn‿xʷuy hiɫ čn‿gʷič e c'iʔ chnkhuy hiɫ chngwich e ts'i' lit. I went over there and I saw a deer. (vt.)
√c'ʔ3 1 s+c'íʔ+c'eʔ=ečt sts'i'ts'e'echt // hands. (n.)
√c'ʔ4 1 s+c'úʔ=šn sts'u'shn // foot, hoof. (n.)
2 s+c'úʔ+c'uʔ=šn sts'u'ts'u'shn feet. (n.)

√č

√čc1 1 čec‑nt‑m chetsntm ‡ electrocute. ((lit. he was struck by lightning), vt.) [?]
√čc2 1 čic chits † arrive, discover. ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 s+čic schits discovery. (n.)
3 s+číc+c schitsts company, visitors. (n.)
4 hi+s+číc hischits discovery (it is my...). (n.)
5 sye·+číc syeechits detective. ((lit. One who discovers things), n.)
6 s+čícuʔu=mš Schitsu'umsh // Tribe (the discovered/Coeur d'Alene...), Coeur d'Alene. (tribe. (lit. discovered people), n.)
7 s+n+čícuʔu=mš=cn. snchitsu'umshtsn Coeur d'Alene. ((to speak...).)
8 číc‑n chitsn ‡ discovered (I...it), discern. (vt.)
9 číc‑nt‑s chitsnts chance on, detect. ((lit. He found it or met it acci­dently), vt.)
10 číc‑nt‑eli‑t chitsntelit visited (we are...). ((lit. we have an unusual visitor), vt.)
√čdl 1 čdel+n chdeln † guard, protect, shield. (vt.)
2 čdél+ncut chdelntsut assert ones rights, (lit. he defended himself) (vt.)
3 s+čdel=ɫc'eʔ schdelɫts'e' // apologetic. ((lit. defending another person), adj.)
4 s+čdl=ílt schdlilt offspring (defending one's...), defending (...one's offspring). (n, vt.)
5 čdél‑nt‑s‑n chdelntsn ‡ I defended you (s). (vt.)
6 e čdél‑st‑m‑n echdelstmn I defend you (sg.). (vt.)
7 kʷ‿iʔ‑čdél+m kwi'chdelm I am defending you (sg.). (vt.)
8 čeɫ+kʷi‿s+čdél+m cheɫkwischdelm defend. ((lit. I will defend you (sg.)), vt.)
9 k'ʷneʔ čdél‑nt‑s‑n k'wne'chdelntsn I am going to defend you (sg.). (vt.)
10 čdél‑n chdeln defend, guard, shield, protect. (lit. I defended him/her). (vt.)
11 e+čdél+s‑n echdelsn defend, intercede, behalf (speak on one's). ((lit. I defend h/h/i.), vt.)
12 hiʔ+čdél+m hi'chdelm defending (I am...h/h). (vt.)
13 čeɫ+his+čdel+m cheɫhischdelm defend. ((lit. I will defend h/h), vt.)
14 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑n k'wne'chdeln I am going to defend h/h. (vt.)
15 čdél‑nt‑ul‑m‑n chdelntulmn I defended you (pl). (vt.)
16 e čdél‑st‑ulm‑n echdelstulmn I defend you (pl.). (vt.)
17 kʷp‿hiʔ+čdél+m kuphi'chdelm defending (I am...you (pl)). (vt.)
18 čeɫ+kʷp‿his+čdel+m cheɫkuphischdelm defend, protect. ((lit. I will defend you (pl)), vt.)
19 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑ulm‑n k'wne'chdelntulmn I am going to defend you (pl.). (vt.)
20 čdél‑n-lš chdelnlsh defend (lit. I defended them). (vt.)
21 e čdél‑s‑n‑lš echdelsnlsh I defend them.
22 hiʔ+čdél+m‑lš hi'chdelmlsh defending (I am...them). (vt.)
23 čeɫ‿hi‑s+čdél+m‑lš cheɫhischdelmlsh I will defend them. (vt.)
24 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑n‑lš k'wne'chdelnlsh I am going to defend them. (vt.)
25 čdél‑nt‑xʷ chdelntkhw you (s) defended him/her. (vt.)
26 čdél‑nt‑se‑xʷ chdelntsekhw You (s) defended me. (vt.)
27 e čdél‑st‑xʷ echdelstkhw You defend h/h/i. (vt.)
28 e čdél‑st‑me‑xʷ echdelstmekhw You (sg.) defend me. (vt.)
29 čn‿ʔi+ʔ+čdél+m chn'i'chdelm you (sg.) are defending me. (vt.)
30 čn‿ʔiʔ+čdél‑mp chn'i'chdelmp defending. ((lit. you (sg.) are defending me), vt.)
31 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+čdél+m cheɫchn'ischdelm you (s) will defend me, you (sg.) are to defend me. (vt.)
32 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑se‑xʷ k'wne'chdelntsekhw You (sg.) are going to defend me. (vt.)
33 čdél‑nt chdelnt You defend him/her. (vt. (imper.))
34 iʔ‑čdél+m i'chdelm You (sg.) are defending h/h. (vt.)
35 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+čdél+m cheɫ'ischdelm you (s) will defend h/h. (vt.)
36 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑xʷ k'wne'chdelntkhw You (sg.) are going to defend h/h. (vt.)
37 čdél‑nt‑m chdelntm He was defended. (vt.)
38 čdél‑nt‑se‑s chdelntses He/she defended me. (vt.)
39 e čdél‑st‑me‑s echdelstmes H/s defends me. (vt.)
40 č‿y'c+čdél+m‑s chi'chdelms h/s is defending me. (vt.)
41 čeɫ‿či‿s+čdél+m‑s cheɫchischdelms h/s will defend me. (vt.)
42 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑s‑es k'wne'chdelntses H/s is going to defend me. (vt.)
43 čdél‑nt‑si‑s chdelntsis he/she defended you (s). (vt.)
44 e čdél‑st‑mi‑s echdelstmis H/s defends you (sg.). (vt.)
45 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+čdél+m‑s cheɫkuschdelms (lit. h/s will defend you (s)). (vt.)
46 kʷu‿y'‿čdél+m‑s ku'ychdelms H/S is defending you (sg). (vt.)
47 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑si‑s k'wne'chdelntsis H/s is going to defend you (sg.). (vt.)
48 čdél‑nt‑sel‑p chdelntselp You (pl) defended me. (vt.)
49 e čdél‑st‑me‑lp echdelstmelp You (pl.) defend me. (vt.)
50 čn‿ʔiʔ+čdél‑mp chn'i'chdelmp defending (you (pl) are...me). (vt.)
51 čeɫ‿či‿s+čdél+m‑p cheɫchischdelmp you (pl) will defend me. (vt.)
52 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑sel‑p k'wne'chdelntselp You (pl.) are going to defend me. (vt.)
53 čdél‑nt‑ul chdelntul you (pl) defended him/her (imperative). (vt.)
54 čdél‑nt‑xʷ‑lš chdelntkhwlsh you (pl) defended them. (vt.)
55 e čdél‑st‑xʷ‑lš echdelstkhwlsh You (pl.) defend them. (vt.)
56 iʔ‑čdél+m‑lš i'chdelmlsh You (pl.) are defending them. (vt. Gloss: You (sg) are defending them.)
57 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+čdél+m‑lš cheɫ'ischdelmlsh you (pl) will defend them. (vt.)
58 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑xʷ‑lš k'wne'chdelntkhwlsh You (pl..) are going to defend them. (vt.)
59 čdél‑nt‑se‑s‑lš chdelntseslsh They defended me. (vt.)
60 e čdél‑st‑me‑s‑lš echdelstmeslsh They defend me. (vt.)
61 č‿y'c+čdél+m‑s‑lš chi'chdelmslsh lit. they are defending me. (vt.)
62 čeɫ‿či‿s+čdél+m‑lš cheɫchischdelmlsh they will defend me. (vt.)
63 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑s‑es‑lš k'wne'chdelntseslsh They are going to defend me. (vt.)
64 čdél‑nt‑si‑s‑lš chdelntsislsh they defended you (pl). (vt.)
65 e čdél‑st‑mi‑s‑elš echdelstmiselsh They defend you (pl.). (vt.)
66 kʷup‿ʔi‿čdél+m‑s‑lš kup'ichdelmslsh They are defending you (pl.). (vt.)
67 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+čdél+m‑lš cheɫkupschdelmlsh (lit. they will defend you (pl)). (vt.)
68 k'ʷ neʔ čdél‑nt‑ulmi‑s k'wne'chdelntulmis They are going to defend you (pl.).(vt.)
√čgʷ 1 čigʷ chigw † extend. ((stem). (lit. extend across), vt.)
2 čigʷ+š chigwsh (lit. go out on the prairie) (vt.)
3 čet+čigʷ+iš chetchigwish he went across, course. (vt.)
4 e+čet+čígʷ+iš echetchigwish cross, traverse. ((lit. H/s crossed/tra­versed the plain), vt.)
5 s+čet+čígʷ+iš schetchigwish setting out (...across a plain), Big Bend country (going into the...), plain (setting out across a...), prairie (going into the...). (n, vi.)
6 čn'‿čet+čigʷ+iš ch'nchetchigwish traverse. ((lit. I traversed the plain), vi.)
7 kʷʔ‿čet+čígʷ+iš ku'chetchigwish traverse (you (sg.)...). (vt.)
8 č‿ʔe+čet+čígʷ+iš ch'echetchigwish We traverse the plain. (vt.)
9 kʷp'‿e+čet+čígʷ+iš kup'echetchigwish traverse (you (pl.)...the plain). (vt.)
10 s+čugʷ=áx̣n schugwaqhn // arm, limb (body). ((lit. that which extends into space from the body), n.)
11 ul s+čogʷ=ax̣n ul schogwaqhn brachial. ((lit. of the arm), adj.) [see also √čhgʷ]
√čhgʷ 1 čet+čihgʷ chetchihgw † area, field, plain. (n.) [xref √čgʷ]
√čl1 1 čel chel † await (...eagerly, anxiously). ((stem), vt.)
√čl2 1 hn+či+člí Hnchichli † little lake near Benewah Lake. (n.)
√člš 1 s+n+čélš=elps snchelshelps // hardtack. ((lit. hard food) ("story" word), n.)
√člxʷ 1 čélexʷ chelekhw † muskrat. (n.)
2 č+čl'ixʷ chch'likhw muskrat, small muskrat. (dim n.)
√člʔ 1 čeleʔ chele' † bark, cradle board.(n.) [xref √č'l]
√čl' 1 čel' che'l † cough up. ((stem), vi.)
2 čil' chi'l nauseated, throw up, vomit. (v, vt.)
√čɫ1 1 čeɫ cheɫ † divorce, part, separate. ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 e· čeɫ+m eecheɫm alone, independent, isolated. ((lit. H/s is separated from other people), adj.)
3 ec+t+čéɫ+m etstcheɫm unique. ((lit. It is separated from others), adj.)
4 čeɫ+m+ncut cheɫmntsut anchorite. ((lit. he set himself aside/apart), n.)
5 s+cén+čeɫ+ɫ+m stsencheɫɫm break away. (vi.)
6 s+čɫ+čɫ=íw'es schɫchɫi'wes // division. ((lit. The act or state of being separated into parts), n.)
7 čeɫ+m‑s‑n cheɫmsn ‡ compart. ((lit. I divided it, I separated it), vt.)
8 čéɫ+m‑st‑m cheɫmstm asunder. ((lit. He put apart in position or direction), adv.)
9 čéɫ+čɫ+m‑st‑m cheɫchɫmstm bracket. ((lit. They were classified or grouped together), vt.)
10 čɫ=iw'es‑nt‑m‑lš chɫi'wesntmlsh detribalize, disorganized. (vi.)
11 čɫ=iwes‑nt‑m chɫiwesntm disjointed, disconnect. ((lit. It was disjointed), vi.)
√čɫ2 1 čiɫ chiɫ † give. (vt.)
2 číɫ+šeš chiɫshesh conduce. ((lit. He gave to others), vi.)
3 s+čiɫ+šeš schiɫshesh concession, consignment, present. ((lit. giving one something), n.)
4 s+číɫ+ɫ+šeš schiɫɫshesh datum. ((lit. something given), n.)
5 sye+číɫ+šeš syechiɫshesh bartender. ((lit. One who gives (sells) liquors), n.)
6 číɫ+šeš+mn chiɫsheshmn delivery. (n.)
7 s+číɫ+šeš+mn schiɫsheshmn delivery (lit. giving something away). (n.)
8 čeɫ+šeš+mi+ncut cheɫsheshmintsut surrender, betray. ((lit. He gave himself away; h/s submitted/gave up), vi, vt.)
9 čeɫ+kʷp‿his+čiɫ+t+m cheɫkuphischiɫtm give, present. ((lit. I am going to give it to you), vt.)
10 s+n+číɫ=us snchiɫus // compensation. (n.)
11 uɫ n+číɫ=us uɫnchiɫus reimbursed (He...). (vt.)
12 čiɫ‑n chiɫn ‡ I gave it to him or her. (vt.)
13 čiɫ‑n‑lš chiɫnlsh I gave it to them. (vt.)
14 čiɫ‑t‑s‑n chiɫtsn I gave it to you (sg.). (vt.)
15 číɫ‑t‑ulm‑n chiɫtulmn I gave it to you (p1.). (vt.)
16 číɫ+šeš+mn‑n chiɫsheshmnn consign. ((lit. I gave it away), vt.)
17 číɫ‑t‑sel‑em chiɫtselem I was given it. (vt.)
18 číɫ‑t‑se‑xʷ chiɫtsekhw You (sg.) gave it to me. (vt.)
19 číɫ‑t‑si‑t chiɫtsit You (sg.) were given it. (vt.)
20 číɫ‑t‑se‑s chiɫtses H/s gave it to me. (vt.)
21 čiɫ+t+m chiɫtm He was given it, bestow. (vt.)
22 čeɫ‿č‿s+číɫ‑t‑m‑s cheɫchschiɫtms give (lit. he is going to give it to us). (vt.)
23 číɫ+šeš+m‑nt‑s chiɫsheshmnts deliver, H/s sold it. ((lit. He gave it away), vt.)
24 číɫ‑t‑sel‑p chiɫtselp You (pl.) gave it to me. (vt.)
25 číɫ‑t‑ulmi‑t chiɫtulmit You (pl.) were given it. (vt.)
26 číɫ‑t‑se‑s‑lš chiɫtseslsh They gave it to me. (vt.)
√čɫp1 1 čɫip chɫip † hunted. ((lit. he hunted game), vi.)
2 čɫ+čɫip chɫchɫip they hunted game. (vt.)
3 s+čɫip schɫip hunt. (v.)
4 s+čɫíp schɫip hunting, to hunt. (v.)
5 in+čeɫep‑núm‑t incheɫepnumt ‡ hunt (He wants to...game), game (He wants to hunt...). (n, vt.)
√čɫp2 1 čɫp+m=ew'es+i·ʔú chɫp'me'wesii'u horse trapping with long fringes over buttocks.(n.)
√čɫs 1 s+čɫís+is+m schɫisism † analogue. (n.)
2 s+čɫis+m+šeš schɫismshesh analogy, metaphor, comparison. (n.)
3 s+čɫí[s]+m'šeš schɫish'mshesh opposition. ((lit. putting side by side with something else), n.)
4 ul s+čɫís+m+šeš ul schɫismshesh comparative. ((lit. involving com­parison), adj.)
5 čɫis+s+útm chɫissutm comparable. ((lit. It's worthy of com­parison), adj.)
6 čɫís+m‑stu‑s chɫismstus ‡ compare, coordinate. ((lit. He measured (compared) it with something else), vi.)
7 ʔep+s+čɫís+s+mn epschɫissmn § analogous. (vi. (lit. It has similarity), adj.)
8 elu+s+čɫís+is+m eluschɫisism asymmetric, unequal. ((lit. It has no comparison), adj.)
√čm 1 čm=iw'es chmi'wes // Chatcolet (Lake). ((lit. midsection), n.)
2 hn+čem=cn Hnchemtsn confluence, St. Maries, Idaho. (n.)
√čmn 1 č+čmin chchmin † fling, hurl, toss. ((lit. throw one object), vi.)
2 č+čmí chchmi throw. ((lit. throw one object), vt.)
3 č+čmin‑t‑s chchmints ‡ cast, discard, throw away. (vt.)
4 tč+čmín+p=ɫxʷ‑nt‑m tchchminpɫkhwntm degrade, eject. ((lit. He was thrown out of the house, He was deprived of dignity, He was ousted), vi.)
√čm'1 1 čem' che'm † grab, grasp. ((lit. take hold of objects (stem)), vt.)
2 čim['] ch'im grab some. ((stem), vt.)
3 t+čém'+m tche'mm detract. ((lit. He plucked (berries, etc.), v.)
4 s+t+čem'+m stche'mm taking hold of them (berries) on tree, plant. (vt.)
5 čet+čem'+čm' Chetche'mch'm Emida, Idaho. Emida. ((lit. gathering objects on the meadow), n.)
6 t+čm'=cín+m tch'mtsinm // He took them (berries) off bush to eat. (v.)
7 s+čm'=íčn' sch'mich'n armament. ((lit. weapons taken along), n.)
8 hn+čm'=íɫxʷ hnch'miɫkhw burglarize, robbed. ((lit. One who takes from a house), vi.)
9 sye+n+čm'=íɫxʷ syench'miɫkhw brigand, burglar, buccaneer. ((lit. One who takes from a house), n.)
10 sye+n+čm=íɫxʷ syenchmiɫkhw bandit. ((lit. One who takes from a house), n.)
11 čem'‑nt‑s che'mnts ‡ grasp. (vi.)
12 tep+cen+čém'‑nt‑s teptsenche'mnts deduct. ((lit. He took to be left several things), v.)
13 hn+čm'=iɫxʷ‑nt‑s hnch'miɫkhwnts rob (lit. he robbed him). (vi.)
14 čm'=ičn'-t-sel-em ch'mich'ntselem disarm. ((lit. I was deprived of weapons), vi, vt.)
15 hn+čm'=iɫxʷ‑nt‑sel‑m hnch'miɫkhwntselm despoil, burglarized. ((lit. My house was burglarized), vi.)
16 či·+čím[']=čt+m chiich'imchtm h/s took a handful this way. (vt.)
17 čam'+ʔelu+ɫ+x̣al+x̣elexʷ cha'm'eluɫqhalqhelekhw § toothless. ((lit. he no longer has his teeth), adj.)
√čm'2 1 čim' chi'm disdain. ((stem), vt.)
√čn1 1 čn‿ chn † I. (interrogative.)
2 čnʔe chn'e I, me, ego. (pro.)
3 čn+ʔengʷet chn'engwet I. ((lit. it is I, I am I), pro.)
4 u čnʔéʔ uchn'e' alone (I..). (adj.)
5 t'uʔ u+čn‿x̣é·s t'u' uchnqheees am (Well, I...fine. (vi.)
6 čn‿x̣es+e·y+ʔitš chnqhesee'yitsh slept. ((lit. I slept well), vt.)
√čn2 1 čen+t chent † smell (strong), strong (to smell...). (vi.)
2 čen+čen+t=ičt chenchenticht // alligator, crocodile, lizard. (n.)
√čn3 1 e+čín+m echinm? † happen. ((lit. what happened to h/h?, What did h/s do?), vi.)
2 kʷu‿y'‿c+ʔi+čín+mš ku'yts'ichinmsh What are you doing? (qu.)
3 čin+mš chinmsh? What in the world are you doing (here)? (qu.)
4 kʷu‿ʔe+čín+m ku'echinm What did you (sg.) do? (qu.)
5 kʷu‿ʔc+čín+m ku'tschinm? How are you (sg.)? (vi.)
6 *kʷu‿y'‿n haʔ+čána=qn ku'yn ha'chanaqhn ?? Where do you intend to go? (lit. Where is your head going?). (qu.)
√čn4 1 u· čn· uuchnnn † is rumbling (It...). (vi.)
2 hn+čén+čn=cn hnchenchntsn clamor, din. (clamor. (lit. It (engine) makes a deep and violent noise), n.)
√čnkʷ 1 en+čnúkʷ=cn enchnukwtsn Chinook (to speak...). (n.)
√čnl 1 čnil+emn chnilemn † deadly, baneful, venomous. (adj.)
2 čníl+emn chnilemn poison. (n.)
3 s+čníl+n schniln contagion. ((lit. poisoning another), n.)
4 ul šiw't he čníl+emn ul shi'wt he chnilemn § rat poison. (n.)
5 hn+pésteʔ=us+s xʷe čníl+emn hnpeste'uss khwe chnilemn antidote. ((lit. the opposite side of poison, something that counteracts poison, injury or contagion), n.)
√čnt 1 s+čint Schint † human being, Indian. (n.)
2 ʔep+s+čínt epschint there are people/Indians. (vi.)
3 s+cegʷ+es+čínt stsegweschint § animal magnetism, archetype, model (example for a person). ((lit. animal example, model; model for a human being; talisman, anything that has a magical effect), n.)
4 s+cugʷ+cugʷ+s+čín't stsugwtsuguschi'nt demonstration. ((lit. teaching a person by one's own example), n.)
5 s+miyes+čínt smiyeschint aristocracy, aristocrat, baron, dignitary, bigwig, blue blood, noble descent, nobleman. ((lit. more than ordinary human beings), n.)
6 lut s+miy+es+čínt lut smiyeschint commoner. ((lit. He is not a nobleman), n.)
7 s+m'+m'iy'es+čín't sm"mi'yeschi'nt bourgeois. ((lit. little nobleman), n.)
8 miyes+čint+m‑st‑m miyeschintmstm elevate, dignify, ennoble. ((lit. h/s was made noble), vi.)
9 ul s+čint hen+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ‑is ul schint hentts'uqhwipele'is democracy. ((lit. government of the people), n.)
10 s+lem+t+me+s+čínt slemtmeschint charm. ((lit. The power or quality of pleasing people), n.)
11 e+tem+n+es+čínt etemneschint kind. (vt. (lit. He treats others sociably), adj.)
12 s+tem+n+es+čint stemneschint entertain, host. (vt.)
13 ul+s+qʷic=ul'mxʷ‑s he s+čint ul sqwitsu'lmkhws he schint Apache (lit. Indian of a warm country). (n.)
14 s+čint+eɫ+yilmixʷ+m schinteɫyilmikhm agency, agent (Indian), superintendent. ((lit. Indian chief), n.)
15 s+čint+eɫ+ylmíxʷ+m schinteɫylmikhum bureaucrat, chief (indian...). (n.)
16 s+ʕem+ʕem+s+čínt s(em(emschint animosity, animus, hate, hostility. ((lit. feeling hostility toward a human being), n.)
17 s+can+q'ey'+iy'+s xʷe s+čint stsanq'e'yi'ys khwe schint demography. ((lit. writing concerning people), n.)
18 cunmeʔ+s+čínt tsunme'schint taught (he...Indians, human beings, people). (vt.)
19 sye+cunmeʔ+s+čínt syetsunme'schint teacher (of human beings). (n.)
20 a+c+pon'eʔ+mi+s+čént atspo'ne''mischent opportunist. ((lit. One who takes advantage of others), n.)
21 suxʷ+s+čínt sukhwschint recognized (He...a human being). (vt.)
22 e+tem+n+es=čínt etemneschint convivial. (vt. (lit. He treats others sociably), adj.)
23 elu+s+temn+es+čínt elustemneschint cantankerous, perverse (disposition), unfriendly, unsociable. ((lit. One who is not sociable), adj.)
24 s+t+kʷel'+čs+xʷy+s+čínt stkwe'lchskhuyschint people (He is going about visiting...), gathering (He is going about...people). (n, vt.)
25 s+gʷič+s+čínt sgwichschint seeing people. (n.)
26 gʷn+es+čínt gwneschint convoke, summoned. ((lit. H/s called people together), vt.)
27 s+lč'+me+s+čínt slch'meschint coercion. ((lit. compelling people to do things), n.)
28 s+puteʔ+s+čínt spute'schint curtsy, bow. ((lit. showing respect for a person), n.)
29 s+čn[t]+coc Schntsots Canada, British. (Canada (lit. Indian (or peo­ple) of George), adj.)
30 gʷɫ s+čin[t]+cóc guɫ schintsots Angles. ((lit. King George men, n.)
31 ul s+čin[t]+cóc ul schintsots Anglican. ((lit. pertaining to King George's men)., n.)
32 ul s+čen[t]+cóc ha s+q'ʷenp' ul schentsots ha sq'wenp' sunset (Canadian...). (n.)
33 elu+s+x̣em=ínč e s+čin[t]+coc elusqheminch e Schntsots Anglophobe. (n.)
34 n+[ʔ]iɫ+sčín+n niɫschinn cannibalism. (n.)
35 x̣em=enč+es+čínt qhemencheschint Indian‑lover. ((lit. one who loves Indians), n.)
36 s+taq+aq+nu+s+čínt staqaqnuschint chicanery, deception. ((lit. deceiving people), n.)
37 s+myes+taq+aq+nu+s+čínt smyestaqaqnuschint coup, deception (extraordinary...). (n.)
38 n+ʔukʷ+s+čín+n 'nukwschinn cab, bus, coach, taxicab. (bus, cab, coach (lit. vehicle for carrying passengers), n.)
√čn'1 1 čen' che'n † take hold of large object. (vt.)
2 čen'+m che'nm grasp. (vi.)
3 čen'+n che'nn held, pinned. (vi.)
4 čen'+šeš che'nshesh aid, assistant, assist, boost, help. ((lit. take hold for someone), v, vi.)
5 s+čen'+šeš sche'nshesh aid, assistance, help. (n.)
6 s+t+čén'+čn'+m stche'nch'nm dependence. ((lit. holding on), n.)
7 čn'+ši·+cútn ch'nshiitsutn accompanist, aide de camp, aide, assistant. ((lit. m.o. helping one­self), n.)
8 s+t+čn'+n'+útm stch'n'nutm dependability. ((lit. state of being worthy of holding on to), n.)
9 t+čén'+čn'+m tche'nch'nm cling. ((lit. He held fast to something physically or emotionally), vi.)
10 uʔ+t+čén'+čn'+m' u'tche'nch'n'm depend. ((lit. He just holds on to him, He habitually depends upon him), vi.)
11 sye·+čén'+šeš syeeche'nshesh aide, butler. (n.)
12 s+t+čn'=qín' stch'nqi'n // holding the steering wheel. (vt.)
13 s+t+čn'=ápalaʔ=qn stch'napala'qn steering (a horse). (vt.)
14 sya+čs+čn'=qín syachsch'nqin chauffeur, coachman. ((lit. One who holds the head (tip) of the tail (steering wheel), n.)
15 s+t+čn'=ípeleʔ+n stch'nipele'n broomstick. ((lit. handle), n.)
16 s+čn'‑šít=ew'es sch'nshite'wes alliance, confederacy, league, union. (confederation, union (lit. upholding one another), n.)
17 čn'‑šit ch'nshit ‡ help. ((lit. Help h/h !), imp.)
18 čen'‑n che'nn held, pinned (lit. I held it, I pinned him). (vi.)
19 čn'‑šít‑n ch'nshitn helped (I...him). ((lit. I held some­thing for him), vt.)
20 čn'-šít‑ulm‑n ch'nshitulmn I helped you (pl.). (vt.)
21 čn'‑šít‑n‑lš ch'nshitnlsh helped (I...them). (vt.)
22 čn'‑šít‑s‑n ch'nshitsn helped (I...you (sg.)). (vt.)
23 neʔ+čn'‑šít‑se‑xʷ ne'ch'nshitsekhw help (Please...me). ((lit. You (sg.) are to help me), v.)
24 čen'‑nt‑s che'nnts pinned. ((lit. he pinned him), vi.)
25 čn'‑šít‑s ch'nshits aided (he...him), assist (to...). ((lit. he helped for him), vi.)
26 čn'-šít‑se‑s ch'nshitses gloss?? He (sg.) helped me. (vt.)
27 mel'+čen'‑nt‑s me'lche'nnts § comprise. (vt.)
28 hn+čn'+n'+m+eɫ+i·c+púʔs hnch'n'nmeɫiitspu's come. ((lit. his heart came back to its own position), vt.)
√čn'2 1 čen'+uʔš che'nu'sh † wish. (vt.)
2 čen'+uʔš+čn‿šén+n che'nu'shchnshenn desire I work. (vt.)
3 čen'+uʔš+č‿šén+n che'nu'shchshenn desire we work. (vt.)
4 čen'+uʔš+kʷu·‿šén+n che'nu'shkuushenn desire you (s) works. (vt.)
5 čen'+uʔš+kʷup‿šén+n che'nu'shkupshenn desire you (pl) work. (vt.)
6 čen'+uʔš+šén+n che'nu'shshenn desire h/s works. (vt.)
7 čen'+uʔš+šen+n+lš che'nu'shshennlsh desire they work. (vt.)
√čn'xʷ 1 čen'xʷ che'nkhw † contact (come in contact with), touched. ((lit. to be touched), vi.)
2 et+čn'xʷ=íw'es etch'nkhwi'wes // contiguous, touching. ((lit. They have common boundary), adj.)
3 s+čn'xʷ=íw'es sch'nkhwi'wes contact. ((lit. a touching together), n.)
√čp 1 čip chip † soften. ((stem), vi.)
2 č+čip chchip satin‑like. ((lit. soft and smooth), adj.)
3 u č+čí·p uchchiiip! nice (it is...and soft), be unexpectedly soft. (adj.)
4 s+č+čí·p schchiiip! is (it...nice and soft). (vi.)
5 čip+emn chipemn cushion, pillow. ((lit. softener), n.)
6 čp=qín+n chpqinn // fur, hair. ((lit. head cushion), n.)
7 čp=qin+n chpqinn hair. ((lit. head softener), n.)
8 hn+č+čí·p=cn' hnchchiiiptsn' blarney. ((lit. He spoke softly, smoothly), n.)
9 s+n+č+číp=cn' snchchipts'n diplomacy. ((lit. smoothness of talk), n.)
10 u+n+č+číp=cn' unchchipts'n affable, diplomatic. ((lit. He is soft (cour­teous) in speech), adj.)
11 u+x̣ʷal'+á čp=qín+n uqhwa'la chpqinn § capillary. ((lit. It resembles hair), n.)
12 s+k'ʷl'+ɫ+čp=qín+n sk'u'lɫchpqinn wig. ((lit. artificial hair), n.)
√čpxʷ 1 čepxʷ chepkhw † Snap (body) with finger. (vt.)
√čs1 1 čis chis † cheese. (n.)
2 u· péq he čis uupeq he chis § cottage cheese. ((lit. white cheese), n.)
√čs2 1 e+čís+t+m echistm † bawl out, berate, rebuke. ((lit. He was rebuked harshly), vt.) // čis=cn He spoke a long time. (chistsn, vi.)
√čstq 1 č(=)astq chastq † dig (roots, camas). (vi.)
2 i· čá(=)stq iichastq She is digging roots. (vt.)
3 s+ča(=)stq schastq to die roots, digging. (n.)
4 s+t+čá(=) stq+n stchastqn time of year for digging camas. (adv.)
5 yuqʷ+eʔ+s+čá(=)stq yuqwe'schastq § She pretended (to go) digging roots. (v.)
√čš1 1 češ chesh † accompany. (vt.)
2 češ+n cheshn accompanied (he...). (vt.)
3 s+čéš+n scheshn concurrence, consent. ((lit. going along), n.) [see also √č'š]
√čš2 1 s+čiš+t schisht † dimension, length. (n.)
√čt 1 čet‑nt‑s chetnts ‡ leaned (lit. he stood up by a person loose ‑ someone to lean on). (vi.)
√čtm 1 čtim+n chtimn † blame. (v.)
2 čtím+n chtimn blamed. (vt.)
3 s+čtim+m schtimm blame, blaming. (n, vt.)
4 s+čtím+n schtimn blame, criticism, default. (n.)
5 ul s+čtím+n ul schtimn critical. ((lit. belonging to criticism), adj.)
6 čtim+un+útm chtimnutm blameworthy (it is...), culpable. (adj.)
7 č+tím‑n chtimn ‡ accuse. ((lit. I accused him), vt.)
8 čtím‑nt‑s chtimnts criminate, criticize. ((lit. He accused him of a crime/He found fault with him), vt.)
9 čtem+tem+núl chtemtemnul captious (he is...). ((lit. He is marked by a disposition to find fault), vi.)
10 elu+s+čtím+m eluschtimm § to be blameless, innocent. (adj.)
√čt' 1 s+či·t'=íʔčn schiit'i'chn † east. (n.)
2 s+či·t'=íʔč schiit'i'ch sunrise. ((lit. coming from the east), n.)
3 teč s+či·t'=íʔčn tech schiit'i'chn § Eastern. ((lit. situated toward the part of the earth which is toward the sunrise (rising this way), adj.)
√čw' 1 čew'+t che'wt † circumference. ((lit. it is big in circum­ference), n.)
2 kʷu‿n+čáw'=qn kuncha'wqn // You (sg.) have a deep voice. (vt.)
3 kʷup‿gʷt+n+čáw'=qn kupgutncha'wqn You (pl.) have deep voices. (vt.)
4 gʷɫ+n+čáw'=qn guɫncha'wqn voices (They have deep...). (n.)
5 čaw'n'+š a·c+ʔax̣al cha'w'nsh aats'aqhal § amen (lit. would that it be so). (interj.) [xref √č'w']
√čy 1 čay chay † enduring, firm, solid. ((lit. one is enduring), adj, vi.)
2 u· čáy uuchay firm (It is very...). (adj.)
3 čay+p chay(‑p hard (to be...). vi.)
4 čay+p chayp dryness, hard (to become), hard, hardened (be...). ((stem). (lit. It became hard by dryness). adj, vi.)
5 s+čay+p schayp bone‑dry. ((lit. that which is hard from dryness), adj.)
6 s+či+čáy'+p schicha'yp meat (dried...). (n.)
7 s+č+čay'+p schcha'yp dried meat. (n.)
8 s+č+čáy'+p schcha'yp chipped beef. (n.)
9 t+čáy+p=cn tchayptsn // agape. ((lit. His mouth became hard), adj.)
10 ut+čáy=c'eʔ utchayts'e crusty. ((lit. It is hard on the surface), adj.)
11 s+č+čáy'+p he s+mɫíč schcha'yp he smɫich § dried salmon. (n.)
√čyʔ 1 č+čey'eʔ chche'ye' † grandmother (maternal).
√čʕ 1 če+čaʕ checha( † cylindrical, slender. (adj.)
2 č+čaʕ+t chcha(t cylindrical, slender, hair‑like. ((lit. it is slender and cylindrical, e.g. a stem/ fine and slender), vi, adj.)
3 če+čaʕ=al'qʷ checha(a'lqw // thin (lit. he is thin). (adj.)
4 č+čaʕ=al'qʷ chcha(a'lqw lean, skinny, slender, trim (to be thin). (ripple. adj, vi.)
5 hn+č+čaʕ=iɫc'eʔ hnchcha(iɫt'se' tube, narrow. (tube. (lit. It has a very small internal diameter), adj.)
√čʔ1 1 čiʔ chi' † open, uncover, unveil. ((lit. to open), adj.)
2 e+čs+n+číy'=ep echsnchi'yep // [also recorded as √čy'] open. ((lit. The door, gate is open), adj.)
3 en+číʔ=us enchi'us open (to be...). ((referring to window), adj.)
4 čet+čeʔ=inʔ‑nt‑s chetche'in'nts ‡ reveal, disclose, uncover. (vi.)
5 e čet+čeʔ=íneʔ‑stu‑s echetche'ine'stus uncover, unveil, divulge. ((lit. H/s uncovers it), vt.)
√čʔ2 1 hi+čeʔ hiche' † where?. (inter.)
2 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+te·čí+čeʔ cheɫkusteechiche'? (lit. Where are you(s) going?). (vt.)
√čʔ3 1 es+čí+čeʔ eschiche' † livestock. (n.)
2 es+či+čeʔ eschiche' horse, mount. (n.)
3 n'+s+čí+čeʔ+n 'nschiche'n barn. ((lit. building for horses), n.)
4 *k'ʷuɫ+s+čí+čeʔ k'ut'lschiche' § H/S loaned a horse. (vt.)
5 ʔesel'+s+čí+čeʔ ese'lschiche' H/s has two horses. (vt.)
6 n+ʔed=us=el'+s+čÍ+čeʔ 'neduse'lschiche' H/S traded horses with another person (sg.). (vt.)
7 gʷn+el'+s+či+čeʔ gwne'lschiche' (t?) H/s summoned h/h livestock. (vt.)
8 s+t+č+ʔumút=ew'es+n stch'umute'wesn cow pony. (saddle pony, n.)
9 ʕec+el'+s+čí+čeʔ+n (etse'lschiche'n rope. ((lit. the means of lassoing a horse), n.)
10 hn+ʕac+ʕac+el'+s+čí+čeʔ+n hn(ats(atse'lschiche'n corral. ((lit. enclosure for lassoing horses), n.)
11 hn+ʕec+el'+s+čí+čeʔ+n hn(etse'lschiche''n hitching post. (n.)
12 s+q'ey'+al'+s+čí+čeʔ sq'e'ya'lschiche' brand. ((lit. act of marking ani­mals), n.)
13 sya+dax̣+él'+s+či+čeʔ syadaqhe'lschiche' cattle herder. (n.)
14 sye+č+št'+el'+s+čí+čeʔ syechsht'e'lschiche' cowboy. ((lit. One who tends horses, (livestock, or cattle) for another), n.)
15 ul sye+č+št'+el'+s+čí+čeʔ ul syechsht'e'lschiche' bucolic. ((lit. belonging to a cattle herder), adj.)
16 s+t+gʷiš=elxʷeʔ+l+s+čí+čeʔ stgwishelkhwe'lschiche' curry. ((lit. rubbing down and cleaning a horse), vt.)
17 ʔem+n+el'+s+čí+čeʔ emne'lschiche' feed. (livestock, vt.)
18 s+x̣[]ey+l'+s+čí+čeʔ sqhwey'lschiche' horse (worn out...), plug. (old horse, n.)
19 dele[m]+l'e+s+čí+čeʔ delen'leschiche' cause. ((lit. He caused his horse to gallop), vt.)
20 wl+wlím ha ʕec+el'+s+čí+čeʔ+n wlwlim ha (etse'lschiche'n cable. ((lit. metal what is a rope), n.)
21 pulut+l'+s+čí+čeʔ pulut'lschiche' He slaughtered livestock. (vt.)
22 t'm'+m+čí·ʔ t'm'mchiii! caravan. ((lit. There goes a single file of many vehicles or pack animals), n.)
√čʔɫs 1 čiʔɫes chi'ɫes † three. (n.)
2 t+čeʔɫís=elps tche'ɫiselps // bears (three grizzly...), pigs (three...). (n.)
3 t+číʔɫes parsón Tchi'ɫes Parson § Blessed Trinity. ((lit. three persons), n.)
4 čeʔɫe·l+ʔúpen che'ɫee'lupen thirty. (n.)
5 čeʔɫe·l+ʔupn che'ɫee'lupn thirty. ((lit. three times ten), n.)
6 ʔupen uɫ číʔɫes upen uɫ chi'ɫes thirteen. (n.)

√č'

√č'c'1 1 e·+č'éc' eech'ets' † log, pole, rod, stick. ((lit. The log/pole/rod/stick lies there), n.)
2 e+č'c'+útm Ech'ts'utm Monumental Peak. (A ridge in the Clearwater Mountains in the St. Joe Forest east of Clarkia, Idaho, n.)
3 č'ec'+t=eneʔst Ch'ets'tene'st // mountain north of DeSmet (lit. log on rock cliff). (n.)
4 č'c'=us=eʔst ch'ts'use'st brink, cliff, bluff, precipice (lit. edge of a 90° angle, rocky cliff). (n.)
5 s+č'c'=us=eʔst sch'ts'use'st precipice. (n.)
√č'c'2 1 č'ec' ch'ets' † gull[i]ble. (adj.)
2 s+č'éc'=elt sch'ets'elt // gullible, cat's paw, credulous, dupe. ((lit. son or daughter easily deceived), n.)
√č'd 1 č'ed ch'ed † shady (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 č'id ch'id shade. (n.)
3 u·+č'íd uuch'id dim. ((lit. It is something dark), adj.)
4 č'ed+p ch'edp winter (...set in). (vi.)
5 u+n+č'id unch'id shady. ((lit. It is shady), adj.)
6 s+č'ed+p sch'edp late autumn, fall. (n.)
7 s+č'eʔd sch'e'd verge of winter. (n.)
8 s+č'íʔd sch'i'd winter (verge of...). (n.)
9 s+can+č'íd stsanch'id shade. (n.)
10 s+cen+č'íd stsench'id shade. (n.)
√č'gʷl 1 t+č'ígʷl tch'igul † clamber. ((lit. He climbed), vt.)
2 t+č'ígʷl+n tch'iguln step ladder. (n.)
3 s+t+č'ígʷl+n stch'iguln ladder, stair. ((lit. means of climbing), n.)
4 sye+t+č'ígʷl syetch'igul climber. ((lit. One who climbs), n.)
√č'h 1 č'ih ch'ih † approach, near. ((lit. get near), vi.)
2 e t+č'íh=etč etch'ihetch // to be right‑handed. (vi.)
3 s+t+č'íh=ečt stch'ihecht dextro(o)‑, right hand, right‑handed (to be...). (dextr(o)‑, n, vi.)
4 čn'‿t+č'íh=ečt ch'ntch'ihecht (lit. I am right‑handed). (vt.)
√č'hy 1 s+t+č'i·háy=us stch'iihayus † buttercups. (pl.n.)
√č'l 1 č'él+eʔ ch'ele' † cradle board. (n.)
2 č'el+eʔ ch'ele' bark (of a tree), cradleboard.(n.) [xref √člʔ]
√č'lxʷ 1 č'elxʷ ch'elkhw † (lit. be receptacle with concave surface down). (n.)
2 e· č'élxʷ eech'elkhw concave. ((lit. It is laid with the vaulted side down), adj.)
3 hn+č'+č'el'xʷ=ičn' hnch'ch'e'lkhwichn' // roof (a car...). ((lit. concave form as one's back), n.)
4 s+č'+č'l'xʷ=íɫxʷ sch'ch''lkhwiɫkhw tent. ((lit. House turned upside down), n.)
5 s+can+č'lxʷ=áp=qn stsanch'lkhwapqn canope. ((lit. vault covering with the concave side over the head), n.)
6 t+č'lxʷ=íc'eʔ+n tch'lkhwits'e'n eggshell. ((lit. the hard (but brittle) outside covering (as on an egg), n.)
7 t+č'lxʷ=íp=ɫxʷ tch'lkhwipɫkhw annex. ((lit. A building added on to another building), n.)
8 e čet+č'lxʷ=ín'eʔ echetch'lkhwi'ne' wagon (covered). ((lit. a wagon with an arched cover, tent over it), n.)
9 č'elxʷ‑nt‑s ch'elkhwnts ‡ (lit. he lay down something (cup, bowl) upside down). (vt.)
10 t+č'lxʷ=íc'eʔ+is xʷa s+p'árk'ʷ=alqs tch'lkhwits'e'is khwa sp'ark'walqs § crust. ((lit. covering (crust of turtle), n.)
√č'lx̣ 1 hn+č'elax̣+emn Hnch'elaqhemn † canyon, Colfax, Washington. (n.)
√č'l'1 1 hn+č'el'eʔ hnch'e'le' † coyote. ((Kalispel), n.)
2 hn+č'+č'a·l'í Hnch'ch'aa'li Little Coyote, a medicine man. (n.)
√č'l'2 1 t+č'l'+el=íneʔ tch'l'eline' † hearing (He has sharp...). ((lit. He is alert as to the ears), n.)
√č'm1 1 hn+č'm=ip hnch'mip // bottom. (n.)
2 s+č'm=íp=ens sch'mipens chin. (n.)
3 s+čet+č'ém=cn schetch'emtsn upper lip. (n.)
4 hn+č'em=up hnch'emup buttocks. (n.)
5 s+čet+č'ém+č'm=up+s schetch'emch'mups buttocks. (n.)
6 s+čet+č'm=íčn'=us schetch'mich'nus brow, brae. ((lit. side of the head). temple, n.)
7 s+čet+č'm=íl'=us schetch'mi'lus forehead. (n.)
8 s+can+č'm'=ap=qn' stsanch''mapq'n head (back of...). (n.)
9 s+niʔ+č'm=áw'as=qn sni'ch'ma'wasqn chest. ((lit. The top of the head), n.)
10 s+cen+č'em=cn stsench'emtsn neck. (n.)
11 s+cen+č'ém=us stsench'emus cheek. (n.)
12 s+cen+č'ém+č'm=us stsench'emch'mus cheeks. (n.)
13 s+cen+č'm=cín=čt stsench'mtsincht wrist. (n.)
14 s+cen+č'm+cín=čt stsench'mtsincht carpus. (n.)
15 s+cen+č'm+p'=cín=čt stsench'mp'tsincht bracelet. (n.)
16 ul s+cen+č'm=cín=čt ul stsench'mtsincht carpal. ((anat.), adj.)
17 s+niʔ+č'ám=iʔqs sni'ch'ami'qs nose (surface of the). (n.)
18 s+niʔ+č'm=ús=šn sni'ch'musshn clitoris. ((lit. surface (covering) of "small hill" at upper end of vulva), n.)
19 s+n+č'ám=alq=šn snch'amalqshn crotch. ((lit. the surface of fork formed by the junction of legs, n.)
20 s+n+č'ám+č'm=qn snch'amch'mqn apices. ((lit. tops of heads), pl.n.)
21 s+n+č'ám=qn snch'amqn apex. ((lit. top of the head), n..)
22 hn+č'm=qín=kʷeʔ hnch'mqinkwe' Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. ((lit. water­head), n.)
23 s+n+č'm=íčn' snch'mich'n back, derriere. ((lit. surface of the back), n.)
24 s+n+č'm=íčn'+s snch'mich'ns carapace. ((lit. the back of a turtle), n.)
25 s+s+čet+č'em=up+s sschetch'emups buttocks, breech, hind end. (n.)
26 s+t+č'ám=alq=šn stch'amalqshn calf. ((lit. surface of the leg), n.)
27 s+t+č'ám+č'm=alq=šn stch'amch'malqshn legs. (pl.n.)
28 s+t+č'em=cis stch'emtsis beak, bill. ((his mouth), n.)
29 s+t+č'ém=cn stch'emtsn beak, bill, mouth. (n.)
30 s+t+č'ém=gʷl stch'emgul abdomen, belly. (n.)
31 ul s+t+č'ém=gʷl ul stch'emgul celiac. ((of or relating to the abdomen), adj.)
32 s+č'm=áx̣n sch'maqhn edge. ((lit. extreme border; outer side of arm), n.)
33 s+can+č'm=áx̣n stsanch'maqhn armpit. ((lit. surface of under the arm), n.)
34 s+t+č'om=os=áx̣n stch'omosaqhn shoulder. (n.)
35 s+t+č'm+č'm=ós=ax̣n stch'mch'mosaqhn shoulders. (pl.n.)
36 s+cen+č'm=cín=šn stsench'mtsinshn ankle. (n.)
37 s+cen+č'm+č'm=cín=šn stsench'mch'mtsinshn ankles. (n.)
38 s+č'm=álpqʷ+s he t+tm'íxʷ sch'malpqws he tt'mikhw § craw. ((lit. esophagus of a bird), n.)
√č'm2 1 čet+č'm+c=iɫxʷ chetch'mtsiɫkhw † awning, porch, eaves. (n.)
2 s+čet+č'm+c=íɫxʷ schetch'mtsiɫkhw balcony. ((lit. surface extending from wall or roof), n.)
3 čs+n+č'ém=ep chsnch'emep door, doorway. (n.)
4 t+č'm=íp=ɫxʷ tch'mipɫkwh earth (surface of the...), ecology. ((lit. outside of a house, surroundings of a house), n.)
5 a+t+č'm=íp=ɫxʷ atch'mipɫkhw outdoors, outside. (adv.)
6 hn+č'ám=qn hnch'amqn brim. ((lit. surface of head (of a cup)), n.)
7 hn+č'ém=enč hnch'emench wall. ((lit. the surface of the inside), n.)
8 t+č'm=ásq'it tch'masq'it atmosphere, heaven. (n.)
9 t+č'm=asq'it tch'masq'it firmamanet, heaven, sky. ((lit. vault of the sky), n.)
10 ul č'm=ásq'it ul ch'masq'it celestial. ((lit. pertaining to the sky or the heavens), adj.)
11 ul+t+č'm=ásq'it ult ch'masq'it celestial (lit. pertaining to the sky or the heavens). (adj.)
12 s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ+s xʷe t+č'm=ásq'it twe tmíxʷ=ulmxʷ stmiyiyipele's khwe tch'masq'it twe tmikhulmkhw § cosmography, science of what is in the sky and earth. (n.)
√č'ml 1 č'imul ch'imul † needle (pine...), pine needle. (n.)
√č'm'1 1 č'am' ch'a'm † left (...over ,...out). (adj.)
2 č[']am' cha'm left, remaining. (vi.)
√č'm'2 1 č'em' ch'e'm † dark, dark (to be...), e.g. night. (vi.)
2 u· č'ém' uuch'em' dark (It is...). (adj.)
√č'm'3 1 č'ím'+n ch'i'mn † antler, horn. (n.)
2 ul s+x̣ʷt'+íʔ he č'ím'‑is ul sqhwt'i'he ch'i'mis § Capricornus. ((lit. a horn that belongs to the goat), n.)
√č'm'4 1 s+č'ím' sch'i'm † marmot, woodchuck. (n.)
√č'm'cʔ 1 hn+č'm'cíʔ Hnch"mtsi † Clark's Fork, Idaho. (n.)
√č'n 1 č'in ch'in † dangerous (be...). (vi.)
2 č'ín+č'in+t ch'inch'int breakneck, danger, dangerous, hazardous (It is...). (adj, n, vi.)
3 i+č'in+č'in+m+scút ich'inch'inmstsut desperate. ((lit. He is putting himself in a very dangerous situation), adj.)
4 s+č'n+č'n+m+scút sch'nch'nmstsut adventure. ((lit. endangering oneself), n.)
√č'np' 1 č'enp' ch'enp' † clasp, encircle. (vt.)
2 čynp'=íc'eʔ chynp'its'e' // [also recorded as √čnp'] barrel. ((lit. a wooden container held together by hoops), n.)
3 č'np'=qín'=čt ch'np'qi'ncht annulus, curio. (n.)
4 cen+č'np'=cín=šn tsench'np'tsinshn bangle. ((lit. anklet), n.)
5 s+č'np'=áx̣n sch'np'aqhn armlet, bracelet. (n.)
6 s+can+č'n'+č'np'=áx̣n' stsanch''nch''npaqh'n vest, corset. (n.)
7 č'enp'‑nt‑s ch'enp'nts ‡ cuddle, fondle, hug. ((lit. he fondled her, hugged her), vi.)
8 cen+č'np'=cín‑t‑s sench'np'tsints clasp. ((lit. He embraced her around the neck), vt.)
9 u+x̣ʷal'+a č'n'p'=qín'=čt uqhwa'la ch"np'qi'ncht § annular. ((lit. It is like a ring), n.)
√č'n'1 1 č'+č'en'eʔ ch'ch'e'ne' † diminutive, small, bit, a small piece or amount. (adj.)
2 č'n'+n'=úl'umxʷ Ch''n'nu'lumkhw // Don George's ancestor. (n.)
3 č'+č'n'eʔ=ilš ch'ch''ne'ilsh decrease, grow small. ((lit. it became small or smaller), v.)
4 č'n'+č'neʔ=cin'+m'n' ch'n'ch'ne'tsi'n'm'n belittle. ((lit. Make small by word of mouth), v.)
5 hn+č'+č'án'+aʔ=al'qs hnch'ch'a'na'a'lqs cheap, inexpensive. ((lit. the road is small (narrow)), adj.)
6 č'+č'n'eʔ=il'š‑s‑n ch'ch''ne'i'lshsn ‡ diminish. (vt.)
7 č'+č'n'eʔ=il'š‑t‑m' ch'ch''ne'i'lsht'm attenuate. (vt.)
8 č'+č'n'eʔ=il'š‑t‑m ch'ch''ne'i'lshtm slender. ((lit. he was made smaller), n.)
9 č'+č'n'+č'n'eʔ=cin'+m'‑n't‑s ch'ch''nch''ne'tsi'n'm'nt disparage. (vt.)
10 č'+č'n'+č'n'eʔ=cin'+m'‑n't‑s ch'ch''nch''ne'tsi'n'm'nts belittle (lit. he spoke of him as small or unimportant). (vt.)
11 č'+č'en'eʔ he wl+wlim ch'ch'e'ne' he wlwlim § chicken feed (lit. small money, trifling amount of money). (n.)
12 č'n'+č'n'eʔ=cin'+m'eʔ+tn‑se‑s ch''nch''ne'tsi'n'me'tnses decry. (vi.)
√č'n'2 1 č'en' ch'e'n † one round object lies. (vt.)
2 č'en'+n' ch'e'n'n it (ball) fell on the ground. (vt.)
3 s+č'n'=álpqʷ sch''nalpqw // cowbell. ((lit. that (ball that strikes a bell) which is hung to the (anterior portion of the) neck), n.)
4 s+n+č'n'=íčn snch'nichn ammunition, cartridge. ((lit. ball on the back), n.)
5 t+č'én'=gʷl tch'e'ngul person (...with bulging stomach), stomach (person with bulging...). (n.)
6 at+č'án'=qn atch'a'nqn Afro (hairdo), bouffant. (vi. (lit. H/h hair is puffed out), adj.)
7 čs+n+č'en'=ípn chsnch'e'nipn padlocks, deadlock. (n)
8 n+ʔilk'ʷ=elgʷes+n a sn+č'n'=íčnʔ 'nilk'welgwesn a snch'n'ichn' § caisson. ((lit. storage (box) for ammunition), n.)
√č'pxʷ 1 č'epxʷ ch'epkhw † trap, He (mouse) was trapped. ((lit. it was trapped), vt.)
√č'p' 1 č'ip' ch'ip' † pinch. ((stem), vt.)
2 č'ip'+č'ep'+t ch'ip'ch'ep't dawdles, dilatory. ((lit. he is slow), adj.)
3 č'ip[']+m+ncut ch'ipmntsut dawdles, loiters. ((lit. he pinched himself), adj.) [xref √c'p']
√č'p'xʷ 1 č'ép'xʷ ch'ep'khw † click, clip. ((stem), vt.)
2 č'p'uxʷ ch'p'ukhw! click. ((lit. It went click), n.)
3 č'p'xʷ+mín+n ch'p'khuminn clip, pliers, pinchers. ((lit. a device for fastening), n.)
4 č'p'+č'p'xʷ+m'ín'+n' ch'p'ch'p'khu'mi'n'n clippers, scissors. ((lit. instrument for clipping), n.)
5 t+č'p'xʷ+mín+n tch'p'khuminn clothespin. ((lit. a clip for fastening clothes on a line), n.)
6 č'ép'xʷ‑n ch'ep'khwn ‡ clip. ((lit. I clipped it (paper, etc), vt.)
7 č'ep'xʷ‑nt‑s ch'ep'khwnts clip, trim (off). (vt.)
8 č'ép'xʷ‑nt‑s ch'ep'khwnts clipped (he...it). (vt.)
√č'r1 1 č'ar ch'ar † swim. ((referring to an animal), vi.)
2 č'ar+p ch'arp animal swims. (vi.)
3 č'ar+p ch'arp to swim (referring to an animal). (vi.)
4 hn+č'ar+p hnch'arp He (animal) swam. (vi.)
5 s+n+č'ar+p snch'arp to swim. (animal). (v.)
√č'r2 1 č'ar ch'ar † cut. ((light or flimsey objects with shears), vt.)
2 a n+č'ar=úl'mxʷ anch'aru'lmkhw trench, channel, dike, furrow, groove. (n.)
3 hn+n+č'ar=úl'umxʷ hnnch'aru'lumkhw ditch, trench. ((lit. It is my trench cut in the earth), n.)
4 niʔč'+č'ar'=ál'qʷ Ni'ch'ch'a'ra'lqw § Sanders, Idaho. ((lit. a cut in the woods), n.)
√č'rp' 1 č'ar'p'=qin'=čt ch'a'rp'qi'ncht // ring (for the finger). (n.)
2 s+can+č'arp'=áx̣n stsanch'arp'aqhn corona. ((lit. ring around the armpits or ring around the planet, star, or moon), n.)
√č'rw 1 s+t+č'érw+um stch'erwum † pray, prayer. (vi, n.) [xref √č'ʕʷ]
√č's 1 č'es ch'es † bad (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 č'es+t ch'est bad, brutal, contemptuous, cruel, despicable, evil, mean, overbearing, scornful, (lit. He is...). (adj.)
3 [č]'es+t q'est bad (it is...). (vi.) [see also √q's]
4 s+č'es+t sch'est brutality, cruelty. (n.)
5 hn+č'és+n hnch'esn depravity, sin, wrongdoing. (condition of being bad, evil, n.)
6 č[']és+m+ncut chesmntsut delinquent. ((lit. He made himself a delinquent), n.)
7 s+č'és+m+ncut sch'esmntsut delinquency. ((lit. making oneself bad), n.)
8 s+n+č'es+č's+t+m+ncút snch'esch'stmntsut to be sorry, to feel remorse. (v.)
9 s+č's+t+mín+šeš sch'stminshesh contempt, disdain, scorn. ((lit. treating as bad), n.)
10 s+č's=cín sch'stsin // abuse (foul‑mouthed...), billingsgate, curse. (n.)
11 č's=ci·n'+útm ch'stsii'nutm abominable, accursed, outrageous. ((lit. it is accursed), adj.)
12 č's+č's=ci·n'=íyeʔ ch'sch'stsii'niye' dispute. ((lit. He exchanged mean words with another), n.)
13 s+č's+č's=ci·n'=íy'eʔ sch'sch'stsii'ni'ye' argue, bicker, brawl, quarrel, debate. ((lit. exchanging mean/angry words), vi.)
14 s+č's+e·č=iyeʔ sch'seechiye' rock lichen. (skunk cabbage, n.)
15 č's=ul'mxʷ ch'su'lmkhw badlands. (n.)
16 hn+č's=ílgʷes hnch'silgwes bad‑tempered, brutal, unkind. ((lit. He is mean as to the heart.), adj.)
17 s+n+č's+s+m=ílgʷes snch'ssmilgwes antipathy. ((lit. feeling aversion at the heart), n.)
18 hn+č's=ítkʷeʔ hnch'sitkwe' stagnant. ((lit. bad water, bitter water), adj.)
19 s+č'és=ep sch'esep skunk. ((lit. bad bottom), n.)
20 s+č's=íčt+m+n sch'sichtmn abuse. ((lit. treating wrongly with the hand), n.)
21 s+č's+t=íl'š sch'sti'lsh demoralization. ((lit. becoming spoiled), n.)
22 s+č's+t=íl'š+m sch'sti'lshm depravation. ((lit. making someone/some­thing bad), n.)
23 *s+č's+č's=níxʷ sch'schsnikhw abhorred. (v.)
24 č's=qin+m ch'sqinm h/s threw off (waste matter) from the body. (vt.)
25 s+č'[e]s=qín+m sch'sqinm defecation. ((lit. excretion through the intestines), n.)
26 s+niʔ+č'és+č's+s+m=enč sni'ch'esch'ssmench constipation, upset stomach. ((lit. something going wrong with the bowels), n.)
27 č's=íčt+me‑nt‑s ch'sichtments ‡ botch. ((lit. He repaired it clumsily), vt.)
28 č's=cín+m‑nt‑s ch'stsinmnts assail, curse, damn, (lit. he spoke evil words to him). (vi.)
29 č's+č's=ci·n'=iy'eʔ‑l'š ch'sch'stsii'ni'ye''lsh debate. ((lit. they quarreled), vi.)
30 č's+t=íl'š‑st‑m ch'sti'lshstm deprave, spoiled (h/s was...). ((lit. He was caused to become bad), vt.)
31 č's+t=íl'š‑stu‑s ch'sti'lshstus corrupt, deprave. ((lit. He made it bad), vi.)
32 č's+t+mí‑nt‑s ch'stmints hated (He...him), resented (H/s...it very much). (vt.)
33 či+s+č's+č's+č=nixʷ‑s chisch'sch'schnikhws disdain, despise. ((lit. h/s loathes me), n.)
34 čis+č's+č's+čs=nixʷ‑s chisch'sch'schsnikhws despises. (n.)
35 čis+s+č's+č's+čs=nixʷ chissch'sch'schsnikhw detest. ((lit. I am custom­arily hated), vt.)
36 s+č's+č's=níxʷ sch'schsnikhw abhor (to...). (vt.)
37 č's=cin+m‑nt‑s xʷa x̣es+t ch'stsinmnts khwa qhest § blasphemy, profanity. (n.)
38 hn+ɫáʔp=alqs č'es+t hnɫa'palqs ch'est evil. ((lit. He is extremely evil), adj.)
39 hn+ɫáp=alqs č'es+t hnɫapalqs ch'est atrocious. ((lit. He is extreme­ly evil), adj.)
40 č's+eɫ+cégʷ+t ch'seɫtsegwt cad, churl. ((lit. He has bad manners‑an ungentlemanly man), n.)
41 č's+eɫ+cégʷ+t he s+miʔyem ch'seɫtsegwt he smi'yem cotquean. ((lit. woman of bad manners), n.)
42 s+č's=cín+m+n ɫen+gʷís+t sch'stsinmn ɫengwist blasphemy. ((lit. speaking evil of the One on High), n.)
43 tel' ci' č'es+t+íl'š‑st‑m te'l tsi' ch'esti'lshstm degenerate. ((lit. He was made worse), v.)
44 č's+č's+t+men+ɫ le·swíp ch'sch'stmenɫ leeswip anti‑Semite. (n.)
45 lut č'es+t lut ch'est amoral. ((lit. It is not bad), adj.)
46 ɫe+č'is+eɫ+cegʷ+t ɫech'iseɫtsegwt boor. ((lit. one who has bad manners), n.)
√č'š 1 č'éš‑nt‑eli‑s ch'eshntelis ‡ conform. ((lit. He went along with us. He conformed his behavior with ours), vt.) [see also √čš]
√č't 1 č'et ch'et † beat, tick. (nod. (stem), vt.)
2 u·+č't+č't+č't uuch'tch'tch't chuckle. ((lit. He laughed quietly by nodding repeatedly), vi.)
√č'tʔ 1 č'íteʔ ch'ite' † near (be...). ((stem, vi.)
2 č'+č'iteʔ ch'ch'ite' close, near. (adj.)
3 t+č'íteʔ+m‑nt‑s tch'ite'mnts ‡ to approach. ((lit. He came close to him), v.)
√č't'1 1 č'et' ch'et' † chop (off), cut (off completely), separate, sever. (vi, vt.)
2 hn+č't'=ús‑nt‑m hnch't'usntm ‡ decapitated. ((lit. He was decapitated), adj.)
√č't'2 1 č't['] ch't † brown. (horse, n.)
2 t+č't'=élxʷ tch't'elkhw brown. ((lit. A horse with brown fur (hide)), adj.)
√č't'3 1 čet'+č'et' chet'ch'et' † blackbird. (n.) [see also √t'č'1]
2 is+č'át'+č'at[']+iš isch'at'ch'atish chirrup. ((lit. The bird is uttering a series of chirps), vi.)
√č'w1 1 č'ew ch'ew † nostalgic. ((stem), adj.)
√č'w2 1 č'u ch'u † absent, away, gone, missing. (adj.)
2 č'uw ch'uw! absent (he is...). (vi.)
3 č'u· ch'uu! blank, empty, nothing there. (adj.)
4 s+č'uw sch'uw abscence. ((lit. being gone away), n.)
5 č'uw+ín'š ch'uwi'nsh barely, hardly. (barely, adv.)
6 hn+č'uw+p=ílgʷes hnch'uwpilgwes // lit. He was lonely. (adj.)
7 č'uw+č'uw=úl'umxʷ ch'uwch'uwu'lumkhw eeri[e], weird. (eerie. (lit. It is a territory that is usually without people, a lonely, weird, mysterious place), adj.)
√č'wʔ 1 č'íweʔ ch'iwe' † father (...of deceased mother). (n.)
√č'w' 1 č'ew' ch'e'w † cylinder. ((lit. to be large, cylinder shaped), adj.)
2 t+č'éw'=ečt tch'e'wecht // bough, limb. ((lit. a large arm (hand), n.)
3 č'uw'=íl'kʷeʔ ch'u'wi'lkwe' comber, billow. ((lit. a large wave), n.)
4 hn+č'áw'=qn hnch'a'wqn bass, basso. ((lit. He has a wide girth at the head, he has a deep (low) voice), n.)
5 hn+č'+č'áw'=qn hnch'ch'a'wqn baritone. ((lit. little deep voice), n.)
6 čn+hn+č'aw'=qn chn(h)nch'a'wqn voice (to have a deep voice). (vi.)
7 čn‿n+č'áw'=qn chnnch'a'wqn voice (I have a deep...). (n.)
8 čn‿(h)n+č'aw'=qn chn(h)nch'a'wqn deep (voice). (vi. (lit. I have a deep voice)., adj.)
9 č‿gʷuɫ+n+č'áw'=qn chguɫnch'a'wqn lit. we have deep voices. (vt.) [xref √čw']
√č'xʷ1 1 č'axʷ ch'akhw! † clack, clang, clop. ((lit. sound of hard object striking another), vi.)
2 u· č'áxʷ uuch'akhw clack. ((lit. It went "clack"), vi.)
√č'xʷ2 1 č'ixʷ ch'ikhw † lean against. (vi.)
2 č'áxʷ=qn ch'akhwqn bolt. ((lit. bolsterer of the head). pillow, n.)
3 č'axʷ=qn ch'akhwqn cushion, pillow. ((lit. that on which the head is laid), n.)
4 č'íxʷ ch'ikhw lean (...against), lean. ((stem), vi.)
5 e·+č'íxʷ+p=ens eech'ikhwpens chin, lean. ((lit. He is leaning on his chin), vi.)
6 hn+č'uxʷ+č'uxʷ=áp=en'eʔ+m' hnch'ukhwch'ukhwape'ne''m retired, slept. ((lit. H/s laid his head against (something)), vt.)
7 č'ixʷ‑nt‑s ch'ikhwnts ‡ He opened it; he removed or lifted it (ie. lid). (vt.)
8 t+č'ixʷ‑nt‑s tch'ikhwnts lean. (vi.)
√č'xʷ3 1 č'uxʷ+xʷáʔ ch'ukhukhwa' † approximate, almost. ((lit. slightly short of, not quite, just so much), adj.)
2 č'uxʷ+xʷaʔ ch'ukhukhwa' almost. (adv.)
√č'xʷ4 1 s+č'éxʷ+xʷ sch'ekhukhw † asthma, comsumption. (tuberculosis, n.)
2 i·+č'éxʷ+xʷ iich'ekhukhw consumptive. ((lit. He is consumptive), adj.)
√č'x̣1 1 č'ax̣ ch'aqh † push, shove. ((lit. move to one side), vi.)
2 č'ax̣+ax̣+m ch'aqhaqhm move. ((lit. it moved), vt.)
3 č'+č'ax̣+ax̣+m' ch'ch'aqhaqh'm [b]udge, it was budged. (vi.)
4 č'ax̣+ax̣=ípep ch'aqhaqhipep // he moved along on his buttocks. (vi.)
5 č'ax̣+m‑st‑m ch'aqhmstm ‡ remove (he was removed). (vt.)
6 č'ax̣+m‑stu‑s ch'aqhmstus remove. ((lit. he removed it), vt.)
√č'x̣2 1 č'ex̣ ch'eqh † rub (against). (vt.)
2 č'ex̣=qn' ch'eqhq'n // helldiver, loon. (n.)
√č'ʕʷ 1 č'eʕʷ ch'e(w † pray. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+t+č'éʕʷ+m stch'e(um congregation, fellowship, prayer, to pray. ((lit. praying (together)), n.)
3 hn+t+č'eʕʷ+emn hntch'e(wemn altar, church (Christian), place for praying, worship (place of...). (n.)
4 s+n+t+č'éʕʷ+emn sntch'e(wemn chapel, church. ((lit. A meeting place for prayer), n.)
5 ul+s+n+t+č'éʕʷ+emn ulsntch'e(wemn ecclesiastical. (adj.)
6 s+t+č'éʕʷ=peleʔ stch'e(wpele' // benediction, benison, blessing, consecration, dedication. ((lit. praying for the origin of one), n.)
7 at+č'éʕʷ=peleʔ atch'e(wpele' blessed, consecrated. (vi. (lit. Divine favor was invoked upon h/h/i), adj.)
8 t+č'éʕʷ=pleʔ‑nt‑s tch'e(wple'nts ‡ dedicate. ((lit. He prayed for its special use), v.)
9 t+č[']eʕʷ=peleʔ‑nt‑s tche(wpele'nts bless, pray over. (vt.) [see also √č'rw]
√č'ʔ1 1 s+č'aʔ=qin'=šn' sch'a'qi'nsh'n // knee cap, knee joint, knee. (n.)
√č'ʔ2 1 č'eʔ+š ch'e'sh † condescend. ((stem), vi.)
2 č'eʔ+č'eʔ=šn+mí‑nt‑se‑xʷ ch'e'ch'e'shnmintsekhw ‡ condescend. ((lit. You (a noble) humbled yourself before a humble person (me), vi.))

√d

√dk'ʷ 1 dik'ʷ dik'w † turn about in going (cross face). (vi.)
2 e·+dík'ʷ+s+m eedik'wsm ebb. ((lit. It ebbs), vi.)
3 e·+dik'ʷ+s+m eedik'wsm go, recede, return, ebbs. ((lit. H/s/i recedes/goes back/returns), vi.) [xref √dxʷ]
√dl1 1 del del † sit (...up like animal). ((stem), vi.)
2 e·+dél+ut eedelut haunches, seated. ((lit. The dog is seated), n, adj.)
3 e·+dél+dl+ut eedeldlut seated. ((lit. The dogs are seated), adj.)
√dl2 1 dul dul † sing (...warsong). (vi.)
√dl3 1 sí+dl=emš Sidlemsh † Indians (Jocko Valley...of Montana). (n.)
√dlk'ʷ 1 delk'ʷ delk'w † cover entirely with cloth. (vt.)
√dlm 1 delím delim † galloped. ((lit. He went riding a galloping horse), vi.)
2 č+dlam=alqʷ chdlamalqw railway, train. ((lit. he galloped on the log, rail, etc.), n.)
3 č+dl+dlám=alqʷ chdldlamalqw trains. (n.)
4 hn+dlám=alqs hndlamalqs lit. He galloped along the road. (vt.)
5 dele[m]+l'e+s+čí+čeʔ delen'leschiche' § cause. ((lit. He caused his horse to gallop), vt.) [xref √dl']
√dlq'ʷ 1 dolq'ʷ dolq'w † person (...is strong). ((stem), n.)
2 dól+dolq'ʷ+t doldolq'wt almighty, athletic, omnipotent, powerful (he is...), strong, virtuous. (adj.)
3 s+dól+dolq'ʷ+t sdoldolq'wt brawn, power (muscular...), strength, virtue. (n.)
4 hn+dol+dolq'ʷ+t=íl'š+n hndoldolq'wti'lshn // confirmation (sacrament of). ((lit. means of becoming strong), n.)
5 dol+dolq'ʷ+t=íl'š‑st‑m doldolq'wti'lshstm ‡ enable, confirm. ((lit. he was strengthened), vt.)
6 x̣am+a+s+c'am' ɫ dol+dólq'ʷ+t qhamats'a'm ɫ doldolq'wt § burly, husky. ((lit. He is heavy‑boned and strong), adj.)
7 tiʔxʷ+eɫ+n+dol+dolq'ʷ+t=íl'š+n ti'khweɫndoldolq'wti'lshn confirmed. ((lit. He gained strength, he received the rite of confirmation), vi.)
√dlʔ 1 s+díluʔ sdilu † switch, whip. (n.)
√dl'1 1 e·+del' eede'l † bush, plant, shrub, a low branching woody plant. (n.)
√dl'2 1 dul' du'l † run (...away). (vi.)
2 č+dul'+m+ncut chdu'lmntsut elope, run away. ((lit. we ran away), vi.)
3 č+dúl'+m+ncut chdu'lmntsut elope. (vi.) [xref √dlm]
√dl'p 1 č+del'p+dil'p chde'lpdi'lp † bat (mammal). (vampire, n.)
√dɫ 1 diɫ diɫ † rustle, shake. ((stem), vt.)
2 duɫ+duɫ+p duɫduɫp poplar tree. (n.)
3 s+dar+eɫ+dúɫ+duɫ+p sdareɫduɫduɫp § poplar (species of...). ((lit. small round leaves that rustle‑white bark with spots and stripes), n.)
4 dar+eɫ+dúɫ+duɫ+p dareɫduɫduɫp poplars (with small round leaves). (n.)
5 s+miyeɫ+díɫ+m+šeš smiyeɫdiɫmshesh concussion. ((lit. more than ordinary jarring), n.)
√dm1 1 a·dám Aadam † Adam. (n.)
√dm2 1 dm=íneʔ dmine' // birdhouse, nest. (n.)
2 hn+č+dm=íneʔ=kʷeʔ Hnchdmine'kwe' Moctelme Creek. ((lit. nest creek), n.)
√dm3 1 dem dem † be very old. (vi.)
2 dém+m demm decrepit. ((lit. H/s grew old), adj.)
3 i·+dém+m iidemm effete. ((lit. He is wearing out as a result of age), adj.)
4 s+dém+m sdemm age (decrepid...), old age. (n.)
√dm4 1 s+dúm=cn sdumtsn // bosom friend, chum, friend (intimate...). (n.)
2 s+dum=cn=íw'es sdumtsni'wes chum. ((lit. They are good friends), vi.)
√dn1 1 de·n+yél Deenyel † Daniel. (n.)
2 den Den Dan (proper name.)
3 di·ní Diini Denny. (n.)
√dn2 1 u·+dún'. uudu'n † moved (it suddenly...). (vi.)
√dpt 1 da·pít Daapit † David. (n.)
√dq' 1 daq' daq' † peer (...through cracks). (vi.)
√dq'ʷ 1 doq'ʷ doq'w † wood (...is rotten). ((stem), n.)
√dr 1 dar dar † curved objects stand with concave surface up. (vi.)
2 ča+dar+mín+n chadarminn table (for pots, pans, pails). (n.)
3 ʔaɫ+dár=enč aɫdarench // moon, sun. (n.)
4 ʔaɫ+d+dar'=ín'č aɫdda'ri'nc clock, sundial, timepiece, watch, chronometer, little sun. (n.)
5 ʔapɫ+ʔaɫ+dar=en[č] apɫ'aɫdarensh clear, sunny (to be...). ((lit. It has sun), vi.)
6 dáre‑nt‑s darents He set the table (lit. He set vessels upright). (vt.)
7 s+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=ip+ms haʔɫ+dar=enč st'uk'uk'wipms ha'ɫdarench ‡ § calends, the first day of the month (lit. its beginning what is a moon). (n.)
8 s+can+q'ʷenp'+eɫ+ʔaɫ+dár=enč stsanq'wenp'eɫ'aɫdarench eclipse. ((lit. sun/moon going behind something), n.)
9 ʔax̣el+ɫ ʔesel haʔ+ɫ+dár=enč aqhelɫ esel ha'ɫdarench bimonthly. ((lit. happening every two months), adj.)
10 dar+eɫ+dúɫ+duɫ+p dareɫduɫduɫp poplar, species of (lit. small, round leaves that rustle‑white bark with spots and stripes). (n.)
11 s+dar+eɫ+dúɫ+duɫ+p sdareɫduɫduɫp poplar (species of...), poplars (with small round leaves). ((lit. small round leaves that rustle‑white bark with spots and stripes), n.)
√ds1 1 des des † camp. ((stem), n.)
2 des+t dest camped (he...), encamp. (vi.)
3 s+des+t sdest camp (to...), camping. (vt, n.)
4 hn+dés+n hndesn camp, campground. ((lit. place where people camp), n.) [see also √sds]
√ds2 1 dis dis † appear. ((stem), vi.)
√dš 1 déš+š+iʔ deshshi' † decreased, diminished, lessened (the number...). (vi.)
2 deš+š+iʔ deshshi' diminish, lessen, smaller (to grow...). ((lit. It grew smaller; it diminished), vi.)
√dščqʷ 1 déščeqʷe deshcheqwe † husband's brother, sister's husband. (n.)
√dw 1 a·+dwa Aadwa † Edward. (A Coear d'Alene chief in the 1800's, n.)
2 pan' a·dwá pa'n Aadwa She is Mrs. Edward. (vi.)
√dxʷ1 1 dexʷ dekhw † descend, dismount, dropped (it was...), lower. ((stem), vi.)
2 dexʷ+t dekhwt dropped (he...), fell (he...down), fell (it...(off)). (vt.)
3 hn+dexʷ+xʷ+n hndekhukhwn envy, jealousy. ((lit. means of envying), n.)
4 hn+déxʷ+xʷ+n hndekhukhwn jealousy. (n.)
5 déxʷ+m+ncut dekhwmntsut descend. ((lit. he went down), v.)
6 s+déxʷ+m+ncut sdekhwmntsut catabasis. ((lit. putting oneself down), n.)
7 duxʷ+m+ncút+n dukhwmntsutn chute. ((lit. m.o. lowering oneself‑an inclined trough or passage down which things can pass), n.)
8 s+čic+en+déxʷ+xʷ+t+m schitsendekhukhtm come (...down). ((lit. a decline this way in status), vi.)
9 an+doxʷ+m=qín+m andokhumqinm // dip, headfirst, slope. ((lit. That which goes down headfirst, a downward slope), n.)
10 hn+duxʷ+m=qín+m hndukhomqinm cascade, descend. ((lit. He came down (from the mountain) (headlong)), vt.)
11 hn+duxʷ+xʷ=elgʷes+mí+ncut hndukhukhwelgwesmintsut begrudge, envious. ((lit. He felt his heart drop, become lower), vt, adj.)
12 s+duxʷ+t=íl'kʷeʔ sdukhwti'lkwe' cascade, waterfall. (n.)
13 s+n+doxʷ+m=qí[n]+[m] sndokhmqim cataclinal. ((lit. going down head­long descending with the dip, as a valley), adj.)
14 hn+duxʷ+p=ílgʷes hndukhwpilgwes despond, discourage, dishearten. ((lit. He was lowered in heart. He became sorrowful), vt.)
15 s+n+duxʷ+p=ílgʷes sndukhwpilgwes dolor, grief, sorrow. ((lit. lowering of the heart), n.)
16 dexʷ+m‑st‑m dekhwmstm ‡ cheapen. ((lit. it was lowered), vt.)
17 cen+déxʷ+t+m‑stu‑s tsendekhwtmstus depreciate. ((lit. He lowered the value or rate of it), vi.)
18 cen+déxʷ+xʷ+m‑st‑m tsendekhukhwmstm discount. ((lit. He dropped from a higher to a lower state), vt.)
19 cen+déxʷ+xʷ‑t‑m tsendekhukhwtm depreciate. ((lit. It became lower (in value), vt.)[see also √dk'ʷ]
√dxʷ2 1 ec+ʔe+dxʷ=íw'es ets'edkhwi'wes // cross, crucifix. (n.)
2 e+dxʷ=iw'es‑nt‑en edkhwiw'esnten ‡ crisscross. (adj.)
3 e dxʷ=ílgʷes‑nt‑em edkhwilgwesntem to be blessed, made holy (lit. A sign of the cross was made over h/h). (v.)
√dx̣1 1 dax̣ daqh † go, depart, travel. ((stem). drive, vi.)
2 dex̣ deqh depart. ((stem), vi.)
3 déx̣+t+ul deqhtul walk (You...). (imper.)
4 t+ča·+déx̣+n tchaadeqhn catwalk. ((lit. space for walking on), n.)
5 č'a·‿dex̣+t ch'aadeqht walk. ((lit. we walk), vi.)
6 čat+čs+déx̣+t chatchsdeqht walk. ((lit. we will walk), vi.)
7 č+dex̣+t chdeqht walk, (lit. we walked). (vi.)
8 č‿ʔi·+déx̣+t ch'iideqht lit. we are walking. (vt.)
9 č'‿in+déx̣+t ch'indeqht advancement, progressing. ((lit. we are walking on the road, We are walking on the trail. We are travelling on the path of life.), n, vt.)
10 k'ʷ neʔ č+déx̣+t k'wne'chdeqht We are going to walk. (vi.)
11 kʷp‿déx̣+t kupdeqht departed (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
12 kʷp‿ʔa·+déx̣+t kup'aadeqht walk (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
13 déx̣+t+ul deqhtul You (pl.) walk. (imper.)
14 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+déx̣+t cheɫkupsdeqht you (pl) will walk. (vi.)
15 kʷup‿ʔi·‿déx̣+t kup'iideqht You (pl) are walking, departing. (vi.)
16 k'ʷ neʔ kʷup‿dex̣+t k'wne'kupdeqht You (pl.) are going to walk. (vi.)
17 déx̣+t‑lš deqhtlsh walked (they...). (vt.)
18 a· dé[x̣]+t‑lš aadeq'tlsh walk. ((lit. They walk), vi.)
19 i· déx̣+t‑lš iideqhtlsh They are walking. (vi.)
20 k'ʷ naʔ déx̣+t‑lš k'wna'deqhtlsh They are going to walk. (vi.)
21 č+d+dex̣+dex̣+t=al'qʷ chddeqhdeqhta'lqw // bum. ((lit. those who walk on log, RR), n.)
√dx̣2 1 dax̣ daqh † round‑up, drive (cattle, etc.). ((stem), n.)
2 i·+dáx̣+m iidaqhm driven (The herd is being...), herd (The...is being driven). (vt, n.)
3 dax̣‑nt‑s daqhnts ‡ he drove it (cow/cattle). (vt.)
4 sya+dax̣+él'+s+či+čeʔ syadaqhe'lschiche' § cattle herder. (n.)
√dʕʷ 1 dáʕʷ+p+mncut da(wpmntsut † h/s exerted h/h self (lit. h/s used h/h self with an effort). (vt.)
2 s+dáʕʷ+p+m+ncut sda(wpmntsut contest, exerting (oneself). ((lit. putting oneself in strenuous effort), n, vt.)
√dʔ 1 díʔ+deʔ+t di'de't † demure. ((lit. is saddening), adj.) [?]
2 deʔ=us+m de'usm // He put on a sad face. (vt.)
√dʔkʷ 1 duʔkʷ du'kw † stingy (be...about something). (adj.)
2 duʔ+duʔkʷ+úl du'du'kul avaricious, cheap‑skate, close‑fisted, stingy. ((lit. he is a miserly person), adj.)
√dʔk'ʷ 1 diʔk'ʷ di'k'w † cross. ((stem), vt.)
2 č+diʔk'ʷ chdi'k'w Monday. (n.)
3 čn‿n+diʔk'ʷ chnndi'k'w crossed. ((lit. I crossed the stream), vi.)
4 s+n+díʔk'ʷ+n sndi'k'wn crossing. ((lit. the place at which a river or other obstacle can be crossed), n.)
5 čn‿n+diʔk'ʷ chnndi'k'w I crossed the stream, river. (vi.)
6 čn‿n+deʔk'ʷ+s=iw'es chnnde'k'uwsi'wes // cross. ((lit. I crossed the street, valley, etc.), vt.)
7 hn+deʔk'ʷ=us=íw'es+n hnde'k'uusi'wesn crosswalk. ((lit. a street cros­sing marked for pedestrians), n.)
8 hn+daʔk'ʷ=qn hnda'k'wqn lit. He went overhead. (vi.)
9 hn+d+daʔk'ʷ=qín' hndda'k'wqi'n afternoon. ((lit. (the sun) passed overhead), n.)
10 hn+d+daʔk'ʷ=qin' hndda'k'wqi'n midday. ((lit. that which goes over the middle of the head), n.)
√dʔɫ 1 deʔɫ de'ɫ † exceptionally. (adv.)
2 heʔ+deʔɫ he'de'ɫ of course. (adv.)
√dʔt 1 deʔét de'et † surprisingly. ((stem), adv.) [?]

√gʷ

√gʷc' 1 hn+gʷíc'=ens+n hngwits'ensn // toothpick. ((lit. means of picking the teeth), n.)
2 hn+gʷíc'+gʷec'=cn hngwits'gwets'tsn elicit. ((lit. H/s is skilled in picking things out of another person's mouth, he is an argumentative person), vt.)
3 in+gʷíc'=e[ns]+mš ingwits'emshmsh picking (H/s is...h/h teeth (tooth)). (n, vt.)
√gʷč 1 gʷič gwich † He saw. (vt.)
2 gʷič+t gwicht see. ((stem), vt.)
3 s+gʷíč+č sgwichch complexion. ((lit. general character or appearance), n.)
4 čn'‿c+gʷíč ch'ntsgwich see. ((lit. I, usually see, things, of that nature), vt.)
5 cen+gʷič+mí+ncut tsengwichmintsut to anticipate. ((lit. He foresaw something concerning himself), vt.)
6 is+cen+gʷič+mí+ncut istsengwichmintsut divination. ((lit. It is your means of seeing forward for yourself), n.)
7 gʷič+ič+út+m gwichichutm It is capable of being seen. (vi.)
8 gʷeč=stq gwechstq // He found or saw a wild crop. (vt.)
9 gʷeč=alqʷ+ncút gwechalqwntsut cocky. ((lit. He saw his own height; he became conceited), adj.)
10 gʷeč=qan=áʔst gwechqana'st Wenatchee. ((lit. he saw over a rock, cliff, precipice), n.)
11 s+gʷíč+t=ew'eš sgwichte'wesh seeing (wholly, entirely or ex­clusively) (...each other). (n.)
12 čn‿n+gʷíč=kʷeʔ chnngwichkwe' I saw in the water. I saw something therein. (vt.)
13 u t+gʷč'+gʷéč'=us utgwch'gwech'us H/s has clear eyesight. (vi.)
14 gʷíč‑n gwichn ‡ saw (I...i/h/h). (vt.)
15 gʷič‑t‑m gwichtm H/s was seen. (vt.)
16 ec+gʷíč‑s‑n etsgwichsn I customarily see h/h/i physically or mentally. (vi.)
17 hn‑gʷíč+eč'‑nt‑se‑s hngwichech'ntses H/s saw my back. (vt.)
18 gʷeč=álqʷ‑nt‑s gwechalqwnts He saw another person's stature. (vt.)
19 gʷič=ús‑n gwichusn saw (I...his face). (vt.)
20 can+gʷéč+p=qn'‑n' tsangwechpq'n'n saw (I...the back of h/h head). (n, vt.)
21 cen+gʷíč=šn‑t‑s tsengwichshnts saw (H/s...h/h tracks), tracks (H/s saw h/h...). (vt, n.)
22 neʔ+t+gʷíč+gʷič=us‑nt‑s ne'tgwichgwichusnts khwa s'laqhts see (He will...the eyes of one who is his friend). (vt.)
23 s+gʷič+s+čínt sgwichschint § seeing people. (n.)
24 ec+gʷič+s+čínt etsgwichschint h/s sees people. (vt.)
25 čn‿gʷíč e siw's chngwich e si'ws groundhog. (n.)
26 čn‿gʷič e· siw's chngwich ee si'ws groundhog. ((lit. I saw a groundhog), n.)
27 neʔ gʷíč+gʷič=us‑nt‑s xʷa s+l'ax̣+t‑s ne'tgwichgwichusnts khwa s'laqhts He will see the eyes of one who is his friend. (v.)
28 čn‿xʷuy hiɫ čn‿gʷič e c'iʔ chnkhuy hiɫ chngwich e ts'i' lit. I went over there and I saw a deer. (vt.)
√gʷč' 1 gʷič' gwich' † ignite, kindle, light. (vt.)
2 u+t+gʷč'+gʷéč'=us utgwch'gwech'us // eyesight (H/s has clear...). (n.) [for expected √gʷč]
3 gʷíč'+s=kʷp+n gwich'skupn § kindling. (n.)
4 čeɫ‿gʷíč'+s+kʷup+n cheɫgwich'skupn H/s went after kindling. (vt.)
5 hn‑gʷíč'+s+kʷup+n hngwich'skupn It is my kindling. (vi.)
6 gʷič'+s+kʷup+m‑nt‑s gwich'skupmnts H/s used it for kindling. (vt.)
√gʷčʔ 1 gʷíčeʔ‑nt‑se‑s gwiche'ntses ‡ H/s brought me ill luck. (vt.)
√gʷgʷ 1 gʷigʷ=ep gwigwep // step (...back). ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+gʷígʷ=ep+m hngwigwepm back up, cringe. ((lit. H/s stepped back), vi.)
3 hn+gʷigʷ=ep+m hngwigwepm retreat, reverse (go in). (vi.)
4 s+n+gʷígʷ=ep+m sngwigwepm retreating, reverse (going in...). (n.)
√gʷl1 1 gʷel gwel † blaze (stem), burn, light (kindle). ((stem), vt.)
2 gʷel+p gwelp blaze, burn (catch fire), burnt, flamed (it...). (v, vi.)
3 s+gʷel+p sgwelp combustion, fire. (n.)
4 ec+gʷel+p etsgwelp hell, inferno. (n.)
5 gʷl+p+útm gwlputm burnable, flammable, combustible. ((lit. It is capable of burning), adj.)
6 ic+gʷél+p itsgwelp ablaze, it is blazing. (adj.)
7 s+gʷél+gʷl+m sgwelgwlm bonfire. (n.)
8 s+gʷl+p+níʔ+m+ut sgwlpni'mut blaze. ((lit. a destructive fire, especially one that spreads rapidly), n.)
9 t+gʷál+p=alqʷ tgwalpalqw // burned (The log...), log (The...burned). (vt, n.)
10 niʔ+gʷal+p=alqʷ ni'gwalpalqw burned (The forest was...), forest (the...was burned). (v, n.)
11 gʷl+p=ax̣n gwlpaqhn His arm was burned. (vi.)
12 gʷil+p=íɫxʷ gwilpiɫkhw H/s house burned down. (vi.)
13 s+gʷl=íɫxʷ sgwliɫkhw arson. ((lit. burning a house), n.)
14 gʷl=íɫc'eʔ‑nt‑m gwliɫt'se'ntm ‡ cremate. ((lit. His corpse was burn, vt.)
15 s+miyes+gʷél+p smiyesgwelp § conflagration. ((lit. extraordinary fire), n.)
16 te[l]' s+gʷel+p te' sgwelp igneous. (adj.) [xref √qʷl']
√gʷl2 1 gʷil gwil † trust. ((stem), vt.)
√gʷl' 1 gʷel' gwel' † slant, tilt. ((stem), vt.)
2 gwél'+l'+m gwe'l'lm It was tilted. (vi.)
3 ec+gʷél'+m etsgwe'lm tilted (to be), beveled. ((lit. It is inclined upward and downward), vi.)
4 gʷl'+l'=íɫxʷ gw'l'lmiɫkhw // h/h house became tilted. (vt.)
5 gʷl'+l'+m=íɫc'eʔ gw'l'lmiɫt'se' h/h body was tilted. (vt.)
6 gʷl'+l'+m=íw'es gw'l'lmi'wes converge, unite. ((lit. They inclined together), vi.)
7 s+gʷl'+l'+m=íw'es sgw'l'lmi'wes convergence. ((lit. inclining together), n.)
√gʷɫ 1 u· gʷɫ· uugwɫɫɫ † twinkling (continuously), glitter. (adj, n.)
√gʷm 1 gʷum gum † crumble, disintegrate. ((stem), vi.)
2 gʷum+t gumt It became crumbled. (vi.)
3 s+gʷum+t sgumt crumbling. (vi.)
4 gʷ+gʷm'+gʷúm' gugu'mgu'm crackers. ((lit. that which crumbles and crumbles), n.)
5 s+gʷóm=aqs Sgomaqs // name of the wife of Ignace Timothy, (both of whom died long ago) (lit. crumbling of one's chest). (n.)
√gʷn 1 gʷen gwen † below (be...), deep (be...), low (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+gʷen+t hngwent deep. ((lit. It is a deep (hole)), adj.)
3 cen+gʷén+t etsengwent basement, basic, under, (lit. substructure of a building). ((lit. In a lower place), n, adj, adv.)
4 cen+gʷen+t tsengwent beneath, under. (prep.)
5 ul cen+gʷén+t ul tsengwent basal, basic. ((lit. belonging to what is under), adj.)
6 e cen+gʷén+t etsengwent beneath, under. ((lit. In a lower place), adv.)
7 can+gʷán+t=al'qs tsangwanta'lqs // chemise. ((lit. a loose, shirtlike garment), n.)
8 hn+gʷén=ep hngwenep bottom, base. ((lit. the lowest or deepest part of anything), n.)
9 s+n+gʷén=ep sngwenep bottom (...of a container). (n.)
10 hn+gʷn=itkʷeʔ hngwnitkwe' the bottom of the water, river, etc. It is deep water. (n.)
11 gʷn=úl'umxʷ gwnu'lumkhw lowland. (n.)
12 hn+gʷn=úl'umxʷ hngwnu'lumkhw chasm. ((lit. The hole in the ground is deep), n.)
13 hn+gʷn+t=úl'umxʷ hngwntu'lumkhw low land (He went by..., perhaps through a valley, gulch, etc.). (vi.)
14 t+gʷén+t=us+t tgwentust path, road (H/s went by a low...). (n.)
15 hn+gʷen+t eɫ+s+n+k'ʷdeʔ=ús=šn hngwent eɫsnk'wde'usshn § deep‑rooted. (adj.)
16 elu+ɫ+cen+gʷén+t eluɫtsengwent baseless, foundation (without...), groundless. metaph. H/s has no underwear. (n, adj.)
17 ul s+miʔyem ha can+gʷán+ts=al'qs ul smi'yem ha tsangwanta'lqs camisole. ((lit. be­longing to woman an undergarment), n.)
√gʷnt 1 gʷnít gwnit † call, summon. ((stem), vt.)
2 gʷnit+m gwnitm ask, beg (for), entreat. (vt.)
3 hn+gʷni[t]=cn hngwnitsn // beg, entreat. ((lit. Beckon with the mouth), v.)
4 hn+gʷní[t]=cn hngwnitsn cadge. ((lit. He begged for food), vi.)
5 s+n+gʷní[t]=cn sngwnitsn beg (to...). ((lit. asking for food), v.)
6 hn+gʷn'+gʷn'e[t]=cn'+úl' hngw'ngw'nets'nu'l beggar. ((He habitually begs), n.)
7 gʷn=íčt+m gwnichtm H/s beckoned (with h/h hand). (vt.)
8 gʷnit=elt gwnitelt She (hen) summons her chicks. H/s sum­mons h/h child. (vt.)
9 gʷn+gʷnít=elt gwngwnitelt H/s summoned h/h children. (vt.)
10 gʷnít+n‑lš gwnitnlsh ‡ called (I...them). (vt.)
11 gʷnít‑s gwnits defy. ((lit. He called him out‑he challenged him), vt.)
12 gʷnít=čs‑n gwnitchsn (gloss) He beckoned him. (vt.)
13 gʷn+es+čínt gwneschint § convoke, summoned. ((lit. H/s called people together), vt.)
14 gʷn+el'+s+či+čeʔ gwne'lschiche' (t?) H/s summoned h/h livestock. (vt.)
√gʷnxʷ 1 gʷníxʷ gwnikhw † acknowledgable, actual, authentic, bona fide, credible, de facto, genuine. ((lit. It is true, I admit it is true, it exists in reality), adj.)
2 gʷnixʷ gwnikhw believable, true (be...). ((lit. I admit it is true), adj, vt.)
3 s+gʷníxʷ sgwnikhw certitude, It is the truth. ((lit. truth, complete assur­ance), n.)
4 neʔ+gʷníxʷ ne'gwnikhw maybe, perhaps. (it's true, adv.)
5 ɫe s+gʷníxʷ+s ɫe sgwnikhws truth. ((that which is true, it's truth), n.)
6 hn+gʷnnixʷeʔ+utm hngwnnikhwe'utm persuasive, cogent. (believable. adj.)
7 ɫe s+gʷnixʷ‑s ɫe sgwnikhws truth, that which is true, it's truth. (vi.)
8 gʷníxʷ=cn gwnikhwtsn // assert, aver, affirm. (aver, assert (lit. He said what is true), vt.)
9 i c+gʷníxʷ=cn itsgwnikhwtsn H/s is telling the truth. (vt.)
10 hn+gʷnnixʷ=eneʔ hngwnnikhwene' believe. ((lit. Hold as true with the ear), v.)
11 hn+gʷnníxʷ=eneʔ+n hngwnnikhwene'n faith. ((lit. It is a means of believing), n.)
12 hn+gʷnnixʷ=eneʔ+n hngwnnikhwene'n belief, creed. (n.)
13 s+n+gʷnnixʷ=eneʔ sngwnnikhwene' believe, trust, to have faith, confidence,(lit. becoming true to the ear). (vi.)
14 hn+gʷnníxʷ=eneʔ+m‑nt‑s hngwnnikhwene'mnts ‡ He believed him, He gave him credit. (vt.)
15 hn+gʷnníxʷ=eneʔ+m‑nt‑se‑s hngwnnikhwene'mntses believed (H/s...me). (vt.)
16 s+hoy+ɫ+n+gʷnníxʷ=eneʔ+n s‑hoyɫngwnnikhwene'n § apostasy. ((lit. abandoning one's acceptance of the truth through the hearing), n.)
17 lut+gʷníxʷ lutgwnikhw deceptive, spurious. ((lit. It is untrue), adj.)
√gʷp 1 gʷep gwep † grassy (be...), hairy (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 gʷep+t gwept It (the grass) is tall and thick. (vi.)
3 niʔ+gʷép+t ni'gwept bushiness. ((lit. The forest is bushy with­in), n.)
4 s+gʷep=cn sgweptsn // beard. (n.)
5 s+gʷép=cn sgweptsn mustache, whiskers. (n.)
6 ʔep+s+gʷép=cn epsgweptsn beard (to have a...), whiskers (to have...). (n.)
7 t+gʷép=elxʷ tgwepelkhw He (bear, etc.) is hairy on the body. (vi.)
8 s+t+gʷp+gʷp=íčn'=us stgupgupich'nus eyebrows. (pl.n.)
9 en+gʷup=íɫceʔ engupiɫtse' to have thick hair inside, e.g., a coat. (vt.)
10 s+t+gʷp+gʷp=iɫc'eʔ=us stgupgupiɫts'e'us eyelashes. (pl.n.)
11 s+t+gʷp+t=ós+m=al'qs stguptosma'lqs fur coat. (n.)
12 t+gʷáp=qn tgwapqn hair (H/s has thick...). (n.)
13 t+gʷép+gʷp=šn tgwepgupshn ankles, feet. (The horse has hairy...). (n.)
14 a+t+gʷáp+gʷp=alq=šn atgwap gupalqshn hairy‑legged. ((lit. H/s has hairy‑legged), adj.)
15 e+niʔ+gʷáp+[g]ʷp=iʔqs eni'gwapqupi'qs hairy (nostrils). (vt. (lit. He has hair in his nostrils), adj.)
16 gʷp=úl'mxʷ gupu'lmkhw It (ground) is covered with much grass. (vt.)
17 elu+s+gʷép=cn elusgweptsn § bare‑faced, beardless. ((lit. He is w/o a beard on his face), adj.)
18 t+gʷép=elxʷ ha s+x̣ʷet'+iʔ tgwepelkhw ha sqhwet'i' Angora. ((lit. He (the goat) has long hair), n.)
19 gʷp+ciʔ+ka·+káʕ guptsi'kaaka( brother (young boy's name of older...),(lit. a bearded brother). (n.)
√gʷq1 1 gʷaq gwaq † roomy (be...), space (have...). ((stem), adj, vt.)
2 u· gʷáq uugwaq empty, roomy, spacious. ((as a room), adj.)
3 ac+gʷaq atsgwaq It (space) is empty. (vi.)
4 gʷáq=šn gwaqshn // feet (pig's...). (n.) [possibly gʷáq'=šn "divided feet"]
5 u+n+gʷáq=ɫc'eʔ ungwaqɫts'e' empty, spacious (it (room) is empty,...). (adj.)
√gʷq2 1 gʷoq gwoq † make way through crowd. (vt.)
√gʷq'1 1 gʷaq' gwaq' † spread apart as to part hair, remove layers. (vt.)
2 ac+gʷáq' atsgwaq' divided, parted, cracked. (vi.)
3 a+niʔ+gʷáq'=us ani'gwaq'us // parted (hair). (vi. (lit. H/h hair is parted in the middle from the front), adj.)
4 s+gʷáq'+m=ep sgwaq'mep anus, butt. ((lit. opening at the bottom (door, gate)), n.)
5 gʷaq'‑nt‑s gwaq'nts ‡ h/s removed layer from it. (vt.)
√gʷq'2 1 gʷáʔ+gʷaq'+t gwa'gwaq't † mustang. (bronco (lit. wild horse), n.)
2 gʷáq'+gʷaq'+t gwaq'gwaq't bronco. (mustang (lit. wild horse), n.)
3 ic+gʷáʔq' itsgwa'q' is acting (He...wild). (vi.)
√gʷq'm 1 s+gʷaq'ím' sgwaq'i'm full moon, moonlight. (n.)
√gʷr 1 gʷar gwar † scrape. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+gʷár+gʷar+t Sgwargwart Mica Peak, Washington (near Spokane). (n.)
3 hn+gʷar+min+n hngwarminn hoe, scraper. ((lit. means of scraping inside a cow barn, etc.), n.)
4 hn+gʷár=alqs+n hngwaralqsn // grader. (n.)
5 gʷar‑n gwarn ‡ I scraped it with a hard tool (snow, etc.). (vt.)
6 gʷár‑nt‑s gwarnts grated, scraped. (vt.)
7 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ha gʷar=úl'mxʷ+n qha'yqhi't ha gwaru'lmkhwn § bulldozer. ((lit. big ground scraper), n.)
√gʷrp 1 gʷarp+m gwarpm † bloom, blossom. ((lit. it bloomed), v.)
2 s+gʷárp+m sgwarpm bloom, blossom, flower. (n.)
3 gʷɫ s+[g]ʷ+gʷar'p+m' guɫ squgwa'rpm' corsage. ((lit. little flowers), n.)
4 s+gʷár+gʷarp+m sgwargwarpm bouquet. ((lit. flowers), n.)
5 x̣al s+gʷarp+m qhal sgwarpm § dandelion. (n.)
6 x̣al+hn+nak'ʷáʔ=al·'qs ha s+gʷárp+m qhalhnnak'wa'al'lqs ha sgwarpm daisy. (n.)
7 hn+nák'ʷaʔ=alqs ha s+gʷárp+m hnnak'wa'alqs ha sgwarpm daffodil. (n.)
√gʷr'1 1 s+n+gʷár'=us sngwa'rus // breeding, descendant, descent, offspring. (n.)
2 s+n+gʷár'=us xʷe· tíɫ+teɫ=l'mxʷ sngwa'rus khwee tiɫteɫ'lmkhw § boysenberry. ((lit. descendant of blackberry vine), n.)
√gʷr'2 1 gʷar' gwar' † metal, shiny, silvery (be...). ((stem), n, adj.)
2 u· gʷár' uugwa'r clear, shiny. (like silver, adj.)
3 un+gʷár'=kʷeʔ ungwa'rkwe' // clear, crystal (The water is....). (adj, n.)
4 ut+gʷár'=c'eʔ utgwa'rts'e' shiny. (It is silvery on the outside, as a silver plate, adj.)
5 u n+gʷár'=ɫc'eʔ ungwa'rɫts'e' shiny, silvery. (It is shiny, silvery inside, as a silver cup, adj.)
6 u+t+gʷár'=sq'it utgwa'rsq'it sky (The...is clear). (n.)
7 u+t+gʷár'=us utgwa'rus eye (H/s has a clear...). (n.)
8 u t+gʷar'+gʷár'=us utgwa'rgwa'rus H/s has clear eyes. (vi.)
√gʷs1 1 gʷes gwes † spin, thread, twist. ((stem), vt.)
2 gʷés+mn gwesmn canvas, gunnysack. (hemp for rope, n.)
3 gʷes‑nt‑s gwesnts ‡ h/s spinned it (thread, etc.). (vt.)
√gʷs2 1 gʷis gwis † high (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+gʷíʔs hngwi's late morning. ((lit. The sun rose up high), n.)
3 čeʔt+n+gʷiʔs che'tngwi's oversleep, (lit. it became high (sun) on h/h). (vt.)
4 hn+gʷís+t hngwist elevated, eminence, high (It is...). (adj, n, vi.)
5 hn+gʷis+t hngwist upstairs, heaven. ((lit. It is high), adv.)
6 s+n+gʷís+t sngwist altitude, depth, elevation. (height, n.)
7 s+niʔ+n+gʷís+t sni'ngwist acme. ((lit. the highest point), n.)
8 *s+n+gʷís+iš sngwishish going up into the air. (v.)
9 gʷs=qn=éʔst gwsqne'st // The cliff is high. (vt.)
10 gʷɫ gʷés=alqʷ guɫ gwesalqw They are tall trees. (vi)
11 t+gʷés=iʔqs Tgwesi'qs nose (H/s has a high...), Pat Swan (name of the late...), Father of the Swans. (n.)
12 tel' hn+gʷis+t te'l hngwist § high (from on...). (adv.)
13 tel' n+gʷis+t te'l ngwist above (from...). (adv.)
14 teč+n+gʷís+t techngwist above, aloft, overhead, upstairs, in heaven, into a high place, toward the sky. (adv.)
15 s+č's=cín+m+n ɫe n+gʷís+t sch'stsinmn ɫengwist blasphemy. ((lit. speaking evil of the One on High), n.)
16 ylmixʷ+m a+n+gʷís+t ylmikhumangwist the chief who dwells on high. (n.)[xref √gʷš2]
√gʷš1 1 gʷeš gwesh † comb. ((stem), vt.)
2 gʷš=úl'mxʷ gwshu'lmkhw // harrowed. ((lit. He combed the ground), vt.)
3 gʷš=úl'mxʷ+n gwshu'lmkhwn harrow. ((lit. means of com[b]ing the ground), vt.)
4 gʷš=qin+n gwshqinn comb, hairbrush, (lit. a means of combing). (n.)
5 čn'‿c+gʷš=qín+m ch'ntsgwshqinm comb. ((lit. I, customarily, comb my hair), vt.)
6 gʷéš‑nt‑s gweshnts ‡ combed (he...it). (vt.)
7 čs+gʷeš‑nt‑s chsgweshnts H/S combed his (horse's) tail. (vt.)
8 t+gʷš=ílxʷ‑nt‑s tgwshilkhwnts combed (H/s...the horse's hide or hair). (vt.)
9 s+t+gʷiš=elxʷeʔ+l+s+čí+čeʔ stgwishelkhwe'lschiche' § curry. ((lit. rubbing down and cleaning a horse), vt.)
√gʷš2 1 gʷiš gwish † rise. ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+gʷíš+iš hngwishish arise, ascend (to...), H/s went up into the air, sky. ((lit. He moved upward), vi.)
3 hn+gʷíš+gʷeš+iš hngwishgweshish bounce. ((lit. It went up and down repeatedly), vi.)
4 hn+gʷíš+iš+emn hngwishishemn crane, elevator, jack, lifter. ((lit. That which raises up or exalts), n.)
5 s+n+gʷíš+iš sngwishish going up (...into the air). (n.)
6 e+n+gʷíš+š‑st‑xʷ engwishshtkhw ‡ elevate, raise. ((lit. You raise it up), vt.)
7 hn+gʷíš+iš‑stu‑s hngwishishstus caused (H/s...it to rise), lifted (H/s...it). (vi, vt.) [xref gʷs2]
√gʷt 1 gʷt gwt † twinkle (stem). ((stem), vi.)
√gʷt' 1 gʷt'+gʷt' gut' gut' † sound (chewing...). (n.)
2 is+gʷút'+gʷt'+iš isgut'‑gut'‑ish chomp, crunch. ((lit. He is making repeatedly the chewing sound), vi.)
√gʷt'č' 1 gʷét'č' gwet'ch' † gore, prong. ((stem), vt, n.)
2 ec+gʷt'+gʷt'č'=íɫceʔ etsgwt'gwt'ch'iɫtse' // gore. ((lit. He. e.g. bull, gores people), vt.)
3 gʷt'č'+mín‑is gwt'ch'minis ‡ horn. ((lit. It is his (bull's) means of goring), n.)
4 gʷét'č'‑nt‑m gwet'ch'ntm gored (he was...). (vt.)
5 gʷét'č'‑nt‑s gwet'ch'nts gored (he...him). (vt.)
6 gʷét'+gʷt'č'+m‑nt‑m‑lš gwet'gwt'ch'mntmlsh They were gored (by bull). (vt.)
7 [neʔ]x̣iɫ en+gʷtt'č'=íčn'‑st‑mi‑t qhiɫne'engwt'ch'ich'nstmit You (s) might get gored on the back. (v.)
√gʷt's 1 gʷit's gwit's † pick out with stick. (vt.)
√gʷw' 1 gʷiw' gwi'w † shreads (wear in...), seams. ((stem), vi.)
2 gʷíw'+ew' gwi'we'w gloss? I became worn into shreads. (vi.)
3 čn‿gʷíw'+ew' chngwi'we'w I am exhausted (lit. I became worn out). (vi.)
4 i c+gʷáʔ+gʷuʔw=alqs itsgwa'gwu'walqs // H/h clothing is becoming worn out (in shreds). (vi.)
5 gʷiw'+ew'=šn gwi'we'wshn H/h shoe became worn out. (vi.)
6 gʷiw'+gʷew'+w'=šn gwi'wgwe'wu'wshn His moccasins or shoes wore out. (vi.)
7 gʷiw'+gʷew'+w'=ečt gwi'wgwe'wu'wecht H/h gloves became worn out. (vi.)
8 čn‿gʷíw'+ew'=ečt chngwi'we'wecht became (my hand (glove)...worn out). (vi.)
√gʷxʷ 1 gʷéxʷ gwekhw † objects (...hang). ((stem), vi.)
2 e+t+gʷéxʷ etgwekhw hanging (to be...). ((lit. They are in a hanging state, e.g., meats to dry), vi.)
3 t+gʷxʷ+mín+n tgukhwminn hanger. (means of hanging things, n.)
4 e t+gʷéxʷ+gʷxʷ=ečt etgwekhwgukhwecht // He had things hanging on his hands. (vi.)
5 e t+gʷexʷ+gʷxʷ=šn etgwekhwgukhwshn H/h legs are hanging from sit­ting on high object. (vi.)
6 t+gʷéxʷ‑n tgwekhwn ‡ hung (I...them up). (vt.)
7 t+gʷéxʷ‑n‑t tgwekhwnt hang (You (sg.)...them up). ((imper.), vt.)
√gʷx̣ 1 gʷax̣ gwaqh † young (be...). ((stem), adj.)
2 gʷax̣+t=els+cút gwaqhtelstsut // h/s acted young. (vt.)
3 gʷáx̣+t=elt gwaqhtelt a young offspring, a young person. (n.)
4 gʷ+gʷax̣+t=il't gugwaqhti'lt baby. (n.)
5 gʷ+gʷax̣i+t=íl't gugwaqhiti'lt cradleboard (for doll). (n.)
6 gʷ+gʷax̣+t=il'ey' gugwaqhti'le'y cradleboard (for doll). (n.)
7 gʷ+gʷax̣+t=íl'ey' gugwaqhti'le'y doll. (n.)
8 ux̣ʷal'a· gʷáx̣+t=elt uqhwa'laagwaqhtelt § childlike, humble, innocent (he is...). (adj.)
9 s+nukʷ+gʷáx̣+t=elt snukwgwaqhtelt one of the same young age. (n.)
√gʷy' 1 gʷey' gwe'y † finish. ((stem), vt.)
2 gʷéy'=cn gwe'ytsn // to finish eating (lit. He finished eating). (v.)
3 s+gʷey'=cn sgwe'ytsn finishing a repast. (vt.)
4 hn+gʷáy'=qn hngwa'yqn mature (physically), finished growing. (vt.)
5 in+gʷáy'=qn ingwa'yqn growing up (He is...). ((lit. He is finishing at the head), vt.)
6 s+n+gʷay'=qn sngwa'yqn maturity. (n.)
7 s+n+gʷiy'=qín+m+šeš sngwi'yqinmshesh education (lit. causing a person to mature). (n.)
8 gʷéy'‑stu‑s gwe'ystus ‡ finished (he...it). (vt.)
9 hn+gʷiy'=qín+m‑st‑xʷ hngwi'yqinmstkhw educate (lit. You caused h/h to mature). (vt.)
10 gʷiy'+a+s+x̣át=qn gwi'yasqhatqn § harvest (after...). (n.)
11 hi+s+nukʷ+n+gʷáy'=qn hisnukwngwa'yqn concrescence. ((lit. He is my fellow in growing up), n.)

√h

√h 1 he he † right (that is...). (vi.)
2 ha ha laugh (...loudly). ((stem), vi.)
3 hú+he huhe okay!. (interj.)
4 hu+he huhe swell. (interj.)
5 is+há+ha+h+iš is‑hahahish chortle. ((lit. He is making the sounds "ha ha"), vi.)
√hl1 1 hn+hala·=céʔ hnhalaatse' † raspberry. (n.)
√hl2 1 hel+t helt † bruised (it was...). (vi.)
√hl3 1 is+hel'=íščey't ishe'lishche'yt // deathbed. ((lit. He is near his last breath), n.) [lexical suffix maybe =isč'ey't pharynx]
√hm 1 ham· hammm! † What a big crowd swarming! ((excl.))
√hmɫt 1 hamáɫt=mš hamaɫtmsh // fly. ((lit. swarming tribe), n.)
√hmʔ 1 hemeʔ heme' † Frenchman. (n.)
2 e+n+hemeʔ=cn enheme'tsn // French (to speak...). (vt.)
√hn1 1 hen hen † grayish (be...). ((stem), vi.)
2 t+hán=qn thanqn // brunette. ((lit. one who has brown hair), n.)
3 u· hén he t'iš uuhen he t'ish § brown sugar. ((lit. sugar that is more or less tan), n.)
√hn2 1 čat+hn+na Chat(h)nna † Clarkia, Idaho. (n.)
√hp 1 hep hep † gobble. ((stem), vi.)
√hq 1 haq haq † have space. (vt.)
√hr 1 har har † snore. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+har=íʔqs=mš s‑hari'qsmsh // snore (to...). (vi.)
√hw1 1 hú+hwe huhwe † okay! swell! (interj.)
√hw2 1 u· héw· uuhewww † buzz. ((lit. They (bees) kept buzzing), vt.)
√hy1 1 hey hey † yes. (adv.)
√hy2 1 hoy hoy! † don't do it, stop it. (excl.)
2 hoy hoy befall, come about, happen. ((lit. It happened by chance), vi.)
3 ciʔɫ hoy tsi'ɫ hoy! that's all. (excl.)
4 s+hóy+emn s‑hoyemn abandoned (one who is...), derelict, deposed. (adj, vi, vt.)
5 s+hóy+m s‑hoym annulment. (n.)
6 ul s+hóy=cn ul shoytsn // conclusive. ((lit. pertaining to a de­cisive end), adj.)
7 hóy‑st‑m hoystm ‡ annulled, deposed, discontinued, excommunicated, jilted, stopped. (vt.)
8 hóy‑stu‑s hoystus abdicate, cease, depose, desist, dilapidate, discontinue. ((lit. He discontinued it), vt.)
9 hoy s+hoy‑met hoy shoymet! (lit. Let's quit!). (excl.)
10 tiʔiʔxʷ+as+hoy+s ti'i'khwashoys § afterwards, later. (adv.)
11 lut'+hay'p+s+hóy+oy+s lut'ha'yps‑hoyoys ageless, eternal, incessant, continual, continuous. ((lit. It is ageless, it is existing forever, it does not cease, it has no end), adj.)
12 hoy ɫe pecčl+es hoyɫe petschles defoliate. ((lit. Its leaves were no more), vi.)
13 s+hoy+ɫ+n+gʷnníxʷ=eneʔ+n s‑hoyɫngwnnikhwene'n apostasy. ((lit. abandoning one's acceptance of the truth through the hearing), n.)
14 lut hay'p+s+n+x̣iɫ‑s lut ha'ypsnqhiɫs to be brave, courageous, fear­less (lit. He has no fear). (vi.)
√hy3 1 huy huy † all right, O.K. (adv.)
2 huy huy all right, go ahead, I dare you! (excl.)
3 huy huy permission (granted), welcome, please (if you please). ((lit. you're welcome to it, permission granted), imp, vi.)
4 ʔekʷú‑stu‑s hoy ekustus "huy" § allow (lit. say all right). (v.)
√hy4 1 háy(=)aqs hayaqs † pearl. (n.)
√hy' 1 huy huy † a cajoling phrase. (interj.)
2 húy'‑nt‑s hu'ynts ‡ cajole, coax, wheedle. (vt.) [xref √ʕʷy]
√hʕʷ 1 heʕʷ he(w † growl (...like bear). ((stem), vi.)
√hʔn' 1 heʔín' he'i'n † eight. ((stem), n.)
2 heʔín'+m he'i'nm eight. (n.)
3 t+heʔín'+m the'i'nm eight persons. (n.)
4 heʔen'+m+e·l+ʔúpen he'e'nmee'lupen § eighty. ((lit. eight times ten), n.)
5 ʔupen uɫ haʔín'+m upen uɫ ha'i'nm eighteen. (n.)

√ǰ

√ǰly 1 ǰu·lay Juulay † July. (n.)
2 ǰso·ráy Jsooray [also recorded as tsooray] July. (n.)
3 i ǰuláy+[m]š Ijulaynsh Independence Day (celebration of). (n.)
4 s+ǰu·lay+mš sjuulaymsh Fourth of July, Independence Day. (n.)
√ǰm1 1 ǰem jem † brace, pin. ((stem), n.)
2 s+t+ǰm+ín+n stjminn pincushion. (n.)
3 ǰm=ílčs+n jmilchsn // brooch. ((lit. safety pin), n.)
4 ǰém‑nt‑s jemnts ‡ pinned (she...it). (vt.)
5 t+ǰém‑nt‑s tjemnts pinned (She...it on something). (vt.)
6 ǰem=íw’es‑nt‑s jemi'wesnts She pinned it (them) together. (vt.)
√ǰm2 1 mi ǰim mi Jim † Jim (I am...). (n.)
2 kʷu ǰim ni ku Jim? Are you Jim? ((qu.))
√ǰn 1 t+ǰín=šn tjinshn // an old person who walks briskly. (n.)
√ǰpn 1 ǰe·pni jeepni † Japanese. ((l.w. from Engl.), n.)
2 ǰe·pní Jeepni Japanese. (n.)
3 ǰ+ǰe·pn'í Jjeep'ni little Japanese. (n.)
√ǰr' 1 ǰar' ja'r † firm, strong, sturdy. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· ǰár' uuja'r firm, strong, sturdy. (adj.)
3 u+ǰ+ǰár' ujja'r sturdy (He (little one) is...). (adj.)
4 ǰar'+ǰar'+t ja'rja'rt He is solid, sturdy. (vi.)
5 s+ǰár'+ǰar'+t sja'rja'rt consistency. ((lit. sturdiness), n.)
6 hn+ǰár'+ǰar'=us hnja'rja'rus // die‑hard. ((lit. He is stiff‑necked), n.)
7 s+ǰar'+ǰar'+t=íl'š sja'rja'rti'lsh becoming (...solid or sturdy), consolidate. (vt.)
8 ǰar'+ǰar'+t=íl'š‑stu‑s ja'rja'rti'lshstus ‡ consolidate. ((lit. He made it solid, sturdy), vt.)
√ǰs 1 ǰi·sú Jiisu † Jesus. (n.)
2 ul+ǰiso·+krí ul Jisoo Kri Christian (lit. pertaining to Christ). (n.)
3 ʔew+t=us+s xʷa ǰisukrí ewtuss khwa jisukri § antichrist. ((lit. opponent of Jesus Christ), n.)
√ǰssp 1 ǰsúsep Jsusep † Joseph. ((lit. Chief of Nez Perce). Suusep, n.)
√ǰx̣ 1 ǰex̣ jeqh † itch, scratch. ((stem), vt.)
2 čn‿ǰex̣+ex̣ chnjeqheqh scratched (to get). ((lit. I became marked by scratching), vi.)
3 ǰéx̣‑nt‑s jeqhnts ‡ scraped (he...it). ((lit. striped it by scraping), vt.)
4 ǰéx̣=us‑nt‑s jeqhusnts H/S marked h/h face by scratching. (vt.)
√ǰy' 1 ǰey'+ǰiy' je'yji'y † homely, ugly, unsightly. ((stem), adj.)
2 ǰéy'+ǰi'+t je'yji't H/S/I is ugly. (vi.)
3 gʷɫ ǰey+ǰiy'+t guɫ jeyji't They are ugly. (vi.)
4 ǰéy'+iy'+m je'yi'ym deform. ((lit. It became ugly), vt.)
5 s+ǰey'+iy+m sje'yiym deformation, ugliness. (n.)
6 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+m'+scút ji'yji'y'mstsut adulterate. ((lit. H/S made h/h self corrupt, h/s commited adultery), vt.)
7 ǰáy'+ǰiy'=alqs ja'yji'yalqs // H/S has ugly clothes. (vt.)
8 ǰiy'+ǰiy'=eɫc’e=gʷt ji'ji'yeɫtsegwt (note glott) H/S has bad, ugly, offensive manners or nature. (vt.)
9 hn+ǰiy'+ǰiy'=ítkʷeʔ hnji'yji'yitkwe' It is bad water. (vi.)
10 hn+ǰáy'+ǰiy'=qn hnja'yji'yqn blatant. ((lit. He has an unpleasant voice), adj.)
11 ǰéy'+ǰey'=us je'yji'yus H/S has an ugly face. (vt.)
12 s+ǰiʔ+ǰiʔ+t=il'š sji'ji'ti'lsh [also recorded as √ǰʔ] corruption, debauchery. (n.)
13 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+t=íl'š ji'yji'yti'lsh H/S/I became ugly, bad. (vi.)
14 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+t=íl'š‑st‑m ji'yji'yti'lshstm ‡ debauch, disfigure, deflower, defile. ((lit. He was corrupted in moral principles), vt.)
15 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+t+íl'š‑stu‑s ji'yji'yti'lshstus deface. ((lit. He made it bad, he injured its beauty), vt.)
16 ǰiy'+p+mí‑nt‑s ji'ypmints despise. ((lit. He looked upon him as bad (ugly), vt.)
17 ǰey'=íčt+m‑nt‑s je'yichtmnts He treated it in an ugly manner; he made it wrong. (vt.)
18 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+áɫ+[q]ixʷ ji'yji'yaɫqhikhw § smells (it...bad). (vi.)
19 s+nukʷ+ǰéy'+m+ncut snukwje'ymntsut correspondent. ((lit. fellow evil­doer), n.)

√k

√klts 1 káltes pa·láč kaltes paaɫach § bonus (Chinook jargon). (n.) [also written as √šlts] šáltes pa·lač bonus (Chinook jargon). (shaltes paalach, n.)
√kml 1 ke·mél keemel † camel. (n.)
√kp 1 s+n+ká+kap=qn' snkakapq'n // cap. (n.) [xref √qp]
√kr 1 kri Kri † Christ. (n.)
2 ul ǰiso· krí ul Jisoo Kri § Christian. ((lit. pertaining to Christ), n.)
√kʕ 1 gʷp+ciʔ+ka·+káʕ guptsi'kaaka( § brother (young boy's name of older...). (n.)

√kʷ

√kʷc 1 kʷiʔc kwi'ts † dusk, evening, nightfall. ((stem), n.)
2 kʷic+t+m kwitstm forenoon (in the...), morning (in the...). (adv.)
3 u· kʷíc+t+m uukwitstm early. ((lit. early in the morning), adv.)
4 s+n+kʷíʔc snkwi'ts becoming night, getting inside. (n.)
5 e+s+n+kʷíʔc esnkwi'ts night (last...). (adv.)
6 hn+kʷíʔc hnkwi'ts nightfall. (n.)
7 hn+kʷíc+t hnkwitst interior. ((lit. far inside), n.)
8 hn+kʷác=qn hnkwatsqn // dawn. ((lit. time when morning star rises), n.)
9 s+n+kʷec+t+mš=cín snkwetstmshtsin breakfast, brunch. ((lit. eating very early), n.)
√kʷdʔ 1 s+kʷedeʔ=cín+p=eneʔ skwede'tsinpene' // chin. (n.) [xref? √k'ʷd]
√kʷgʷ 1 kʷigʷ kwigw † see (faintly). ((stem), vt.)
2 cu·+kʷigʷ tsuukwigw unclear, dim, indistinct. ((stem), adj.)
√kʷkʷ1 1 is+kʷákʷ+akʷ+iš iskwakwakwish † cluck. ((lit. The hen making a cluck­cluck sound), vi.) [also written as √k'ʷkʷ] i s+k'ʷákʷ+akʷ+iš cluck (lit. The hen is making a cluck‑cluck sound). (isk'wakwakwish, vi.)
√kʷkʷ2 1 kʷu+kʷúkʷ kukukw † in the other room. (adv.)
√kʷl 1 kʷl kwl † red. ((stem), adj.)
2 kʷil kwil red (to become...). ((stem), adj.)
3 u· kʷl uukwl (?) carmine, cardinal, crimson, red (it is...). (adj.)
4 hn+kʷl=kʷeʔ hnkwlkwe' // wine, claret. ((lit. red water), n.)
5 t+kʷl'+kʷl'=íl'xʷ tkw'lkw'li'lkhw calf. ((lit. red red hide), n.)
6 t+kʷl=qn tkwlqn redhead, the name of the late Ignace Timothy, father of Josephine Perry. Ignace got this name because he dyed his hair red). ((lit. red on the head), n.)
7 kʷl=uʔs+ɫuxʷp+ú Kwlu'sɫukhwpu § Red Lasso. (n.)
√kʷlst 1 kʷlsét‑s kulsets † help (ask for...), ask me for or seek assistance. ((stem), n.)
2 s+kʷúlst skulset asking one to do an errand. (v.)
3 hi‑s+kʷúlset hiskulset H/S is one I asked to do an errand for me. (n.)
4 kʷúlset‑n kulsetn ‡ I asked h/h to do an errand for me. (vt.)
5 kʷúlset+t‑se‑s kulsettses H/S asked me to an errand for h/h. (vt.)
6 kʷúlset+n't-w'eš kulset'nt'wesh They asked one another to do errands for one another. (vt.)
√kʷlw 1 kʷléw kwlew † dog (pet name for a...). (n.)
√kʷl'1 1 kʷel' kwe'l † hot, sunny, warm. ((stem), adj.)
2 kʷel'+l' kwe'l'l sunshine. ((lit. the sun shown), n.)
3 s+kʷel'+l' skwe'l'l heat, sunlight, sunshine, warmth. ((lit. having hot weather, being hot), n.)
4 kʷel'+t kwe'lt hot (it is...). (adj.)
5 s+kʷel'+t skwe'lt heat. (n.)
6 t+kʷél'+t tkwe'lt hot (It is...on the surface). (adj.)
7 hn+kʷel'+t hnkwe'lt the liquid is hot. (vi.)
8 s+čs+kʷél'+t schskwe'lt sweating, cold sweat, perspire. (v.)
9 čet+kʷel'+kʷl' chetkwe'lkw'l Chatcolet meadow before the lake was formed by a dam (lit. sunshine on...). (n.)
10 čiʔ‿čs+kʷel'+t chi'chskwe'lt perspiring, sweating, I am sweating, perspiring. (vi.)
11 čn‿čs+kʷel'+t chnchskwe'lt perspire, sweat, I was sweating, perspire, to sweat. (vi.)
12 čet+kʷel'=kʷeʔ chetkwe'lkwe // Chatcolet. (n.)
13 čn‿kʷ+kʷel'=ín'č+m' chnkukw'li'nch'm bask, sunbathe. ((lit. I sun­bathed my entrails, belly, etc.), vi.)
14 ic+kʷ+kʷl'=ín'č+m'š itskukw'li'nch'msh sunbath, sunbathe. ((lit. (He is taking a) sunbath), n, vi.)
15 s+t+kʷl'+l'=ic'eʔ stkw'l'lits'e' aura, (lit. light on the body). (n.)
16 t+kʷl'+l'=íc'eʔ Tkw'l'lits'e' aura (a person with a visible...), sunshine (...on the body, name of a Coeur d'Alene). (n.)
√kʷl'2 1 s+t+kʷel'+tem+n=elwís stkwe'ltemnelwis // visiting (He is going about...people). (vt.)
2 s+t+kʷel'+čs+xʷy+s+čínt stkwe'lchskhuyschint people (He is going about visiting...), gathering (He is going about...people). (n, vt.) [xref √kʷɫ1]
√kʷl'3 1 s+kʷul' sku'l † avocation, work. (n.) [xref √k'ʷl']
√kʷɫ1 1 t+kʷeɫ+tem+n=elwís tkweɫtemnelwis § visiting (He went about...people, treating them sociably), went (He...about visiting people, treating them sociably). (vt, vi.)
2 t+kʷeɫ+xʷy=elwís tkweɫkhuyelwis circulate. ((lit. He moved around from place to place), vi.) [xref √kʷl'2]
√kʷɫ2 1 kʷuɫ kuɫ † borrow, lend. ((stem). to borrow, vt.)
2 kʷuɫ+n kuɫn borrow. (vt.)
3 s+kʷúɫ+n skuɫn borrowing, lending. (vt.)
4 hiyc+kʷúɫ hiytskuɫ borrow. ((lit. something I borrowed), vt.)
5 hi‑s+kʷúɫ+n hiskuɫn It is something lent to me; it is something I borrowed. (n.)
6 kʷúɫ=gʷl kuɫgul H/S borrowed a car, etc. (vt.)
7 kʷúɫ‑nt‑se‑s kuɫntses ‡ H/S loaned me. (vt.)
8 kʷáɫ=qn‑t‑se‑s kaɫqntses exp H/S borrowed my hat, etc. (vt.)
√kʷm 1 s+kʷm+kʷm=íw+t=šn skumkumiwtshn † rainbow. (n.)
√kʷm'1 1 kʷum' ku'm † and. (conj.)
2 kʷm'+ey'níɫ ku'me'yniɫ of course. (adv.)
3 kʷu‿m'ey'+níɫ ku'me'yniɫ of course, you betcha! (adv.)
√kʷm'2 1 kʷim'+[t] kwi'mɫ † immediately. (adv.)
2 u+yu+kʷím'+t uyukwi'mt abruptly (he left...). (adv.)
√kʷn1 1 kʷin kwin † sing. ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+kʷín+m hnkwinm chanted, sang. ((lit. He sang, he chanted), vi.)
3 s+n+kʷín+m snkwinm sing (to...), singing. (vi.)
4 s+n+kʷín+mš snkwinmsh chant. (vi.)
5 hn+kʷen+en+útm hnkwenenutm cantabile. ((lit. It is singable), adj.)
6 sye+n+kʷín+m syenkwinm bard, cantor, chorister. ((lit. one who sings songs, the official soloist or chief singer of the liturgy in a church), n.)
7 gʷɫ sye+n+kʷín+m guɫ syenkwinm choir, chorale. ((lit. singers), n.); n.)
8 ul gʷɫ sye+n+kʷín+m ul guɫ syenkwinm choral. ((lit. of or for a chorus or choir), adj.)
9 tč+n+kʷín+peleʔ tchnkwinpele' § carol. ((lit. He celebrated or praised in song), v.)
√kʷn2 1 kʷin kwin † grasp (a small object), hold (a small object). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+kʷin+m skwinm taking, to accept. (v.)
3 kʷín+t+m kwintm captured (he was...). (vi.)
4 sye·+kʷín+m syeekwinm bobby, constable, policeman (or woman). ((lit. One who takes one), n.)
5 s+kʷán=ax̣n skwanaqhn // bondage, captive, hostage, prisoner. ((lit. taking the arm of a person), n.)
6 sya·+kʷán=ax̣n syaakwanaqhn captor. ((lit. One who takes (another) by the arm), n.)
7 kʷin=čt+ncút+n kwintshtntsutn exp. depend, someone to depend on (lit. you are my means of taking care of myself). (vi.)
8 s+kʷín'+t=ew'eš skwi'nte'wesh Taking one another, as a couple in marriage. (vt.)
9 ec+kʷís+t=us etskwistus [recorded once as √kʷs] carry. ((He is carrying it), vi.)
10 kʷin‑t‑s kwints ‡ accept, apprehend, capture, catch (apprehend). (v, vt.)
11 kʷín‑t‑s kwints carry, he carried it, he took it away. (vt.)
12 kʷen+en‑nun‑t‑s kwenennunts caught. ((lit. he succeeded in taking it, he caught it), vt.)
13 kʷen+ɫ=y'íɫn kwenɫ'yiɫn § food (h/s took...), took (h/s...food). (n, vt.)
14 kʷen+ɫ+píceʔ kwenɫpitse' She took a root digger. (v.)
15 kʷen+ɫ+ɫp'+ɫp'+m'ín'+n' kwenɫɫp'ɫp''mi'n'n took (H/s...a pencil, a pen). (vt.)
16 kʷan+ɫ+x̣ec+núm'+n kwanɫqhetsnu'mn clothes (h/s took along...), took (h/s...along clothes). (n, vt.)
17 s+kʷan+s+p'án'+p'an'x̣ skwansp'a'np'a'nqh baggage. ((lit. bags carried while travelling), n.)
18 kʷan+ɫ+s+p'án'x̣ kwanɫsp'a'nqh bag (she took a...), took (she...a bag). (n, vt.)
19 kʷan+ɫ+lebu·tém kwanɫlebuutem bottle (h/s took a...). (n.)
20 kʷen+ɫ+w'l'+w'l'ím' kwenɫ'w'l'w'li'm knife (h/s took a...), took (h/s....a knife). (n, vt.)
21 kʷen+ɫ+wl+wlím kwenɫwlwlim money (h/s took some...), took (h/s...some money). (n, vt.)
22 kʷan+ɫ+č'+l'ʕʷ+l'ʔʕʷ+p=al'qʷ kwanɫch'l'(w'l'(wpa'lqw pocket knife (h/s took a...). (n.)
23 kʷen+ɫ+s+míl'xʷ kwenɫsmi'lkhw took (H/s...tobacco along). (vt.)
24 kʷan+ɫ+pn'+pn'=aqs kwanɫp'np'naqs par flesche. ((h/s took along a case of dried hide bent up), n.)
25 kʷen+ɫ+q[']ey'+mín+n kwenɫqe'yminn took (H/s...a book along). (vt.)
26 kʷan+ɫ+čat+qal=tč=al'qs kwanɫchatqaltcha'lqs overcoat (h/s took along a...), coat (h/s took along a...). (n.)
27 s+tep+kʷín+m stepkwinm detention. ((lit. withholding something from things taken away), n.)
28 kʷan+ɫ+ɫčíp kwanɫɫchip H/s took a bucket. (v.)
29 kʷan+ɫ+s+ɫáq'ʷ=qn kwanɫsɫaq'wqn H/s took along a bark basket (lit. that which is pulled off a cedar tree). (v.)
30 čn‿kʷán+lq'ʷeʔ=ep chnkwanlq'we'ep I took a bark basket(s) along. (vt.)
31 s+kʷán+ɫqʷeʔ=ep skwanɫqwe'ep Bark basket taken along. (vi.)
32 kʷan+ɫ+sc+šár=čt kwanɫstsharcht H/S took (along) a valise, lantern, etc. (vt.)
33 kʷan+ɫ+l'+l'pot kwanɫ'l'lpot cup (h/s took a...). (n.) [xref √kʷn']
√kʷnxʷ 1 cen+kʷinxʷ=cn tsenkwinkhwtsn // answer, reply, respond. (v.)
2 cen+kʷínxʷ=cn tsenkwinkhwtsn answer. ((lit. He received the question of another by replying), vt.)
3 s+cen+kʷinxʷ=cn stsenkwinkhwtsn answer, response. (n.)
4 cen+kʷínxʷ=cn‑n tsenkwinkhwtsnn ‡ answered (I...him). ((lit. I under­stood that which came out of his mouth and re­plied), vt.)
5 cen+kʷínxʷ=cn‑t‑s tsenkwinkhwtsnts answered (he...h/h). (vt.)
6 cen+kʷínxʷ=cn‑t‑se‑s tsenkwinkhwtsntses answered (he...me). (vt.)
7 cen+kʷínxʷ=cn‑t‑si‑s tsenkwinkhwtsntsis answered (he...you (sg.)). (vt.)
√kʷn' 1 t+kʷen'+kʷen'+m'=íw'es Tkwe'nkwe'n'mi'wes // confluence (...of streams, original name of Tekoa, Wash., confluent), confluent (original name of Tekoa, Wash....). ((lit. taking one another at the mid‑section), n.) [xref √kʷn2]
√kʷp 1 s+t+kʷúp=šn+mš stkupshnmsh // assault, attack. ((lit. attacking on foot by many), vt.)
√kʷr 1 kʷar kwar † yellow. ((stem), adj.)
2 kʷar+eq kwareq It is yellow. (vt.) [also recorded as √qʷr] qʷar+éq yellow (it is...). (qwareq, vt.)
3 u kʷar+éq ukwareq yellow (It is...). (adj.)
4 u kʷar+kʷar+éq ukwarkwareq yellow (They are...). (adj.)
5 kʷ+kʷár'eʔ+t' kukwa're't' bullion, gold. ((lit. $20.00 in gold), n.)
6 t+kʷar'+m'+kʷár'+m' tkwa'r'mkwa'r'm canary. ((lit. yellow, yellow on surface), n.)
7 a+t+kʷáriʔ+t Atkwari't Harrison, Idaho. (n.)
8 hn+kʷár=kʷeʔ hnkwarkwe' // yellow water. (n.)
9 s+kʷar=šn skwarshn yellow foot, crane. (n.)
10 hn+kʷar+ar'=ʔós=alpqʷ hnkwarar'osalpqw cock, capon, chanticleer, rooster. ((lit. He became yellow in the mouth by opening it when crowed), n.)
11 t+kʷar+kʷar+éq=eʔst tkwarkwareqe'st orange. ((lit. yellow yellow on the outside), adj.) [also recorded as √xʷr] t+xʷar+xʷar+éq=eʔst orange (lit. yellow yellow on the outside). (tkhwarkwareqe'st, adj.)
12 *t+kʷar+éq=qn tqwareqqn [see also √qʷr] blonde (lit. one with pale or yellowish hair). (n.)
13 hn+kʷar+ar+ʔóh+m hnkwarar'ohm § crow (to...). (vi.)
14 u+kʷar+éq ha s+máy=qn ukwareq ha smayqn clay. ((lit. mud that it yellow), n.)
√kʷs1 1 u· kʷé·s uukweees † weather (mild...). ((lit. almost like spring), n.)
√kʷs2 1 s+kʷés+kʷs skweskws † chicken. ((lit. pheasant), n.)
2 s+kʷ+kʷés+kʷs skukweskws chick. ((lit. little (young) pheasant), n.)
3 hn+kʷés+kʷs+n hnkweskwsn coop. (chicken coop, n.)
√kʷs3 1 kʷis kwis † name. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+kʷis+t skwist brand, name, noun. (n.)
3 s+kʷís+kʷes+t skwiskwest catalogue. ((lit. names or list of names), n.)
4 elu+s+kʷís+t eluskwist § anonymous, nameless. ((lit. H/s/i has no name), adj.)
5 s+nukʷ+s+kʷís+t snukwskwist a name two persons have in common. (n.)
6 s+nuk'ʷ+s+kʷís+t snuk'wskwist alias, one (another) name. (n.)
7 tuxʷ+ɫ+s+kʷís‑nt‑s tukhwɫskwisnts named (He...him). (vt.)
8 p'oy‑n xʷe hi+s+kʷís+t p'oyn khwe hiskwist scribbled. ((lit. I scribbled my name), vt.)
9 ʔepɫ+ʕep+s+kʷís+t epɫ(epskwist anonymous, nameless. (v. (lit. He has a hidden name), adj.)
10 stiʔm xʷe s+kʷes+t=ílumxʷ‑s sti'm khwe skwestilumkhws? What is the name of the place? ((qu.).)
11 ul+n+ʔesl+s+kʷÍst exp ul 'nselskwist It belongs to him who has 2 names. (v.)
√kʷs4 1 kʷus kus † curly. ((stem), adj.)
2 kʷus+s kuss curly, It became curly, or horse became skittish. (adv.)
3 ec+kʷús etskus corrugated, crimped, curled. (vi.)
4 et+kʷús etkus corduroy, crepe. (vi. (lit. it is crisp or curly on the surface, e.g. cloth), adj.)
5 a+t+kʷos=qn atkosqn // curly (...haired). (adj.)
6 s+t+kʷos=qi(n)‑s stkosqis It's h/h curly headedness. (vi.)
√kʷs5 1 kʷus kus † frisky, shy, skittish, timid, It became curly, or horse became skittish. ((stem), adj.)
2 kʷus+kʷus+t kuskust He is a frisky (scarey) horse. (vi.)
√kʷt 1 kʷút=gʷl kutgul // eel. (n.)
√kʷt'n' 1 kʷít'en' kwit'e'n † mouse, shrew. (n.)
√kʷʕʷ 1 i c+kʷéʕ'ʷ+kʷeʕ'ʷ+ʕ'ʷ itskwe'(wkwe'('(w † demented (lit. He is going crazy). (adj.)
2 s+kʷéʔʕʷ+kʷeʕʷ+ʔʕʷ skwe'(wkwe(u'( insanity. (n.) [for expected √qʷʕʷ]

√k'ʷ

√k'ʷd 1 hn+k'ʷdeʔ=ús=šn hnk'wde'usshn // root. (n.)
2 s+n+k'ʷdeʔ=ús=šn snk'wde'usshn background, derivation. ((lit. root), n.)
3 tel' s+en+k'ʷdeʔ=ú[s]=šn te'l senk'wde'ushn derivative. ((lit. from the source), n.)
4 hn+gʷen+t eɫ+s+n+k'ʷdeʔ=ús=šn hngwent eɫsnk'wde'usshn § deep‑rooted. (adj.)
√k'ʷl'1 1 k'ʷul' k'u'l † do, fix, make, to produce. ((stem), vt.)
2 k'ʷul'+l' k'u'lu'l born, made (to be...). ((lit. H/s was born), vi.)
3 k'ʷúl+l' k'ulu'l become. (vi.)
4 s+k'ʷúl'+l' sk'u'lu'l birth. ((lit. becoming made), n.)
5 s+k'ʷul'+ɫ sk'u'lɫ fake, false, artificial. (n.)
6 hn+k'ʷúl'+n hnk'u'ln ceremony. ((lit. a way of acting), n.)
7 k'ʷúl'+emn k'u'lemn contraption. ((lit. means of making), n.)
8 hn+k'ʷúl'+emn hnk'u'lemn convention. ((lit. way of doing things, general usage or custom), n.)
9 ul'+n+k'ʷúl'+emn u'lnk'u'lemn conventional. ((lit. pertaining to general way of doing things), adj.)
10 s+t+k'ʷúl' stk'u'l adornment, ornament. (n.)
11 s+t+k'ʷúl'+m stk'u'lm decoration, ornament. (decoration, n.)
12 s+t+k'ʷúl'+l' stk'u'lu'l decor. ((lit. a decorative style), n.)
13 e+t+k'ʷúl' etk'u'l attached (...to), beaded‑work, something attached to. (n.)
14 s+cen+k'ʷúl'+l' stsenk'u'lu'l form, statue, configuration, copy, effigy, diagram, structure. ((lit. a model formed under), n.)
15 k'ʷl'+ncút+n K'u'lntsutn deity, God. ((lit. the means of making oneself), n.)
16 s+k'ʷl'+ncút+n sk'u'lntsutn divine will, divinity. (n.)
17 s+k'ʷl'+ncút+m+n sk'u'lntsutmn deification, exaltation (...to divine rank). (n.)
18 twe+k'ʷul'+ncút+n twek'u'lntsutn enthusiasm. ((lit. means of making oneself in company with God), n.)
19 ul k'ʷl'+ncút+n ul k'u'lntsutn divine, belonging to God. (adj.)
20 s+k'ʷúl'+šeš sk'u'lshesh duty, employment, service. (n.)
21 sye·+k'ʷúl' syeek'u'l creator, dean, originator, servant. ((lit. One who produces), n.)
22 sye·+k'ʷul' syeek'u'l intermediary, agent. (n.)
23 k'ʷl'+ul'+útm k'u'lu'lutm contingent. ((lit. It is capable of being done), adj.)
24 s+k'ʷl'+l'+útm sk'u'lu'lutm contingency. ((lit. possibility of being made (done); a fortuitous or possible event), n.)
25 xʷe ciʔ+ɫ+k'ʷl'+l' khwe tsi'ɫk'u'lu'l birthplace. ((lit. Where he was born), n.)
26 t+k'ʷl'+l'+n tk'u'lu'ln birthday. (n.)
27 čeɫ+ʔi·c+k'ʷúl cheɫ'iitsk'ul calling. ((lit. It is to be your work (calling), n.)
28 hiy+s+k'ʷúl' hiysk'u'l deed. ((lit. that which is done), n.)
29 hi yc+k'ʷúl' hiytsk'u'l deed (lit. that which is done). (n.)
30 čey+c+k'ʷl' cheytsk'u'l career, chore, affair, routine, agenda. ((lit. that which is to be done), n.)
31 k'ʷul+ul'+nún+n k'u'lu'lnunn He succeeded in doing something.
32 s+k'ʷl'+l'+nún sk'u'lu'lnun effect, result. ((lit. that which is accomplished), n.)
33 s+k'ʷʔl'+nún+m sk'u''lnunm achievement. ((lit. success in making (something), n.)
34 s+k'ʷl'+l'+nún+m sku'lu'lnunm execution. ((lit. success in doing something), n.)
35 s+k'ʷúl=ɫxʷ sk'ulɫkhw // architecture. ((lit. making buildings), n.)
36 sye·+k'ʷúl=ɫxʷ syeek'u'lɫkhw architect, carpenter. ((lit. One who builds a house), n.)
37 k'ʷol'=stq k'o'lstq colonize. ((lit. He farmed or settled), vt.)
38 s+k'ʷl'=stq sk'ol'stq agriculture, farming, garden, produce. ((lit. crop‑making), n.)
39 hn+k'ʷól'=stq+n hnk'o'lstqn colony, grain field, farm, garden, settlement. (n.)
40 sya·+k'ʷl'=stq syaak'o'lstq settler, colonist. ((lit. a crop raiser), n.)
41 ul+n+k'ʷól'=stq+n ulnk'o'lstqn colonial. ((of or pertaining to a farm), adj.)
42 in+k'ʷúl'=us ink'u'lus compensate. ((lit. He is making up for or offsetting), vt.)
43 s+n+k'ʷúl'=us snk'u'lus atonement, punishment. ((lit. making amends on a head), n.)
44 k'ʷul'=cn+cút k'u'ltsntsut He prepared food for himself. (vt.)
45 k'ʷl'=cn+cút at+čm=íp=ɫxʷ k'u'ltsntsut atchmipɫkhw cookout. ((lit. She cooked a meal outdoors), n.)
46 hn+k'ʷúl'=cn+cút+m hnk'u'ltsntsutm cookstove. ((lit. means of preparing something for one's mouth), n.)
47 s+k'ʷúl'=cn+cut sku'ltsntsut cookery, cu[i]sine. ((lit. cooking), n.)
48 ul s+k'ʷul'=[c]n+cút ul sk'u'lsntsut culinary. ((lit. pertaining to cooking), adj.)
49 sya+k'ʷl'=cn+cút syak'u'ltsntsut chef, cook. ((lit. One whose business is to prepare something for the mouth), n.)
50 s+n+k'ʷúl'+ul'=ɫc'eʔ snk'u'lu'lɫts'e' pregnancy. (n.)
51 s+k'ʷl'+l'=ngʷíln sk'u'lu'lngwiln accomplish. ((lit. successful in making something), n.)
52 e+c+k'ʷul'+l'=ngʷíln etsk'u'lu'lngwiln effective. ((lit. It is capable of producing results), vi.)
53 k'ʷúl'‑nt‑s k'u'lnts ‡ do, make, perform. ((lit. He made it), vt.)
54 k'ʷúl'‑nt‑elit k'u'lntelit create, do. ((lit. We were produced by God, vt.)
55 k'ʷúl'‑nt‑m‑lš k'u'lntmlsh marriage (They are made, united in...). (n.)
56 s+k[']ʷl'‑nt‑m‑lš sku'lntmlsh bridal, wedding. ((lit. their being made (hus­band and wife)), n.)
57 k'ʷul'+l'+nún‑t‑s k'u'l'lnunts achieve. ((lit. He succeeded in making it, h/s carried it out, executed it), vi.)
58 k'ʷul'+l'+nú‑nt‑p k'u'l'lnuntp do (lit. You (pl.) achieved it). (vt.)
59 k'ʷúl'=cn‑n k'u'ltsnn prepared (I...food for h/h). (vt.)
60 hn+k'ʷúl'+l'=ɫc'e+m'‑nt‑m hnk'u'lu'lɫts'e'mntm conceive, pregnant. ((lit. Someone was created within her), vi, adj.)
61 k'ʷl'+l'+nú‑nt‑p k'u'l'lnuntp do. ((lit. You (pl.) carried it out), vt.)
62 k'ʷl'+ncút+m‑nt‑s k'u'lntsutmnts deify. (vt.)
63 t+k'ʷúl'‑nt‑m tk'u'lntm bedeck. ((lit. It was adorned), vt.)
64 t+k'ʷúl'‑nt‑s tk'u'lnts adorn, decorate. ((lit. He put beads on it), vt.)
65 a·+yaʕ'+ec+kʷ'ul'‑stu‑s aaya')etsk'u'lstus § almighty, omnipotent. ((lit. one who makes all things), adj.)
66 u+x̣ʷel'+e kʷ‿k'ʷl'+ncút+n uqhwe'le kuk'u'lntsutn divine. ((lit. You (sg.) are godlike), adj.)
67 s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl' snukwk'u'l associate, fellow worker, partner. (colleague, n.)
68 s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl'+l' snukwk'u'lu'l spouse, component, mate, consort. (n.)
69 tč+ʔsél+kʷ s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl'+l' tch'selkw snukk'u'lu'l two spouses. (n.)
70 tč+ʔséɫ s+nuk'ʷ+k'ʷl'+l' tch'seɫ snukk'u'lu'l bigamy. (n.)
71 s+cen+k[']ʷúl'+l'+s xʷe tmíxʷ=l'umxʷ stsenku'l'ls khwe tmikhw'lumkhw map. ((lit. means of making a description of land), n.)
72 k'ʷl'+ɫ+cíl'+c'el'+t k'u'lɫtsi'lts'e'lt delineate. ((lit. He formed a shadow), vt.)
73 elu+ɫ+k'ʷl'+ncút+n eluɫk'u'lntsutn unbeliever, agnostic, atheist. ((lit. One who has no God), n.)
74 tel' s+k'ʷ+k'ʷúl'+l' te'l sk'uk'u'lu'l congenital. ((lit. It exists from birth), adj.)
75 s+ten[']+k'ʷl'+l' stenk'u'lu'l structure. ((lit. a model formed under), n.)
76 s+k'ʷul'+ɫ ʔasqʷ sk'u'lɫ asqw to adopt. ((lit. making one a son), vt.)
77 sye·+k'ʷul' a s+l'+l'áx̣+m' syeek'u'l a s'l'laqh'm electrician. ((lit. One who produces (works) with electricity), n.)
78 sye+k'ʷul'+ɫ+q'ey'+mín+n syek'u'lɫq'e'yminn bookie, bookmaker. ((lit. One who accepts and pays off bets/One who makes paper (books)), n.)
79 his+k'ʷl'+ɫ+x̣ést hisku'lɫqhest deign. ((lit. I deem it worthy), vt.)
80 s+k'ʷul'+ɫ x̣es+t sk'u'lɫ qhest deem. ((lit. It is something considered good), n.)
81 et+k'ʷul' hey+ɫéxʷ etk'u'l heyɫekhw brocade. ((lit. A woven thing of design), n.)
82 s+k'ʷul'+ɫ wl+wlím sk'u'lɫ wlwlim coinage. ((lit. making money), n.)
83 s+k'ʷl'+ɫ+čp=qín+n sk'u'lɫchpqinn coiffure, wig. ((lit. artificial hair), n.)
84 yoqʷeʔ+s+k'ʷúl' yoqwe'sk'u'l counterfeit, fake, pretend. ((lit. He pretended to work), vt.)
√k'ʷl'2 1 s+k'ʷ+k'ʷél' sk'k'we'l † porcupine. (n.)
√k'ʷɫ 1 k'ʷeɫ k'weɫ † tickle. ((stem), vt.)
√k'ʷɫš 1 k'ʷeɫš k'weɫsh † startle, surprise, he was startled. ((stem), vt.)
2 k'ʷeɫš+m+ncut k'weɫshmntsut brisk. ((lit. he acted as though he startled himself), adj.)
3 k'ʷɫš=íčt+m k'wɫshichtm // abrupt, curt. ((lit. He did an abrupt act/thing), adj.)
√k'ʷm 1 ul k'ʷóm=qn ul k'omqn // cephalic. ((lit. in, on, or relating to the head or skull), adj.)
√k'ʷm' 1 k'ʷim' k'wi'm † (cf. k'ʷy') presently, right now. (v.)
√k'ʷnš 1 k'ʷinš inter. † how many? (k'winsh)
2 k'ʷinš k'winsh How many? How much? (qu.)
3 e·+k'ʷínš eek'winsh? many. ((lit. How many do you want?), adj.)
4 e·+k'ʷinš eek'winsh? much. ((lit. How much do you want?), adj.)
5 e· [k]'ʷinš eed'winsh? want. ((lit. How many (much) do you want?), vt.)
6 t+k'ʷinš tk'winsh how many?. (qu.)
7 k'ʷu‿s+k'ʷinš+es+pín=tč k'usk'winshespintch? // How old are you? (vi.)
√k'ʷnʔ 1 k'ʷneʔ k'wne' † going to. (vi.)
2 k'ʷnéʔ k'wne' future. (n.)
3 k'ʷnéʔ+čn‿siy+m‑stú‑t k'wne'chnsiymstut § best (I am going to do my...). (n.)
4 k'ʷnéʔ+čn‿siy+m+scút k'wne'chnsiymstsut do (I am going to...my best). (vt.)
5 k'ʷnaʔ+čn‿qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel k'wna'chnqwa'qwe'el speak. ((lit. I am going to speak), vi.)[xref √k'ʷn']
√k'ʷn'1 1 k'ʷ+k'ʷn'=iy'eʔ k'uk'w'ni'ye' // by and by, minute (in a...), moment (in a...), soon (very...), in a short while... (adv.)
2 u+k'ʷ+k'ʷn'=íy'e uk'uk'w'ni'ye' anon, elapse, soon. ((lit. It slipped or glided away in a short time), vi, adv.)
3 e s+k'ʷ+k'ʷn=iy'eʔ esk'ukw'ni'ye' a while ago. (adv.)
4 úw'e k'ʷ+k'ʷn=iy'eʔ u'we k'uk'w'ni'ye' § awhile. ((lit. for a short time only), adv.) [xref √k'ʷnʔ]
√k'ʷn'2 1 k'ʷin' k'wi'n † choose, consider, try. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+k'ʷin'+m sk'wi'nm assay. ((lit. testing), n.)
3 s+k'ʷín'+m sk'wi'nm examination. ((lit. test of knowledge or fitness), n.)
4 s+niʔ+k'ʷín' sni'k'wi'n alternative, choice. ((lit. something chosen (from among several), that which is chosen from two or more possibilities), n.)
5 s+niʔ+k'ʷín'+m sni'k'wi'nm election. ((lit. the act of choosing someone), n.)
6 s+niʔ+k'ʷín' sni'k'wi'n alternative. ((lit. that which is chosen from two or more possibilities), n.)
7 niʔ+k'ʷen'+en'+útm ni'k'we'ne'nutm eligible. ((lit. H/s is capable of being, or fit to be, chosen), adj.)
8 ɫey+níʔ+k'ʷin' ɫeyni'k'wi'n elect, chosen. ((lit. one of the elect, the elect collectively), n.)
9 hiy+niʔ+k'ʷín' hiyni'k'wi'n eclectic. ((lit. that which is picked out), adj.)
10 k'ʷín'‑n k'wi'nn ‡ tested, tried (I...it). (vt.)
11 k'ʷín'‑nt‑s k'wi'nnts tested (He...it), tried (He...it). (vt.)
12 niʔ+k'ʷín‑n ni'k'winn [also recorded as √k'ʷn] cull. ((lit. I picked it out from others), vt.)
13 k'ʷín'‑nt‑s k'wi'nnts trial. ((lit. H/S scrutinized or inves­tigated it carefully), n.)
14 niʔ+k'ʷín'‑nt‑m ni'k'wi'nntm elect. ((lit. H/s was chosen), vt.)
15 niʔ+k'ʷín'‑nt‑s ni'k'wi'nnts appoint, choose, select. (select (lit. he picked it out after testing it from among), vt.)
16 niʔ+k'ʷin'‑nt‑s ni'k'wi'nnts name (appoint). (vt.)
17 hiʔc+miyes+k'ʷin'+m hi'tsmiyesk'wi'nm § collate. ((lit. I am testing, taking it very carefully), vt..)
√k'ʷp 1 k'ʷep+t k'wept † backbone, core, spine, vertebra. (n.)
√k'ʷr 1 is+k'ʷár+k'ʷar+iš isk'wark'warish † burr. ((lit. He made whirring sounds). ice breaking(sound), vi.)
√k'ʷr' 1 s+k'ʷar'=íneʔ sk'wa'rine' † bivalve, clam, oyster. ((lit. cracked on the ears), n.)
√k'ʷs1 1 u· k'ʷé·s uuk'weees † mild weather (lit. almost like spring). (n.)
2 s+k'ʷés=us sk'wesus // February. (n.)
√k'ʷs2 1 k'ʷus k'us † splittable. ((stem). easily split, adj.)
2 s+k'ʷus+t sk'ust [possible connection] cedar. (n.)
√k'ʷs3 1 k'ʷus=čeʔ k'usche' // haunted, ghost, spook.
2 s+k'ʷus+ús=čeʔ sk'ususche' apparition, ghost. (n.)
3 k'ʷs=čeʔ k'usche' haunted, spook, ghost. ((stem). adj, n.)
4 s+k'ʷs+k'ʷs=čeʔ=cín' sk'usk'usche'tsi'n haunted house, place. (haunted, n.)
5 k'ʷús=čeʔ‑nt‑s k'usche'nts. ‡ ghosted (he...him). (vt.)
√k'ʷt' 1 k'ʷet' k'wet' † evident, exposed, plain. ((stem), adj.)
2 k'ʷet'+t' k'wet't' appear, appeared (he...), show (up). (vi.)
3 k'ʷit' k'wit' divest, take off (clothes). ((stem), vt.)
4 k'ʷet' k'wet' take off (clothes), to divest.
5 ul s+k'ʷét'+t' ul sk'wet't' chromatic. ((lit. pertaining to appearance (color or colors), adj.)
6 u· k'ʷt+út uuk'wtut [also recorded as √k'ʷt] clear, vivid, plain (It is...). (adj.)
7 u k'ʷt'+ú·t uuk'wt'uuut apparent (It is...), visible (It is clearly...), bare, chiffon, exposed (...to view), sheer (It (fabric) is...). ((lit. It is read­ily seen), n, adj, vi.)
8 hn+k'ʷét'+p+ncut hnk'wet'pntsut disarray. ((lit. He undressed himself), vt.)
9 s+k'ʷt'+út+mš sk'wt'utmsh clearance. ((lit. making clear), n.)
10 k'ʷít'=šn k'wit'shn // barefoot. (adv.)
11 u+n+k'ʷt'+ú·t=cn unk'wt'uuutsn aloud. ((lit. He speaks audibly), adv.)
12 s+k'ʷét'=elt sk'wet'elt [possible connection] fawn. (n.)
13 s+k'ʷt'=ílt sk'wt'ilt fawn. (n.)
14 a+t+k'ʷet'=áʔst=qn atk'wet'a'stqn bare‑headed. ((lit. His head is uncovered), adj. vi.)
15 a+t+k'ʷét'=alq=šn atk'wet'alqshn bare‑legged. (vi. (lit. His legs are uncovered), adj.)
16 ec+kʷít'+k'ʷet'=čt etskwit'k'wet'cht bare‑handed. (vi. (lit. His hands are uncovered), adj.)
√k'ʷx̣ 1 k'ʷax̣ k'waqh † claw, fingernail. ((stem), n.)
2 k'ʷax̣=qín'=čt k'waqhqi'ncht // fingernail. (n.)
3 k'ʷax̣=qin'=šn' k'waqhqi'nsh'n toe nail. (n.)
4 k'ʷax̣+k'ʷax̣=qin'=šn' k'waqhk'waqhqi'nsh'n toe nails.(n.)
5 *hn‑k'ʷax̣=qín'=čt hnk'waqhqi'ntch. ‡ It is my fingernail.
6 in‑k'ʷax̣=qín=čt ink'waqhqi'ncht, It is your fingernail.
7 k'ʷax̣=qin'=čt‑et k'waqhqi'nchtet fingernail(s) (It is our...). (n.)
8 k'ʷax̣=qin'=čt‑s k'waqhqi'nchts fingernail (It is h/h...). (n.)
9 k'ʷax̣=qin'=čt‑s‑lš k'waqhqi'nchtslsh fingernail (it is their...). (n.)
10 k'ʷax̣=qín=čt‑m'p k'waqhqincht'mp fingernail (It is your (pl)...). (n.)
√k'ʷy1 1 k'ʷay'+q'es+p k'wayq'esp § past, long‑ago. (adj.)
2 ul k'ʷay+q'és+p ul k'wa'yq'esp archaic, antique. ((lit. belonging to ancient time), adj.)
3 ɫe k'ʷey' teč+ciʔ ɫe k'we'y techtsi' before. (in former days, adv.)
4 k'ʷey'+lút k'we'ylut not yet. (adv.)
√k'ʷy2 1 k'ʷiy' k'wi'y † quiet, still. ((stem), adj.)
2 ec+k'ʷ+k'ʷiy=cín etsk'uk'wiytsin // croon. ((lit. He sings or speaks softly). whisper, vi.)
√k'ʷy's 1 k'ʷay's=alqʷ k'wa'ysalqw // cedar (tree). (n.)
2 s+t+k'ʷéy's=ečt stk'we'ysecht cedar branch. (n.)
√k'ʷʕ 1 k'ʷaʕ k'wa( † skid, slide, slip. ((stem), vi.)
2 k'ʷaʕ+aʕ+p+l=iyeʔ k'wa(a(pliye' // coasted (he...). (vi.) [xref √q'ʷʕ]
√k'ʷʔ1 1 k'ʷeʔ+min+n k'we'minn † pipe wrench, wrench (pipe). (n.)
2 k'ʷ+k'ʷeʔ+míʔn' k'uk'we'mi'n' pliers. ((lit. little wrench), n.)
√k'ʷʔ2 1 k'ʷiʔ k'wi' † bite. ((stem), vt.)
2 k'ʷiʔ+m k'wi'm bite. (vt.)
3 k'ʷíʔ+k'ʷeʔ+m k'wi'k'we'm chew. ((lit. He ground something with the teeth), vi.)
4 k'ʷeʔ+k'ʷeʔ=iɫc'eʔ k'we'k'we'iɫts'e' // bedbug, flea. ((lit. That which bites and bites the flesh), n.)
5 k'ʷíʔ‑nt‑m k'wi'ntm ‡ bitten (He was...). (vi.)
6 k'ʷíʔ+k'ʷeʔ‑nt‑s k'wi'k'we'nts munched (He...it). (vt.)
7 k'ʷaʔ+k'ʷaʔ+a+s+n+laqʷ=ús k'wa'k'wa'asnlaqus § chewed (he...gum), gum (he chewed...). (v, n.)

√l

√lbč 1 li·béč liibech † bishop. ((l.w. from French), n.)
2 li·béč he c'uk'ʷ=íčs+is liibech he ts'uk'wichsis § crosier. ((lit. a bishop's staff (cane), n.)
3 ul li·béč he tmíxʷ=ul'ms ul liibech he tmikhu'lms diocese. ((lit. It is a land or district in which a bishop has authority), n.)
√lbtm1 1 lebe·tém+m lebeetemm † baptize, (he...). ((l.w. from French), v.)
2 s+lebe·tém+n slebeetemn christening. ((lit. The Christian sacra­ment of baptism), n.)
3 lebe·tém‑nt‑m lebeetemntm ‡ baptize, christen, he was baptized. (vt.)
√lbtm2 1 lebu·tem lebuutem † bottle, can, flask. ((from French, le bouteille), n.)
2 leb+lebu·tém leblebuutem bottles. (pl.n.)
3 kʷan+ɫ+lebu·tém kwanɫlebuutem § bottle (h/s took a...). (n.)
√lčm 1 lče·mí lcheemi † corn, corncob, maize. (Indian corn, n.)
√lč' 1 leč' lech' † aggressive, bind, domineering. ((stem). adj, vt.)
2 leč'+m lech'm arrest. ((lit. tie up), vt.)
3 e· leč' eelech' tied, bound, handcuffed, jailed, manacled. ((lit. He is in jail, bound), adj.)
4 e+cen+léč' etsenlech' bundle, fascicle, package. ((lit. That which is tied to­gether), n.)
5 léč'+lč'+t lech'lch't aggressive, arrogant, audacious, bold, bossy, despotic, overbearing. ((lit. He is habitually tied (committed) to be bold), adj.)
6 s+léč'+lč'+t slech'lch't arrogance. (n.)
7 lč'+mín+n lch'minn band, binding. ((lit. means of binding to­gether), n.)
8 hn+lč'+mín+n hnlch'minn calaboose, clink, jail, prison. (n.)
9 hn+lč'+min+n hnlch'minn jail, stockade, (lit. a place where one is tied up). (n.)
10 léč'+m+ncut lech'mntsut arrogate. ((lit. He acted arrogantly), vi.)
11 s+léč'+m+ncut sle'chmntsut aggression, compulsion, despotism. ((lit. tying (committing) oneself to be bold, n.)
12 i·+leč'+m+ncút iilech'mntsut compulsive, compulsory. ((lit. He is exercising compulsion), adj.)
13 s+léč'+m+šeš slech'mshesh constraint, compulsion. (n.)
14 hn+lč'=íw'es+n hnlch'i'wesn // belt, sash. ((means of tying mid­section), n.)
15 lč'=qín+n lch'qinn bandana, headband, kerchief, scarf. (bandana (lit. means of binding the head), n.)
16 č+leč'+m=ípeleʔ chle‑chmipele commandeer. ((lit. he seized arbitrar­ily), v.)
17 léč'‑n lech'n ‡ arrested, apprehended, tied up. (arrested, apprehended (lit. I tied him up), vt.)
18 léč'‑nt‑m lech'ntm arrested, apprehended, tied up (lit. I tied him up). (vt.)
19 léč'‑nt‑s lech'nts He arrested him. apprehended, tied up. (vt.)
20 léč'+m‑st‑m lech'mstm blackmail, coerce, compel, constrain, extort, force. ((lit. He was forced against his will). vt, extortion, Cf. extort, n.)
21 léč'+m‑st‑m lech'mntsut arrogate (lit. He acted arrogantly). (vi.)
22 s+lč'+me+s+čínt slch'meschint § coercion. ((lit. compelling people to do things), n.)
23 s+pigʷ+l'č' spigw'lch' belt, cincture. (n.)
24 miyeɫ+leč'+lč'+t miyeɫlech'lch't belligerent. ((lit. he is too (very) aggressive), n.)
25 ɫáx̣ʷp tel' hn+lč'+mín+n ɫaqhwp te'l hnlch'minn prison (He escaped from...). (n.)
√lgʷ 1 ligʷ ligw † entrap, snare. ((stem), vt.)
√lǰ 1 leǰ lej † stab, sting. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+le[]ǰ+m sledjm to sting. (v.)
3 léǰ+p lejp shot (He was...). (vt.)
4 lǰ+mín+n ljminn bayonet, sword. ((lit. a means of piercing), n.)
5 s+n+lǰ=úps snljups // coitus. (n.)
6 hn+lǰ=oʔp=stq hnljo'pstq copulate. ((lit. He engaged in coitus), vi.)
7 lǰ=ísgʷel ljisgwel fish (He speared...), harpoon, spear. ((lit. He speared fish, usually salmon), n, vt.)
8 leǰ‑nt‑s lejnts ‡ He stabbed him. (vt.)
9 [ɫ]aq'+t he lj+mín+n laq't he ljminn § broad‑sword. ((lit. It is broad which is a sword), n.)
√lkp 1 lka·pí lkaapi † coffee. ((l.w. from French), n.)
2 hn+lka·pí+hn hnlkaapihn coffeepot. ((lit. a pot for brewing or serving coffee), n.)
√lkʷ 1 lekʷ lekw † far. ((stem), adj.)
2 lékʷ+t lekut far (It is...away). (adv.)
3 lékʷ+kʷ‑š lekuksh! begone!, go away!. (excl.)
4 en+lukʷ+kʷ+útm enlukukutm dilatory, lagging. ((lit. He customarily goes far behind), adj, vi.)
5 hn+lukʷ+kʷ+útm hnlukukutm behind. ((lit. He fell behind), adv.)
6 s+n+lukʷ+útm snlukutm arrears. ((lit. falling behind), n.)
7 s+n+lukʷ+kʷ+út+m snlukukutm arrears (lit. falling behind). (n.)
8 č+lékʷ+t chlekut aloof. (adv.)
9 č+lukʷ+ú·t chlukuuut! There he is at a distance. (excl.)
10 u+č+lukʷ+ú·t uchlukuuut! avoids (he...). ((lit. He remains aloof), excl.)
11 s+niʔ+lékʷ+t sni'lekut apogee. ((lit. the farthest point), n.)
12 tel' lékʷ+t te'l lekut § afar (from...). (adv.)
√lkʷs 1 lokʷo·só lokooso † pig. ((l.w. from French), n.)
2 lukʷo·só lukooso bristle. ((lit. hair of a pig), n.)
3 qel'+tmxʷ+lokʷo·so qe'ltmkhwlokooso § boar. ((lit. male pig), n.)
√lk'ʷ1 1 luk'ʷ luk'w † pick off (fuzz, lint, etc.). ((stem), vt.)
√lk'ʷ2 1 e·+luk'ʷ=us eeluk'us // disguised, masked. ((lit. H/s is masked), adj.)
√lm 1 lim lim † appreciative, glad, pleased, thankful. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+lim+t slimt allelula, joy, rejoicing. (n.)
3 čn‿lím+t chnlimt glad (I was...), rejoiced (I...). (vi.)
4 čn‿lim+t chnlimt glad (to be), rejoice. (vi.)
5 lím+lem+t-[š] limlemtsch! Thank you!. ((lit. It is gratifying), excl.)
6 lím+lem+t‑š limlemtsh thank you, gratifying. (n.)
7 lam+m=ástq lammastq // He made another person happy. (vt.)
8 hn+lím+lem=elgʷes hnlimlemelgwes bonny. ((lit. He rejoices and rejoices in heart), adj.)
9 s+n+lím=elgʷes snlimelgwes cheer, heartiness, rejoicing. (n.)
10 un+lím=elgʷes unlimelgwes cheerful, thankful. ((lit. He is in good spirits), adj.)
11 lim‑t‑š ma·rí Limtsh Maari! § Ave Maria, Hail Mary!. ((lit. Rejoice, Mary!), excl.)
12 s+lem+t+me+s+čínt slemtmeschint charm. ((lit. The power or quality of pleasing people), n.)
13 s+nukʷ+lím+t snukwlimt congratulation, felicitation, (lit. re­joicing with). (n.)
14 nukʷ+lím+t+m-n‑n. nukwlimtmnn ((lit. I rejoiced with, or expressed sympathetic pleasure to, him), vt.)
√lmn 1 la·mná laamna † honey, syrup. (n.)
√lp 1 lup lup † dry (be...), thirsty. (vi.)
2 luʔp lu'p It became dry. (vi.)
3 e· lup eelup dehydrated, dried. ((lit. That w/c has been dried), adj.)
4 u l'+l'up'í ul''lu'pi arid. ((lit. It is dry), adj.)
5 s+lúp+m slupm fish, meat (drying...). (n.)
6 čs+n+luʔ+luʔp+úl chsnlu'lu'pul One who is in the habit of becoming thirsty. (n.)
7 čn‿čs+n+luʔp chnchsnlu'p thirsty (to get...), (lit. I became thirsty). (vi, adj.)
8 i čs+n+luʔp ichsnlu'p He is thirsty. (adj.)
9 can+lop+lóp=ax̣n tsanloplopaqhn // It is dry in the armpits. No rain by the moon. (v.)
10 lúp‑n lupn ‡ dehydrate. ((lit. I dried the meat or berries), vt.)
11 lúp‑nt‑s lupnts desiccate. ((lit. He preserved it by taking the moisture from it), vt.)
√lpl 1 li·púl liipul † hen, chicken. ((l.w. from French, l.w. from Kalispel, used mostly by the Kalispel), n.)
√lpp 1 ul la pap ul la Pap † apostolic. ((lit. belonging to the Pope), adj.)
√lpst 1 kʷup‿lípust kuplipust, † You are they.
2 kʷup‿ʔul+lípust kup'ullipust It is yours (pl.). (vi.)
3 ul č‿lipust ul chlipust ours (it is...). (adj.)
√lpt 1 l'+l'pót l'l'pot † chalice, cup, dipper, glass. ((cup, chalice), n.)
2 č'+l'+l'pót=c'eʔ ch'l'l'potts'e' // pickled, preserved, canned. ((lit. It is preserved in a container (jar, bottle, can).), adj.)
3 č+l'+l'pót=c'eʔ ch'l'lpotts'e' amphora, can, jar. (n.)
4 č+l'+l'pót=ceʔ+eʔ ch'l'lpottse'e' jar. (n.)
5 hn+č+l'+l'pót=c'eʔ+n hnch'l'lpotts'e'n cannery. ((lit. cupping around; place where food is canned), n.)
6 hn+l'+l'póteʔ+n hn'l'lpoten' cupboard. ((lit. a closet for holding cups), n.)
7 kʷan+ɫ+l'+l'pot kwanɫ'l'lpot § cup (h/s took a...). (n.)
8 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+l'+l'pót nuk'wɫ'l'lpot cupful. ((lit. just one cup (of content)), n.)
√lpw 1 li·pwé liipwe † pea(s). ((l.w. from French), n.)
√lp' 1 s+lip' slip' † woody. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+lip'+t slip't wood. (n.)
√lp'xʷ 1 lup'xʷ=ús=šn lup'khusshn // slang for making fun of a person ((lit. a hole re­sulted in front of his feet), vt.)
2 hn+lép'xʷ=ep hnlep'khwep punctured. ((lit. it (bucket) was punctured on the bottom), adj.) [xref √lp'x̣ʷ]
√lp'x̣ʷ 1 lep'x̣ʷ lep'qhw † fit into. ((stem), vi.)
2 lép'x̣ʷ+emn lep'qhwemn tack. (n.)
3 hn+lp'x̣ʷ=íneʔ hnlp'qhwine' // earful. ((lit. H/s got an earful), n.) [xref √lp'xʷ]
√lq 1 laq laq † pull (out plants), weed. ((stem), vt.)
2 laq=cín+m laqtsinm // pluck (one's whiskers), plucked (He...his whiskers with tweezers), tweezers (He plucked his whiskers with...). (vt, pl.n.)
3 laq=cón+m laqtsonm whiskers (He plucked his...with tweezers). (pl.n.)
√lq'1 1 laq' laq' † search. ((stem), vi.)
2 i·+laq'=álpqʷ iilaq'alpqw // looked, search, food (He looked for...). (vt, n.)
3 láʔq‑nt‑s la'qnts ‡ He looked for it. (vt.)
√lq'2 1 laq' laq' † pare, peel. ((stem), vt.) [see also √ɫq'ʷ]
√lq'3 1 leq' leq' † bury. ((stem), vt.)
2 leq'+m leq'm baked (She...(camas) in the ground). (vt.)
3 hn+léq'+ncut+n hnleq'ntsutn sweathouse. (n.)
4 ča·+léq'‑nt‑m chaaleq'ntm ‡ buried (He was...). (vi.)
√lqʷ 1 s+n+láqʷ snlaqw tallow. (n.)
2 s+n+laʔqʷ snla'qw tallow. (n.)
3 s+n+laqʷ=ús snlaqus // chicle, gum (bubble...). (n.)
4 k'ʷaʔ+k'ʷaʔ+a+s+n+laqʷ=ús k'wa'k'wa'asnlaqus § gum (he chewed...). (n.)
5 s+n+laqʷ=ús+s ha s+t'm'=ált=mš snlaquss ha st''maltmsh cud. ((lit. a cow's chewing gum), n.)
6 s+myaɫ+n+laqʷ=ús smyaɫnlaqus bubble gum. (n.)
7 s+[n]+yaɫn+laqʷ=ús smyaɫnlaqus gum (extra...). (n.)
√lq'ʷ1 1 laq'ʷ laq'w † able. ((stem), adj.)
2 laq[']ʷ‑en laq‑wen ‡ able (to do). ((lit. I can do it), vt.)
3 láq'ʷ‑n laq'wn can (I...do it). (vi.)
4 láq'ʷ‑nt‑s laq'wnts He can do it. (vi.)
5 lut láq'ʷ‑nt‑s lut laq'wnts § be unable. ((lit. He cannot do it), vi.)
√lq'ʷ2 1 hn+loq'ʷ=íw'es hnloq'wi'wes // divorced, split. (vt.)
2 s+n+luʔq'ʷ=íw'es snlu'q'wi'wes breach. ((lit. splitting up), n.)
√lskʷ 1 leskʷ leskw † limp. ((stem). to become crippled, walk with a limp, vi.)
2 lés·k[ʷ] lessk cripple, lame. (lame (lit. He became lame), vt.)
3 les·kʷ lesskw crippled, lame. ((stem). to become crippled, walk with a limp, adj.)
4 lesskʷ+ncut lesskwnsut to become crippled, lame, to walk with a limp. (vi.)
√lswp 1 le·swíp Leeswip † Jew, French Le Juif. (n.)
2 č's+č's+t+men+ɫ le·swíp ch'sch'stmenɫ leeswip § anti‑Semite. (n.)
√lš 1 liš lish † bump, lump. (n.)
2 liš, lish mountainous. ((stem), adj.)
3 s+liš+š slishsh clump. ((lit. something put together in a single bunch), n.)
4 e·+liš eelish lump, mound, mountain. (n.)
5 e·+liš+liš eelishlish lump, mound, mountain. (pl.)
6 e+l'+l'íš e'l'lish clod, a small hill. (n.)
7 u+x̣ʷel'+e+l'íš uqhwe'le'lish § mountain (it is like a...). (n.)
8 kʷup‿xʷuy teč+e·líš kupkhuy tech eelish You went to the mountain. (vi.)
√lt1 1 lut lut † mischievous, negative, not. ((stem), adj.)
2 lut lut no. (adv.)
3 lut lut no, not. ((sometimes lu), neg.)
4 lút+m lutm deny. ((lit. He failed in his project), vt.)
5 s+lut+m slutm declination, decline, denial, failure, refusal. (n.)
6 lúst+m lustm black‑ball, ban, debar. (vt.)
7 lu·t+útm luututm degenerate. ((lit. He is worthy of rejection), adj.)
8 l'+l'u·t+útm' 'l'luutut'm cur, base, bastard. (baseborn (lit. He is worthy of naught), n, adj.)
9 s+lút+emn slutemn boycott, contraband. ((lit. something not wanted), n.)
10 gʷɫ s+lút+emn guɫ slutemn black list. ((lit. Those who are unwanted), n.)
11 hn+lút=cn hnlutsn // coarse, cynical. ((lit. He uses words lacking in delicacy or refinement), adj.)
12 hn+luteʔ+s=cín hnlute'stsin animadvert, contradict, dispute. ((lit. He commented critically, usually with disapproval), vt, vi.)
13 s+n+lú(t)=cn snlutsn cynicism, negative in thoughts: state­ments. (n.)
14 ul+n+lú(t)+s=cn ulnlutsn cynical. ((lit. belonging to a cynic), adj.)
15 s+n+lut+eʔs=cín snlute'stsin contradiction, protest, defiance. (n.)
16 s+n+luteʔ=s=cin'+t=ew'eš snlute'stsi'nte'wesh discord. ((lit. disagreement with one another), n.)
17 s+n+lút=elgʷes snlutelgwes discontent. ((lit. dissatisfaction as to the heart), n.)
18 cen+t+lu·t=íl'š tsentluuti'lsh bereaved, orphaned. ((lit. He became an orphan), vt.)
19 lú-stu-s lustus ‡ deny, decline, disapprove. ((lit. He rejected it, he refused it), vt.)
20 e·+lu-stu-s eelustus criticise, deprecate, disagree. ((lit. He disapproves strongly of it), v.)
21 lut láq'ʷ‑nt‑s lut laq'wnts be unable. ((lit. He cannot do it), vi.)
22 hn+lut+eʔs=cín‑t‑s hnlute'stsints disobey, contradict, controvert. ((lit. He said "no" to what he said), vt.)
23 lut he s+n+luteʔ+st‑sís lut he snlute'stsis acquiesce. ((lit. He did not say no), vi.)
24 l'+l'u·t+útm'‑st‑m' 'l'luutut'mst'm bastardize. ((lit. He was made of low birth), vt.)
25 lut hey'p+súxʷ=meʔ+is lut he'ypsukhwme'is § anesthesia. ((lit. He has no feeling), n.)
26 lut hey'+suxʷ=meʔ+m+s lut he'ysukhwme'ms analgesia. ((lit. He does not feel), n.)
27 k'ʷey'+lút k'we'ylut not yet. (adv.)
28 lut+u·+míh lutuumih ambiguous. ((lit. It is not certain), adj.)
29 elu+s+n+ɫú+ɫus+mn elusnɫuɫusmn bold, brash, reckless, daring, daredevil. ((lit. He has no inner eyes), adj.)
30 elu+ɫ+mít'č'=edeʔ eluɫmit'ch'ede' bloodless. ((lit. It has no blood), adj.)
31 elu+s+tčíy'+m elustchi'ym anuresis. ((lit. It does not urinate), n.)
32 lut hey'+n+tččiy'=ngʷílis lut he'yntchchi'yngwilis urinate (unable to...). (vi.)
33 elu+ɫ+s(=)íkʷeʔ eluɫsikwe' waterless, parched, anhydrous. ((lit. It has no water), adj.)
34 elu+s+č+tém'+p eluschte'mp clear (sky), cloudless. ((lit. It has no cloud), adj.)
35 čam'+ʔelu+ɫ+x̣al+x̣elexʷ cha'm'eluɫqhalqhelekhw toothless. ((lit. he no longer has his teeth), adj.)
36 č'am' a+lut x̣ál+x̣alexʷ ch'a'm alut qhalqhalekhw toothless, he no longer has his teeth. (adj.)
37 elu+s+n+qʷéy'+t elusnqwe'yt cold‑blooded, ruthless, merciless. ((lit. He has no mercy), adj.)
38 elu+s+c+c'm=íl't eluststs'mi'lt barren, sterile. ((lit. H/s has no children), adj.)
39 elu+s+čtím+m eluschtimm blameless, innocent. (adj.)
40 elu+ɫ+n+muq'ʷ=íčn'+n eluɫnmuq'wich'nn bareback. ((lit. It, e.g. horse, is w/o a saddle), adj.)
41 miyeɫ+lút miyeɫlut extravagant, unreasonable. (adj.)
42 elu+s+temn+es+čínt elustemneschint cantankerous, perverse (disposition), unfriendly, unsociable. ((lit. One who is not sociable), adj.)
43 elu+s+čɫís+is+m eluschɫisism asymmetric, unequal. ((lit. It has no comparison), adj.)
44 elu+s+n+x̣ep=íw'es elusnqhepi'wes dead, dead (to be...). ((lit. It has no second self, soul), adj.)
45 elu+s+p'íʔxʷ eluspi'khw to be w/o light, aphotic, dark. ((lit. It has no light), adj.)
46 elu+s+gʷép=cn elusgweptsn bare‑faced, beardless. ((lit. He is w/o a beard on his face), adj.)
47 elu+ɫ+n+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ípeleʔ+n eluɫntts'uqhwipele'n anarchic, lawless. ((lit. H/s/i has no law), adj.)
48 e+lu+ɫ+cen+gʷén+t eluɫtsengwent foundation (without...), groundless, baseless, metaph. H/s has no underwear. (n, adj.)
49 lut+gʷníxʷ lutgwnikhw deceptive, spurious. ((lit. It is untrue), adj.)
50 lut+x̣es+t lutqhest amoral, immoral. ((lit. It is not good), adj.)
51 lut ha s‑x̣es+t‑s lut ha sqhests It is not good. (vi.)
52 lut č'es+t lut ch'est amoral. ((lit. It is not bad), adj.)
53 elu+ɫ+k'ʷl'+ncút+n eluɫk'u'lntsutn unbeliever, agnostic, atheist. ((lit. One who has no God), n.)
54 e+lu+ɫ+t'ík'ʷ+t eluɫt'ik'ut bastard, illegitimate. ((lit. H/s is w/o legitimate elders), n, adj.)
55 elu+s+kʷís+t eluskwist anonymous, nameless. ((lit. H/s/i has no name), adj.)
56 elu+ɫ+n+mús=elgʷes+n eluɫnmuselgwesn despair. ((lit. H/s is w/o hope), n.)
57 lut s+tim' lut sti'm cipher, nothing, zero. (n.)
58 lut'+hay'p+s+hóy+oy+s lut'ha'yps‑hoyoys ageless. ((lit. It is ageless, it is existing forever, it does not cease), adj.)
59 lut+hay'p+s+hóy+oy+s lutha'yps‑hoyoys continual, continuous, eternal, incessant. ((lit. It is ageless, it is existing forever, it does not cease, it has no end), adj.)
60 lut hay'p+s+n+x̣iɫ‑s lut ha'ypsnqhiɫs to be brave, courageous, fear­less (lit. He has no fear). (vi.)
61 elu+s+ɫeʔ+p=ús=šn elusɫe'pusshn boundless, limitless. ((lit. It is w/o limit), adj.)
62 lut'+hey'p+s+ɫeʔ+p=ús=ši‑s lut'he'ypsɫe'pusshis infinity. ((lit. It has no limit), n.)
63 e+lus+ce·n+ʔíd+ed elustsee'nided enduring, lasting. (adj.)
64 e+lus+ce·n+ʔíd+et elustsee'nidet changeless, durable. (adj.)
65 lut hay'+n+x̣iɫ+s lut ha'ynqhiɫs bravery. ((lit. He has no fear), n.)
66 elu+s+n+x̣íɫ elusnqhiɫ brave, daring, dauntless, courageous. ((lit. He has no fear), adj.)
67 lut hey'+s+n+x̣iɫ+s lut he'ysnqhiɫs courage. ((lit. He has no fear), n.)
68 lut ul wášn lut ul Washn apolitical. ((lit. not belonging to Wash., D.C.), adj.)
69 lut hey's+p'út'+m+s lut he'ysp'ut'ms abyss. ((lit. It has no bottom, It has no end.), n.)
70 lut hey'+c+méy+s lut he'ytsmeys casual, unsorted. ((lit. It is uncertain, without design or premeditation), adj.)
71 lut s+miyes+čínt lut smiyeschint commoner. ((lit. He is not a nobleman), n.)
72 elu+s+x̣em=ínč e s+čint+soc elusqheminch e Schntsots Anglophobe, (lit. One who does not love England). (n.)
73 lut un+míy=elgʷes lut unmiyelgwes capricious, fickle. ((lit. He has no definite thoughts), adj.)
74 lut+u·+míy lutuumiy chancy, conditional. ((lit. It is uncertain), adj.)
75 lut šiʔ+šeʔ+t lut shi'she't cheeky. ((lit. He is disrespectful), adj.)
76 miyeɫ+lut miyeɫlut degenerate, person of low morals. (n.)
77 lut soltes lut soltes civilian. ((lit. He is not a soldier); soltes=l.w. from English), n.)
78 lut as+paʕ+aʕ+út+m‑s lutaspa(a(utms colorfast. ((lit. It is incapable of fading), adj.)
79 lut es‑peʕ+eʕ+út+m‑s lutespe(e(utms colorfast (lit. It is incapable of fading). (adj.)
80 elu+s+páʔq eluspa'q unbleachable. ((lit. It does not whiten e.g. by exposure to the sun), vi.)
81 lut+as+p'áʔx̣+s lutasp'a'qhs wound (the...did not heal). (n.)
82 lut hey'p+s+p'ugʷ=ílumxʷ+s lut he'ypsp'ugwilumkhws anechoic. ((lit. It has no echoes), adj.)
83 lut t'é+t'd+t' lut t'et'dt' effortless. ((lit. It is not too difficult), adj.)
84 s+lus+x̣áq'+n slusqhaq'n decompensation. ((lit. reversal of recom­pense), n.)
85 niʔ+sel+m‑st‑m e lut šiɫ ni'selmstm e lut shiɫ adulterate. ((lit. It was mixed with something not just right, it was made impure by mixing in a foreign or poorer substance), vt.)
86 lut he· y+ʔel+m+ncut+s luthee'yelmntsuts H/S did not move h/h self, h/s did not go anywhere. (vt.)
√lt2 1 li·tí liiti † tea. ((l.w. from French), n.)
2 hn+li·tíh+n hnliitihn caddy. ((lit. a small box‑like container for tea), n.)
√ltkʷ 1 ltkʷú ltku † otter. (n.)
√lw 1 liw liw! † chime, chink, sound of a bell, a short metallic sound. (n.)
2 u· lí·w uuliiiw chink. ((lit. It made a matallic sound), n.)
3 líw+liw+iš liwliwish bell. ((lit. that which tolls time and again), n.)
4 líw+m‑st‑m liwmstm ‡ chime, ding, rung, it (bell) was rung. (bell toll, vi.) [xref √lʕʷ]
√lw' 1 s+le·w'=íneč slee'winech // cricket. (locust, n.)
√lxʷ1 1 lexʷ lekhw † hurt. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+lexʷ+p slekhwp casualty, detriment. ((lit. an unfortunate chance or accident, especially one involving bodily injury, n.)
3 čn‿léxʷ+p chnlekh'wp hurt (I got...). (vi.)
4 čn‿lexʷ+p chnlekhwp hurt (to get). (vi.)
5 luxʷ+p+nú‑nt‑s lukhwpnunts ‡ H/S succeed in excruciating (causing great pain to) h/h. (vt.)
6 s+luxʷ+p‑nu‑ncút slukhwpnuntsut boomerang. ((lit. One who makes an action that rebounds detrimentally). hurting oneself, n.)
√lxʷ2 1 e·+lexʷ eelekhw † aperture, hole, opening. ((lit. There is an opening), n.)
2 en+léxʷ enlekhw cavity, atrium, auricle, hole. (n.)
3 niʔ+loxʷ=alqʷ Ni'lokhwalqw // opening in the woods slightly SW of Tensed. (n.)
4 luxʷ=l'úmxʷ lukhu'lumkhw cave. (n.)
5 luxʷ=úl'umxʷ lukhu'lumkhw cave. (n.)
6 en+luxʷ=úl'umxʷ enlukhu'lumkhw cave, cavern, hole (in the ground), posthole. (n.)
7 hn+luxʷ=úl'mxʷ hnlukhu'lmkhw burrow. ((lit. The mole dug a hole in the ground), vt.)
8 hn+láxʷ=qn hnlakhwqn bunghole. ((lit. the hole in a cask, keg or barrel through which liquid is poured in or drained out), n.)
9 luxʷ+íl'=kʷeʔ lukhwi'lkwe' dug (he...a well). (vt.)
10 luxʷ+il'=kʷeʔ lukhwil'kwe' well (to dig a...). ((lit. He dug in the ground for water), n.)
11 s+lúxʷ=il'kʷeʔ slukhwi'lkwe' artesian well (lit. A hole dug for water). (n.)
12 l'+l'xʷ=íl=uʔs '1'lkhwi'lus spring on north side of DeSmet Mission Hill (lit. little hole on the forehead of the hill). (n.)
13 léxʷ‑n lekhwn ‡ bore, drill. ((lit. I made a hole in or through it), vt.) [xref √xʷl] [see also √ɫxʷ]
√lx̣ 1 lax̣ laqh † lightening. ((stem), n.) [xref √l'x̣]
√lx̣ʷ 1 lax̣ʷ laqhw † lie (round objects). ((stem), vi.)
√ly' 1 láy'+m‑st‑m la'ymstm ‡ clatter, rattle. (clatter (lit. It was caused to make a rattling sound), vi.)
√lʕʷ1 1 hn+láʕʷ‑nt‑m hnla(wntm ‡ arraign, cite. ((lit. He was arraigned, cited, summoned before a court of law, inserted into a sheath), vt.)
√lʕʷ2 1 leʕʷ le(w † adjust, fit. ((stem), vt.)
2 ul'+l'eʕʷ ul''le(w convenient. ((lit. it is loose, relaxing), adj.)
3 léʕʷ+ʕʷ+m le(u(m decompress. ((lit. It became loosened), vt.)
4 s+léʕʷ+m+n sle(wmn convenience. ((lit. that which increases comfort or makes work easier), n.)
5 luʕʷ+luʕʷ+útm lu(wlu(utm valley, dell. (n.)
6 lʕʷ+lʕʷ+útm l(wl(utm dale, valley. ((lit. It is a long passage in which something can be inserted), n.) [see also √lʔ]
7 leʕʷ+m+ncut le(wmntsut loose, relax, He relaxed. (lit. he loosened himself). (vi.)
8 léʕʷ+s+m+ncut le(smntsut relaxed. (vt.)
9 s+leʕʷ+m+ncút sle(wmntsut detents, ease, relaxation, turning oneself loose, vacation. (n.)
10 s+léʕʷ+m+ncut sle(wmntsut ease. (n.)
11 č+léʕʷ=gʷl+um chle(wgulum // humorous way of speaking of relaxing (in general) (lit. h/s relaxed h/h stomach or abdomen). (vt.)
12 s+č+léʕʷ=gʷl=umš schle(wgulumsh loosening (...one's stomach). (vt.)
13 kʷan+ɫ+č'+lʕ'ʷ+lʕ'ʷ+p=al'qʷ kwanɫch'l'(w'l'(wpa'lqw § [also recorded as √lʕ'ʷ] pocket knife (h/s took a...). (n.)
√lʕʷ3 1 u· léʕʷ uule(w † crash. ((lit. It made the loud noise of glass crashing), vi.) [xref √lw]
√lʔ1 1 hn+leʔ=úl'mxʷ+n hnle'u'lmkhwn // dibble. ((lit. hole in the ground poker or piercer), n.)
√lʔ2 1 liʔ+leʔ+t li'le't † soar, fly. ((stem), vi.)
2 li+l'eʔ+t li'le't to fly, they soared.
3 e·+li+l'eʔ+t eeli'le't birds, fly. ((lit. flying creatures), n.,v.)
4 e+l'+l'i+l'eʔ+t e'l'li'le't bird (small). (n.)
5 e·+l'+l'iʔ+l'eʔ+t ee'l'li''le't fly. ((lit. flying creatures, dim, e.g., flies, bugs, bees.), v.)
6 eč+líʔ+leʔ echli'le' lightly, scantily. ((lit. He is scantily dressed, e.g. in winter.), adv.)
√lʔ3 1 loʔ+loʔ+ótm lo'lo'otm † valley, especially Spokane Valley. ((a Spokane word), n.) [see also √lʕʷ]
√lʔ4 1 luʔ lu'! † thump (on ground). (excl.)
2 u· lúʔ uulu' made (it...a thumping sound), sound (it made a thumping...). (vt, n.)
√lʔx̣ʷ 1 láʔx̣ʷ la'qhw † dawned, tomorrow. (It became today, vi, adv.)
2 laʔx̣ʷ la'qhw daytime, morning, tomorrow. ((stem), n.)
3 laʔx̣ʷ la'qhw tomorrow. ((lit. the day which is to come next), adv.)
4 t'uʔ+láʔx̣ʷ t'u'la'qhw tomorrow (Well,...I am coming). (vi, adv.)

√l'

√l'c 1 ul'c u'lts † anew. (adj.)
√l'č 1 l'+l'ič 'l'lich † thin (like cloth). ((stem), adj.)
2 u+l'+l'íč ul''lich thin (It is...). (adj.)
√l'q'ʷ 1 l'é+l'q'ʷ+l'+š 'le'lq'w'lsh ripples. (n.)
√l'w' 1 l'aá+l'ew'eʔ 'laa'le'we' lout, bumpkin, slouch. (n.)
2 l'a+l'éw'e 'la'le'we messy (He is...and untidy), untidy (He is messy and...). (adj.)
√l'x̣1 1 lax̣ laqh [stem recorded as √lx̣] † friend. ((stem), n.)
2 s+l'ax̣+t s'laqht buddy, comrade, friend. (n.)
3 s+l'ax̣+l'áx̣+t s'laqh'laqht friends. (n.)
4 his+tiʔxʷa+s+l'áx̣+t histi'khwas'laqht acquantance. ((lit. He is one who became a friend), n.)
5 a·+l'ax̣+t'+m+n'+šeš aa'laqht'm'nshesh friendly, sociable. ((lit. H/s usually makes friends), adj.)
6 s+l'ax̣+t=iw'es s'laqhti'wes // camaraderie, comradely good. ((lit. friends between), n.)
7 gʷɫ l'ax̣+t=íw'es guɫ 'laqhti'wes coterie. ((lit. They are mutual friends), n.)
8 l'ax̣+t+m'‑n't‑s l'aqhtm'n'ts ‡ befriend. ((lit. He acted as a friend to him), vt.)
9 l'ax̣+t+m'‑nt‑s 'laqht'mnts befriend. ((lit. He acted as a friend to him, treated him as a friend), vt.)
10 t+tw'ít ha s+l'ax̣+t tt'wit ha sl'aqht § boyfriend. (n.)
11 cúnmeʔ‑n xʷa hi+s+l'áx̣+t tsunme'n khwa his'laqht taught (I...him who is my friend). (vt.)
12 neʔ gʷíč+gʷič=us‑nt‑s xʷa s+l'ax̣+t‑s ne'tgwichgwichusnts khwa s'laqhts He will see the eyes of one who is his friend. (v.)
√l'x̣2 1 l'+l'ax̣ 'l'laqh † lighten. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+l'+l'áx̣+m' s'l'laqh'm electricity, lightening. (n.)
3 sye·+k'ʷul' a s+l'+l'áx̣+m' syeek'u'l a s'l'laqh'm § electrician. ((lit. One who produces (works) with electricity), n.) [see also √lx̣]

√ɫ

√ɫ 1 ɫ ɫ † (a connective) no meaning.
2 ɫe ɫe one who is. (n.)
√ɫc1 1 ɫac ɫats † a drop falls.
√ɫc2 1 ɫec ɫets † side‑by‑side (flat objects). ((stem), adv.)
2 č+ɫec+ɫec=w'es+cútn' chɫetsɫets'westsut'n // boutonniere. ((lit. buttons), n.)
√ɫc' 1 ɫuc' ɫuts' † break (sticklike objects). ((stem), vt.)
2 ɫuʔc ɫu'ts to break sticklike objects.
√ɫč 1 ɫeʔč ɫe'ch † break (string). ((stem), v.)
√ɫčp 1 ɫčíp ɫchip † bucket, pail. (n.)
2 kʷan+ɫ+ɫčíp kwanɫɫchip § H/s took a bucket. (v.)
√ɫkʷ1 1 ɫi+ɫikʷ ɫiɫikw † speckled, spotted. ((stem), adj.) [see also √ɫkʷ2]
√ɫkʷ2 1 ɫukʷ ɫukw † bloodstained. ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫuʔkʷ ɫu'kw bled. (vi.)
3 u· ɫúkʷ uuɫukw bloody (it is...). (adj.) [see also √ɫkʷ1]
√ɫk'ʷ1 1 ɫek'ʷ ɫek'w † break (a hairlike object). ((stem), vt.)
√ɫk'ʷ2 1 ɫek'ʷ ɫek'w † barb, fork, needle, spike. ((stem), n.)
2 ɫek'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ+t ɫekw'ɫukw't cactus, thistle, sticker. (n.)
3 s+č+ɫek'ʷ schɫek'w meat (broiled...), spit. (n.)
4 č+ɫék'ʷ‑nt‑s chɫek'wnts ‡ broiled (he...it (salmon).). (vt.)
5 č+ɫuk'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ+p+sín'+n chɫuk'wɫuk'wpsi'nn. § fork. (n.)
√ɫk'ʷ3 1 ɫuk'ʷ ɫuk'w † recall, remember. ((stem), vt.)
2 e·+ɫek'ʷ eeɫek'w rosary, beads. ((lit. That w/c is linked together), n.)
3 hn+ɫuk'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ=ílgʷes hnɫuk'wɫuk'wilgwes // He has a good memory. (n.)
4 hn+ɫuk'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ=el'gʷes+ncút hnɫuk'wɫuk'we'lgwesntsut bethink, remind, brushed up. ((lit. He reminded (himself)), vt.)
5 h[n]+ɫuk'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ=el'gʷes+ncút+n' huɫuk'wɫuk'we'lgwesntsutn' diary, memorandum. ((lit. means of reminding oneself), n.)
√ɫl 1 ɫel ɫel † sprinkle. ((stem), vt.)
2 ɫil ɫil to sprinkle.
3 ɫél‑nt‑s ɫelnts ‡ dabble, spatter, splash, splatter. ((lit. He splashed or spattered it, as with liquid), vt.)
√ɫm1 1 ɫom+en' ɫome'n † (I scolded him ?) scold. ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+ɫóm+emn hnɫomemn trachea, windpipe. ((lit. instrument of scolding (shouting)), n.)
3 ɫome‑n't‑s ɫome'nts ‡ chide, scold, scolded. ((lit. H/s scolded h/h), vt.)
√ɫm2 1 s+č+ɫem+t schɫemt † dew. (n.)
2 č+ɫem‑nt‑m chɫemntm ‡ bedew. ((lit. It became wet with dew), vt.)
√ɫm' 1 ɫem' ɫe'm † apologize. ((stem), vi.)
√ɫn 1 ɫén+ɫn+t ɫenɫnt † bumptious, chit, insistent, pushy. (pushy, insistent (lit. He is cruelly forward and self‑assertive in behavior/a girl who is pert), adj, n.)
2 ɫen+p ɫenp H/S insisted on going along. (vi.)
3 čs+ɫén+p‑nt‑s chsɫenpnts ‡ desire. ((lit. He desired it)., v.)
√ɫn' 1 ɫen' ɫe'n † opposite (on the...side). ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫun' ɫu'n opposed, opposite. ((stem), adj.)
3 ɫuw'en ɫu'wen [?] opposed, opposite.
4 hn+ɫen'=ítkʷeʔ hnɫe'nitkwe' // Europe, overseas, the Continent. ((lit. on the other side of the water), n.)
5 hn+ɫen'=u·s=iw'es hnɫe'nuusi'wes across. (prep.)
√ɫp 1 ɫeʔp ɫe'p † stripe, welt (make a...). ((stem), vt, n.) [xref √ɫp']
√ɫpx̣ 1 ɫapx̣ ɫapqh † bruise, skin. ((stem), vt.)
√ɫp'1 1 ɫip' ɫip' † to stripe.
2 ɫep' ɫe'p to strip, mark, make a welt.
3 ɫp'+min+n ɫp'minn crayon, marker (a line...). (E.g to mark a line with a stick, stone, crayon, n.)
4 ɫp'+ɫp'+m'in'+n' ɫp'ɫp'm'in'n' (dim form) pen, pencil. ((lit. a small line marker), n.)
5 ɫp'=ul'umxʷ+n ɫp'u'lumkhwn // border, frontier. ((lit. a means of marking the line of land), n.)
6 ɫup'=úl'umxʷ+n ɫup'u'lumkhwn border (lit. means of marking the boundary of land). (n.)
7 s+cen+ɫp'=eɫníw' stsenɫp'eɫni'w definition. (lit. circumstances, limiting). (n.)
8 ɫep'‑nt‑s ɫep'nts ‡ line (He marked it with a...), marked (He...it with a line). (n, vt.)
9 ɫp'+úl'mxʷ‑nt‑s ɫp'u'lmkhwnts demarcate. ((lit. he drew a line on the ground), vt.)
10 cen+ɫp'=eɫníw'‑n tsenɫp'eɫni'wn define. ((lit. I circumscribed it; I fixed its limits), vt.)
11 u+n+málq'ʷ=qn he ɫp'+ɫp'+mín'+n' unmalq'wqn he ɫp'ɫp'mi'n'n § pen (ball‑point...). (n.)
12 kʷen+ɫ+ɫp'+ɫp'+m'ín'+n' kwenɫɫp'ɫp''mi'n'n took (H/s...a pencil, a pen). (vt.) [xref √ɫp]
√ɫp'2 1 ɫep['] ɫep † disappoint, distasteful. ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫép[']+ɫp'+t ɫepɫp't disappointing (He is very...). (adj.)
√ɫp'č' 1 ɫáp'č'‑nt‑s ɫap'ch'nts ‡ bolt, devour, gulp, consume. (bolt, devour, gulp (lit. He ate it hurriedly), vt.)
√ɫq 1 ɫaq ɫaq † mend, patch. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+ɫaq+ɫa·q'=ic'e sɫaqɫaaq'its'e // [q]uilt. (n.) [xref ɫq']
√ɫqʔ 1 ɫaqiʔ ɫaqi' † drop. ((stem). they, vt.)
√ɫq'1 1 ɫaq' ɫaq' † broad, wide. ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫaq' ɫaq' crouch, lie (on one's stomach). ((stem), prone, vi.)
3 ɫaq'+t ɫaq't broad, capricious, wide. (adj.)
4 s+ɫaq'+t sɫaq't breadth, width. (n.)
5 ɫáq+ɫaq'+t ɫaqɫaq't bass (fish).((lit. wide wide), n.)
6 ɫ+ɫq'=ín'č ɫɫq'i'nch // brisling, sardine. ((lit. little wide intestine), n.)
7 hn+ɫaq'=íɫc'eʔ hnɫaq'iɫt'se' ample, capacious, commodious, roomy, spacious. ((lit. It is wide inside), adj.)
8 s+ɫáq'=gʷl sɫaq'gul barge. ((lit. wide flat boat), n.)
9 s+ɫ+ɫaq'=gʷíl' sɫɫaq'gwi'l bateau. ((lit. small, wide boat), n.)
10 č+ɫaq'+ɫaq'=íneʔ chɫaq'ɫaq'ine' ears (he has big...). (n.)
11 s+ɫaq'=ítkʷeʔ sɫaq'itkwe' Atlantic Ocean, large lake, ocean, sea, wide water. (n.)
12 ɫaq'+p+m‑stu‑s ɫaq'pmstus ‡ broaden, widen. ((lit. H/s made it broader), vt.)
13 ɫaq'+t=íl'š‑stu‑s ɫaq'ti'lshstus widen. ((lit. He widened it), vt.)
14 [ɫ]aq'+t he lj+mín+n laq't he ljminn § broad‑sword. ((lit. It is broad which is a sword), n.)
√ɫq'2 1 ɫaq' ɫaq' † corral, round up. ((stem), vt.)
√ɫqʷ1 1 ɫaqʷ ɫaqw † band, belt, hang. ((stem). to hang as in a sack or on a line, band, belt, n, vt.)
2 hn+ɫoqʷ=ílgʷes+n hnɫoqwilgwesn // cabinet, closet. ((lit. place for hanging (storing) things), n.)
√ɫqʷ2 1 ɫoqʷ ɫoqw † also, and, besides, likewise. (conj, adv.)
2 ɫoqʷ+s+tim ɫoqwstim § what else. (adv.)
√ɫq'ʷ 1 ɫaq'ʷ ɫaq'w † peel, skin. ((stem), vt.)
2 ɫoq'ʷ ɫoq'w bald, bare (head), hairless. ((stem), adj.)
3 č+ɫaq'ʷ=álqʷ chɫaq'walqw // He stripped bark off a tree. (vt.)
4 niʔ+ɫóq'ʷ=aw'as=qn ni'ɫoq'wa'wasqn bald. ((lit. one lacking hair on the top of the head), adj.)
5 č+ɫáq'ʷ‑nt‑s chɫaq'wnts ‡ peeled (he...it off). (vt.)
6 čs+ɫóq'ʷ‑nt‑s chsɫoq'wnts depilate. ((lit. He removed hair from his (dog's) tail), v.)
7 kʷan+ɫ+s+ɫáq'ʷ=qn kwanɫsɫaq'wqn § H/s took along a bark basket (lit. that which is pulled off a cedar tree). (v.)
8 s+kʷán+ɫqʷeʔ=ep skwanɫqwe'ep Bark basket taken along. (vi.)
9 čn‿kʷán+lq'ʷeʔ=ep chnkwanlq'we'ep I took a bark basket(s) along. (vt.)[see also √lq']
√ɫs1 1 ɫis ɫis † measure, weigh. ((stem), vt.)
2 ɫis+emn ɫisemn caliper, measure. (n.)
3 ɫs+ɫs+n'cút ɫsɫs'ntsut calisthenics (to do...). ((lit. He measured himself repeatedly), n.)
4 sye·+ɫís+m syeeɫism critic. ((lit. One who measures standards), n.)
5 č+ɫis+cút+m chɫissutm comparable (lit. It's worthy of comparison). (adj.)
6 ɫs+ɫs=m'eʔ+n'cút ɫsɫs'me''ntsut // exercise, exercising, do calisthenics. ((lit. He measured himself repeatedly), vi, vt.)
7 ɫs+ɫs=m'eʔ+ncut+n' ɫsɫs'me'ntsut'n barbell, (lit. means of measuring oneself repeatedly). (n.)
8 i+ɫs+ɫs=m'eʔ+n'cút iɫsɫs'me''ntsut exercising (He is...). ((lit. He is measuring over and over), vt.)
9 s+ɫis+ɫis=m'eʔ+ncút sɫisɫis'me'ntsut calisthenics. ((lit. measuring, measuring one's own strength), n.)
10 ɫis‑nt‑s ɫisnts ‡ measure, he measured it, root of measure. (vt.)
11 ɫis=meʔ‑nt‑s ɫisme'nts budget, calculated, calibrated, figured, measure, (lit. he measures it out). (vt.)
12 č+ɫís+m‑stu‑s chɫismstus compare, coordinate (lit. He measured (compared) it with something else). (vi.)
√ɫs2 1 s+ɫus+mn sɫusmn † countenance, face. (n.)
2 s+n+ɫús+mn snɫusmn eye (mental...), mind's eye. (n.)
3 s+č+ɫús+mn schɫusmn eye. (n.)
4 s+č+ɫu+ɫús+mn schɫuɫusmn eyes. (n.)
5 s+n+ɫú+ɫus+mn snɫuɫusmn vision (mental...), eyes (inner...), insight, penetration. (n.)
6 elu+s+n+ɫú+ɫus+mn elusnɫuɫusmn § bold, brash, reckless, daring, daredevil. ((lit. He has no inner eyes), adj.)
√ɫtk'ʷ 1 ɫitk'ʷ ɫitk'w † jerk, twitch. ((stem), vi.)
√ɫt'1 1 ɫet' ɫet' † jump. ((stem), vi.)
2 ɫit' ɫit' jump (off or out of). ((stem), vi.)
3 ɫet' ɫet' to splash.
4 *ɫet'+p ɫetp' to jump.
5 ɫét'+p+m+ncut ɫet'pmntsut bound, jump, leap. ((lit. He caused himself to leap), vi.)
6 s+ɫet'+p+m+ncut sɫet'pmntsut capriole. ((lit. leaping or jumping), n.)
7 s+ɫét'+ɫt'+p'+m+n'cut sɫet'ɫt'p'm'ntsut caper. ((lit. leaping or frisking about), n.)
8 nukʷ+ɫ+ɫt'+č'=ús+m‑n‑n nukwɫɫt'ch'usmnn § coincide. ((lit. We tripped simul­taneously), vi.) [?]
√ɫt'2 1 ɫit' ɫit' † sprinkle (ceremonially). ((stem), vt.)
2 ɫit'‑nt‑s ɫit'nts ‡ besprinkle, he sprinkled it with water. (vt.) [see also √ɫt'q'ʷ]
√ɫt'q'ʷ1 1 ɫet'q'ʷ ɫet'q'w † splash. ((stem), vi.) [see also √ɫt'2]
√ɫt'q'ʷ2 1 hn+ɫát'+ɫt'q'ʷ=cn hnɫat'ɫt'q'wtsn † // brusque, he is brusque. ((lit. He is discourteously blunt), adj.)
√ɫw 1 u+n+ɫ+ɫúʔ+m=us unɫɫu'mus // acute. ((lit. It is sharp‑pointed), adj.)
√ɫwč' 1 čiʔ‿ɫéwč' chi'ɫewch' † deteriorate. ((lit. I am deteriorating; I am growing worse physically), vi.)
√ɫws 1 ɫuwis+tn ɫuwistn † uncle (foster...), uncle of a person with a deceased mother. ((lit. uncle of a person whose parent is dead), n.)
√ɫxʷ 1 ɫexʷ ɫekhw † clothes, needle. ((stem). to sew, n.)
2 ɫexʷ ɫekhw draw (...together), put on, sew, slip on. ((stem), vt.)
3 ɫexʷ+m ɫekhum sew. ((lit. He sewed), vt.)
4 ɫéxʷ+ɫəxʷ+m ɫeqhwɫuqhum ɫekhwɫukhum. They sewed. (vt.)
5 s+ɫéxʷ+m sɫekhum baste (clothing), couture, crochet, needle work. ((lit. sewing), n.)
6 ɫ+ɫéxʷeʔ ɫɫekhwe' blouse, bodice, cloth, clothes, clothing, dress, shirt, fabric. ((lit. something sewed), n.)
7 ɫuxʷ+mín+n ɫukhwminn needle, sewing machine. ((lit. a means of sewing), n.)
8 ɫúxʷ+min+n ɫukhwminn needle. (n.)
9 s+ɫuxʷ=čt sɫukhwcht // glove, mitten. (n.)
10 *ni s+ɫuxʷ=čt‑s ni stukhwchts? Is it his glove? ((qu.).)
11 s+ɫuxʷ+xʷ=íw'es sɫukhukhwi'wes context, intertwining. ((lit. weaving together), n.)
12 et+k'ʷul' hey+ɫéxʷ etk'u'l heyɫekhw § brocade. ((lit. A woven thing of design), n.)
13 ul sye+cuw'+n't-wíš he s+ɫúxʷ=čt ul syetsu'w'ntwish he sɫukhwcht glove (boxing...). ((lit. glove of a boxer), n.)
√ɫxʷp 1 ɫéxʷ+xʷ+p=us ɫekhukhwpus // convict, culprit. ((lit. He became lassoed (by guilt)), vt, n.)
2 s+ɫéxʷ+xʷ+p=us sɫekhukhwpus conviction. ((lit. becoming lassoed (by guilt), n.)
3 kʷl=uʔs+ɫuxʷp+ú Kwlu'sɫukhwpu § Red Lasso. (n.) [xref √ɫx̣ʷp]
√ɫx̣ 1 s+n+ɫax̣+p=ílgʷes snɫaqhpilgwes // calamity. ((lit. cause of great dis­tress), n.)
2 can+ɫax̣+p=ílgʷes tsanɫaqhpilgwes commiserate, sympathized (he...). ((lit. he felt sorrow or pity), vi.)
3 s+can+ɫax̣+p=ilgʷes stsanɫaqhpilgwes concern, distress, tribulation, worry. (n.)
4 s+can+ɫáx̣+p=ilgʷes stsanɫaqhpilgwes dither. (n.)
√ɫx̣ʷ1 1 č+ɫe+ɫx̣ʷ=ál'qʷ chɫeɫqhwa'lqw // flute, cembalo, music. ((lit. Holes bored on a hollow stick, log, etc.) piano, n.)
2 č+ɫ+ɫx̣ʷ=ál'qʷ chɫɫqhwa'lqw harpsichord. ((lit. Holes bored on a hollow stick, log, etc, n.)
3 sya+č+ɫ+ɫx̣ʷ=ál'qʷ syachɫɫqhwa'lqw artist, flutist, musician, pianist. (n.)
4 sya·+q'éy'+n tgʷel' č+ɫ+ɫx̣ʷ=álqʷ syaaq'e'yn tgwe'l chɫɫqhwalqw § composer. ((lit. writer for the flute, piano, etc.), n.) [see also √lxʷ]
√ɫx̣ʷ2 1 ɫáx̣ʷ+ɫx̣ʷ ɫaqhwɫqhw † cherry. (n.)
2 ɫáx̣ʷ+ɫux̣ʷ ɫaqhwɫuqhw cherry, choke cherry. ((wild cherries, chokecherries), n.)
3 láx̣ʷ+lux̣ʷ laqhwluqhw [also recorded as √lx̣ʷ] wild cherries, wild cherry. (cherry, choke cherry, n, pl n.)
4 ɫax̣ʷ+ɫux̣ʷ ɫaqhwɫuqhw chokecherries. ((wild cherries, pl. form), n.)
√ɫx̣ʷp 1 ɫax̣ʷ ɫaqhw † (?) momentum. ((stem), n.)
2 ɫáx̣ʷ+p ɫaqhwp escape, escaped (He...), away (to get...). (vi.)
3 cen+ɫ+ɫuxʷp+m'=ín'č Tsenɫɫukhwp'mi'nch // crossed (He...the mountain pass), mountain pass (He crossed the...). ((lit. name of a pass in the Clear Water Mountains), vt, n.)
4 ɫáx̣ʷp tel' hn+lč'+mín+n ɫaqhwp te'l hnlch'minn § prison (He escaped from...). (n.) [xref √ɫxʷp, √ɫx̣ʷp']
√ɫx̣ʷp' 1 ɫax̣ʷp' ɫaqhwp' † rush (to...out). ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+ɫáx̣ʷp'+m hnɫaqhop'm rush, dart, dash. ((lit. He rushed in), vt.) [xref √ɫx̣ʷp]
√ɫx̣ʷq' 1 ɫax̣ʷq' ɫaqhwq' † slip. ((stem), vt.)
√ɫy 1 ɫay ɫay † marks (to make dirty...), scribble. ((stem), v.)
2 u· ɫáy uuɫay dingy, streaks (it has dirty...). (adj.)
3 ɫe+ɫay' ɫeɫa'y spotted. ((stem), adj.)
4 ɫáy+y ɫayy blot. ((lit. It became blotted), vt.)
5 ɫáy+iy ɫayiy contaminate. ((lit. It became impure), vt.)
6 s+ɫ'+ɫ'ay' sɫ'ɫa'y soil. (n.)
7 s+ɫiʔ+ɫay' sɫi'ɫa'y soil. (one who is always soiled, n.)
8 ɫáy+y=us ɫayyus // begrime, besmear, dirty, soil. (besmear, dirty, soil (lit. He became soiled as to the face), vt.)
9 ɫ+ɫiy=ál'xʷ ɫɫiya'lkhw pinto. (n.)
10 ɫ+ɫiy'=al'xʷ ɫɫiy'al'khw horse (a spotted..., pinto), pinto. ((lit. one with a spotted or marked hide), n.)
11 a·+ɫay'=elxʷ aaɫa'yelkhw brindled, streaked, striped. ((It, animal's coat, is...), adj.)
12 ɫáy‑nt‑m ɫayntm ‡ dirtied (to be...), besmirch, besmirched (to be...). ((lit. H/s/i was dirtied), vi, vt.)
13 ɫáy‑nt‑s ɫaynts befoul, soil, sully. (befoul, soil (lit. He sullied it), vt.)
√ɫʕʷ 1 ɫaʕʷ ɫa(w † slippery. ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫeʕʷ ɫe(w skate, slide (on ice). ((stem), vi.)
√ɫʔ1 1 ɫiʔ ɫi' † border, edge (close to the...). ((stem), vt, adj.)
2 ɫeʔ+p ɫe'p (?) bold, courageous, undaunted. ((stem), adj.)
3 č+ɫiʔ‑ chɫi'‑ beside. ((pref), adv.)
4 č+ɫiʔ chɫi' beside. (prep.)
5 č+ɫíʔ+iʔ chɫi'i' saturday. ((lit. it came next to the wall), n.)
6 č+ɫiʔ+iʔ chɫi'i' Saturday, adjacent, next to. ((lit. What comes next to Sunday), n.)
7 s+ɫeʔ+p=us=šn sɫe'pusshn // boundary, deadline, destination, destiny. ((lit. end of the trail), n.)
8 s+n+ɫáʔ+p=alq+s snɫa'palqs end (dead...). ((lit. end of the trail), n.)
9 elu+s+ɫeʔ+p=ús=šn elusɫe'pusshn § boundless, limitless. ((lit. It is w/o limit), adj.)
10 lut'+hey'p+s+ɫeʔ+p=ús+ši+s lut'he'ypsɫe'pusshis infinity. ((lit. It has no limit), n.)
11 xʷɫ+n+ɫáʔp=alqs he s+yuxʷm=ús+m=ul'umxʷ khuɫnɫa'palqs he syukhwmusmu'lumkhw arctic. ((lit. the most cold land), n.)
12 hn+ɫáʔ+p=alqs č'es+t hnɫa'palqs ch'est atrocious, evil. ((lit. He is extremely evil), adj.)
13 hn+ɫá[ʔ]p=alqs he s+yuxʷm=ús+m=ul'umxʷ hnɫapalqs he syukhwmusmu'lumkhw North Pole. ((lit. the most cold land), n.)
√ɫʔ2 1 ɫuʔ ɫu † near (a third person). ((stem), adj.)
2 ɫuʔ ɫu' that which is over there (away from us). (adv.)
3 e+n+ɫuʔ enɫu attend. ((lit. He was present there), v.)
4 e n+ɫúʔ enɫu' it is there (at a distance). (vi.)
5 teč+ɫuw' techɫu'w [also recorded as √ɫw'] there (over there). (adv.)
6 ɫuʔ+w'e ɫu'we § that near third person or remote. (n.)
7 ɫuʔ+w'en ɫuʔ x̣es+t ɫu'wenɫu'qhest that one is a good man, besides. (vi.)
√ɫʔ3 1 ɫuʔ+uʔ+um+n=us=us ɫu'u'umnusus // fell (he...forward). (vi.) [?]

√m

√mc 1 mec mets † dull. ((stem), adj.)
2 mec+mc+t metsmtst blunt (for objects only), dull. ((lit. It, e.g. the knife, is dull), adj, n.)
√mckʷ 1 mcukʷ mtsukw † caps (wild black...), (berries). (n.)
√mcq 1 macq matsq † asunder (fall) as a house, etc., shattered. (lit. it fell to pieces). (vt.)
2 hn+mácq hnmatsq caved (it...in), cave‑in. (vi, n.)
√mc' 1 mc'=ús+en mts'usen // balm, oil, face cream. ((lit. a means of oiling one's face), n.)
2 mc'=us+n mt'susn balm. ((lit. means of oiling one's face), n.) [xref √mʔc]
√mc'ɫt 1 mác'uɫt mats'uɫt † pus. (n.)
2 s+mc'c'áɫt+m smts'ts'aɫtm infection. (n.)
3 s+mc'c'oɫt+m smts'ts'oɫtm abscess. (n.)
√mc'p 1 mac'p mats'p † bee, bumblebee, honeybee, Deborah. (n.)
2 ʔapɫ+mac'p apɫmats'p beekeeper. (n.)
3 ul mac'p he cétxʷ+s ul mats'p he tsetkhws § apiary. ((lit. belonging to a bee's house), n.)
√mc'y' 1 t+mc'+mc'íy'=eɫp Tmts'mts'i'yeɫp // Round Top (north of St. Maries, Idaho). ((lit. a tree with shiny bark and leaves from which bows and arrows were made), n.)
√mč 1 u· méč uumech † convex. (n.)
√mh 1 múh=elxʷ muhelkhw // cowhide, rawhide. ((onom. mu‑helkhw, moo‑hide), n.)
√mkʷʔ 1 s+múkʷeʔ=šn smukwe'shn // sunflower. (n.)
√mk'ʷ 1 mik'ʷ mik'w † snow. ((stem), n.)
2 s+mik'ʷ+n smik'wn January. ((lit. month of snows), n.)
3 s+mik'ʷ+t smik'wt snow. (n.) [xref √mx̣ʷ]
√ml1 1 mul mul † dip. ((stem), vt.)
2 cen+múl+emn tsenmulemn dipper. (n.)
3 hn+múl+m hnmulm fetched (He...water). (vt.)
4 s+čet+múl schetmul butter, cream. (butter (lit. that which is scrape off the surface of milk), n.)
5 hn+čet+múl+n hnchetmuln creamery. ((lit. place where butter, etc., are made), n.)
√ml2 1 mel+mel+t=ičt+m melmeltichtm // dally, delay, linger, played, passed time with his hands. ((lit. he dallied), v.)
2 mel+mel+t=íčs+n melmeltichsn bauble. ((lit. plaything, toy), n.)
3 s+mel+mel+t=íčt+m smelmeltichtm dalliance, toying, trifling. (n.)
4 s+mel+mel+t=íčt+mš smelmeltichtmsh dalliance, trifling, toying. (n.)
5 mel+mel=cn+mí+ncut melmeltsnmintsut babble, chatter. ((lit. He played himself with his mouth), vi.)
6 mel+mel+t=íčt‑m‑nt‑m melmeltichtmntm ‡ desecrate. ((lit. It (sacred object) was used as a toy), vi.)
7 s+mel+mel+t=ičt‑m‑nn smelmeltichtmnn desecration, using as a toy (some­thing sacred). (n.)
√ml3 1 mul mul † dirty. ((stem), adj.)
2 ml'=ól'mxʷ m'lo'lmkhw // ground, soil. (n.)
3 ml=ól'mxʷ mlo'lmkhw earth (soil). (n.)
4 ml=ol'umxʷ mlo'lumkhw ground, soil. (n.)
5 mil'‑nt‑m mi'lntm ‡ allot. ((lit. it was distributed by lot), v.)
6 u+x̣ʷal'+á ml=ól'umxʷ uqhwa'la mlo'lumkhw § unrefined, earthy. ((lit. It resembles the soil), adj.)
√ml4 1 ml=qn=úps mlqnups (etym † eagle. (mlqn‑dark, ups‑tail), n.)
2 ml=qen=ups Mlqenups Aquila, eagle. (n.)
3 u+x̣ʷel'+é ml=qn=úps uqhwe'le mlqnups § aquiline. ((lit. like an eagle), n.)
√mlk'ʷ1 1 melk'ʷ melk'w † complete, intact, whole. ((stem), adj.)
2 ec+mélk'ʷ etsmelk'w absolute, aggregate, whole. (adj.)
3 ec+mélk'ʷ+m etsmelk'um all‑encompassing, comprehensive, entire. ((lit. It is totally inclusive), vi.)
4 ec+mlk'ʷ+m=úl'mxʷ etsmlk'umu'lmkhw // cosmos, universe, world. ((lit. Everywhere on Earth), n.)
5 ul ec+mlk'ʷ+m=úl'mxʷ ul etsmlk'umu'lmkhw cosmopolitan, ecumenical. ((lit. common to the whole world), adj.) [xref √mlq'ʷ]
√mlk'ʷ2 1 mél·k'ʷ mellk'w † coagulate. ((lit. It thickened completely), vi.)
2 melk'ʷ melk'w curdle. ((stem), v.)
3 mállk'ʷ+x̣ʷ mallk'qhw coagulate (lit. It thickened completely). (vi.)
4 s+n+mél·k'ʷ snmellk'w clabber, curd, crud. (clabber, curd. (lit. coagulated part of milk), n, vi.)
5 hn+mél·k'ʷ hnmellk'w curdle. ((lit. it became curdled), vi.) [xref √mlq'ʷ]
√mlq 1 s+malq+n smalqn † moss (cooked). (n.)
√mlq'ʷ 1 malq'ʷ malq'w † rounded, spherical. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· malq'ʷ uumalq'w bulbous. ((lit. It is bulb shaped), adj.)
3 m'+m'(=)al'q'ʷ 'm'ma'lq'w bolus. (lump, n.)
4 m'+m'alq'ʷ m'm'alq'w sphere. (dim.n.)
5 m'l'+m'el'q'ʷ 'm'l'me'lq'w ammunition, bullets. ((lit. Little Spheres), n.)
6 m'l'+mel'q'ʷ 'm'lme'lqw' bullet, cartridge. ((lit. Little Spheres), n.)
7 s+mál·q'ʷ smallq'w clot. ((lit. a thick, viscous or coagulated mass), n.)
8 s+málq'ʷ+m+šeš smalq'umshesh conglomeration. (n.)
9 ac+mál'qʷ atsmal'qw convex (lit. It is in the form of a lump having a round top). (vi.)
10 mlq'ʷ=ečs+ncut mlq'wechsntsut // clench, determined. ((lit. he brought to­gether (hands) tightly), vt.)
11 s+mlq'ʷ=ečs+ncút smlq'wechsntsut determination. ((lit. clenching one's fist as a sign of being firm in decisions), n.)
12 s+can+ml'q[']ʷ=áp=qn' stsanm'lqwapq'n chignon. ((lit. A lump (of hair) at the back of the head), n.)
13 málq'ʷ+m‑s‑n malq'umsn ‡ conglomerate. ((lit. I gathered it (them) into a round mass), vt.)
14 málq'ʷ+m‑stu‑s malq'umstus agglomerate. ((lit. He formed it into a rounded mass), vi.)
15 u+n+málq'ʷ=qn he ɫp'+ɫp'+mín'+n' unmalq'wqn he ɫp'ɫp'mi'n'n § pen (ball‑point...). (n.)[xref √mlk'ʷ]
√mlš 1 mulš mulsh † cottonwood. (n.)
2 hn+múlš=enč Hnmulshench // beaver, Rockford, Washington. ((lit. concave wall with concave facing the beholder), n.)
3 čn‿tel'+hn+mulš=enč. chntel'(h)nmulshench Similar constr (with tl fused to the stem) occurs in Ok Rock ford, Washington (lit. I am from Rockford, Washington). (v.)
√mlxʷ 1 milxʷ milkhw † naked. ((stem), adj.)
√mlʔ 1 m'el'eʔ 'me'le † bait. ((stem), n.)
2 m'l'y'=iy'eʔ+n' 'm'l'yi'ye''n // bait. (n.)
3 m'l'y'=iʔy'eʔ+n' 'm'l'y'i'y'e'n decoy. ((bait for fishing or trapping), n.)
√ml'1 1 mal' ma'l † boil (come to...), hot, stifling, warm. ((stem), v, adj.)
2 mal'+ml'+t ma'lm'lt It causes uncomfortable warmth (like woolen clothes in hot summer). (vt.)
3 s+mal'+p sma'lp warm (condition of being uncomfortably...). (n.)
4 čn‿mál'+p chnma'lp discomfort. ((lit. I was made uncomfortable by the heat), n.)
5 hn+mal'+m hnma'lm boil. (v.)
6 s+n+mal'+n snma'ln boiling. (vt.)
7 hn+mal'+p hnma'lp kettle boiled. (vi.)
8 hn+mal'+ml'+p hnma'lm'lp The kettles boiled. (vi.)
9 i c+mál'+p itsma'lp H/s is being uncomfortably warm. (vi.)
10 s+ml'=ól'mxʷ sm'lo'lmkhw // dumplings. ((lit. bread boiled), n.)
11 hn+mál'‑n hnma'ln ‡ boil. ((lit. I boiled it), vt.)
√ml'2 1 mil' mi'l † aimless. ((stem), adj.)
2 mil' mi'l await. ((stem), vt.)
√ml'3 1 mil' mi'l † distribute, pass out (food), repair. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+mil'+m smi'lm digestion. ((lit. distributing), n.)
3 mil'‑n mi'ln ‡ digest. ((lit. I distributed it, I digested it (food for thoughts)), vt.)
4 mil'‑nt‑s mi'lnts distributed (He...it). (vt.)
5 míl'‑nt‑m mi'lntm allot (lit. it was distributed by lot). (v.)
√ml'4 1 mel' me'l † addition (in...to), by, on. (prep.)
2 mel' me'l near, touching. (adv, adj.)
3 c+m+mól'=qn tsmmo'lqn // cumulate. ((lit. It became heaped up), vi.)
4 s+co+mól'=qn stsomo'lqn cumulus. ((lit. putting in a heap or pile), n.)
5 s+n+mel'=cín' snme'ltsi'n address, curtilage, home. ((lit. place where one stays (lives), n.)
6 mel'+ciʔ me'ltsi' § by that (place). (adv.)
7 e+mel'+xʷíʔ eme'lkhwi' here (right...). (adv.)
8 ac+mal'+máq'ʷ atsma'lmaq'w composite. (n.)
9 ac+mál+ maq'ʷ atsmalmaq'w convex lumps. (v.)
10 s+mal'+máq'ʷ+m sma'lmaq'um composition. (n.)
11 mel'+s+če+t'uk'ʷ+útn me'lschet'uk'utn bedside. ((lit. It is by the bed), n.)
12 ʔep+s+n+mel'=cín' epsnme'ltsi'n denizen, inhabitant, resident. ((lit. H/s has a place to live in), n.)
13 s+mel'+c'uqʷún+m sme'lts'uqunm connotation. ((lit. mentioning (or inferring) something with what is said), n.)
14 mal'+t+pér'+per'qʷ=alqʷ‑nt‑m ma'ltpe'rpe'rqwalqwntm crucified (to be...), crucify. ((lit. He was put to death by being nailed to crossed poles), vi, vt.)
15 s+mal'+t+pér'+per'qʷ=alqʷ sma'ltpe'rpe'rqwalqw crucifixion. (n.)
16 mel'+čen'‑nt‑s me'lche'nnts comprise. (vt.) [Reichard identifies √ml' as a prefix, see §408]
√ml'xʷ 1 mil'xʷ mi'lkhw † tobacco. ((stem), n.)
2 s+mil'xʷ smi'lkhw tobacco. (n.)
3 s+n+míl'xʷ+n snmi'lkhwn pipe. (n.)
4 čs+n+míl'xʷ+n Chsnmi'lkhwn Grizzly Mountain. ((lit. Name of mountain in the Clear Water Mountains of Idaho where materials for pipes were got), n.)
5 ni s+mil'xʷ‑s ni smi'lkhws? ‡ Is it his tobacco? ((qu.).)
6 ni i‑s+n+míl'xʷ+n ni isnmi'lkhwn? Is it your pipe? ((qu.).)
7 kʷen+ɫ+s+míl'xʷ kwenɫsmi'lkhw § took (H/s...tobacco along). (vt.)
√mɫ 1 miɫ miɫ † rest. (vi.)
2 meɫ meɫ lying down (persons...). ((stem))
3 s+miɫ+m smiɫm breather, rest (a short...period). ((lit. resting), n.)
4 u+m'+m'eʔɫí· u'm'me'ɫiii ease. ((lit. It remains free from pain, exertion), n.)
5 hn+míɫ=kʷeʔ Hnmiɫkwe' // St. Joe River. (n.)
6 s+nukʷ+méɫ+l+iš snukwmeɫlish § bed‑fellow. (n.)
7 hn+č'n'+n'+meɫi·+t+s+púʔs hnch''n'nmeɫiitspu's come. (lit. his heart came to its own position). (vt.)
√mɫč 1 s+mɫič smɫich † salmon. (n.)
2 ye+s+mɫíč yesmɫich salmon (He got a...). (n.)
3 ʔep+s+mɫič epsmɫich salmon waters. ((lit. It has salmon), n.)
4 s+č+čáy'+p he s+mɫíč schcha'yp he smɫich § dried salmon. (n.)
5 čeɫ‿či‿ʔiɫn e s+mɫíč cheɫ chii' yiɫn e smɫich I am going to eat some salmon.
√mɫq 1 maɫq maɫq † heavy convex object collapses.
√mm 1 s+mí+mem=elt smimemelt // berceuse, lullaby. (putting one's child to sleep. chanting or singing, n.)
2 mum‑šit mumshit ‡ help (to...). ((stem), vt.)
√mn 1 mí+mn=uɫt mimnuɫt † white fish. (n.)
√mnč 1 mnač=alqs mnachalqs // intelligence. ((one who looks over all). Raven, n.)
2 mnáč=alqs mnachalqs raven. ((metaph. intelligence, one who observes all); cf. also Shllchɫ Mnachalqs, Circling Raven, a great Coeur d'Alene chief of the 1700's, n.)
3 šl+l+tš+ɫ+mnač=alqs Shlltshɫmnachalqs § Circling Raven. (n.)
√mnk 1 mo·nki moonki † monkey. ((l.w. from Engl.), n.)
2 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t ha mo·nkí qha'yqhi't ha moonki § ape, gorilla. ((lit. big monkey), n.)
√mnkh 1 čs+mononkih+m chsmononkihm † rheumatism, stiffness (body), arthritis. (n.)
√mntw 1 mntúw=il'š mntuwi'lsh // punctual. ((stem), adj.) [see vol. 1 for stress]
√mnʔ 1 míneʔ mine † apt (to be...), apt, likely (to be...). (adj.)
2 mineʔ mine' suitable. (adj.)
√mn' 1 min' mi'n † paint, smear. ((stem), vt.)
2 mín'+emn mi'nemn brush, paintbrush. ((lit. a means of painting), vt, n.)
3 s+min'+m smi'nm rubbing. (vt.)
4 ec+mín'+men'+iš etsmi'nme'nish pacer. (n.)
5 mín'‑nt‑s mi'nnts ‡ groom, paint, rub. ((lit. He rubbed it), vt.)
√mps 1 m(=)ups mups † anal. (adj.)
√mqʷ 1 moq moq † [ʷ] aggressive, forward. ((stem), adj.)
2 hn+móqʷ+moqʷ=cn hnmoqwmoqwtsn // blunt, brusque, (lit. He is out­spoken). (adj.)
√mq'ʷ 1 maq'ʷ maq'w † pile, stack. ((stem). pile, vt.)
2 s+máq'ʷ+m smaq'um compilation, heaping together. (n.)
3 a+n+máq'ʷ anmaq'w contents. ((lit. They were contained in something, imprisoned), n.)
4 s+čat+máq'ʷ schatmaq'w cargo, load. ((lit. something loaded on), n.)
5 hn+móq'ʷ+min+n hnmoq'wminn depot. ((lit. warehouse for sacks of wheat, etc.), n.)
6 čat+m'oq'ʷ+m'oq'ʷ+m'in+n chat'moq'w'moq'w'minn boxcar, (lit. that on which things are loaded repeatedly). (truck, n.)
7 s+maq'ʷ=qn Smaq'wqn // Medimont (between Harrison & Rose Lake, Idaho). (n.)
8 hn+moq'ʷ=íčn'+n hnmoq'wich'nn cantle. ((lit. saddle), n.)
9 hn+móq'ʷ=ičn'+n hnmoq'wich'nn saddle. (n.)
10 maq'ʷ‑nt‑s maq'wnts ‡ compiled (he...them), he put them down like sacks of wheat. (v.)
11 máq'ʷ‑nt‑s maq'wnts objects (h/s put...down). (n.)
12 ac+mál+ maq'ʷ atsmalmaq'w § convex lumps. (v.)
13 s+mal'+máq'ʷ+m sma'lmaq'um composition. (n.)
14 ac+mal'+máq'ʷ atsma'lmaq'w composite. (n.)
15 elu+ɫ+n+muq'ʷ=íčn'+n eluɫnmuq'wich'nn bareback. ((lit. It, e.g. horse, is w/o a saddle), adj.)
√mr1 1 mar=kʷeʔ markwe' // flavor, season. ((stem), vt.)
√mr2 1 lim‑t‑š ma·rí Limtsh Maari! § Ave Maria, Hail Mary!. ((lit. Rejoice, Mary!), excl.)
2 sant ma·ri Sant Maari Holy Mary, Virgin Mary, Mary, Saint Mary. ((l.w. from French), n.)
√mrm1 1 marare·m=íw'es marareemi'wes // couple, marriage partners. (n.)
2 marare·m=íw'‑lš marareemi'wlsh ‡ marry, wed. ((lit. They got married), vi, v.)
3 s+nukʷ+mararím+em snukwmararimem § wife, husband, mate, spouse. (n.)
4 ul s+nukʷ+mararím+n ul snukwmararimn conjugal. ((lit. pertaining to a spouse), adj.)
√mrm2 1 marim marim † treatment. ((stem), n.)
2 marím+ncut+n marimntsutn antiseptic, medicine. (n.)
3 marim+ncut+n marimntsutn antidote, medicine, cure, also used jokingly for "wife" because of initial pun: "mari..." "marry..." =My wife, my medicine! ((orig. old medicinal herb cures), n.)
4 sya+marím+n syamarimn doctor. (n.)
5 marim=ul'umxʷ+n marimu'lumkhwn // compost, fertilizer, that which treats (ferti­lizes) the land. (n.)
6 t+marím=ɫp=ečt tmarimɫpecht medicine (...tree). ((lit. a tree that has medicinal branches), n.)
7 marám=ɫp=alqʷ maramɫpalqw medicine fir tree. (n.)
8 marám+šp=alqʷ maramshpalqw medicine fir tree. (n.)
9 marím‑nt‑m marimntm ‡ doctored (He was...up). (vi.)
10 ʔapɫ+n+marím+ncut+n apɫnmarimntsutn § apothecary, pharmacist. ((lit. One who has a place for medicines), n.)
√mr' 1 mar'+ar'=áx̣n ma'ra'raqhn // disjointed, dislocate. ((lit. He was disjointed as to the arm), vi, vt.)
√mr'kʷ 1 s+mar'kʷ=ús sma'rkus // black tail deer. (n.)
√ms1 1 mas+ms masms † plant or root of disagreeable smell but good food. (n.)
√ms2 1 mus mus † feel about (to...), fumble, grope. ((stem), vi.)
2 mus‑nt‑s musnts ‡ felt (he...it with the hand). (v.)
3 elu+ɫ+n+mús=elgʷes+n eluɫnmuselgwesn § despair. ((lit. H/s is w/o hope), n.)
√ms3 1 mus mus † four. (n.)
2 t+mus tmus persons (four). (n.)
3 mós=q'it mosq'it // four days. (n.)
4 mós=q'iʔt mosq'i't Thursday. ((lit. four days), n.)
5 mós=qit Mosqit Thursday. (n.)
6 mus=čt muscht four hands. (n.)
7 a uɫ mós=qit a uɫ mosqit Thursday (on...). ((lit. on the fourth day), adv.)
8 t+mús=elps tmuselps grizzlies (four...), pigs (four). (n.)
9 hn+mús=p hnmusp four bottoms, four eggs. (n.)
10 ʔupen uɫ mus upen uɫ mus § fourteen. (n.)
11 mos+a·l+ʔopan+č=sq'it Mosaa'lopanchsq'it Lent. ((lit. 40 days), n.)
12 mus+e·l+ʔupn musee'lupn forty. (n.)
13 *t'uʔ čn‿mus e·ʔúpan t'u'chn mus ee lupan Well, I am forty. (v.)
√mš1 1 mi+mš mimsh † box, carton. (n.)
2 m'+m'i+m'š m'm'i'msh box (small), cassette. ((lit. small box), n.)
√mš2 1 miš mish † dearth, destitute. (n.)
2 msh destitution, need, scarcity, want. ((lit. He is without necessities), n.)
3 ut+míš utmish but, only. (adv.)
4 t+mš=qn+mí+ncut tmshqnmintsut // acquiesce, capitulate, comply. ((lit. He made himself empty‑headed), vi.)
5 s+t+mš=qn+mi+ncut stmshqnmintsut compliance, a disposition to yield to others. (n.)
6 a+t+mš=qn+mí+ncut atmshqnmintsut compliant, agreeable. (vi. (lit. He acquiesces), adj.)
√mš3 1 ‑iš ‑ish † be in the act of.
2 čín+mš chinmsh? What in the world are you doing (here)? (qu.) [move to appendix B]
√mšl 1 mšél Mshel † Michael. ((l.w. from French), n.)
√mt 1 moʔt mo't † smoke. ((stem), v.)
2 s+moʔt smo't smoke. (n.)
3 hn+moʔt=áɫc'eʔ hnmo'taɫts'e' // smoked (It...inside). (vi.)
4 s+mót=ɫc'eʔ smotɫts'e' bacon. ((lit. smoked flesh of pigs), n.)
5 hn+moʔt=qítxʷ hnmo'tqitkhw ?? The chimney smoked. (vi.)
√mt'1 1 mát'=us mat'us // kidney. (n.)
2 čs+t'iš+iš+ɫ+mát'=us chst'ishishɫmat'us § diabetes. ((lit. supplying the kidneys with sugar), n.)
√mt'2 1 u· mót'=ul'umxʷ uumot'u'lumkhw // bumpy. ((lit. The ground is bumpy), adj.)
√mt'č' 1 mít'č'=edeʔ mit'ch'ede' // blood. (n.)
2 elu+ɫ+mít'č'=edeʔ eluɫmit'ch'ede' § bloodless. ((lit. It has no blood), adj.)
3 s+síxʷ+m xʷe mít'č'=edeʔ ssikhum khwe mit'ch'ede' bloodbath, bloodshed. ((lit. spilling that w/c is blood), n.)
4 s+nukʷ+mít'č'=edeʔ snukwmit'ch'ede' consanguineous. ((lit. fellow by blood), adj.)
√mt'q'ʷ 1 i c+mát'q'ʷ+mš itsmat'q'umsh † He is pulling back the trigger. (vt.)
√mxʷ1 1 mexʷ mekhw † laugh. ((stem), vi.)
2 méxʷ+t mekhwt laugh. ((lit. He laughed), vi.)
3 mexʷ+t mekhwt laughed (he...). (vi.)
4 s+mexʷ+t smekhwt laugh (to...), laughing. (vi.)
5 t+m'éxʷ+n' t'mekhw'n butt. ((lit. a laughing stock), [n].)
6 t+m'+m'éxʷ+n' t'm'mekhw'n butt (lit. a laughing stock). (n.)
7 t+m'uxʷ+m'uxʷ+n'+m'í‑nt‑s t'mukhw'mukhw'n'mints ‡ deride. ((lit. He laughed at him, He mocked him), vt.)
√mxʷ2 1 mixʷ mikhw † hang (in bunches). ((stem), vt.)
√mx̣ 1 s+max̣=íʔčn' smaqhi'ch'n // bear (grizzly...), bear (polar...). (n.)
√mx̣ʷ1 1 max̣ʷ maqhw † snow‑covered. ((stem), n.)
2 máx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ maqhuqh snow. ((lit. It snowed), vi.)
3 max̣ʷ+x̣ʷ maqhuqhw snowed. (vt.)
4 ic'+máx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ its'maqhuqh snowing (It is...). (vi.)
5 s+max̣ʷ+x̣ʷ smaqhuqh snowing. (vi.)
6 máx̣ʷ‑nt‑m‑lš maqhwntmlsh ‡ snowed upon (They were...). (vi.)
7 nok'ʷ+oʔ=qín ha s+máx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+s nok'o'qin ha smaqhuqhws § centennial. ((lit. one hundred snowings), n.)
8 ʔax̣ál+ɫ a+ʔsál'=qn' ha s+máx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+s aqhalɫ a'sa'lq'n ha smaqhuqhws bicentennial. (adj. (lit. at every two hundred heads that it snows), n.) [xref √mk'ʷ]
√mx̣ʷ2 1 mex̣ʷ meqhw † agony, anguish, travail. ((stem), n.)
√mx̣ʷy'l 1 mox̣ʷʔy'al Moqhw'y'al † Plone (Mrs. Louie..., a tribal elder). (n.)
√my1 1 may may † muddy. ((stem), adj.)
2 máy+ay mayay soiled (It became...with mud). (vi.)
3 may+y=us mayyus // H/h face became muddy. (vi.)
4 máy+may+ay=šn maymayayshn H/h feet (shoes) got muddy. (vi.)
5 hn+máy+ay=qn+m hnmayayqnm H/s got stuck in the mud. (vi.)
6 s+may=qn smayqn dirt, filth, mud. (n.)
7 miy=qn=íl'š miyqni'lsh It (dirt) turned to mud. (vi.)
8 may‑nt‑m mayntm ‡ bespatter, he was soiled with mud. (vt.)
9 u+kʷar+éq ha s+máy=qn ukwareq ha smayqn § clay. ((lit. mud that it yellow), n.)
√my2 1 may may † foresee, foretell, predict. ((stem), vt.)
2 t+máy=qn tmayqn // clairvoyance. ((lit. knowing head), n.)
3 a+t+máy=qn atmayqn clairvoyant, seer, prophet. ((lit. He has a knowing head; he sees the future), n.) [xref √my3,4, √m'y']
√my3 1 mey mey † apparent, evident. ((stem), adj.)
2 mi· mii to be evident that not.
3 u· méy uumey clarity, definitive, plain (it is...), understandable (it is...), suppose (I...it is so). (n, n, adj, adj. vt.)
4 mey+p meyp coming to know, learn, learned (he...). (v, vi.)
5 s+mey+p smeyp to learn, master. (v.)
6 ec+mey+s etsmeys know. (vt.)
7 mey+miy+t meymiyt adroit, knowledgeable, proficient, skillful, he is adroit, he knows what to do. (adj.)
8 s+méy'+miy' sme'ymi'y chronology. ((lit. the relating or narra­ting of an event or series of events), n.)
9 t'iʔ+ec+méy t'i'etsmey decisive, it is already determined. (v.)
10 s+n+méy=cn snmeytsn // commentary, exegesis, explanation (...of a text), interpretation (...of a text). ((lit. making words, statements, plain), n.)
11 mey+miy+p=šn meymiypshn learned (he...to walk), walk (he learned to...). (v.)
12 t+méy+miy=ečt tmeymiyecht deft, dexterous. ((lit. He knows as to the hands, He is skillful with the hands), adj.)
13 s+t+mey+miy=ečt stmeymiyecht dexterity, (lit. knowing as to the hands, skill with the hands). (n.)
14 sye+n+méy=cn syenmeytsn commentator. ((lit. One who interprets), n.)
15 ec+méy‑s‑n etsmeysn ‡ I know it. (vt.)
16 ec+méy‑st‑xʷ etsmeystkhw you know it. (vt.)
17 ni ec‑méy‑st‑xʷ ni etsmeystkhw? Do you (sg.) know it? ((qu.).)
18 ec+méy‑st‑me‑t etsmeystmet We know it. (vt.)
19 te·+méy+m‑stu‑s teemeymstus destine. ((lit. He resolved it beforehand), v.)
20 čs+may'=qn'‑t‑s chsma'yq'nts h/s proved it, h/s made it evident, h/s evidenced it. (vt.)
21 lut hey'+c+méy+s lut he'ytsmeys § casual, unsorted. ((lit. It is uncertain, without design or premeditation), adj.)
22 x̣e+ec+méy+st+m qhe etsmeystm celebrated, famous, well‑known, celebrity, star. (adj, n.) [xref √my2,4 , √mys, √m'y']
√my4 1 miy mii † discover, learn. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+miy+scút smiystsut awareness, consciousness, self‑knowledge. (n.)
3 ec+miy+scút etsmiystsut aware, conscious. (vt. (lit. He knows him­self), adj.)
4 s+miy+p=ngʷíln smiypngwiln // learning. ((lit. it is the means of learning, of education), n.)
5 miy+p+nun+t=ew'eš miypnunte'wesh acquainted. ((lit. they came to know each other), vt.)
6 may+miy=iʔqs maymiyi'qs nose, gourmand, gourmet. ((lit. He has a discriminating nose for food), n.)
7 sye+mi[y]+p=ngʷíln syemipngwiln collegian. ((lit. a learner), n.)
8 t+miy=ípeleʔ tmiyipele' expounded, clarified. ((lit. H/s made plain concerning something), vt.)
9 s+t+my=ipeleʔ stmyipele' clarification. (n.)
10 s+t+miy=ípeleʔ stmiyipele' description, revealing the background of something. (n.)
11 s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ stmiyiyipele' caption, short legend or description, as of an illustration or photograph. (n.)
12 s+ti+miy+y=ípeleʔ+s stimiyyipele's anthropology. ((lit. exposition of the nature of man (human beings)), n.)
13 t+miy+p=úl'mxʷ+n tmiypu'lmkhwn compass. ((lit. means of getting to known land), n.)
14 t+miy=ílmxʷ+n tmiyilmkhwn cairn, landmark, milestone. ((lit. a mound of stones erected as a landmark or memorial), n.)
15 s+t+miʔ=s+m stmi'sm [also recorded as √mʔ] attention (paying...). (n.)
16 s+t+miʔ=s+mn stmi'smn concentration. (n.)
17 hn+miy=cín+t‑s hnmiytsints ‡ construe, decode, cite, interpret. ((lit. He translated his words, he quoted him as an authority or example), vt.)
18 hn+miy+cín‑n hnmiytsinn clarified. ((lit. I made plain his words or statements, I interpreted his words), vt.)
19 miy+p+nun‑t‑s miypnunts ascertain. ((lit. he succeeded in learn­ing it), vt.)
20 t+miy=ípeleʔ‑nt‑s tmiyipele'nts characterize, describe. ((lit. He described the qualities of it), vt.)
21 t+míʔ=s+m‑nt‑s tmi'smnts concentrate. ((lit. He produced a clear image of it, H/s paid close attention to it), vi.)
22 ni kʷu‿miy+p=ngʷíln nikumiypngwiln? Did you learn anything? ((qu.).)
23 lut+u·+míy lutuumiy § chancy, conditional. ((lit. It is uncertain), adj.)
24 lut u·míh lutuumih ambiguous (lit. It is not certain). (adj.)
25 lut un+míy=elgʷes lut unmiyelgwes capricious, fickle. ((lit. He has no definite thoughts), adj.)
26 hn+miy=ep+mí+ncut hnmiyepmintsut confessed, confessional, avowed. ((lit. He told on himself), vi.)
27 s+n+miy=ep+mí+ncut snmiyepmintsut confession. ((lit. making known one's own experience), n.)
28 sye+n+miy=ep+mí+ncut syenmiyepmintsut confessor. ((lit. One who makes known his sins), n.)
29 s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ+s xʷe t+č'm=ásq'it twe tmíxʷ=ulmxʷ stmiyiyipele's khwe tch'masq'it twe tmikhulmkhw cosmography. (n.)
30 s+t+miy+iy=ipeleʔ+s xʷe s+t+c[']éx̣ʷ+ncut stmiyiyipele's khwe sttseqhwntsut astronomy. (n.)
31 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ+s xʷe s+q'es+p=ilgʷeʔ+s stmiyyipele's khwe sq'espilgwe's archeology, (lit. exposition of ancient property). (n.)
32 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ+s ɫe tmíxʷ=l'umxʷ stmiyyipele's ɫe tmikhw'lumkhw earth (description of...), description (...of earth). (n.)
33 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ‑s xʷe tmixʷ=l'umxʷ stmiyyipele's khwe tmikhw'lumkhw description of earth, geology, geography. (n.)
34 s+t+my+y=ípeleʔ+s xʷe n+xʷel+xʷl+n stmyyipele's khwe nkhwelkhwln biology. (lit.exposition of the origin of what is the means of life). (n.)
35 s+qil=tč he s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ+s sqiltch he stmiyiyipele's anatomy. ((lit. science of the body), n.) [xref √my2,3]
√my5 1 miy miy † dignified. ((stem), adj.) [xref √mys]
√myɫ 1 miyéɫ miyeɫ † blatant, much (too...). ((lit. he is too loud) (stem), adj.)
2 miyeɫ+lút miyeɫlut § extravagant, unreasonable. (adj.)
3 miyeɫ+lút miyeɫlut degenerate, person of low morals. (n.)
4 miyeɫ+x̣ʷp+t miyeɫqhupt inept (he is too...). (adj.)
5 miyeɫ+píʔ+peʔ+t miyeɫpi'pe't extravagant, deluxe. ((lit. he is too generous), adj.)
6 miyeɫ+léč'+lč'+t miyeɫlech'lch't belligerent. ((lit. he is too (very) aggressive), n.)
7 s+miyeɫ+díɫ+m+šeš smiyeɫdiɫmshesh concussion. ((lit. more than ordinary jarring), n.)
8 miyeɫ+t+x̣as=ic'eʔ miyeɫtqhasits'e' bedizen. ((lit. he is dressed too well), n.)
9 s+myaɫ+n+laqʷ=ús smyaɫnlaqus bubble gum, extra gum. (n.)
10 miyaɫ+y'aʕ'+p=qin' miyaɫ'ya'(pqi'n congest, crowded. ((lit. there are too many heads), vt.)
11 miyaɫ+yaʕ+p=qin' miyaɫya(pqi'n congest, crowded (lit. there are too many heads). (vt.)
12 miy+miyaɫ+sya+t+c'ux̣ʷ=ipeleʔ miymiyaɫsyatts uqhwipele' judge (competent and critical), connoisseur. (n.)
√mys 1 s+miyes+čínt smiyeschint § aristocracy, aristocrat, baron, dignitary, bigwig, blue blood, noble descent, nobleman. ((lit. more than ordinary human beings), n.)
2 lut s+miyes+čínt lut smiyeschint commoner. ((lit. He is not a nobleman), n.)
3 hn+miyes=čín+n hnmiyeschinn dignity. ((lit. means of becoming worthy or honorable), n.)
4 miyes+čínt‑m‑st‑m miyeschintmstm elevate, dignify, ennoble. ((lit. h/s was made noble), vi.)
5 s+m'+m'iy'+es+čín't sm"mi'yeschi'nt bourgeois. ((lit. little nobleman), n.)
6 s+meyes+x̣em=enč=es=čínt smeyesqhemencheschint devotion. ((lit. having a more ardent love for a person), n.)
7 s+myes+n+piy+iy=ílgʷes smyesnpiyyilgwes trance (a kind of...), ecstasy, joy (excessive...). ((lit. more than ordinary thrilling of the heart), n.)
8 miyes+puʔs+mín‑n miyespu'sminn comtemplate, meditate, ponder. ((lit. I considered it more than ordinary), vt.)
9 miyes+péw+n miyespewn drummed (He...loudly). (vi.)
10 ac+miyás+n+qʷiʔ atsmiyasnqwi' cave, cavern. ((lit. A hollow that is larg­er than usual), n.)
11 hiʔc+miyes+k'ʷin'+m hi'tsmiyesk'wi'nm collate. ((lit. I am testing/ taking it very carefully), vt..)
12 ic+miyes+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷa·l' itsmiyesquqwa'qwaa'l commune. ((lit. They are con­versing intimately), vi.)
13 s+miyas+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel smiyasquqwa'qwe'el commune. ((lit. speaking at length), n.)
14 s+miyes+gʷél+p smiyesgwelp conflagration. ((lit. extraordinary fire), n.)
15 s+myes+taq+aq+n=us+čínt smyestaqaqnuschint coup, deception (extraordinary...). (n.) [xref √my3,5]
√myw 1 s+miyíw smiyiw † coyote. (n.)
√my' 1 hn+máy'+ay'=qn hnma'ya'yqn // noon. ((lit. time when sun is directly overhead), n.)
2 s+n+máy'+ay'=qn+m snma'ya'yqnm lunch, dinner. (midday meal, n.)
3 a n+máy'+ay'=qn+m anma'ya'yqnm to dine, eat, eat at noon. (v.)
4 č'in‿máy'+ay'=qn+mš ch'inma'ya'yqnmsh dining (we are...). (vi.)
5 čn'‿n+may'+ay'=qn+m ch'nnma'ya'yqnm dine. ((cust) vi.)
6 č'+s+n+may'+ay'=qn+m ch'snma'ya'yqnm dine. (vi.)
7 čiy'+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš chi'ynma'ya'yqnmsh dining, eating. ((lit. I am dining), vt, vi.)
8 čn‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m chnnma'ya'yqnm dine (I...). (cust) (vt.)
9 čn‿n+may'+áy'=qn+m chnnma'ya'yqnm dined. ((lit. I dined), vi.)
10 t'iʔ čn‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m t'i'chnnma'ya'yqnm dined (I have...). (vi.)
11 t'ixʷ eh is-n+máy'+ay'+qn+m t'ikhwehisnma'ya'yqnm ? I had dined, had taken the midday meal. (v.)
12 čeɫ‿či‿s+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš cheɫchisnma'ya'yqnmsh lunch, (lit. I will have my mid‑day meal). (vi.)
13 k'ʷneʔ čn‿máy'+ay'=qn+m k'wne'chnma'ya'yqnm dine (I am going to...). (vi.)
14 kʷ‿n'+máy'+ay'=qn+m ku'nma'ya'yqnm dine (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
15 kʷu‿y'‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš ku'ynma'ya'yqnmsh You (sg) are dining. (vi.)
16 t'ixʷ eʔ is+n+máy'+ay'+qn+m t'i'khwe'isnma'ya'yqnm < in‑s You (s) had dined. (v.)
17 t'iʔ kʷ‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m t'i'kunma'ya'yqnm dined (You (sg.) have...). (vi.)
18 čeɫ‿kʷup‿may'+ay'=qn+mš cheɫkupsnma'ya'yqnmsh (lit. You (sg) will dine). (vt.)
19 k'ʷ neʔ kʷu‿n+may'+ay'=qn+m k'wne'kunma'ya'yqnm You (sg.) are going to dine. (vi.)
20 hn+máy'+ay'=qn+mš hnma'ya'yqnmsh You dine! (imp.). (vi.)
21 hn+máy'+ay'=qn+m hnma'ya'yqnm H/s dined. (vi.)
22 an+máy'+ay'=qn+m anma'ya'yqnm dine, eat. (H/s dines at noon, v.)
23 in+may'+áy'=qn+mš inma'ya'yqnmsh is dining (H/s...). ((lit. having mid‑day meal), vi.)
24 t'iʔ n+máy'+ay'=qn+m t'i'nma'ya'yqnm dined (H/s has...). (vi.)
25 t'ixʷ es+n+máy'+ay'+qn+m‑s t'i'khwesnma'ya'yqnms H/s had dined. (v.)
26 čas+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš chasnma'ya'yqnmsh (lit. h/s will dine). (vt.)
27 k'ʷ neʔ n+máy'+ay'=qn+m k'wne'nma'ya'yqnm H/s is going to dine. (vi.)
28 č‿ʔi+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš ch'inma'ya'yqnmsh We are dining, having our mid­day meal. (vi.)
29 č‿ʔa+n+máy'+ay'=qn+m ch'anma'ya'yqnm we dine. (vi.)
30 č‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m chnma'ya'yqnm we dined. (vt.)
31 t'ixʷ es+n+máy'+ay'+qn+met t'i'khwesnma'ya'yqnmet We had dined. (v.)
32 t'iʔ čn‿máy'+ay'=qn+m t'i'chnma'ya'yqnm dined (We have...). (vi.)
33 čaɫ+čs+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš chaɫchsnma'ya'yqnmsh dine. ((lit. we will dine), vi.)
34 k'ʷ neʔ čn‿máy'+ay'=qn+m k'wne'chnma'ya'yqnm We are going to dine. (vi.)
35 kʷup‿ʔa‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m kup'anma'ya'yqnm You (pl.) dine (lit. have your midday meal). (vi.)
36 kʷ‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m kunma'ya'yqnm dined (you (pl, sg.)...). (vi.)
37 *kʷ­­up‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+m kunma'ya'yqnm You (pl) dined. (vi.)
38 kʷup‿ʔi‿n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš kup'inma'ya'yqnmsh You are dining, eating your midday meal. (v.)
39 t'ixʷ es+n+máy'+ay'=qn‑mp t'i'khwesnma'ya'yqnmp You (pl) had dined. (v.)
40 tiʔ+kʷup‿n+máy'+ay'+qn+m ti'kupnma'ya'yqnm You (pl) have dined. (v.)
41 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+n+máy'+ay'=qn+mš cheɫkupsnma'ya'yqnmsh (lit. you (pl) will dine). (vt.)
42 k'ʷ neʔ kʷup‿máy'+ay=qn+m k'wne'kupnma'ya'yqnm You (pl.) are going to dine. (vi.)
43 hn+máy'+ay'=qn+m+ul hnma'ya'yqnmul You (plural) dine! (imp.). (vi.)
44 a n+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš anma'ya'yqnmlsh They dine, eat. (vi.)
45 hn+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš hnma'ya'yqnmlsh They dined. (vi.)
46 in+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš inma'ya'yqnmlsh are dining (they...). ((lit. having mid‑day meal), vi.)
47 t'iʔ n+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš t'i'nma'ya'yqnmlsh dined (They have...). (vi.)
48 t'ixʷ es+n+máy'+ay'+qn+m‑s‑lš t'i'khwesnma'ya'yqnmslsh They had dined. (v.)
49 čas+n+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš chasnma'ya'yqnmlsh (lit. they will dine). (vt.)
50 k'ʷ neʔ n+máy'+ay'=qn+m‑lš k'wne'nma'ya'yqnmlsh They are going to dine. (vi.)
√mʕʷ 1 meʕʷ me(w † broken, ruined. ((stem). broken, adj.)
2 meʕʷ+t me(wt bankrupt, broke. ((lit. He became bankrupt), adj.)
3 *ac+meʕʷ atsme( to be broken. (vi.)
4 s+meʕʷ+t sme(wt break (to...), breakage. (vi, n.)
5 čn‿meʕʷ+t chnme(wt broke, impoverished. ((lit. I am out of funds), adj.)
6 čn‿méʔʕʷ+t chnme'(wt broke. ((lit. I went broke, I am out of funds), adj.)
7 can+méʕʷ+t tsanme(wt break, (lit. They had a break out). ((lit. a break), vt.)
8 twiʔ+meʕʷ+t He twi' me(wt became poor, went broke. (vi.)
9 meʕʷ+ʕʷ+t+m me(u(utm breakable, (lit. capable of being broken). (n.)
10 s+can+méʕʷ+meʕʷ+t stsanme(wme)wt debris. ((lit. parts broken off from a whole), n.)
11 méʔʕʷ‑n me'(wn ‡ demolish, destroy, I destroyed it. (vt.)
12 s+meʕʷ+l+s+c'áx̣ʷ+m sme(wlsts'aqhum § promise (a...broken), promise (breach of...). (n.)
13 hi+s+nukʷ+meʕʷ+ɫ+nt+c'ux̣ʷ=ípleʔ+n hisnukwme(wɫntts'uqhwiple'n complicity. ((lit. He is my partner in violating the law), n.)
√mʔ1 1 miʔ mi' † annoy, bore. ((stem), vt.)
2 miʔ+meʔ+t mi'me't he is bothersome, nuisance. (n.)
3 meʔ+mí+ncut me'mintsut cockney, brat. ((lit. He acted like a brat. He acted like a woman). single women, n.)
4 s+meʔ+m+scút sme"mstsut bridge, card playing, game. ((lit. annoying one­self), n.)
5 hn+meʔ+eʔ=ílgʷes hnme'e'ilgwes // chafe. ((lit. He became annoyed), vi.)
6 hn+meʔ+meʔ=ílgʷes hnme'me'ilgwes choleric, peevish, cranky. ((lit. He is irritable, ill‑­tempered, easily annoyed), adj.)
7 s+n+meʔ+meʔ=ílgʷes snme'me'ilgwes bile, ill humor. (irritability, n.)
8 s+meʔ=íčt+m sme'ichtm annoyance. (n.)
9 s+meʔe+mín=ɫc'eʔ sme'eminɫts'e' brush‑off. (n.)
10 meʔ=íčt+m‑nt‑s me'ichtmnts ‡ bedevil, bother, harass, to annoy. ((lit. He bothered (annoyed) him), vt.)
11 meʔ=íčt+m‑nt‑m me'ichtmntm besieged, harassed. (inconvenienced, vi.)
12 č'n'+č'n'eʔ=cin'+m'eʔ+tn‑se‑s ch''nch''ne'tsi'n'me'tnses § decry. (vi.)
√mʔ2 1 meʔ+eʔ me'e' † send away. ((stem), v.)
2 meʔ+eʔ+mí‑nt‑m me'e'mintm ‡ averted, dismissed, banish, he was sent away. (vt.)
3 meʔ+eʔ+mí‑nt‑s me'e'mints discharge. ((lit. He/she sent him/her away), vi.)
√mʔc 1 meʔc me'ts † grease. ((stem), n.) [xref √mc']
√mʔč 1 meʔč me'ch † well‑shaped (as work horse). ((stem), v.)
√mʔm 1 s+mí+mʔeʔem smi'me'em † women. (n.)
2 s+mʔ+meʔíʔm sm'me'i'm woman (little...). (n.)
3 meʔmí+ncut me'mintsut to pout, brat, cockney (lit. He acted like a woman). (vt.)
4 maʔ+maʔám=al'qs ma'ma'ama'lqs // nun, sister. ((lit. one who wears religious women's garb), n.)
5 hn+maʔ+maʔám=al'qs+n hnma'ma'amal'qsn cloister. ((lit. a place for those who wear women's habits), n.)
6 ul maʔ+máʔam=al'qs ul ma'ma'ama'lqs conventual. ((lit. belonging to nuns), adj.)
7 s+méʔm=ulumxʷ sme'mulumkhw man's younger sister. (n.)
8 s+t'+t'ík'ʷ+s+m'eʔeʔm st't'ik'us'me'e'm § crone, beldam, old maid. (n.)
9 cétxʷ+s xʷa maʔ+maʔám=al'qs tsetkhws khwa ma'ma'ama'lqs convent. ((lit. their house those who wear women's clothes (nuns)), n.)
10 ec+meʔm+ɫ+cégʷ+t etsme'mɫtsegwt effeminate. ((lit. He is delicate or unmanly), adj) [xref √mʔym]
√mʔt 1 miʔt mi't † centered, middle (in the...). ((stem), adj, n.)
2 míʔt=ew'es mi'te'wes // dichotomy. ((lit. division into two equal parts), n.)
3 niʔ+míʔt=ew'es ni'mi'te'wes among, between. (prep.)
4 niʔ+míʔt=ewes ni'mi'tewes amid, axis, center, middle, midpoint. (adv, n.)
5 e+niʔ+míʔt=ew'es eni'mi'te'wes among, between, in the middle, central. ((lit. H/s is...), prep, vi, adv.)
6 tel' niʔ+miʔt=ew'es te'l ni'mi'te'wes centrifugal. ((lit. moving or directed from the center), adj.)
7 ʔepɫ s+niʔ+miʔt=ew'es epɫ sni'mi'te'wes concentric. ((lit. It has a common center), adj.)
8 *hn+mey't+eʔw+aɫ+x̣élexʷ hnme'yte'waɫkhelekhw bucktooth (lit. middle tooth). (n.)
√mʔym 1 s+míʔyem smi'yem † bride, wife, woman. (n.)
2 s+miy+es+míʔyem smiyesmi'yem dame. ((lit. a noble woman), n.)
3 ul s+míʔyem ul smi'yem bisexual. (adj.)
4 ul s+qil'+tmxʷ, ul sqi'ltmkhw § ul s+míʔyem bisexual. (ul smi'yem, adj.)
5 ul s+miʔyem ha can+gʷán+t=al'qs ul smi'yem ha tsangwanta'lqs camisole. ((lit. be­longing to woman an undergarment), n.)
6 s+miʔyem he s+nuk'ʷ+n=úɫxʷ smi'yem he snukw'nuɫkhw co‑ed. ((a woman fellow­-student), n.)
7 at+p'át'+t' he s+miʔyem atp'at't' he smi'yem coquette, flirt. ((lit. A woman who clings to men), n.)
8 č's+eɫ+cégʷ+t he s+miʔyem ch'seɫtsegwt he smi'yem cotquean. ((lit. woman of bad manners), n.)
9 uw'+em'n'=ús he s+míʔyem u'we'm'nus he smi'yem worthless (a woman who is...), woman (a...who is worthless). (adj, n.)
10 ye·+míʔyem yeemi'yem He won a wife. (vt.)
11 tíʔxʷe s+míʔyem ti'khwe smi'yem succeeded (He...in getting a wife). (vi.)
12 s+míʔyem ha sya·+q'ʷey'+m+ncut smi'yem ha syaaq'we'ymntsut ballerina. ((lit. wom­an who dances), n.) [xref √mʔm]

√m'

√m'c 1 s+m'u+m'úc=šn' ha n+qʷo+q[']ʷos+m'i sm'u'mutssh'n hanqoqos'mi § bitch. ((lit. a female dog), n.)
√m'n 1 s+m'e·+m'ín=ep s'mee'minep // toad. (n.)
2 s+m'e·+m'ín'=ep s'mee'mi'nep toad. (n.)
√m'n's 1 neʔ+m'n'us ne''m'nus † maybe so. (adv.)
√m'qʷl' 1 s+m'aqʷl' S'maqw'l † Moscow. (n.)
√m'y' 1 m'ey'+m'iy'+m' 'me'y'mi'y'm † communicate, communicated, report, story (he told a...). (vi, v.)
2 s+m'éy'+m'iy' s'me'y'mi'y chronology (lit. the relating or narrating of an event or series of events). (n.)
3 s+m'éy'+miy'+m' s'me'ymi'y'm communication. ((lit. the exchange of thought, messages), n.)
4 s+m'+m'éy'+m'iy' s'm'me'y'mi'y anecdote. (n.)
5 m'iy'+m'iy'+m'+úl' 'mi'y'mi'y'mu'l communicative, talkative. ((lit. He is...), adj.)
6 m'iy'+m'iy'+m'+ul' 'mi'y'mi'y'mu'l communitive. (adj.)
7 sye·+m'éy'+m'iy'+m' syee'me'y'mi'y'm courier. ((lit. One who brings messages), n.)
8 m'ey'+miy'‑nt‑m 'me'ymi'yntm ‡ delate, publicized, reported, it was made public. (vt.)
9 ic+m'iy'+m'iy'‑šít=ew'es its'mi'y'mi'yshite'wes converse, talk. ((lit. They are telling one another stories)., vi.)
10 s+m'iy'+miy'‑šít=ew'eš s'mi'ymi'yshite'wesh conversation. ((lit. telling one another stories (information), n.)
11 m'ey'+m'iy'‑nt‑m 'me'ymi'yntm delate. (vt.)
12 m'iy'+m'iy'‑šit‑s 'mi'y'mi'yshits informed (he...him). (v.)
13 čs+m'áy'=qi‑ɫt‑s chs'ma'yqiɫts inform, apprize. ((lit. He caused him to know it for certain), vt.) [xref √my2,3]
√m'ʔ 1 hn+m'á+m'aʔ+m=cn hn'ma'ma'mtsn // Canada goose. (n.)

√n

√nc 1 noc nots † pliable, soft (as meat, rubber), tender. ((stem), adj.)
2 u n'+n'ó·c u'n'nooots weak‑willed. ((lit. He is very soft, He yields easily to pressure), adj.)
3 u+n+n'+n'óc=us un'n'notsus // docile. ((lit. The pony is soft‑necked, He is easily managed), adj.)
√nč 1 nič nich † drive away, goad. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+cen+níč+m stsennichm defense. ((lit. driving off from under), n.)
3 ul+s+cen+níč+m ulstsennichm defensive. ((lit. belonging to defense), adj.)
4 cen+neč+ncút+n tsennechntsutn body guard. ((lit. means of protecting oneself), n.)
5 níč‑nt‑s nichnts ‡ drive away. ((lit. He drove them away, put them to flight), vt.)
6 s+p'úʔxʷ e· níč=elt sp'u'khw ee nichelt § son (...of light). (n.)
√nč' 1 nič' nich' † cut (with a blade). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+níč'+m snich'm carving. ((lit. cuttings), n.)
3 níč'+emn nich'emn burin, cutter. (saw, crosscut, n.)
4 níč'+nič'+emn nich'nich'emn cutlery. ((lit. cutting instruments), n.)
5 e+n'+n'íč'+n'ič' e'n'nich''nich' cutlet, slice (of meat). ((lit. Thin slices of meat), n.)
6 s+nič'=ɫxʷ snich'ɫkhw // son‑in‑law. ((lit. one who divides the family by taking a member away), n.)
7 č+níč'=čs+n chnich'chsn chip. ((lit. a small piece cut off by hand), n.)
8 níč'=ew'es+n nich'e'wesn crosscut. ((lit. He crosscut it (log, etc.)), vt.)
9 hi y+níč'=e'wes hiynich'e'wes board. (n.)
10 hiy+y+nič'=ew'es hiyynich'e'wes board, lumber, wood (cut). (It is my..., n.)
11 nič'=ul'umxʷ+n nich'u'lumkhwn disc. ((lit. means of cutting the ground), n.)
12 s+níč'=ul'umxʷ snich'u'lumkhw allotment. ((lit. land that is cut (allotted) and apportioned to individuals; also disking), n.)
13 hiy·+nič'=ew'es hiyynich'e'wes wood (cut). (n.)
14 hiy+níč'=ew'es hiynich'e'wes board. (n.)
15 s+niʔč'+č'=én'eʔ sni'ch'ch'e'ne' atom. ((lit. the very smallest entity (in ancient times), n.)
16 niʔč'+č'ar'=ál'qʷ Ni'ch'ch'a'ra'lqw Sanders, Idaho. ((lit. a cut in the woods), n.)
17 níč'‑nt‑s nich'nts ‡ He cut it. (vt.)
18 cen+níč'‑nt‑s tsennich'nts amputate. ((lit. He cut it off), vi.)
19 níč'=ew'es‑n nich'e'wesn ‘I ...’ crosscut (lit. He crosscut it (log, etc.)). (vt.)
20 níč'=ew'es-t-m nich'e'westm divide. ((lit. It was cut into (two or more) parts), vt.)
21 hn+níč'=ew'es‑nt‑m hnnich'e'wesntm bisect, cut (...in two). ((lit. It was bisected), v.)
22 hn+níč'=us‑nt‑m hnnich'usntm decapitate. ((lit. His head was cut off), v.)
√nǰr 1 naǰaró· najarooo! † rascal, scoundrel. (n.)
√nkʷ 1 s+nukʷ(‑) snukw‑ † fellow, together, with. ((comb form), n, pref.)
2 s+núkʷ+n snukwn atavism. ((lit. the inheritance of a char­acteristic), n.)
3 s+č+nukʷ schnukw solitude, tranquility. ((stem). (lit. feeling alone in the heart), n.)
4 s+nukʷ+síxʷ+xʷ snukwsikhukhw § blood‑brother, concourse. ((lit. fellow in issue of blood/ a moving or flowing together), n.)
5 s+nukʷ+síxʷ+sixʷ+xʷ snukwsikhwsikhukhw brethren, fellow‑bloods. (n.)
6 s+nukʷ+méɫ+l+iš snukwmeɫlish bed‑fellow. (n.)
7 nukʷ+ɫ+ɫt'+č'=ús+mn‑n nukwɫɫt'ch'usmnn coincide [I tripped with him.]. ((lit. We tripped simul­taneously), vi.)
8 s+nukʷ+šén+n snukwshenn colleague. ((lit. fellow worker), n.)
9 s+nukʷ+s+šén+n snukwsshenn cooperation. ((lit. working together), n.)
10 hiʔ+nukʷ+šn+mín+m hi'nukwshnminm collaborate. ((lit. I am employing him as my collaborator), vi.)
11 hi+s+nukʷ+ʔíɫn hisnuk'iɫn commensal. ((lit. He is my companion at table), n.)
12 hi+s+nukʷ+ʔa·c+ʔáx̣l hisnukw'aats'aqhl contemporaneous. ((lit. He is my like (equal), adj.)
13 s+nukʷ+ʔa·c+ʔáx̣l snukw'aats'aqhl counterpart, colleague. ((lit. fellow worker of one's kind), n.)
14 s+nukʷ+ǰéy'+m+ncut snukwje'ymntsut correspondent. ((lit. fellow evil­doer), n.)
15 s+nukʷ+c'uq'ʷ+c'uqʷún'+m' snukwts'uq'wts'uqu'n'm classmate (lit. fellow reader). (n.)
16 s+nukʷ+t'ík'ʷ+t'ik'ʷ+t snukwt'ik'wt'ik'ut commensurate, one of the same old age. (grandparents, adj.)
17 s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl' snukwk'u'l associate, colleague, fellow worker, partner. (n.)
18 s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl'+l' snukwk'u'lu'l spouse, component, mate, consort. (n.)
19 tč+ʔsél+kʷ s+nukʷ+k'ʷúl'+l' tch'selkw snukk'u'lu'l two spouses. (n.)
20 s+nukʷ+qʷíl+n snukwqwiln collude. ((lit. one who is deceiving in conjunction with another), vi.)
21 s+nukʷ+mararím+em snukwmararimem wife, husband, mate, spouse. (n.)
22 ul s+nukʷ+mararím+n ul snukwmararimn conjugal. ((lit. pertaining to a spouse), adj.)
23 s+nukʷ+q'éy'+m snukwq'e'ym coauthor. (n.)
24 s+nukʷ+lím+t snukwlimt congratulation, felicitation (lit. re­joicing with). (n.)
25 s+nukʷ+xʷy+m+n snukwkhuymn convection. ((lit. carrying with or to­gether), n.)
26 s+nukʷ+yilmíxʷ+m snukwyilmikhum condominium (lit. fellow chiefs). (n.)
27 hi+s+nukʷ+n+gʷáy'=qn hisnukwngwa'yqn concrescence. ((lit. He is my fellow in growing up), n.)
28 s+nukʷ+púl=uɫc'eʔ snukwpuluɫts'e' accomplice. ((lit. helper in killing), n.)
29 s+nukʷ+mít'č'=edeʔ snukwmit'ch'ede' consanguineous. ((lit. fellow by blood), adj.)
30 s+nukʷ+n+xʷc+xʷc'+m=íl's snukwnkhwtskhwts'mi'ls compassion. ((lit. fellow sufferer), n.)
31 s+nukʷ+t'áp'+nt=w'eš+m'n'm' xʷe s+ník'ʷ=elumxʷ snukwt'ap'nt'wesh'm'n'm khwe snik'welumkhw civil war. (n.)
32 hi+s+nukʷ+meʕʷ+ɫ+nt+c'ux̣ʷ=ípleʔ+n hisnukwme(wɫntts'uqhwiple'n complicity. ((lit. He is my partner in violating the law), n.)
33 nukʷ+xʷúy+m‑n‑ts nukwkhuymnts abduct, kidnap. (kidnap (lit. He took her along with him), vt.)
34 nukʷ+šen+n+mí‑nt‑s‑es nukwshennmintses cooperate. ((lit. She worked with me), vi.)
35 nukʷ+lím+t+m-n‑n nukwlimtmnn congratulate. ((lit. I rejoiced with, or expressed sympathetic pleasure to, him), vt.)
36 nukʷ+íʔcč+n+m‑nt‑s nukwi'tschnmnts played (H/s...with h/h). (vi.)
37 nukʷ+ʕíp=cn+m‑nt‑s nukw(iptsnmnts confide. ((lit. He put a secret into his trust). gossip, vi.)
38 s+nukʷ+q'ey'‑šít=ew'eš snukwq'e'yshite'wesh correspondent. ((lit. One with whom one corresponds), n.)
39 s+nukʷ+gʷáx̣+t=elt snukwgwaqhtelt one of the same young age. (n.)
40 s+nukʷ+s+kʷís+t snukwskwist a name two persons have in common. (n.)[xref √nk'ʷ]
√nk'ʷ 1 nek'ʷ nek'w † one, unit. ((stem), n.)
2 nik'ʷ nik'w tribe (of the same...), tribesman. ((stem), n.)
3 nék'ʷeʔ nek'we' one, dollar. ((colloq.), n.)
4 u· nék'ʷeʔ uunek'we' ace, quantity (a small...), small (a...quantity). ((lit. only one), n, adj.)
5 gʷɫ nék'ʷeʔ guɫ nek'we' apiece, They are one or united. ((lit. one to each one), adv.)
6 uɫ nek'ʷeʔ uɫ nek'we' another. ((lit. and one), n.)
7 cenʔ+n'ék'ʷeʔ‑s tsen''nek'we's dividend. ((lit. It is his/her little sack or bag; it is his/her share), n.)
8 nék'ʷ+k'ʷ+em' nek'uk'we'm conciliate, They became one. ((lit. They brought togeth­er. They united), vt.)
9 s+nek'ʷ+k'ʷ+ém' snek'uk'we'm combination, consonance. ((lit. becoming one), n.)
10 s+nék'ʷ+k'ʷ+em' snek'uk'we'm coalition, confederacy, corporation, union. ((lit. becoming one), n.)
11 uɫ+č+nek'ʷeʔ uɫchnek'we' another. (adj.)
12 č+nék'ʷeʔ chnek'we' person (it is one...). (n.)
13 u+č+nék'ʷeʔ uchnek'we' one (we are...), person (only one...). (n.)
14 s+č+nuk'ʷ schnuk'w peace. ((lit. feeling alone in the heart), n.)
15 u č+nuk'ʷeʔ+mncút uchnuk'we'mintsut desolate (lit. H/S is alone, by himself). (vt.)
16 uʔu+č+nuk'ʷeʔ+mí+ncut u'uchnuk'we'mintsut desolate. ((lit. H/S is alone, by himself), adj.)
17 č+nék'ʷeʔ=us chnek'we'us // cyclops. ((lit. one with one eye), n.)
18 nék'ʷeʔ=cn nek'we'tsn comment. ((lit. a statement of opinion), n.)
19 nuk'ʷeʔ=cín+m nuk'we'tsinm comment, remark, state, he made a statement. (vi.)
20 e nuk'ʷeʔ=cín+n enuk'we'tsinn utter. ((lit. He speaks a word. He utters a brief exclamation), v.)
21 e+nuk'ʷeʔ=cín+m enuk'we'tsinm ejaculate. ((lit. He speaks a word. He utters a brief exclamation), v.)
22 cen+nék'ʷeʔ=gʷl tsennek'we'gul carload. ((lit. One load on a car or wagon), n.)
23 hn+nák'ʷ=qn hnnak'wqn monotone. ((lit. one howling sound), n.)
24 u n+nák'ʷaʔ=qn unnak'wa'qn unanimous (They were....). ((lit. They spoke with one voice), adj.)
25 hn+nuk'ʷeʔ=íɫc'eʔ hnnuk'we'iɫts'e' compartment, room, chamber. (n.)
26 hn+nuk'ʷ+nuk'ʷeʔ=íɫc'eʔ hnnuk'wnuk'we'iɫts'e' apartment, suite. (n.)
27 nok'ʷóʔ=qin nok'o'qin one hundred. ((lit. one head), n.)
28 nuk'ʷeʔ=ílmxʷ nuk'we'ilmkhw people, tribe, community. (n.)
29 ul nuk'ʷeʔ=ílmxʷ ul nuk'we'ilmkhw communal. ((lit. belonging to a tribe or nation), adj.)
30 nék'ʷeʔ‑lš nek'we'lsh corps. ((lit. They (persons) are under common direction, they are one), n.)
31 s+ník'ʷ=elumxʷ snik'welumkhw cognate, compatriot, tribesman. ((lit. a fellow countryman), n.)
32 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+túm' nuk'wɫtu'm § bevy, covey, brood, group, class. (n.)
33 ʔupen ul nék'ʷeʔ upen ul nek'we' eleven. ((lit. ten plus one), n.)
34 nok'ʷ+oʔ=qín ha s+máx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+s nok'o'qin ha smaqhuqhws centennial. ((lit. one hundred snowings), n.)
35 nok'ʷ+oʔ=qin+s+pín=tč nok'o'qinspintch centenarian. ((lit. a person of one hundred years), n.)
36 nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč nuk'wspintch one year. (n.)
37 s+nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč Snuk'wspintch New Years. (n.)
38 sye+nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč syenuk'wspintch anniversary. ((lit. acquiring another year), n.)
39 ul s+nuk'ʷ s+pín=tč ul snuk'w spintch annual. (adj.)
40 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+p'n+mín+n nuk'wɫp'nminn wood (one rick of...). ((lit. one means of piling long objects), n.)
41 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+l'+l'pót nuk'wɫ'l'lpot cupful. ((lit. just one cup (of content)), n.)
42 nuk'ʷ+s+šél·č+m nuk'wsshellchm cycle. ((lit. one round), n.)
43 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+cétxʷ nuk'wɫtsetkhw caste. ((lit. one house), n.)
44 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+tum' ha sóltes nuk'wɫtu'm ha soltes battalion. ((lit. a unit of soldiers), n.)
45 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+č+tel'q+mín+n nuk'wɫchte'lqminn degree, rung. ((lit. one bar of a ladder), n.)
46 u· nék'ʷeʔ‑lš uunek'we'lsh one (they are...). (adj.)
47 ʔax̣al+ɫ+č+nék'ʷ+eʔ aqhelɫchnekwe' every, each. ((lit. every person of a number), adj.)
48 x̣al nek'ʷeʔ qhal nek'we' another. ((lit. also one), n.)
49 ʔax̣el+ɫ+č+nékʷeʔ aqhelɫchnekwe' each. ((lit. every person of a number), adj.)
50 ʔax̣el+ɫ+č+nkʷeʔ aqhelɫchnekwe' each. ((lit. every person of a number), adj.)
51 s+nuk'ʷ+s+kʷís+t snuk'wskwist alias, one (another) name. (n.)
52 s+miʔyem he s+nuk'ʷ+n=úɫxʷ smi'yem he snukw'nuɫkhw co‑ed. ((a woman fellow-­student), n.)
53 s+nuk'ʷ+c+wiš snuk'wtswish co‑exist, fellow, inmate, roommate. (in a house, n.)
54 nuk'ʷ+e+ʔeɫi+c+púʔs‑lš nuk'we'eɫitspu'slsh concordant. ((lit. They are of one heart), adj.)
55 s+nuk'ʷ+e+ʔɫiy+c+púʔ[s] snuk'we'ɫiytspu'. concordance. ((lit. having one heart), n,
56 tč+ʔséɫ s+nuk'ʷ+k'ʷl'+l' tch'seɫ snukk'u'lu'l bigamy. (n.)
57 hn+nák'ʷaʔ=alqs ha s+gʷárp+m hnnak'wa'alqs ha sgwarpm daffodil. (n.)
58 x̣al+hn+nak'ʷáʔ=al·'qs ha s+gʷárp+m qhalhnnak'wa'al'lqs ha sgwarpm daisy. (n.) [xref √nkʷ]
√nɫmq 1 h+nɫámqeʔ hnɫamqe' † bear, bruin. (n.)
2 ya+nɫámqeʔ yanɫamqe' bear (He killed the...), He succeeded in his bear hunt. He got a bear. (n, vt.)
3 ya+nɫámqeʔ‑m yanɫamqe'm He killed the bear. (v.)
4 č'iy+nɫámqeʔ ch'iynɫamqe' cub. (lit. offspring of a bear, n.)
5 x̣es=íɫceʔ xʷa+nɫamqeʔ qhesiɫtse' khwanɫamqe' § bear meat (...is good). ((lit. It is good meat that which is bear), n.)
√nn 1 ne·né neene † a child's word for hurt. (n.) [move to appendix]
√np 1 nep+t nept † enter, they went in. ((stem). several.., vt.)
√nq 1 naq naq † satiated (with food). ((stem), adj.)
√nq'1 1 naq' naq' † rotten (organic matter). ((stem), adj.)
2 naʔq' na'q' became. ((lit. It became putrid, it rotted, it decomposed), vi.)
3 naq'+t naq't corrupt, decayed, putrid. ((lit. It is putrid, decayed, corrupt), adj, vi.)
4 s+naʔq' sna'q' carrion, corruption, putrefaction. ((lit. decomposition, dead and decaying fish/flesh), n.)
5 s+nq'+s=ól'umxʷ snq'so'lumkhw // chresard. ((lit. wet ground), n.)
√nq'2 1 neq' neq' † sticky. ((stem), adj.)
√nq'ʷ 1 naq'ʷ naq'w † steal. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+naq'ʷ snaq'w abduction, adultery, boodle, kidnapping, stealing. (n.)
3 čn‿naq'ʷ chnnaq'w steal. (vt.)
4 čn‿náq'ʷ chnnaq'w stole (I...(something)). (vt.)
5 náq'ʷ‑nt‑s naq'wnts ‡ stole. ((lit. He stole it, He stole from him), vt.)
√nr 1 ner ner † paint. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+nér+m snerm coloration, coloring. ((lit. painting), n.)
√nrs 1 nors nors † Fr orge barley. (n.)
√nr'y 1 nár'ye na'rye † great‑great grandparent. (n.)
√ns 1 nas nas † wet. ((stem), adj.)
2 naʔs na's wet. ((lit. It got wet), adj.)
3 a· nás aanas watered, wet. ((lit. It is in a wet state), adj.)
4 u· nás uunas wet (it's...). (adj.)
5 s+naʔs=ál'umxʷ sna'sa'lumkhw // chresard (lit. wet ground). (n.)
√nsx̣ʔ 1 nasx̣áʔ+x̣ nasqha'qh † father‑in‑law. (n.)
√nš 1 anš ansh † angel, cherub. ((l.w. from French), n.)
√nwl 1 h+nwél Hnwel † Christmas, Noel. (n.)
√nw' 1 e·+niw'+t eeni'wt † the wind blows. (vi.)
2 i· níw'+t iini'wt wind (The...is blowing), blowing (The wind is...). (n, vt.)
3 i+n'+n'íw'+t i'n'ni'wt breeze, breezy. ((lit. The little wind is blowing), n, adj.)
4 s+niw'+t sni'wt wind. (n.)
5 s+n'+n'íw'+t s'n'ni'wt breeze, zephyr. (n.)
6 ʔepɫ s+n'+n'iw'+t epɫ s'n'ni'wt to be breezy. (v. (lit. There is a small wind), adj.)
7 čn‿t+c'ukʷen+ɫ+niw' chntts'ukwenɫni'w § (lit. I ran by the side of, i.e., moving car). (vt.)
√nxʷ 1 nuxʷ nukhw † swim (ref to a frog). ((stem), vi.)
√nys 1 enyés Enyes † Agnes. ((l.w. from English), n.)
√nʕʷ 1 s+n'éʕʷ=qn s'ne(wqn // command. ((lit. giving orders (to), n.)
2 sya+néʕʷ=qn syane(wqn commander. ((lit. One who commands), n.)
3 n'éʕʷ=qn‑t‑s 'ne(wqnts ‡ command, order. ((lit. He gave orders to him), vt.)
√nʔ1 1 neʔ ne' † maybe, perhaps.
√nʔ2 1 niʔ ni' † among, in the midst of.
√nʔ3 1 nú+neʔ nune' † mother. (n.)
2 hi·+nú+neʔ hiinune' mother. ((lit. She is my mother), n.)

√n'

√n'y' 1 n'+n'oy'eʔ 'n'no'ye' † weak. ((dim. stem).)
2 n'+n'óy'eʔ 'n'no'ye' weak. ((lit. He is weak), adj.)
3 s+n'+n'óy'+eʔ s'n'no'ye' muscular weakness. (n.)

√p

√pc 1 s+poc+t spotst † blain. ((lit. a skin sore), n.)
2 s+t+poc=cn stpotstsn // cold sore. (n.)
√pcčl 1 pécčele petschle † blade, broccoli, brussels sprout, leaf, cabbage. (n.)
2 pecčle petschle cabbage, leaf. (n.)
3 hoy ɫe pecčl-es hoyɫe petschles § defoliate. ((lit. Its leaves were no more), vi.)
√pcxʷ 1 picxʷ pitskhw † disappointed, disgusted. ((stem), vt.)
2 pícxʷ+t pitskhwt disgust. ((lit. He became very disappointed), n.)
3 píc+pecxʷ+t pitspetskhwt disappointing (h/s/i is very...). (v.)
4 s+picxʷ+t spitskhwt disappointment, becoming disgusted, disgust. (n.)
5 čn‿pícxʷ+t chnpitskhwt disappoint. ((lit. I was defeated of hope or expectation), vt.)
6 čn‿picxʷ+t chnpitskhwt disappointed. ((lit. I was defeated of hope; I was disgusted), adv.)
7 t'iʔ+pícxʷ+t t'i'pitskhwt disgusted, disappointed (H/s has become...). (adj.)
8 pícxʷ+t+m‑n‑n pitskhwtmnn ‡ disappointed (I became...at h/h/i). (v.)
√pcʔ 1 piceʔ pitse' † root digger. (n.)
2 kʷen+ɫ+píceʔ kwenɫpitse' § She took a root digger. (v.)
√pčl' 1 páčal'=qn pacha'lqn // bald eagle. (n.)
2 pačál'=qn pacha'lqn bald eagle. (n.)
√pčɫ 1 s+pičɫ+ená spichɫena † birch. (n.)
√pčs 1 píč(=)us pichus // peaches, peach‑face. (n.)
2 s+péčos=alqʷ spechosalqw peach tree. (n.)
3 s+péčas=alqʷ spechasalqw peach tree. (n.)
√pgʷ 1 pigʷ pigw † breathe, whole. ((stem). swell, vi.)
2 pigʷ+t pigwt bulge, swelled. ((lit. It swelled up or bulged), vi.)
3 s+pigʷ+t spigwt inflate, swell. (vi.)
4 s+n+pígʷ+n' snpigw'n balloon, blimp. ((that which is blown inside), n.)
5 s+pigʷ+ncut spigwntsut breathe, inhale. ((lit. swell oneself up), vi.)
6 s+pígʷ+ncut spigwntsut breathing, inhaling. (vi.)
7 pígʷ+pegʷ+ncut pigwpegwntsut breathe. ((lit. He expanded himself repeatedly), vi.)
8 s+pigʷ+pégʷ+ncut spigwpegwntsut breath. ((lit. swelling oneself over and over, exhalation), n.)
9 hn+pígʷ+pegʷe+ncut+n hnpigwpegwentsutn air, atmosphere, breathing. (n.)
10 ec+pígʷ+pegʷ+ncut etspigwpegwntsut H/s breathes while we are looking at him (ref. to person who might have been dead). (vi.)
11 págʷ=ax̣n pagwaqhn // arm (H/h...swelled up), swelled (H/h arm...up). (n, vt.)
12 págʷ+pagʷ=ax̣n pagwpagwaqhn arms (H/h...swelled up). (pl.n.)
13 s+can+págʷ=ax̣n stsanpagwaqhn bubo. ((lit. swollen (gland) in the armpit), n.)
14 cen+pígʷ=cn tsenpigwtsn neck (H/h...swelled up), swelled (H/h neck...up). (n, vi.)
15 t+pígʷ=cn tpigwtsn swelled (H/h mouth or lips...up). (vi.)
16 cen+pígʷ=us tsenpigus cheek (H/h...swelled up), swelled (H/h cheek...up). (n, vi.)
17 cen+pígʷ+pegʷ=us tsenpigwpegus cheeks (H/h...swelled up), swelled (H/h cheeks...up). (n, vi.)
18 hn+pígʷ=ul'umxʷ+n hnpigu'lumkhwn baking powder. ((lit. means of swell­ing something (ie. bread) in the ground), n.)
19 niʔ+págʷ=eʔqs ni'pagwe'qs swelled (H/s nose...up). (vi.)
20 niʔ+págʷ=iqs ni'pagwiqs nose (H/h...swelled up). (n.)
21 pígʷ+pegʷ=šn pigwpegwshn swelled. (His feet swelled up, vi.)
22 s+t+pígʷ=gʷl stpigwgul bloating. (swelling of the stomach, n.)
23 s+pigʷ+l'č' spigw'lch' § belt, cincture. (n.)
√ph 1 pih pih † float, separate (as cream). ((stem), vi.)
2 čet+píh+ih chetpihih (lit. it rose to the surface and spread out like cream). (vt.)
3 s+čet+píh+ih schetpihih cream. ((lit. substance that gathers and spreads on the surface of milk), n.)
√pkʷ1 1 pékʷ+t pekut † buff, cuticle, ‑derm, hide, leather, skin. (pett, suf, n.)
2 peʔkʷ+t pe'kut hide, leather, pelt. (n.)
3 ul+pékʷ+t ulpekut dermal. ((lit. pertaining to or consisting of skin), adj.)
√pkʷ2 1 pekʷ pekw † lay (round objects). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+pekʷ spekw crumbs. (n.)
3 s+pekʷ+kʷ spekukw crumb, fragments (spherical). (n.)
4 pékʷ+kʷ+m pekukum breakdown, he collapsed from illness or exhaustion. (n.)
5 e t+pékʷ+pukʷ etpekwpukw They, e.g. apples, are on the tree(s) here and there. (vi.)
6 ec+pékʷ+m etspekum apart, crumbly. (vi. (lit. It is put apart), adv.)
7 s+pukʷ+kʷ=íln spukukwiln // young good‑for‑nothing, descendants who do not amount to anything. (n.)
8 pukʷ=ílt‑m pukwiltm It (mammal) produced a litter. (vt.)
9 s+pukʷ=úl'umxʷ spuku'lumkhw seeding. (vt.)
10 pukʷ=úl'umxʷ+n puku'lumkhwn seeder. ((lit. means of putting many round objects (plants, seeds) in the ground), n.)
11 ic+pukʷ=úl'umxʷ itspuku'lumkhw seeding (he is...). (vi.)
12 hn+pékʷ‑nt‑s hnpekwnts ‡ bin, crate, sack. ((lit. He put round objects in it), n.)
13 gʷl' t+pékʷ=gʷl gu'l tpekwgul § xref gʷɫ people with bulging stomachs. (n.)
14 ac+pákʷ+m atspakum [low vowel unexplained] apart. (vi. (lit. It is put apart; scattered), adj.)
√pkʷ3 1 s+píkʷ+pekʷ+m'+n'cut spikwpekw'm'ntsut † dog‑trot. ((lit. causing oneself to make a slow run like that of a dog), n.)
√pl 1 pól+pol=qn polpolqn † thimbleberry. (n.)
√pl(t) 1 púlut pulut † harm, injure. ((stem), vt.)
2 pólot=qn Polotqn // father of Paul Polatkin. ((lit. killing head), n.)
3 ec+púl=uɫc'eʔ etspuluɫts'e' kill, killer, murderer. (vt. (lit. He kills people), n.)
4 s+pul=úɫceʔ spuluɫtse' murdering. (vt.)
5 pul+pul=eɫc'eʔ+ul pulpuleɫts'e'ul blood‑thirsty. ((lit. He is habit­ually murdering), adj.)
6 pul+pul=eɫceʔ+úl pulpuleɫtse'ul kills (he habitually...people), blood thirsty, murderer, people (he habitually kills...). (vt, n.)
7 púl=ulc'eʔ pulults'e' assassinate (to...). ((lit. He killed (somebody), vi.)
8 s+púl=elt spulelt abortion. ((lit. killing baby (foetus) life beginning at conception), n.)
9 púlu‑s‑n pulusn ‡ killed (I...him). (vt.)
10 púlu‑stu‑s pulustus h/s beat h/h up, killed (h/s...h/h). (v.)
11 púlu‑st‑mel‑em pulustmelem beaten (I was...up). ((lit. I was killed), vt.)
12 pul+uɫ+s+te·m=ilgʷes puluɫsteemilgwes § relative (he killed his...), killed (he...his relative). (n, vt.)
13 s+nukʷ+púl=uɫc'eʔ snukwpuluɫts'e' accomplice. ((lit. helper in killing), n.)
14 pul+uɫ+šemen' puluɫsheme'n enemy (he killed his...), killed (he...his enemy). (n, vt.)
15 pulut+l'+s+čí+čeʔ pulut'lschiche' He slaughtered livestock. (vt.)
√pɫč 1 káltes pa·ɫáč kaltes paaɫach § bonus (Chinook jargon). (n.) [also written as √šlts] šáltes pa·lač bonus (Chinook jargon). (shaltes paalach, n.)
√plm 1 s+pálm=alqs Spalmalqs // highest mountain between Plummer and Worley, Idaho. (n.)
√plm' 1 s+plím'=cn spli'mtsn // lips. (n.)
√plms 1 plams plams † plums. (n.)
2 pláms=alq[ʷ] plamsalq // plum tree, prunes. (n.)
√ply1 1 s+pílye spilye † coyote (Spokane). (n.)
√ply2 1 pul'ye pu'lye † mole, gopher. (n.)
2 pul'ya·+hál' pu'lyaaha'l witch, coyote's wife. (mole, n.)
3 pulya·+hál' pulyaaha'l mole. (n.)
√pl'1 1 s+pál'=aqɫ aspa'laqɫ // yesterday. (adv.) [see also √pn]
√pl'2 1 u p+pl' upp'l † whisky. ((lit. little flat thing (refers to bottle)), n.)
√pɫ1 1 peɫ peɫ † thick‑layered. ((stem), adj.)
2 péɫ+ɫ+t peɫɫt thick (It (shingle, board) is...). (adj.)
3 s+péɫ+ɫ+t speɫɫt density, thickness. (n.)
4 páɫ+ɫ=al'qs paɫɫa'lqs // clothes (H/s has thick...). (pl.n.)
5 t+péɫ+ɫ=cn tpeɫɫtsn lips (H/s has thick...). (n.)
6 t+péɫ+ɫ=elxʷ tpeɫɫelkhw hide (It (animal) has thick...). (n.)
7 h+péɫ+pɫ=enč hpeɫpɫench It (house) has thick walls. (n.)
√pɫ2 1 piɫ piɫ † scattered, strewn. ((stem), vt, vi.)
2 ec+píɫ+m etspiɫm it is scattered, scattered (to be...). (vi.)
3 s+píɫ+m+šeš spiɫmshesh diffusion. ((lit. spreading), n.)
4 s+píɫ=elgʷes spiɫelgwes // belongings (scattering one's...), scattering (...one's belongings). (n, v.) [see also √pt]
√pɫ3 1 puɫ puɫ † foam. ((stem), n.)
2 pu·ɫ puuuɫ It went splash! (excl.)
3 is+puɫ+puɫ+iš ispuɫpuɫish splashing (He made the noise of...). (n.)
4 čet+puʔɫ=ítkʷeʔ chetpu'ɫitkwe' // rough (water). ((lit. the surface of the water was in turmoil, as near a falls), vi.)
√pɫn 1 puɫn Puɫn † Portland. (n.)
√pm1 1 pam pam † bang. (vt.)
2 is+pám+pam+iš ispampamish boom. ((lit. He is making many deep resonant sounds), vi.)
√pm2 1 s+pum spum † fur. (n.)
2 s+pom=al'qs spoma'lqs // coat (fur...). (n.)
√pn 1 pin=tč pintch // always. (adv.)
2 s+pin=tč ‑spintch chron‑, relating to time, year. (suf.)
3 pen=t=íčeʔ pentiche' astronomical, colossal, inconceivably large, great distance (lit. extending to no one knows where). (adj.)
4 pin+č'eʔ pinch'e'? § when?. (qu.)
5 sye+nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč syenuk'wspintch anniversary. ((lit. acquiring another year), n.)
6 ul s+nuk'ʷ s+pín=tč ul snuk'w spintch annual. (adj.)
7 pst+eʔe+s+pín=tč pste'espintch semiannual. (n.)
8 pínč c'ar+t pinch ts'art remains (It...cold or chilly). (vi.)
9 pinč+cégʷ+t pinchtsegwt customary, usual. (adj.)
10 pin'č'+neʔ kʷ‿č'ic+xʷúy pi'nch'ne' kuch'itskhuy When are you coming over?. (qu.)
11 nok'ʷ+oʔ=qin+s+pín=tč nok'o'qinspintch centenarian. ((lit. a person of one hundred years), n.)
12 nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč nuk'wspintch one year. (n.)
13 s+nuk'ʷ+s+pín=tč Snuk'wspintch New Years (lit. reaching another year). (n.)
14 ʔáx̣al+s+pin=tč aqhalspintch yearly. ((lit. every year), adv.)
15 ʔax̣el+ɫ ʔese+s+pin=tč aqhelɫ esespintch biennial, biyearly. ((lit. happening every two years), adv.)
16 ʔupen+čs+pín=tč upenchspintch decade. ((lit. ten consecutive years), n.)
17 ul+n+púteʔ+n he s+pin=tč+s ulnpute'n he spintchs anno‑Domini. ((lit. belong­ing to the Lord's year), adv.)
18 k'ʷu‿s+k'ʷin+š+es+pín=tč k'usk'winshespintch? How old are you? (vi.) [see also √pl'1]
√pnʔ 1 s+póneʔ spone' † disadvantage. ((lit. state of being taken advantage of), n.)
2 sya·+pón'eʔ syaapo'ne' bully. ((lit. One who takes advantage of weaker people), n.)
3 pon'éʔ+m'‑nt'‑m po'ne'm'nt'm ‡ browbeat. ((lit. He was bullied), vi.)
4 pon'éʔ+m'‑n't‑se‑s po'ne'm'ntses advantage (to take...of). ((lit. He took advantage of me (my inability), vi.)
5 ac+pon'eʔ+mi+s+čént atspo'ne''mischent § opportunist. ((lit. One who takes advantage of others), n.)
√pn'1 1 pen' pe'n † bent, bend. ((stem), adj, vt.)
2 pen'+m pe'nm bend. (v.)
3 s+pén'+n' spe'n'n angle, bend, crease, curve. ((lit. place where bend is made), n.)
4 ec+pén'+pn' etspe'np'n crooked. (vi. (lit. It has bends or curves), adj.)
5 hn+pén'+n'=us hnpe'n'nus // H/h head became bent. (vi.)
6 pén'‑n pe'nn ‡ bent (I...it). (vt.)
7 pén'‑nt‑s pe'nnts arched, bent (He...it), deflect, piled (H/s...the long objects). (vi, vt.)
8 pén'‑nt‑s pe'nnts bow. (n.)
9 kʷan+ɫ+pn'+pn'=aqs kwanɫp'np'naqs § par flesche. ((h/s took along a case of dried hide bent up), n.)
√pn'2 1 pén'=enč pe'nench // liver. (n.)
√pq 1 peq peq † white, bleached, silver. ((stem), adj.)
2 paq paq Easter. (n.)
3 u· péq uupeq blank, white (it is...). (adj.)
4 s+paq+t spaqt gray hair. (n.)
5 či+n+páʔq chinpa'q sunrise, dawn. ((lit. it became white from the east), vi.)
6 s+č+n+páʔq schnpa'q cockcrow, dawn, daybreak. (n.)
7 t+péq=ceʔ tpeqtse' // Caucasian, man (white...). (n.)
8 pa+pq=ɫc'eʔ papqɫts'e' Ermine (white). (n.)
9 pe+pá+pq=ɫceʔ pepapqɫtse' little ermine. (n.)
10 s+poq=(q)ín=mš Spoqinmsh Spokane Tribe. (n.)
11 t+p+péq=qn' tppeqq'n hair (He has white...or head). (n.)
12 ut+péq=qn utpeqqn blonde (He is platinum...). (n.)
13 péq=a[s]gʷel peqsagwel halibut. (n.)
14 u· péq he čis uupeq he chis § cottage cheese. ((lit. white cheese), n.)
15 elu+s+páʔq eluspa'q unbleachable. ((lit. It does not whiten e.g. by exposure to the sun), vi.)
16 ul paq ha ʔúseʔ ul Paq ha use' egg (Easter...). ((lit. an egg that belongs to Easter (Pasch), n.) [see also √p'q and √p'k]
√pqʷ 1 puqʷ+ilš puqwilsh † spy. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+puqʷ+ílš+n spuqwilshn scouting. (n.)
3 ul+s+puqʷ+ílš+n ulspuqwilshn pertaining to scouting. (n.)
4 sye+puqʷ+ílš syepuqwilsh scout dance, scout, spy. (n.)
5 sya+puqʷ+ílš+m syapuqwilshm scout. ((lit. means of scouting), n.)
6 i[c]+ tkʷal't+s+puqʷ+ilš+mš itkwa'ltspuqwilshmsh § ? H/s is going around scouting. (vi.)
√pr 1 par par † to be white (with powder). ((stem), adj.)
2 u· pár uupar fade, pale (it is...). (adj.)
3 pár=us parus // albino, pale, pallid (lit. person with very pale face). (n.)
√pr'kʷ 1 per'kʷ pe'rkw † nail. ((stem), vt.)
2 pér'kʷ=eɫxʷ+n pe'rkweɫkhwn // brad, nail. ((lit. means of piercing house), n.)
3 pár'kʷ‑nt‑s pa'rkwnts ‡ pierced (He...it). (vt.)
4 t+pér'kʷ‑nt‑s tpe'rkwnts nailed (He...it on something). (vt.)
5 t+pér'kʷ‑n tpe'rkwn annex. ((lit. I nailed it to something else), vt.) [xref √pr'qʷ]
√pr'qʷ 1 t+pár'qʷ‑nt‑s tpa'rqwnts ‡ clinch. ((lit. He fastened it securely with a nail), vt.)
2 mal'+t+pér'+per'qʷ=alqʷ‑nt‑m ma'ltpe'rpe'rqwalqwntm § crucified (to be...), crucify. ((lit. He was put to death by being nailed to crossed poles), vi, vt.)
3 s+mal'+t+pér'+per'qʷ=alqʷ sma'ltpe'rpe'rqwalqw crucifixion. (n.) [xref √pr'kʷ]
√prsn 1 parsón parson † person, one person of the Blessed Trinity. (n.)
2 t+číʔɫes parsón Tchi'ɫes Parson § Blessed Trinity. ((lit. three persons), n.)
√ps1 1 pas pas † amazed, astonished, bewildered. ((stem), adj.)
2 pas+p pasp amazed, awe‑stricken, surprised (He was...). (vi.)
3 s+pas+p spasp astonishment, awe. (n.)
4 pás+ps+t paspst It is appalling, astonishing, awesome, awful, blood‑curdling, breathtaking, dire, frightening. (adj.)
5 ps+ps+té pspste breathtaking. ((lit. It inspired awe), vi.)
6 hn‑iʔ‿c+ps+p+nón+m hi'tspspnonm frighten. ((lit. I am frightening him/her), vt.)
7 ps+p‑nón‑t‑s pspnonts ‡ astonish. ((lit. He filled him with sudden wonder), vt.)
√ps2 1 paʔs pa's † surface. ((stem). to come to the surface of the water (person or animal), vi.)
2 poʔs po's effervesce. ((lit. It bubbled up), vi.)
3 uʔc+póʔs u'tspo's bubbly (It is...). (adj.)
4 puʔs pu's bubble, ferment. ((stem), vi.)
5 s+paʔs spa's surfacing, coming to the surface of water after diving. (vt.)
6 či+c+p'áʔs chitspa's He surfaced after diving. (vt.)
7 pós+pos+t pospost He is full of pranks, he is comical. (vi.)
8 póʔs=cn po'stsn // joked (he...). (vi.)
9 s+poʔs=cn spo'stsn joke, joking. (n.)
10 s+pós=cn spostsn humor, joke. (n.)
11 s+čet+puʔs=ítkʷeʔ schetpu'sitkwe' bubble. (n.)
12 čat+pos=átkʷeʔ chatpo‑satkwe' bubble. ((lit. It (water) gave off bubbles), v.)
13 s+pos+t=étkʷeʔ Spostetkwe' Santa (name of). ((lit. bubbling waters), n.)
14 pos+pos+ɫ+cégʷ+t posposɫtsegwt § He has comical ways. (vi.)
√ps3 1 pus pus † cat. (n.)
2 p+pus ppus kitten. (n.)
3 p+pús ppus kitten. (n.)
4 pús+pus puspus cats. (n.)
5 ul pus ha s+táx̣=anč+s ul pus ha staqhanchs § catgut. ((lit. of cat his gut), n.)
√ps4 1 pu√xʷs pus † digest. ((stem), vt.)
√ps5 1 pus pus † nuisance, pest. ((stem), n.)
2 pús+pus+t puspust He is a gadabout. (adj.)
3 gʷɫ pús+pus+t guɫ puspust They play and play, never work, to the point of being a nuisance. (vi.)
√ps(t') 1 s+pist'=ey't spist'e'yt // bigness (of things). (n.)
2 ul+píst'=ey't ulpist'e'yt pertaining to big things, people. (n.)
3 cen+pís=cn tsenpistsn necks (They have big...). (n.)
4 cen+pís=cn=šn tsenpistsnshn ankles (H/s has big...). (n.)
5 pís=šn pisshn feet (he has big...). (vt.)
6 p+pís=šn' ppissh'n big feet. (n.)
7 t+pés=iʔqs tpesi'qs noses (They have large...). (n.)
8 t+pés=qn tpesqn heads (They have large...). (n.)
9 t+pís=elps tpiselps grizzlies (They are big hogs or...), hogs (They are big...or grizzlies). (n.)
10 t+p+pís=gʷl' tppisgu'l caricature, comics, funnies. ((lit. little people with big bellies), n.)
11 t+pís=us tpisus eyes (H/s has large...). (n.)
√psʔ 1 púseʔ puse' † uncle (if father is living). (n.)
√psš 1 pesíš pesish † gather (...wood), fetch wood. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+psiš+m spsishm fetching (...twigs on one's back), twigs (fetching...on one's back). (v, n.)
3 č‿y'c+psíš+mš chi'tspsishmsh lit. I am fetching wood (sticks) on my back. (vt.)
√pst 1 pest+eʔ peste' † half, one‑sided. ((stem), n, adj.)
2 pést+eʔ peste' half, demi‑, half dollar, one side. (n.)
3 s+psteʔ=íɫc'eʔ spste'iɫts'e' // side (one...of the body). (n.)
4 hn+psteʔ=íɫc'eʔ hnpste'iɫts'e' one side (half) of a room. (n.)
5 hn+pésteʔ=us hnpeste'us on the side, opposed. (adv.)
6 hn+pésteʔ=us+s xʷe čníl+emn hnpeste'uss khwe chnilemn § antidote. ((lit. the opposite side of poison, something that counteracts poison, injury or contagion), n.)
7 teč+n+pesteʔ=us ha yukʷkʷm=ús+m=ul'umxʷ technpeste'us ha yukkwmusmu'lumkhw antarctic. (n.)
8 hn+pést+eʔ=us ha qʷilem' hnpeste'us ha qwile'm anti‑phone. ((lit. It is on the other side of a song, it is a responsive song), n.)
9 pst+aʔ p'sta'asqiltch a s+qíl=tč cross‑breed, half‑breed. (n.)
10 psteʔe+s+pín=tč pste'espintch semiannual. (n.)
√psy 1 psáye psaye † foolish (He was...). (vi.)
√pš 1 púše pushe † paternal grandfather. ((Yakima), n.)
2 púša pusha paternal grandfather. (n.)
√pt 1 pit+m pitm † He moved residence or position. (vt.)
2 pet+pet+m'+ul' petpet'mu'l moves (He habitually...around). (v.)
3 pít+m‑st‑m pitmstm ‡ diffuse. ((lit. It was moved, spread (out), adj.) [possibly √pɫ]
√ptp 1 s+pétep spetep † gopher. (n.)
√ptq 1 pa·táq paataq † potato. (n.)
2 hn+pa·táq+n hnpaataqn cellar. ((lit. storage room for potatoes), n.)
√ptqʷ 1 petqʷ petqw † race. ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+pét+petqʷ+n' hnpetpetqw'n race horse. (n.)
3 hn+pet+pétqʷ+n' hnpetpetqw'n race track. ((lit. means of racing), n.)
4 petqʷ+m petqwm to race, he raced.
5 sya·+pétqʷ+m syaapetqwm jockey, racer. ((lit. one whose function is to race), n.)
√ptr 1 a·+potar aapotar † apostle. (n.)
√ptwnxʷ 1 s+ptwínxʷ sptwinkhw † hog (mother...). (n.)
√ptx̣ʷ 1 patx̣ʷ patqhw † burst (ref. to oil, water, pus). ((stem), vi.) [written as √pɫx̣ʷ in volume 1] paɫx̣ʷ to burst forth (as oil, water, pus). (paɫqhw)
2 s+patx̣ʷ spatqhw oozing, as a well after being dug. (n.)
3 čic+pátx̣ʷ chitspatqhw It (i.e. oil, water, blood) burst forth hither. (vt.)
√pty' 1 p+pty'ú ppt'yu † little one, dime. (n.)
√ptʔ 1 puteʔ pute' † honor, respect, worship. ((stem), vt.)
2 putéʔ+m pute'm celebrate. ((lit. He observed (a day or event) with ceremonies of respect or festivity). worship, vi.)
3 puteʔ+m pute'm adore, esteem, revere, worship. (vt.)
4 s+púteʔ+m spute'm deference, respect, reverence. (n.)
5 pút+puteʔ+t putpute't civil, devout. ((lit. He is polite), adj.)
6 s+put+puteʔ+t sputpute't courtesy. ((lit. polite gesture or remark), n.)
7 puteʔ+utm pute'utm adorable, likeable. (adj.)
8 hn+púteʔ+n hnpute'n cult. ((lit. means of honoring, respecting, adoring), n.)
9 s+puteʔ+ncút spute'ntsut amour‑propre, self‑esteem. (n.)
10 s+púteʔ+mš spute'msh worship (to...). (vi.)
11 puteʔ‑nt‑s pute'nts ‡ honor, respect, he honored (respected) h/h. (vt.)
12 s+puteʔ+s+čínt spute'schint § curtsy, bow. ((lit. showing respect for a person), n.)
13 ul+n+púteʔ+n he s+pin=tč+s ulnpute'n he spintchs anno‑Domini. ((lit. belong­ing to the Lord's year), adv.)
√pw 1 paw paw † drum (on tin). ((stem), vi.)
2 pew pew drum (on a drum). ((stem), vi.)
3 p+péw'+m' ppe'w'm drummed (he...softly), softly (he drummed...). (v, adv.)
4 pu·w+mín+n puuwminn drum. (n.)
5 puw+min+n puwminn cymbal. ((lit. a drum), n.) [also written as √ph] puh+mín+n cymbal (lit. a drum). (puhminn, n.)
6 sye·+péw+m syeepewm drummer. ((lit. one whose function is to drum), n.)
7 i s+péw+puw+iš ispewpuwis He is in the act of sounding a drum.
8 s+pow=ál'q+n spowa'lqn // woodpecker. (n.)
9 péw‑nt‑s pewnts ‡ beat (He...it (drum)). (vi.)
10 puw‑šít‑s puwshits drummed (h/s...for h/h). (vt.)
11 puw+šít‑se‑s puwshitses drummed (h/s...for me). (vt.)
12 miyes+péw+n miyespewn § drummed (He...loudly). (vi.)
13 miyes+péw+m miyespewm He drummed loudly. (vi.)
14 t'ax̣+s+péw+m t'aqhspewm drummed (He...quickly, with fast tempo). (vt.)
15 t'ax̣+s+péw‑n t'aqhspewn He drummed quickly, with fast tempo. (vt.)
√pw'1 1 piw' pi'w † jerk. ((stem), vi.)
√pw'2 1 piw' pi'w † light (in weight). ((stem), n.)
2 u· píw' uupi'w He started out briskly, lightly, as though light weight. (vi.)
3 u p+píw' uppi'w weight (It is light in...), light (It is...in weight). (n, adj.)
4 u+p+pí·w' uppiii'w! light (It is (very)...). (adj.)
5 s+píw'+pew' spi'wpe'w lungs. ((lit. means of being lightweight), n.)
6 píw'+pew'+t pi'wpe'wt active, agile, brisk (he is...), lively, nimble. (adj, vi.)
7 s+píw'+pew'+t spi'wpe'wt vigor, vivacity. (n.)
√pwy 1 píwye piwye † camas from Nez Perce country. (n.)
√pxʷ1 1 pexʷ pekhw † wind‑blown. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+pexʷ+n spekhwn chaff. ((grain husks separated from), n.)
3 péxʷ+t+n' pekhwt'n snow drift. (n.) [xref √pxʷ2]
√pxʷ2 1 e n+péxʷ enpekhw † to be contained (lit. Spherical objects are contained in something). (vi.)
√pxʷ3 1 puxʷ pukhw † blow (with mouth). ((stem), vt.)
2 puxʷ+m pukhum blow. (vt.)
3 s+puxʷ+m spukhum blowing by medicine man in treatment of ailment. (vt.)
4 púxʷ+emn pukhwemn blowpipe. ((lit. means of blowing), n.)
5 puxʷ+mín+n pukhwminn winnower. (n.)
6 hn+púxʷ=enč hnpukhwench // H/s blew on the wall. (vi.)
7 hn+púxʷ=ɫceʔ+n hnpukhwɫtse'n alpenhorn, brass, horn, bugle. ((lit. means of blowing), n.)
8 gʷl sye+n+púxʷ=ɫc'e gul syenpukhwɫt'se combo. ((lit. a group of in‑blow­ers), n.)
9 púxʷ‑nt‑m pukhwntm ‡ blown (It was...). (vi.)
10 púxʷ‑nt‑m pukhwntm medicine man (h/s was treated by a...), treated (h/s was...by a medicine man). ((lit. h/s was blown on as a technique of healing), n, v.)
11 hn+púxʷ‑n hnpukhwn blow‑up (to...). ((lit. I filled it with air), vt.)
12 t+púxʷ‑n tpukhwn blow‑out. ((lit. I blew out), vt.) t+póxʷ=qn‑t‑m was (H/h head...blown on). (tpokhwqntm (ref. to curing technique), vi.) [xref √pxʷ1]
√px̣ 1 pax̣ paqh † thoughtful, wise. ((stem). to rub on surface (as striking a match), adj.)
2 pax̣ paqh rub (on a surface). ((stem), v.)
3 u· páx̣ uupaqh canny, crafty, cunning, prudent, shrewd (he is...). (adj.)
4 s+paʔx̣ spa'qh craft. ((lit. wisdom in evasion or deception), n.)
5 s+páx̣+pax̣ spaqhpaqh allegory, Indian philosophy, wisdom story. (n.)
6 páx̣+pax̣+t paqhpaqht astute, clever, intelligent, wise (he is very...), judgement (he is keen in...), keen (he is...in judgement). (vi.)
7 s+páx̣+pax̣+t spaqhpaqht brightness, wisdom, (intellectual), intelligence. (n.)
8 s+páx̣+pax̣+t spaqhpaqht intelligence, wisdom, common sense. (n.)
9 s+t+pax̣+mín+n stpaqhminn matchbox (striking surface on a...), striking (...surface on a matchbox). (n.)
10 s+c+an+páʔx̣+m stsanpa'qhm a posteriori, contemplative, meditative, reasoning (lit. seeking the wisdom of). (adj.)
11 ac+pax̣+pax̣+scút atspaqhpaqhstsut charlatan, fool. ((lit. He makes himself as if wise), n.)
12 c'+an+páʔx̣+m ts'anpa'qhm reasoned (He...). (vi.)
13 c+an+pax̣a+mín+n tsanpaqhaminn reasoning (...power or faculty). (n.)
14 i ca+n+páʔx̣+mš itsanpa'qhmsh He is reasoning or figuring, philosophizing. (vi.)
15 s+pax̣+pax̣=cn+mí+ncut spaqhpaqhtsnmintsut // bon mot. ((lit. making oneself speak wisely ‑ a clever saying), n.)
16 pax̣+pax̣+t=íl'š paqhpaqhti'lsh wise (He became...). (vi.)
17 s+pax̣+pax̣+t=íl'š spaqhpaqhti'lsh prudent, becoming wise. (adj.)
18 s+c+an+paʔaʔx̣=ngʷíln stsanpa'a'qhngwiln concept. ((lit. attaining a resul­t of reasoning), n.)
19 ic+páʔx̣‑lš itspa'qhlsh ‡ avoid, dodge, evade. ((lit. They are "wised up." They are slipping away from something), vt.)
20 c+an+páʔx̣‑nt‑s tsanpa'qhnts cogitate. ((lit. He thought carefully about it), vi.)
21 t+páx̣‑nt‑s tpaqhnts lit (H/s...the match), struck (H/s...the match). (vt.)
22 pax̣+pax̣+t he q'ey'+mín+n paqhpaqht he q'e'yminn § Bible. ((lit. A book that is wise), n.)
23 ul s+c+an+paʔaʔx̣=ngʷíl+n ul stsanpa'a'qhngwiln conceptual. ((lit. belonging to attainment of reasoning), adj.)
24 ul a+yáʕ gʷɫ páx̣+pax̣+t Ul aya( Guɫ paqhpaqht All Saints Day. ((lit. be­longing to all the wise), n.)
√px̣ʷ 1 pax̣ʷ paqhw † distribute (in order). ((stem), vt.)
2 páx̣ʷ+m+ncut paqhwmntsut defer, disband. ((lit. They dispersed (for the time being); They put it off), vi.)
3 s+páx̣ʷ+m+ncut spaqhwmntsut break‑up, disintegration, dispersion. ((lit. scattering selves), n.)
4 s+páx̣ʷo+mncut spaqhwomntsut lit. dispersing of a group or people. (v.)
5 s+pax̣ʷ+m+šeš spaqhumshesh distribution (lit. distributing things). (n.)
6 hiyc+páx̣ʷ+m+šeš hiytspaqhumshesh distribution. ((lit. It is something I dealt out), n.)
7 páx̣ʷ‑nt‑s paqhwnts ‡ scattered (H/s...it). (vt.)
8 páx̣ʷ+m‑s‑n paqhumsn deal, distributed (I...it). (vt.)
9 páx̣ʷ+m‑stu‑s paqhumstus broadcast, scattered. (vt.)
10 ac+páx̣ʷ+m‑st‑xʷ atspaqhumstkhw allot, distribute, deal out. (vt.)
11 ac+páx̣ʷ+m+ncut‑lš atspaqhwmntsutlsh disperse, diverge. ((lit. They scatter out from onepoint), vi.)
12 s+pox̣ʷ+m+eɫ+q'ey'+mínn spoqhmeɫq'e'yminn § circular, bulletin. (n.)
√px̣ʷ2 1 hn+t+péx̣ʷ+n hntpeqhwn † cuspidor, spittoon. (n.)
2 čat+péx̣[ʷ]+m chatpeqhm H/S spat on floor. (vi.)
3 *čat+péx̣ʷ+pex̣ʷ+m' chatpeqhwpeqh'm H/S spat on this and that, or here and there). (vi.)[for expected √pxʷ]
√py 1 piy piy † happy, joyful. ((stem), adj.)
2 péy+piy+t peypiyt delightful, enjoyable. ((stem), adj.)
3 péy+py+t peypyt thrilling (of the heart or soul) must be pure, real, moral as a beautiful song, ecstatic. (vt.)
4 ec+piy=íč etspiyich // delight, pleasure. ((stem), vt.)
5 hn+péy=elgʷes hnpeyelgwes cheerful, chipper, contented. ((lit. He is thrilled at heart), adj.)
6 hn+piy=ílgʷes+n hnpiyilgwesn beatitude. ((lit. place of great delight), n.)
7 hn+piy+iy=ílgʷes+n hnpiyyilgwesn darling, Eden. ((lit. place of great delight), n.)
8 hn+piy+piy=ílgʷes hnpiypiyilgwes bon vivant, dashing. ((lit. one who is always thrilled at heart, a person who enjoys life fully), adj.)
9 s+piy+piy+čs=níxʷ spiypiychsnikhw admiration. (n.)
10 his+piy+piy+čs=níxʷ hispiypiychsnikhw admire (to...). ((lit. H/S fills me with intense happy emotion), vi.)
11 čn‿iʔc+piy=ičt‑m‑n‑m chni'tspiyichtmnm ‡ delight. ((lit. you (s) are delighting me), vi.)
12 ec+piy=íč‑st‑m‑n etspiyichstmn ‡ I delight you. (vt.)
13 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s‑n piyichtmntsn I delighted you (sg.). (vt.)
14 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+piy=íčt+mn-m kwi'tspiyichtmnm I am delighting you(s). (v.)
15 čeɫ+kʷ‿is+piy=íčt‑m‑n‑m chetkwispiyichtmnm delight. ((lit. I will delight you (sg.)), vt.)
16 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s‑n k'wne'piyichtmntsn I am going to delight you (sg.). (vi.)
17 ec+piy=íč‑s‑n etspiyichsn I delight h/h. (vt.)
18 piy=íčt+mn‑n piyichtmnn I delighted h/h. (v.)
19 hn‑iʔ‿c+piy=íč+mn+m hi'tspiyichmnm I am delighting him/her. (vt.)
20 čeɫ+his+piy=ičt‑m‑n‑m cheɫhispiyichtmnm delight. ((lit. I will delight h/h), vt.)
21 čeɫ+kʷp‿his+piy=ičt‑m‑n‑m cheɫkuphispiyichtmnm delight. (vi.)
22 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+mn‑n k'wne'piyichtmnn I am going to delight h/h. (vt.)
23 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑ulm‑n etspiyichtmistulmn I delight you (pl.). (vt.)
24 čeɫ‿kʷup‿hi‑s+piy=íčt+mn+m cheɫkuphispiyichtmnm delight (lit. I will delight you (pl)). (vi.)
25 kʷp‿hiʔc+piy=íčt‑m‑n‑m kuphi'tspiyichtmnm delighting (I am..you (pl)). (vt.)
26 piy=íčt‑m‑nt‑ul‑m‑n piyichtmntulmn delighted (I...you (pl.)). (vt.)
27 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑ulm‑n k'wne'piyichtmntulmn I am going to delight you (pl.). (vi.)
28 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑s‑n‑lš etspiyichtmisnlsh I delight them. (vt.)
29 piy=íčt+mn‑n‑lš piyichtmnnlsh I delighted them. (v.)
30 hn‑iʔ‿c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑lš hi'tspiyichtmnmlsh I am delighting them. (vt.)
31 čeɫ‿hi‑s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑lš cheɫhispiyichtmnmlsh I will delight them. (vt.)
32 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+mn‑n‑lš k'wne'piyichtmnnlsh I am going to delight them. (vt.)
33 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s piyichtmnts You(s) delight me. (v.)
34 ec+piy=íč‑st‑me‑xʷ etspiyichstmekhw You (sg.) delight me. (vt.)
35 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑xʷ piyichtmntsekhw You (sg.) delighted me, you elated me. (vt.)
36 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑me‑xʷ etspiyichtmistmekhw to thrill, astonish, electrify (lit. You (sg.) thrill me). (vt.)
37 čn‿y'c+piy=íčt+mn-n chni'tspiyichtmnm you (s) are delighting me. (vt.)
38 neʔ+piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑xʷ ne'piyichtmntsekhw You (sg.) are to delight me (imper.). (v.)
39 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+piy=íčt+mn+m cheɫchn'ispiyichtmnm you (s) will delight me. (vt.)
40 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑xʷ k'wne'piyichtmntsekhw You (sg.) are going to delight me. (vi.)
41 piy=íčt+mn‑t piyichtmnt You (s) delight h/h. (v.)
42 *ec+piy=íč‑st‑mi‑s‑xʷ etspiyichstmistkhw You (sg.) delight h/h. (vt.)
43 piy=íč+mn‑t‑xʷ piyichmntkhw You (sg.) delighted h/h. (vt.)
44 iʔ c+piy=íčt+mn+m i'tspiyichtmnm You (sg.) are delighting h/h. (vt.)
45 neʔ+piy=íčt‑m‑nt‑xʷ ne'piyichtmntkhw You (sg.) are to delight h/h (imper.). (v.)
46 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+piy=íčt+mn cheɫ'ispiyichtmn you (s) will delight him. (vt.)
47 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑xʷ k'wne'piyichtmntkhw You (sg.) are going to delight h/h. (vi.)
48 ec+piy=íč‑st‑me‑s etspiyichstmes H/s delights me. (vt.)
49 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑s piyichtmntses H/s delighted me. (v.)
50 č‿y'c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s chi'tspiyichtmnms H/s is delighting me. (vt.)
51 čeɫ‿či‿s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s cheɫchispiyichtmnms h/s will delight me. (vt.)
52 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑s k'wne'piyichtmntses H/s is going to delight me. (vi.)
53 ec+piy=íč‑st‑mi‑s etspiyichstmis H/s delights you (sg.). (vt.)
54 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑si‑s piyichtmntsis H/S delighted you. (vt.)
55 kʷu‿y'‿c+piy=íčt+mn‑m‑s ku'ytspiyichtmnms H/S is delighting you (sg). (vt.)
56 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s cheɫkuspiyichtmnms (lit. h/s will delight you (sg.)). (vt.)
57 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑si‑s k'wne'piyichtmntsis H/s is going to delight you (sg.). (vi.)
58 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑stu‑s etspiyichtmistus H/s delights h/h. (vt.)
59 piy=íčm‑nt‑s piyichtmnts H/s delighted h/h. (v.)
60 *iʔ c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s i'tspiyichtmms H/s is delighting h/h. (vt.)
61 čes+piy+íčt+mn+m‑s chespiyichtmnms (lit. h/s will delight h/h) (vt.)
62 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s k'wne'piyichtmnts H/s is going to delight h/h. (vt.)
63 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑me‑lp etspiyichtmistmelp You (pl.) delight me. (vt.)
64 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑sel‑p piyichtmntselp You (pl) delighted me. (v.)
65 čn‿y'c+piy=ič+íčt+mn‑mp chni'tspiyichichtmnmp (lit. you (pl.) are delighting me). (vt.)
66 neʔ+piy=íčt+m‑nt‑sel‑p ne'piyichtmntselp You (pl.) are to delight me (imper.). (v.)
67 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+piy=íčt+mn‑mp cheɫchn'ispiyichtmnmp you (pl) will delight me. (vt.)
68 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑sel‑p k'wne'piyichtmntselp You (pl.) are going to delight me. (vi.)
69 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑ul piyichtmntul You (pl.) delight h/h. (vt.)
70 neʔ+piy=íčt+m‑nt‑xʷ‑lš ne'piyichtmntkhwlsh You (pl.) are to delight h/h (imper.). (v.)
71 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+piy=íčt+mn+m+šeš kup'itspiyichtmnmshesh You (pl) are delighting us (or them). (vt.)
72 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑xʷ‑lš etspiyichtmistkhwlsh You (pl.) delight them. (vt.)
73 piy=íčt+mn‑t‑xʷ‑lš piyichtmntkhwlsh You (pl.) delighted them. (vt.)
74 iʔ c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑lš i'tspiyichtmnmlsh (Gloss [sg.])You (pl.) are delighting them. (vt.)
75 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑lš cheɫ'ispiyichtmnmlsh gloss?? you (pl) will delight them. (vt.)
76 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑xʷ‑lš k'wne'piyichtmntkhwlsh You (pl.) are going to delight them. (vi.)
77 ec+piy=íčt+mis‑st‑me‑s‑lš etspiyichtmistmeslsh They delight me. (vt.)
78 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑s‑lš piyichtmntseslsh They delighted me. (v.)
79 č‿y'c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš chi'tspiyichtmnmslsh They are delighting me. (vt.)
80 čeɫ‿či‿s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš cheɫchispiyichtmnmslsh they will delight me. (vt.)
81 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑se‑s‑lš k'wne'piyichtmntseslsh They are going to delight me. (vi.)
82 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s‑lš k'wne'piyichtmntslsh They are going to delight h/h. (vi.)
83 ec+piy=íčt‑ulm‑is‑lš etspiyichtulmislsh They delight you (pl.). (vt.)
84 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑si‑s‑lš piyichtmntsislsh They delighted you (pl.). (vt.)
85 kʷup+ʔi‿c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš kup'itspiyichtmnmslsh They are delighting you (pl). (vt.)
86 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš cheɫkupspiyichtmnmslsh (lit. they will delight you (pl)). (vt.)
87 k'ʷ neʔ piy=íčt+m‑n‑si‑s‑lš k'wne'piyichtmnsislsh They are going to delight you (pl.). (vi.)
88 ec+piy=íčt+mi‑stu‑s‑lš etspiyichtmistuslsh They delight them. (vt.)
89 piy=íčt+m‑nt‑s‑lš piyichtmntslsh They delighted them. (vt.)
90 iʔ c+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš i'tspiyichtmnmslsh They are delighting them. (vt.)
91 čes+piy=íčt+mn+m‑s‑lš chespiyichtmnmslsh (lit. they will delight them). (vt.)
92 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt‑mi‑st‑m‑n na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmn § delight (Maybe I...you (sg.). (vt.)
93 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+m‑is‑n na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmisn delight (Maybe I...h/h). (vt.)
94 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑stu‑l‑m‑n na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistulmn delight (Maybe I...you (pl.). (vt.)
95 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑s‑n‑lš na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmisnlsh Maybe I delight them. (v.)
96 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑me‑xʷ na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmekhw delight (Maybe you (sg.)...me). (vt.)
97 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑xʷ na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistkhw delight (Maybe you (sg.)...h/h). (vt.)
98 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt‑mi‑st‑me‑s[] na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmesw delights (Maybe h/s...me). (vt.)
99 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑m‑is na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmis delights (Maybe h/s...you (sg.). (vt.)
100 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑stu‑s na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistus delights (Maybe h/s...h/h). (vt.)
101 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st+mel‑p na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmelp delight (Maybe you (pl.)...me). (vt.)
102 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑xʷ‑lš na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistkhwlsh delight (Maybe you (pl.)...them). (v.)
103 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st‑me‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistmeslsh delight (Maybe they...me). (vt.)
104 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑stu‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistuslsh delight (Maybe they...h/h). (vt.)
105 naʔx̣íɫ ec+piy=íčt+mi‑st+ul+mi‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ etspiyichtmistulmislsh delight (Maybe they...you (pl.). (vt.)
106 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t he s+n+piy+y=ílgʷes qha'yqhi't he snpiyyilgwes bliss, ecstasy. (bliss (lit. great thrilling of the heart), n.)
107 s+myes+n+piy+iy=ílgʷes smyesnpiyyilgwes trance (a kind of...), ecstasy, joy (excessive...). ((lit. more than ordinary thrilling of the heart), n.)
√pyl 1 s+pa·yól=mš Spaayolmsh // Spanish, Castilian, Mexican. (n.)
2 an+pa·yól=mš=cn anpaayolmshtsn Spanish (to speak...). (n.)
√py'1 1 piy' pi'y † squeeze. ((stem), vt.) [xref √p'y']
√py'2 1 t+puʔ+púy'=us tpu'pu'yus // humor (His eyes came to show prankish...), eyes (His...came to show prankish humor). (n.)
2 t+puy'+púy=us tpuy'puyus came (His eyes...to show prankish humor). (vi.)
3 uʔ+t+púʔ+puy'=us u'tpu'pu'yus humor (His eyes customarily show prankish...). (n.)
√pʕ1 1 u· páʕ uupa † gray (it is...). adj.)
2 paʕ+aʕ pa(a( bleach, blench (lit. it became colorless). (vt.)
3 u· páʕ=us uupa(us // face (his...is pale), pale (his face is...). (n, adj.)
4 páʕ+aʕ=us pa(a(us blanch, name of a mountain. (he became pale...as to the face, n.)
5 lut as+paʕ+aʕ+út+m‑s lutaspa(a(utms § colorfast. ((lit. It is incapable of fading), adj.)
6 lut es‑peʕ+eʕ+út+m‑s lutespe(e(utms colorfast (lit. It is incapable of fading). (adj.)
√pʕ2 1 paʕ pa( † excess. ((stem). left over, n.)
2 peʕ+peʕʷ pe(pe(w left over. ((stem). excess, adj.)
3 hi+s+péʕʷ+ʕʷ hispe(wu(w surplus (it is my...). ((lit. It is what I have left over), n.) [pharyngeal sometimes rounded]
√pʕʷ 1 paʕʷ pa(w † defecate. ((stem), vi.)
√pʔ1 1 t+peʔ=šín+t‑s tpe'shints ‡ deflate ((lit. He released the air from the tire), vt.)
√pʔ2 1 pí+peʔ pipe' † father. (n.)
√pʔ3 1 píʔ+peʔ+t pi'pe't † He is bounteous, bountiful, broadminded, charitable, generous, magnanimous. (adj.)
2 s+píʔ+peʔ+t spi'pe't bounty, catholicity, liberality. (n.)
3 s+piʔ+peʔ+t spi'pe't liberality, generosity. (n.)
4 miyeɫ+píʔ+peʔ+t miyeɫpi'pe't § deluxe, extravagant. ((lit. he is too generous), adj.)
√pʔ4 1 puʔ pu' † thump (as fist against person). (vt.)
√pʔ(s) 1 puʔs pu's E.g. hiitspu's † heart, desire. (...It is my heart, desire, will, n.)
2 puʔs ‑pu's [move to appendix B] cardio..., relating to the heart. ((suf).)
3 hi·c+puʔs pu's. E.g. hiitspu's will. (...It is my heart, desire, will, n.)
4 hiyc+púʔs hiytspu's desire, heart. (n.)
5 hn+púʔs+n hnpu'sn conscience, idea, imagination, mind. ((lit. the means of thinking, that which is thought of), n.)
6 hn+puʔs+n hnpu'sn idea, imagination, thought. (n.)
7 puʔs+mín+t pu'smint consider. ((lit. Fix your mind upon it, contemplate it), vt.)
8 s+puʔs+mín+n spu'sminn commemoration, consideration. ((lit. thinking about something), n.)
9 ul+iyc+púʔs uliytspu's cardiac, coronary. ((lit. pertaining to the heart), adj.)
10 puʔ+puʔs=ínč pu'pu'sinch // aggrieve. ((lit. He was distressed, afflicted, he felt sadness, he mourned, bemoan, dejected), vt.)
11 s+puʔ+puʔs=ínč spu'pu'sinch dirge, elegy, mourning, sorrow. (n.)
12 s+puʔs+p'uʔs=ínč spu'sp'u'sinch grieve (to...), grieving. (vi.)
13 hn+pʔeʔs+m=íneʔ hnp'e'smine' idea. ((lit. He had an idea of the meaning of a statement), n.)
14 s+puʔuʔs=ngʷíln spu'u'sngwiln brainstorm, brainwave. ((lit. success in getting a thought, a sudden inspiration), n.)
15 puʔs+mín‑n pu'sminn ‡ commemorate, considered. ((lit. I thought of it), vt.)
16 puʔ+puʔs=ínč+m‑st‑m pu'pu'sinchmstm disgruntle. ((lit. H/S was made dissatisfied), vt.)
17 ec+puʔ+puʔs=ínč+m‑st‑m‑n etspu'pu'sinchmstmn distress. ((lit. I inflict pain or suffering on you (sg.)), vt.)
18 puʔ+puʔs=ínč+m‑stu‑s pu'pu'sinchmstus deject. ((lit. He grieved him), vt.)
19 t+puʔ+puʔs=ínč‑m‑n tpu'pu'sinchmn deplore. ((lit. I grieved on his account), vt.)
20 u+x̣ʷel'+e+yc+púʔs uqhwe'leytspu's § cordate. ((lit. It is like a heart), adj.)
21 nuk'ʷ+e+ʔeɫi+c+púʔs‑lš nuk'we'eɫitspu'slsh concordant. ((lit. They are of one heart), adj.)
22 s+nuk'ʷ+e+ʔɫiy+c+púʔ[s] snuk'we'ɫiytspu'. concordance. ((lit. having one heart), n,
23 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ic+puʔ+puʔs=ínč qha'yqhi't itspu'pu'sinch brokenhearted, mournful. ((lit. He is grievously mourning), adj.)
24 hn+čn'+n'+meɫ+i·c+púʔs hnch'n'nmeɫiitspu's come. ((lit. his heart came back to its own position), vt.)
25 hn+č'n'+n'+meɫi·+t+s+púʔs hnch''n'nmeɫiitspu's come. (lit. his heart came to its own position). (vt.)
26 miyes+puʔs+min‑n miyespu'sminn comtemplate, meditate, ponder. ((lit. I considered it more than ordinary), vt.)
27 uw'e+n+púʔs+n u'wenpu'sn abstract. ((lit. only in imagination), n.)

√p'

√p'c 1 p'oc' p'ots' [also recorded as √p'c'] † smash. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+p'oc+m sp'otsm damage (with heavy blows), pound (with heavy blows). (flatten, vt.)
3 s+p'+p'óc+t sp'p'otst dent. ((lit. slight depression caused by a blow or pressure), n.)
4 a n+p'oc=qn anp'otsqn // H/s is wearing a squashed hat. (vt.)
5 p'oc‑n p'otsn ‡ bashed (I...it), crush. (vt.)
6 p'óc‑nt‑s p'otsnts smashed (h/s...it). (vt.)
√p'c'1 1 p'ac' p'ats' † defecate, squirt. ((stem). vi, vt.)
2 s+p'ac' sp'ats' dung. (n.)
3 p'ác'+m p'ats'm threw off (H/s...dung). (vt.)
4 hn+p'c'+mén+n hnp'ts'menn privy. (n.)
√p'c'2 1 p'ic' p'i'ts † push. ((stem), adv.)
2 p'íc'+pec'+t p'its'pets't pressing, urgent (lit. it is naturally pushing). (adj.)
3 s+p'íc'+n sp'its'n pushing, shoving. (vt.)
4 sye+n+p[']íc'+p syenpits'p one who pushes from the back. (n.)
5 s+n+p'íc'=cn+n snp'its'tsnn // accent (stress). (n.)
6 p'ic'‑nt‑se‑s p'its'ntses ‡ pushed (h/s...me). (v.)
7 te·+p'íc[']‑nt‑s teep'itsnts counteract. ((lit. He counteracted him by pushing him back), v.)
8 hn+p'ic'+p‑nt‑s hnp'its'pnts H/s gave the vehicle a push from the rear.
9 hn+p'íc'=ečn'‑t‑se‑s hnp'its'ech'ntses pushed (He...(urged) me on the back), urged (He pushed (...) me on the back). (He pushed my back, vt.)
√p'č 1 p'ač p'ach † blooper. ((lit. sound of a weakly hit baseball), n.)
√p'č' 1 p'[e]č' p'ch' † glitter. ((stem), vi.)
2 p'eč['] p'e'ch shine. ((stem), vi.)
3 u· p'[e]č' uup'ch' burnish, shiny, chrome. ((lit. It is shiny (as by rubbing), vi, adj, n.)
√p'č'n' 1 p'éč'n' p'ech'n' † bob‑cat, lynx. (n.)
√p'gʷ 1 p'ugʷ=ílmxʷ p'ugwilmkhw // echo. ((lit. sound on the earth), n.)
2 lut hey'p+s+p'ugʷ=ílumxʷ+s lut he'ypsp'ugwilumkhws § anechoic. ((lit. It has no echoes), adj.)
√p'gʷn 1 p'ígʷne p'igwne † barbarian, gentile, pagan. (n.)
√p'k 1 t+p'ók=qn tp'okqn // blonde. ((lit. one with grayish hair), n.) [xref √pq]
√p'kʷlʔ 1 p'ekʷleʔ p'ekwle' † ball, baseball, basketball. (n.)
2 s+p'ekʷleʔ sp'ekwle' baseball, playing ball. (n.)
3 sye·+p'ékʷleʔ syeep'ekwle' baseball player. (n.)
4 s+p'ákʷlaʔ=alqs sp'akwla'alqs // suit, uniform (baseball...). (n.)
√p'l 1 p'il p'il † flicker (e.g. eyelid). ((stem), vi.)
√p'lč' 1 p'elč' p'elch' † turn (a flat object), to turn flat thing over. ((stem), vt.)
2 p'ilč' p'ilch' turn (to...round objects), to turn eyes inward with pain. ((stem), vt.)
3 p'íl·č' p'illch' turned (they (flat objects)...over). (v.)
4 p'élč'+mncut p'elch'mntsut H/s turned h/h self over. (vt.)
5 s+p'elč'+m+ncut sp'elch'mntsut turning (...oneself over). (v.)
6 t+p'íl+p'il·č'=us tp'ilp'illch'us // turned (H/s eyes...over (figuratively) from fear, astonishment, etc.). ([v].)
7 p'elč'+m‑stu‑s p'elch'mstus ‡ capsize, overturn, he overturned it or caused it to turn over. (vt, v.)
8 p'élč‑m‑stu‑s p'elch'mstus H/s turned flat thing over (as disc). (vt.)
√p'lk'ʷ 1 p'ulk'ʷ p'ulk'w † fold. ((stem). (e.g. cloth), vt.)
2 *a t+p'lk'ʷ=ax̣n atp'ɫk'waqhn // his arm is wrapped around. (vi.)
3 et+p'+p'úl'+p'ul'k'ʷ=eceʔ etp'p'u'lp'u'lk'wetse' cigarettes. (n.)
4 p'úlkʷ‑nt‑s p'ulkwnts ‡ folded, H/s folded it up (as sheet, blanket). (vt.)
√p'ɫ1 1 p'iɫ p'iɫ † sit (persons). ((stem), vi.)
2 kʷup‿ʔe‿c+p'í·ɫ kup'etsp'i··ɫ! You are remaining seated, or at home, You are still seated! (vi.)
3 neʔ+kʷp‿ʔec+p'í·ɫ ne'kup'etsp'iiiɫɫ! seated. ((lit. Please remain seated), vi.)
4 s+t+p'íɫ=liš=w'es stp'iɫlish'wes // cavalcade, riding on horses (lit. getting to sit on horseback). (n.)
√p'ɫ2 1 p'uɫ p'uɫ † poison ivy. ((stem), n.)
2 p'úɫ+p'uɫ+t=úmš p'uɫp'uɫtumsh // poison ivy. ((lit. kind of poisonous plant), n.)
√p'ɫq 1 p'aɫq p'aɫq † pack, put away. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+p'+p'ɫq=il'gʷes sp'p'ɫqi'lgwes // belongings (small...). (storing away, n.)
3 his+p'ɫq=ílgʷes hisp'ɫqilgwes possession (it is my...). (n.)
4 č‿y'c+p'aɫq=ílgʷes chi'tsp'aɫqilgwes I am putting away my belong­ings. (vi.)
5 t'iʔ p'áɫ=qn+(n)t t'i'p'aɫqnt Put it away. (v. imper.)
6 p'áɫ=qn‑t‑s p'aɫqnts ‡ H/s put it away. (vt.)
√p'm1 1 p'em p'em † mouse‑colored. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+n+p'óm=qn snp'omqn // hides (smoking...). (n.)
3 hn+p'ó[m]=qn hnp'onqn smoked (hides). (vt.) [see v. 1]
4 p'úm‑nt‑s p'umnts ‡ smoked (h/s...it) (i.e. hide). ((lit. h/s made it mouse‑color), v.)
√p'm2 1 s+p'uʔum sp'u'um † belching. (vi.)
√p'm' 1 p'em'=iw'es+n p'e'mi'wesn // compact, compress. (vt.)
2 ec+p[']em'=íw'es etspe'mi'wes compact, compressed. (vi. (lit. It is close­ly and firmly packed), adj.)
3 s+p'em'=íw'es sp'e'mi'wes compaction, compression, condensation. ((lit. pressing together), n.)
4 siye+p'em'=íw'es siyep'e'mi'wes compressor. ((lit. that which presses together), n.)
5 p'em'=íw'es‑n p'e'mi'wesn ‡ compact, compress, I pressed it closely together. (vt.)
6 p'em'=íw'es‑tu‑s p'e'mi'westus compress, constrict. ((lit. He pressed them together), vi.)
√p'n 1 p'en p'en † lie (long objects). ((stem), vi.)
2 ec+p'én etsp'en the long objects are in a lying position. (vi.)
3 ac+p'n+p'n=áx̣n atsp'np'naqhn // H/h arms are in a lying position. (vi.)
4 ec+p'én+p'n=šn etsp'enp'nshn H/h legs are in a lying position. (vi.)
5 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+p'n+mín+n nuk'wɫp'nminn § wood (one rick of...). ((lit. one means of piling long objects), n.)
6 ac+p'n+p'n'+as+c'am' atsp'np'nasts'a'm H/h bones are in a lying posi­tion. (vi.)
√p'nl' 1 p'nal' p'na'l † at least. (adv.)
2 čaʔ+p'ná·l' cha'p'naa'l least (at...). ((lit. no matter how little), adj.)
3 čaʔ+p'nal' cha'p'na'l least (at...). (adv.)
√p'n'x̣ 1 s+p'án'x̣ sp'a'nqh † bag (beaded). (n.)
2 s+p'an'x̣ sp'a'nqh bag, sack. (n.)
3 kʷan+ɫ+s+p'án'x̣ kwanɫsp'a'nqh § bag (she took a...), took (she...a bag). (n, vt.)
4 s+kʷan+s+p'án'+p'an'x̣ skwansp'a'np'a'nqh baggage. ((lit. bags carried while travelling), n.)
√p'q 1 u+t+p'óq=qn utp'oqqn † hair (He has sandy...). (n.) [xref √pq]
√p'q' 1 is+p'áq'+p'aq'+iš isp'aq'p'aq'ish † crackle. ((lit. It going crackle, crackle), vi.)
√p'qʷ 1 p'eqʷ p'eqw † henpeck, nag, pick on. ((stem), vt.)
√p'q'ʷ1 1 p'aq'ʷ p'aq'w † powder. ((stem), n.)
2 hn+p'uq'ʷ+mín+m hnp'uq'wminm granary. (n.)
3 hn+p'oq'ʷ+mín+m hnp'oq'wminm granary. (n.)
4 p'uq'ʷ=ús+n p'uq'usn // cosmetic, face powder. (n.)
5 p'uq'ʷ=us+ncút+n p'uq'usntsutn face powder. ((lit. means of putting pulverized matter on one's face), n.)
6 s+n+p'uq'ʷ=ítkʷeʔ snp'uq'witkwe' cornmeal. ((lit. any coarsely ground edible grain that is put into water), n.)
7 p'áq'ʷ+p'uq'ʷ‑nt‑s p'aq'wp'uq'wnts ‡ H/s spilled powder here and there or again and again. (vt.)
8 hn+p'áq'ʷ‑nt‑s hnp'aq'wnts put (He...powder in the gun). (vt)
√p'q'ʷ2 1 s+p'aq'ʷ+t sp'aq'wt † leprosy. (n.)
2 s+p'+p'áq'ʷ+t sp'p'aq'wt leprosy, small pox. (n.)
√p'r 1 p'er p'er † excess, flood, overflow. ((stem), n.)
2 p'er+t p'ert flooded. (vt.)
3 p[']er+t pert flooded (It...). (vi.)
4 s+p'er+t sp'ert cataclysm, deluge, flood, inundation. (n.)
5 hn+p'ér+t hnp'ert flooded (it...inside). (vi.)
6 p'ér+er p'erer buckle, warp. (vt.)
7 čat+p'ér+t chatp'ert flooded. ((lit. the floor was flooded), vt.)
8 p'ér‑nt‑n p'erntn ‡ awash. ((lit. It was flooded), vi.)
√p'rk'ʷ 1 s+p'árk'ʷ=alqs sp'ark'walqs // turtle. (apparel turned inside out, n.)
2 s+p'+p'ar'k'ʷ=al'qs sp'p'a'rk'wa'lqs capstan. ((lit. a small turtle), n.)
3 t+č'lxʷ=íc'eʔ+is xʷa s+p'árk'ʷ=alqs tch'lkhwits'e'is khwa sp'ark'walqs § crust. ((lit. covering (crust of turtle), n.) [xref √p'rq']
√p'rq' 1 p'arq' p'arq' † curved (upwards), warped. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+n+p'árq'=qn snp'arq'qn // Dolly Varden. ((lit. large twisted hat). (large hat for women with one side bent down and trimmed with numerous flowers), n.)
3 hn+p'árq'=qn hnp'arq'qn hat (turned‑up...). ((lit. old‑time lady's hat.), n.)
4 hn+p'ar+arq'=ús+m hnp'ararq'usm inside out (to turn...). ((lit. It e.g. the jacket was turned inside out), v.) [xref √p'rk'ʷ]
√p'sq'ʷ 1 p'asq'ʷ p'asq'w † collapse, crumble. ((stem), vi.)
2 p'esaq'ʷ p'esaq'w bone‑breaking, sound of bone­breaking. ((stem), adj.)
3 p'sa·q'ʷ p'saaaq'w! crack (as a bone breaking). (excl.)
√p'st 1 p'ésta p'esta † magpie, nighthawk. (n.)
√p't 1 p'et p'et † fall (to ground of own weight as grain). ((stem), vi.)
2 p'it p'it (Xr √p'ɫ) to sit (e.g. persons).
3 s+p'ét+t+m sp'ettm ripening (the falling of wheat to the ground on its own weight). (v.)
4 p'ít‑liš p'itlish ‡ sat (They...down). (vi.)
√p't'1 1 p'at' p'at' † dream, [mushy stuff (see below)]. ((stem), vi.)
2 p'át'+t' p'at't debilitate, weaken. ((lit. It (mud) fell on the ground), vt.)
3 ac+p'át' atsp'at' blob. (n.)
4 t+p'at'+t' tp'at't' a sticky substance clinging to something, Metaph, term of ridicule for exaggerated affection, puppy love. (n.)
5 ac+p'át'+p't'=ečt atsp'at'p't'echt // butterfingered. (vi. (lit. His fingers are soft and pulpy), adj.)
6 can+p't'=šén· tsanp't'shenn cemented. (vt.)
7 can+p't'=icén=šn tsanp't'itsenshn concrete. ((lit. cement conglomerate material put under the foot), n.)
8 čat+p't'+t'=áneʔ chatp't't'ane' lava, magma. ((lit. covering by lava), n.)
9 hn+p't'+p't'=os+ncót hnp't'p't'osntsot He dreamed. ((lit. He put mushy stuff in his eyes), vi.)
10 s+n+p't'+p't'=os+ncót snp't'p't'osntsot daydream, dream. ((lit. putting mushy stuff in one's own eyes), n.)
11 p'át'‑nt‑s p'at'nts ‡ He put down soft yielding stuff, like mush. (vt.)
12 at+p'át'+t' he s+miʔyem atp'at't' he smi'yem § coquette, flirt. ((lit. A woman who clings to men), n.)
13 c+an+p't'=šén+n tsanp't'shenn cemented. (vt.)
√p't'2 1 p'et' p'et' † dislodge, slip (out of place), smooth. ((stem). vt, vi, adj.)
2 u· p'ét' uup'et' level, smooth (it is...). (adj.)
3 p't'+min+n p't'minn smoother. (n.)
4 hn+p'et'+p hnp'et'p H/s slipped out of h/h clothes. (vi.)
5 hn+p'át'=alqs+n hnp'at'alqsn // means of smoothing the road. (n.)
6 p't'+m=úl'umxʷ+n p't'mu'lumkhwn smoothing (means of...the ground). (v.)
7 p't'=áswel p't'aswel trout, brook trout. (n.)
8 p'ét'+m‑stu‑s p'et'mstus ‡ smoothed (H/s...it). (vt.)
√p't'3 1 p'ut' p'ut' † end. ((stem). to end (as river, road, woods), vi.)
2 č ‿p'út'+m chp'ut'm finished, We came to an end, we finished. (vi.)
3 čet+p'út'+m=kʷeʔ chetp'ut'mkwe' // beach, coast. ((lit. end of water), n.)
4 lut hey's+p'út'+m+s lut he'ysp'ut'ms § abyss. ((lit. It has no bottom, it has no end.), n.)
√p't'4 1 p'uʔt p'u't [also recorded as √p't and √pt'] † greasy (It got...). (vi.)
2 puʔt' pu't' greasy, oily. ((stem), adj.)
3 p'ut'+p'ut'+t p'ut'p'ut't greasy, oily, it gives greasiness. (adj.)
4 s+p'uʔt' sp'u't' becoming greasy. (vt.)
5 poʔt'=áp=aw'as=qn po't'ap'awasqn // greasy (h/h chin got...). (adj.)
6 hn+p'ut'=íps+n hnp'ut'ipsn He got greasy on the corners of the mouth. (vi.)
7 p'út'‑nt‑s p'ut'nts ‡ greasy (he got it...). (v.)
√p't'5 1 p'út'=c'eʔ p'ut'ts'e'! † Of what could h/s be? Of what good is that? It's not worth it. (excl.)
√p't'm 1 s+p'ít'em sp'it'em † bitterroot, rockrose. (n.)
2 ʔep+s+p'ítem epsp'item prairie west of Coeur d'Alene country (lit. It has bitterroots or rockroses). (n.)
3 tíxʷ+m e s+p'ít'em tikhum e sp'it'em § bitterroots (He went out to gather...), gather (He went out to...bitterroots). (n, vt.)
√p'xʷ1 1 p'exʷ+p[']uxʷ p'ekhwpukhw † camas (bulbs). (n.)
√p'xʷ2 1 p'íxʷ p'ikhw † agleam, flashed, glowed (it...). (adj, vi.)
2 p'ixʷ p'ikhw glow, radiate. ((stem), vi.)
3 u· p'íxʷ uup'ikhw bright (it is...). (adj.)
4 ec+p'íxʷ etsp'ikhw brilliant, shiny. ((lit. It gives light), adj.)
5 s+p'íʔxʷ sp'i'khw brilliance, light. (n.)
6 p'xʷ+mín+n p'khwminn candle. ((lit. lighter), n.)
7 p'uxʷ+p'uxʷ+mín+n p'ukhwp'ukhwminn chandelier. ((lit. lights or means of lights), n.)
8 i s+p'íxʷ+p'exʷ+iš isp'ikhwp'ekhwish He is flashing and flashing.(v.)
9 hn+p'eʔxʷ+t+l=íw'es hnp'e'khwtli'wes // aglow. ((lit. It was all aglow with light), adj.)
10 hn+p'íʔ+p'eʔxʷ=us hnp'i'p'e'khus bedazzle, dazzle. ((lit. Light got in his eyes), vt.)
11 s+p'éxʷ=enč sp'ekhwench yellow root. (n.)
12 s+t+p'aʔxʷ=ásq'it stp'a'khwasq'it aurora borealis (lit. light in the sky (on high)). (n.)
13 p'íxʷ‑nt‑s 'pikhwnts ‡ He lit it up. (vi.)
14 p[']íxʷ+m‑stu‑s pikhumstus brighten. ((lit. He made it bright), vt.)
15 elu+s+p[']íʔxʷ eluspi'khw § to be w/o light, aphotic, dark. ((lit. It has no light), adj.)
16 s+p'úʔxʷ e· níč=elt sp'u'khw ee nichelt son (...of light). (n.)
√p'x̣1 1 p'aʔx̣ p'a'qh † to heal, become well. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+p'aʔx̣ sp'a'qh healed (becoming...). (vi.)
3 i c+p[']áx̣ itspa'qh It (wound) is becoming healed. (vi.)
4 čn‿p'aʔx̣ chnp'a'qh cure, cured, heal, healed. ((lit. I became healed, cured), vi.)
5 s+ta·m'+ɫ+p'áx̣ staaa'mɫp'aqh § healed (The wound was finally...), wound (The...was finally healed). (vt, n.)
6 lut+as+p'áʔx̣+s lutasp'a'qhs wound (the...did not heal). (n.)
√p'x̣2 1 hn+p'ex̣+p'éx̣=cn hnp'eqhp'eqhtsn // cacophony. ((lit. He makes jarring, discordant sounds), n.)
√p'x̣ʷ 1 p'ax̣ʷiʔ+t p'aqhwi't † cough. ((stem), vi.)
2 hn+p'ax̣ʷiʔ+t hnp'aqhwi't cough. ((lit. He expelled air from the lungs suddenly and noisily), vt.)
3 s+n+p'áx̣ʷiʔ+t snp'aqhwi't coughing, hacking. (vi.)
4 kʷu‿n+p'áx̣ʷiʔ+t kunp'aqhwi't You (sg.) coughed. (vi.)
5 čʔin‿p'áx̣ʷ+p'ux̣ʷ+it ch'inp'aqhwp'uqhwit coughing (we are...). (vi.)
√p'y 1 p'uy 'puy † crinkled, wrinkled. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· p'úy uup'uy wrinkled (it is...). (adj.)
3 u· p'úy=us uup'uyus // face (he has a wrinkled...), wrinkled (he has a...face). (n, adj.)
4 cen+p'+p'úy'=us tsenp'p'u'yus dimple. ((lit. small wrinkle on the cheek), n.)
5 p'uy+p'uy=šn p'uyp'uyshn automobile, car. ((lit. wrinkled feet), n.)
6 t+p'uy+p'uy=šn tp'uyp'uyshn automobile. ((lit. wrinkled feet), n.)
7 hn+t+p'uy+p'uy=šn+n hntp'uyp'uyshnn carport, garage, showroom. (carport, garage. (lit. place for cars), n.)
8 p'ú+p'uʔuy=šn 'pu'p'u'uyshn His feet became wrinkled. (vi.)
9 u· p'uy+p'úy=čt uup'uyp'uycht hands (he has wrinkled...). (n.)
10 s+n+p'úy=ul'umxʷ snp'uyu'lumkhw blintz. ((lit. wrinkled bread), n.)
11 p'óy‑nt‑m p'oyntm ‡ crumple. ((lit. It was crushed together into wrinkles), vi.)
12 p'óy‑nt‑s p'oynts scribbled, wrinkled (h/s...it). ((lit. h/s wrinkled it), vt.)
13 p'úy+m‑st‑m p'uymstm corrugate, crinkle. ((lit. It was made full of wrinkles), vi.)
14 p'oy‑n xʷe hi+s+kʷís+t p'oyn khwe hiskwist § scribbled. ((lit. I scribbled my name), vt.)
√p'y' 1 p'iy' p'i'y † press. ((stem), vt.)
2 p'ey' p'e'y milk. ((stem), vt.)
3 s+cen+p'éy'+p'iy' stsenp'e'yp'i'y milk. ((lit. that which was pressed from under), n.)
4 cen+p'éy'+p'iy'+m tsenp'e'yp'i'ym milked (H/s...a cow). ((lit. H/s pressed under again and again), vt.)
5 cen+p'iy'+p'iy'+mín+n tsenp'i'yp'i'yminn milker. ((lit. means pressing under), n.)
6 sye+cen+p'ey'+p'iy'+m syetsenp'e'yp'i'ym One whose function is to milk. (n.)
7 p'éy'‑n p'e'yn ‡ pressed (I...it). (vt.)
8 p'éy'+p'iy'‑nt‑s p'e'yp'i'ynts pressed (h/s...it here and there or again and again). (v.)
9 t+p'iy'=álqʷ‑nt‑s tp'i'yalqwnts squeezed (H/s...h/h throat), throat (H/s squeezed h/h...). (vt, n.) [see also √py']
√p'ʕʷ 1 s+p'aʕʷ sp'a(w † apathy. (n.)
2 p'áʕʷ+p'aʕʷ+t p'a(wp'a(wt banal, commonplace, dull, uninteresting. ((lit. It is completely ordinary), adj.)
3 s+p'áʕʷ+p'aʕʷ+t sp'a(wp'a(wt dullness. (n.)
√p'ʔ 1 p'eʔ p'e' † To squeeze in orgasm.

√q

√qc 1 qec qets † dwindle, shrink (in quantity). ((stem), vi.) [written as √qɫs in volume 1] qeɫs dwindle, shrink (in quantity). (qeɫs)
√qcč 1 qicč qitsch † brother (a man's older...). (n.)
√qgʷ 1 s+qígʷ+t+s sqigwts † water potatoes. (n.)
2 qegʷ+gʷ+n+útm qegugwnutm smellable. ((lit. It was capable of being smelled), adj.)
3 i c+qígʷ+nun+m‑s itsqigwnunms He is smelling it. (vt.)
4 qígʷ‑nu‑nt‑s qigwnunts ‡ He smelled it. (vt.)[xref √qxʷ1]
√qh 1 s+qéh+qeh sqehqeh † hawk. (n.)
2 qeh+qeh+iš qehqehish cackle (lit. it cackled). (vi.)
3 is+qéh+qeh+iš isqehqehish caw. ((lit. The crow is cawing), vi.)
√ql1 1 qél+p=iye qelpiye † swan (black). (n.)
√ql2 1 qel qel † meat (raw...). ((stem), n.)
2 s+qil=tč sqiltch // beef, body (human), corpus, flesh, meat. (n.)
3 hn+qíl=tč+n hnqiltchn butcher shop. ((lit. place of one who sell meat), n.)
4 ul s+qil=tč ul sqiltch bodily, corporal. ((lit. belonging to the body), adj.)
5 s+qil=tč he s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ+s sqiltch he stmiyiyipele's § anatomy. ((lit. science of the body), n.)
6 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+s+qíl=tč qha'yqhi'sqilch chubby, buxom. ((lit. She has a big body), adj.)
7 ʔas+as+qíl=tč asasqiltch bicorporal. ((lit. two bodies), adj.)
8 u+x̣ʷal'á s+qil=tč uqhwa'la sqiltch carnation. ((lit. like the body in color), n.)
9 i c+ʔɫn+s+qíl=tč its'ɫsqiltch to eat meat. (vt.)
10 ʔiɫ+s+qíl=tč iɫsqiltch eat (meat). (vt.)
11 k'ʷ[n]eʔ čn‿ʔíɫn a s+qil=tč k'we' chn' iɫn a sqiltch I am going to eat some meat.
12 ni čeɫ kʷu‿ʔíɫn a s+qil=tč ni cheɫ kuu'yiɫn a sqiltch? Are you going to eat some meat? ((qu.).)
13 ec+ʔiɫ+s+qil+[t]č ets'iɫsqitlch carnivorous. ((lit. He eats flesh), vi.)
14 sya+ʔiɫ+s+qil=tč sya'iɫsqiltch carnivore. ((lit. who eats meat), n.)
15 *sye+ʔiɫ+s+qíl=tč sye'iɫsqilch carnivore (lit. One who eats meat). (n.)
16 pst+aʔ a s+qíl=tč psta'asqiltch cross‑breed, half‑breed. (n.)
17 hiyc+x̣éq'ʷ ha s+qil+tč hiytsqheq'w ha sqiltch burger. ((lit. meat that is ground), n.)
√ql3 1 qil=tč qiltch // land‑bound, landlocked. ((stem), adj.)
2 čat+qál=tč=al'qs chatqaltcha'lqs cloak, coat, overcoat. ((lit. outer garment), n.)
3 kʷan+ɫ+čat+qál=tč=al'qs kwanɫchatqaltcha'lqs § overcoat (h/s took along a...), coat (h/s took along a...). (n.)
√ql'1 1 s+qil'=tmxʷ sqi'ltmkhw // husband, male, man, a male human being. (n.)
2 s+qíl'=tmxʷ‑ sqi'ltmkhw‑ husband, groom, male, man. (pref.)
3 qel'=tmxʷ+mí+ncut qe'ltmkhwmintsut bachelor, celibate. ((lit. one who is a man by himself), n.)
4 pan'+s+qíl'=tmxʷ pa'nsqi'ltmkhw bride‑groom. ((lit. a spouse man), n.)
5 i n+qəl'=tmxʷ+nunt inqe'ltmkhwnunt (possibly for ‑numt) She wants to get married, to become one with a man. (vi.)
6 ul s+qil'=tmxʷ, ul sqi'ltmkhw § ul s+míʔyem bisexual. (ul smi'yem, adj.)
7 qal'=tm+ɫ+qíxʷ qa'ltmɫqikhw prevailing wind. (lit. man wind). (n.)
8 qel'=tmxʷ+loko·só qe'ltmkhwlokooso boar. (lit. male pig). (n.)
9 qel'=tmxʷ+ɫ+wárč qe'ltmkhwɫwarch bullfrog. (lit. male frog). (n.)
√ql'2 1 qel'+is+píl+em Qe'lispilem † Kalispel Tribe. (n.)
2 qel'+s+pil+em Qe'lspilem Kalispel Tribe. (n.)
√ql'3 1 s+qel'=éps sqe'leps // collar, necklace. (n.)
√ql'x̣ 1 qál'x̣=eɫp qa'lqheɫp // bramble, briar. ((lit. a rose bush), n.)
√qɫ 1 qeɫ qeɫ † awake, overcome, succeed. ((stem). adj, vt, vi.)
2 qiɫ qiɫ rouse, wake up. ((stem), vt.)
3 qiɫ+n qiɫn arouse, waken. (vt.)
4 s+qiɫ+t sqiɫt awaken. (vi.)
5 qíɫ‑nt‑m qiɫntm ‡ arouse (to...). ((lit. He was awakened from sleep), vi.)
6 qíɫ‑nt‑s qiɫnts awoke (he...him). (vt.)
7 čs+m'áy'+qiɫ‑t‑s chs'ma'yqiɫts § inform, apprize. ((lit. He caused him to know it for certain), vt.)
√qm 1 qem qem † home (to be at...), unconcerned, uninterested, he is at home! ((stem), n, adj.)
2 u· qé·m uuqeeem calm. ((lit. He is quiet), n.)
3 qem+p qemp He became serene. (vi.)
4 i+c+an+qém+mš itsanqemmsh athirst. ((lit. He is eager for some­thing), adj.)
5 s+n+qém=elgʷes snqemelgwes // complacence. (n.)
6 s+n+qem=ílgʷes+m snqemilgwesm calm, composure, presence, self‑possession. (n.)
7 u+n+qém=elgʷes unqemelgwes carefree, complacent. ((lit. He is calm in heart, He is confident), adj.)
8 u+n+qé·m=elgʷes unqeeemelgwes composed. ((lit. He is calm. He is serene), adj.)
√qm' 1 s+qím'=us sqi'mus // wood tick. (n.)
√qm's 1 qém'es qe'mes † camas (baked...). ((Nez Perce word), n.)
√qnʔ 1 qíneʔ qine' † grandmother (paternal...). (n.)
√qp 1 qep qep † pad. ((stem), vt.)
2 qep=íɫc'eʔ qepiɫts'e' // plate. (n.)
3 hn+qep=íčn'+n hnqepich'nn saddle blanket, saddle pad. (n.)
4 hn+qap=qín=ups+n hnqapqinupsn saddle, seat cushion. (n.)
5 qép‑nt‑s qepnts ‡ cushioned (he...it). (vt.)
6 s+n+c[']aw'+ɫ+qap=íɫc'eʔ sntsa'w'ɫqapiɫts'e' § dish washing. (n.) [see also √kp]
√qpl' 1 qap+qapl'=y'úy'eʔ qapqap'l'yu'ye' // butterfly. (n.)
2 č'iy+c+qap+qap'l=y'uy'eʔ ch'iytsqapqap'l'yu'ye' chrysalis. ((lit. the pupa of a butterfly enclosed in a firm case or cocoon), n.)
3 u+x̣ʷal'+á qap+qapl'=y'úy'eʔ uqhwa'la qapqap'l'yu'ye' § desultory. ((lit. He is like a butterfly; he is aimless, unsettled), adj.)
√qpʔ 1 qa+qépeʔ qaqepe' † bag (corn husk...), burlap (...bag). (n.)
2 s+kʷán+ɫ+qʷeʔ=ep skwanɫqwe'ep § [?] Bark basket taken along. (vi.)
√qq 1 qeq qeq † cackle. ((stem), vi.)
2 is+qeq+éq+iš isqeqeqish cackle. ((lit. The hen is cackling), vi.)
3 i s+qéq+qeq+iš isqeqqeqish caw (lit. The crow is cawing). (vi.)
4 uw'i+c+qoq+há·ʔ+qʷeʔel' u'witsqoqhaaa'qwe'e'l § lit. He kept on talking and talking. (vt.)
√qqʷ1 1 qiqʷ qiqw † root, unearth. ((stem). to root, vi, vt.)
√qqʷ2 1 qoqʷ qoqw † moldy. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+qoqʷ+t sqoqwt molding. (n.)
√qs1 1 qa+qs qaqs † serenade, sing, chant. ((stem), vt.)
√qs2 1 qes qes † scrape, scratch. ((stem), vt.)
2 i s+qás+qas+iš isqasqasish H/s is scratching away audibly. (vi.)
√qxʷ1 1 qiʔxʷ qi'khw † smell, stink. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+qíʔxʷ sqi'khw odor, scent, smell. (n.)
3 qiʔxʷ+qíʔxʷ Qi'khwqi'khw Sprague, Washington. ((lit. smell smell), n.)
4 qíxʷ=ilš qikhwilsh // carp, fish. (n.)
5 qexʷ+qexʷ+lš=íyeʔ qekhwqekhwlshiye' cabbage (skunk...). (n.)
6 qal't+m+ɫ+qíxʷ qa'ltmɫqikhw § prevailing wind. (lit. man wind). (n.)
7 seʔ+šáɫ+qixʷ se'shaɫqikhw deodorize. ((lit. it became deprived of odor), vt.)
8 x̣as+aɫ+qixʷ qhasaɫqikhw aroma, scent, fragrance. ((lit. good odor), n.)
9 t'ax̣+aɫ+qi·xʷ=íl'š t'aqhaɫqiikhwi'lsh wind (The...became strong), strong (The wind became...). (n, adj.)
10 ǰiy'+ǰiy'+áɫ+[q]ixʷ ji'yji'yaɫqhikhw smells (it...bad). (vi.)[see also √qgʷ]
√qxʷ2 1 qixʷ qikhw † forbid, prevent, prohibit. ((stem), vt.)
√qx̣ 1 qax̣ qaqh † to make the "qh" sound.
2 qax̣+n qaqhn ‡ cleared (he...his throat). (vt.)
3 qax̣‑nt‑s qaqhnts He cleared his throat. (vt.)
√qyp 1 s+qayp=áqn sqaypaqn // wild rose bush. (n.) [written as √xʷyp in volume 1] s+xʷá·yap=aʔqn wild rose bush. (skhwaayapa'qn, n.)
2 s+qáyapq' sqayapq' rose hip. (n.)
√qʔs 1 qiʔs qi's † He had a dream, nightmare, vision. (n.)
2 s+qiʔs sqi's apocalypse, revelation (prophetic), vision guest, vision. (n.)

√q'

√q'c 1 q'ec' q'eɫs' † (?) braid, intertwine, knit, weave. ((stem), vt.)
2 at+q'éc' atq'ets' basket, weaving. ((lit. That which is interwoven), n.)
3 at+q'ec atq'ets basket. (n.)
4 s+q'éc'+m sq'ets'm weave, to weave a basket, basketweaving. (v.)
5 aɫ+q'íc'=enč aɫq'its'ench // serpent, snake. (n.)
6 a+n+q'ac+q'ac=íneʔ anq'atsq'atsine' Italian. (n.)
7 a+n+q'ac+q'ac=íneʔ anq'atsq'atsine' braids (to have...), having braided hair. (n.)
8 s+q'éc'+m sq'ets'm basketweaving, weave (to...a basket). (n, vt.)
9 q'éc'‑nt‑s q'ets'nts ‡ braid. ((lit. He braided it), vt.)
√q'c' 1 q'ic' qi'ts' † grow, sprout. (burgeon, vi.)
2 q'iʔc' q'i'ts' burgeon, lush, verdant. ((stem). to be lush, vi, adj.)
3 s+n+q'eʔc'=ít[k]ʷeʔ snq'e'ts'itwe' // aquatic flora. ((lit. grass or weeds in the water)., n.)
4 s+n+q'iʔc'=ítkʷeʔ snq'i'ts'itkwe' spinach. ((lit. grass or weeds in the water), n.)
5 s+can+q[']íc'=šn stsanq)i''tsshn undergrowth. (n.)
6 s+q'iʔc'=úl'mxʷ sq'i'ts'u'lmkhw crabgrass, grass. (n.)
7 s+q'iʔc'=úl'umxʷ sq'i'ts'u'lumkhw grass (n.)
√q'd 1 q'ed+m q'edm † balky, stubborn. ((stem), adj.)
√q'h 1 *s+q'éh+q'eh sqehqeh † (Brinkman 2002) hawk. (n.) (sq'ehq'eh).
√q'l1 1 čat+q'eleʔ chatq'ele' † lake. (n.)
2 čat+q'éleʔ chatq'ele' lake, Lake Chatcolet (lit. a lake); a section of Coeur d'Alene. (n.)
3 q'eleʔ=iʔp q'ele'i'p // lagoon. ((lit. source of lake, or origin of lake), n.)
4 q'eleʔ=íp q'ele'ip bayou, bog, cove, lagoon, marsh, swamp. (n.)
√q'l2 1 q'el q'el † swing. ((stem), vi.)
2 sya+n+q'ele·=yúyeʔ syanq'eleeyuye' // acrobat. ((lit. One who swings on trapeze), n.)
√q'lw 1 s+q'eliweʔ=šn sq'eliwe'shn // snowshoes. (n.)
√q'lxʷ 1 q'el'xʷ q'e'lkhw † to hook, snag. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'el'xʷ=šn=íw'es q'e'lkhwshni'wes // chain (lit. one foot linked to another or a series of things joined together). (n.)
3 q'él'xʷ‑nt‑s q'e'lkhwnts ‡ He clapsed it, he hooked it. (vt.)
4 t+q'élxʷ‑n tq'elkhwn affix. ((lit. I fastened it to something), vt.)
5 q'el'xʷ=šn=íw'es‑nt‑m q'e'lkhwshni'wesntm catenate. ((lit. The feet were linked together), vt.)
√q'ɫy' 1 q'eɫy'=ílumxʷ q'eɫ'yilumkhw // angleworm, earthworm. (n.)
√q'm 1 q'em q'em † covet, desire, long for, swallow. ((stem), vt.)
2 a+c+an+q'ém+n atsanq'emn covet. ((lit. He desired things unlaw­fully), vt.)
3 s+c+an+q'ém+mš stsanq'emmsh avid. ((lit. desiring from below), n.)
4 s+c+an+q'ém+n stsanq'emn demand, to desire. (vi.)
5 s+n+q'ém+m snq'emm swallowing. (v.)
6 čn‿čs+q'am=iln chnchsq'amiln // I got hungry. (adj.)
7 čn‿čs+q'em=íln chnchsq'emiln famished. (adj.)
8 čn‿čs+q'em=iln chnchsq'emiln hungry (to get...). (vi.)
9 čs+q'em=iln chsq'emiln hungry (get). ((lit. he became hungry), vi.)
10 i+čs+q'am=íln ichsq'amiln hungry, He is hungry. (adj.)
11 q'em=íln Q'emiln Post Falls, Idaho. ((lit. throat), n.)
12 s+q'em=íln sq'emiln throat. (n.)
13 s+č+q'am=íln schq'amiln abstaining, fasting. ((lit. making oneself hungry), vi.)
14 s+čs+q'em=íln schsq'emiln continence, contraception, fasting, self‑restraint. ((lit. making oneself hungry/becoming hungry), n.)
15 hn+q'ém‑nt hnq'emnt ‡ swallow (you...it!). (vt.)
16 hn+q'ém‑nt‑s hnq'emnts swallowed (He...it). (vt.)
17 can+q'ém‑nt‑s tsanq'emnts coveted, craved, desired, required, wished, demanded (He...it). (inwardly, vt, vi.)
√q'm' 1 q'a+q'am'=iy'eʔ q'aq'a'mi'ye // to fish. ((stem), vi.)
2 q'a+q'm'=íy'eʔ q'aq''mi'ye' fished (he...). (vi.)
3 hn+q'a+q'm'=íy'eʔ+n hnq'aq''mi'ye'n fishing place. (n.)
4 ic+q'a+q'm'=íyeʔ itsq'aq''miye' fishing (He is...). (vi.)
5 s+q'a+q'em'=íy'eʔ sq'aq'e'mi'ye' fishing. (vi.)
6 s+q'a+q'am=íy'eʔ sq'aq'ami'ye' fishing. (v.)
√q'n 1 q'an‑t‑siš q'antsish ‡ struggle (for one's life, as in a fire). ((stem), vi.) [?]
√q'p 1 q'ap+q'ap+í q'apq'api † delta, Sandpoint, Idaho. (n.)
2 s+q'ep+q'e·p=ín'eʔ sq'epq'eepi'ne' // sand. (n.)
√q'pqʷ 1 q'epqʷ q'epqw † snare. ((stem), vt.)
√q'p'xʷ 1 q'íp'xʷeʔ q'ip'khwe' † walnut. (n.)
√q's1 1 q'es+p q'esp † ancient, chronic, long ago. ((lit. It is a long time), adj, adv.)
2 q'as+íp q'asip It is a long time (Spokane). (v.)
3 s+q'es+p sq'esp antique. (n.)
4 s+q'es+p=ílgʷes sq'espilgwes // artifact. ((lit. ancient property), n.)
5 hn+q'es+p=ílgʷes+n hnq'espilgwesn antique store, museum, second‑hand store. (n.)
6 ʔepɫ n+q'es+p=ílgʷes+n epɫ nq'espil gwesn antiquary. ((lit. One who has a place of antiquities, one who has a second‑hand store), n.)
7 k'ʷay'+q'és+p k'wa'yq'esp § long‑ago, past. (adj.)
8 ul k'ʷay+q'és+p ul k'wayq'esp archaic, antique. ((lit. belonging to ancient time), adj.)
9 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ+s xʷe s+q'es+p=ilgʷeʔs stmiyyipele's khwe sq'espilgwe's archeology, (lit. exposition of ancient property). (n.)
√q's2 1 q'es+t q'est † bad (it is...). (vi.) [for expected √č's]
√q't'1 1 q'et'+p q'et'p † climb (a hill), to reach the top of a hill. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'et'+iš q'et'ish mountain (He climbed the...), climbed (He...the mountain). (n, vt.)
3 q'a+q'ét'+p q'aq'et'p He finished climbing (a hill). (vt.)
4 s+q'a+q'et'+p sq'aq'et'p hill top. ((lit. place for finishing climbing), n.)
5 kʷp‿q'ét'+iš kupq'et'ish climbed (you...the mountains). (vt.)
6 s+t+q'et+p=íčn' stq'etpich'n // culmination. ((lit. reaching the ridge of the mountain)., n.)
7 čn‿t+q'et'+p=íčn' chntq'et'pich'n culminate. ((lit. I reached the ridge of the mountain), vi.)
√q't'2 1 ac+q'ít'+m atsq'it'm † blemish, flaw. ((lit. It has a flaw or disfigurement), n.)
√q'w 1 q'iw q'iw † bewitch. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+q'íw=ɫc'eʔ sq'iwɫts'e' // animal magnetism, charisma, charm. (n.)
3 q'íw‑nt‑s q'iwnts ‡ bewitched, cast spell, charmed. (vt.)
√q'w' 1 q'ew' q'e'w † break, shatter, smash. ((stem). to break, shatter, vt.)
2 q'áw'+p q'a'wp broke, cracked (it...). (vi.)
3 q'éw'+p q'e'wp it cracked, it broke.
√q'x 1 q'ex q'ekh † treasure, wealth. ((stem), n.) [xref √q'x̣]
√q'xʷ 1 q'exʷ q'ekhw † covetous, desire, longing, proud. ((stem), n, adj.)
2 u· q'éxʷ uuq'ekhw classy. ((lit. He is sort of particular), adj.)
3 q'éxʷ+xʷ q'ekhukhw captivate. ((lit. He was fascinated by special charm or beauty), vi.)
4 s+q'éxʷ+xʷ sq'ekhukhw courtship. ((lit. the desire to possess), n.)
5 q'axʷ+q'éxʷ+t q'akhwq'ekhwt chic, modish, sophisticated. ((lit. He is parti­cular, choosy, conceited, vain, dandy), adj.)
6 s+q'axʷ+q'éxʷ+t sq'akhwq'ekhwt conceit, egotism. (particularity, n.)
7 s+q'axʷ+q'axʷ+m'scút sq'akhwq'akhu'mstsut conceit. ((lit. having too high an opinion of oneself, n.)
8 q'exʷ+xʷ+m+útn q'ekhukhwmutn desirable. ((lit. H/S is desirable), vi.)
9 čeɫ+kʷp‿his+q'exʷ+xʷ+min+m cheɫkuphisq'ekhukhwminm desire. (vi.)
10 ac+q'exʷ+x[ʷ]‑em+is atsq'ekhukhemis desire. ((stem), vt.)
11 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑m‑n atsq'ekhukhwmistmn ‡ I desire to have you (sg.). (vt.)
12 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑s‑n q'ekhukhwmintsn desired (I...to have you (sg.). (vi.)
13 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m kwi'tsq'ekhukhwminm I am desiring to have you (sg). (vi.)
14 čeɫ+kʷ‿is+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m cheɫkwisq'ekhukhwminm desire. ((lit. I will desire to have you (sg.)), vt.)
15 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑s‑n atsq'ekhukhwmisn I desire to have h/h. (vt.)
16 q'exʷ+xʷ+mín‑n q'ekhukhwminn desired (I...to have h/h). (vi.)
17 hn‑iʔ‿c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m hi'tsq'ekhukhwminm I am desiring to have him/her. (vt.)
18 čeɫ‿hi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m cheɫhisq'ekhukhwminm I will desire to have h/h. (vt.)
19 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑ulm‑n atsq'ekhukhwmistulmn I desire to have you (pl.). (vt.)
20 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑ulm‑n q'ekhukhwmintulmn desired (I...to have you (pl.). (vi.)
21 kʷp‿hiʔc+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m kuphi'tsq'ekhukhwminm desiring (I am...to have you (pl.). (vi.)
22 čeɫ‿kʷup‿hi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m cheɫkuphisq'ekhukhwminm desire (lit. I will de­sire to have you, (pl)). (vi.)
23 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑s‑n‑lš atsq'ekhukhwmisnlsh I desire to have them. (vt.)
24 q'exʷ+xʷ+mín‑n‑lš q'ekhukhwminnlsh desired (I...to have them). (vi.)
25 *hn‑iʔ‿c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑lš hi'tsq'ekhukhwinmlsh I am desiring to have them. (vt.)
26 čeɫ‿hi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑lš cheɫhisq'ekhukhwminmlsh I will desire to have them. (vt.)
27 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑me‑xʷ atsq'ekhukhwmistmekhw You (sg.) desire to have me. (vt.)
28 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑se‑xʷ q'ekhukhwmintsekhw You (sg.) desired to have me. (vi.)
29 čn‿y'c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m chni'tsq'ekhukhwminm (lit. you (sg.) are desiring to have me). (vt.)
30 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+t+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m cheɫchn'istq'ekhukhwminm you (s) will desire to have me. (vt.)
31 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑xʷ atsq'ekhukhwmistkhw You (sg.) desire to have h/h. (vt.)
32 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑xʷ q'ekhukhwmintkhw You (sg.) desired to have h/h. (vi.)
33 iʔ c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m i'tsq'ekhukhwminm You (sg.) are desiring to have h/h. (vt.)
34 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m cheɫ'isq'ekhukhwminm you (s) will desire to have h/h. (vt.)
35 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑me‑s atsq'ekhukhwmistmes H/s desires to have me. (vt.)
36 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑se‑s q'ekhukhwmintses H/S desired to have me. (vi.)
37 č‿y'c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s chi'tsq'ekhukhwminms H/s is desiring to have me. (vt.)
38 čeɫ‿či‿s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s cheɫchisq'ekhukhwminms h/s will desire to have me. (vt.)
39 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑mi‑s atsq'ekhukhwmistmis H/s desires to have you (sg.). (vt.)
40 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑si‑s q'ekhukhwmintsis H/S desired to have you (sg.). (vi.)
41 kʷu‿y'‿c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s ku'ytsq'ekhukhwminms H/S is desiring to have you (sg). (vi.)
42 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s cheɫkusq'ekhukhwminms (lit. h/s will desire to have you(sg.)). (vt.)
43 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑m‑elp atsq'ekhukhwmistmelp You (pl.) desire to have me. (vt.)
44 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑sel‑p q'ekhukhwmintselp You (pl.) desired to have me. (vi.)
45 čn‿iʔc+q'exʷ+xʷ+min‑mp chni'tsq'ekhukhwminmp desire. ((lit. You (pl) are desiring to have me), vi.)
46 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín‑mp cheɫchn'isq'ekhukhwminmp you (pl) will desire to have me. (vt.)
47 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑xʷ‑lš atsq'ekhukhwmistkhwlsh You (p1.) desire to have them. (vt.)
48 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑xʷ‑lš q'ekhukhwmintkhwlsh You (pl.) desired to have them. (vi.)
49 iʔ c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑lš i'tsq'ekhukhwminmlsh You (pl.) are desiring to have them. (vt. Gloss: You (sg) are desiring to have them.)
50 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑lš cheɫ'isq'ekhukhwminmlsh you (pl) will desire to have them. (vt.)
51 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑me‑s‑lš atsq'ekhukhwmistmeslsh They desire to have me. (vt.)
52 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑se‑s‑lš q'ekhukhwmintseslsh They desired to have me. (vi.)
53 č‿y'c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s‑lš chi'tsq'ekhukhwminmslsh They are desiring to have me. (vt.)
54 čeɫ‿či‿s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s‑lš cheɫchisq'ekhukhwminmslsh they will desire to have me. (vt.)
55 ac+q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑st‑ulmi‑s‑lš atsq'ekhukhwmistulmislsh They desire to have you (p1.). (vt.)
56 q'exʷ+xʷ+mí‑nt‑sis‑lš q'ekhukhwmintsislsh They desired to have you (p1.). (vi.)
57 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s‑lš kup'itsq'ekhukhwminmslsh They are desiring to have you (pl). (vi.)
58 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+q'exʷ+xʷ+mín+m‑s‑lš cheɫkupsq'ekhukhwminmslsh (lit. they will desire to have you (pl)). (vt.)
√q'xʷʔ 1 q'+q'í[x]ʷeʔ q'q'ikwe' † few. (adj.)
√q'x̣ 1 s+q'éx̣+q'ex̣+t he n+ʔukʷún+n sq'eqhq'eqht he 'nukunn § dictionary. ((lit. sayings that are a treasure), n.) [xref √q'x]
√q'y1 1 q'ey=úʔs‑nt‑m q'eyu'snt ‡ disbelieved (he was...), possibly Spokane word. (vi.)
2 s+q'eyuʔ+ɫ+xʷc'+út Sq'eyu'ɫkhwts'ut § Lawrence Nicodemus (Indian name of). ((lit. Disbelieved Rocky Mountain), n.)
√q'y2 1 q'iy' q'i'y † cleft, split. ((stem), adj.)
2 an+q'e·y=íw'es anq'eeyi'wes // pitchfork, bifurcate. ((lit. It is divided into two branches), n, adj.)
3 q'a+q'ay'+q'ey'=íl'xʷ q'aq'a'yq'e'yi'lkhw perch. (n.) [?]
√q'y' 1 q'ey' q'e'y † design, graphics, writing. ((stem), n.)
2 q'ey' q'e'y spotted, variegated. ((stem), adj.)
3 s+q'éy'+m sq'e'ym writing. (n.)
4 q'ey'+mín+n q'e'yminn correspondence, document, epistle, letter, message, paper, treaty, writing. (n.)
5 q'ey'+min+n q'e'yminn book, manuscript, text. ((lit. That which is written), n.)
6 q'+q'ey'+mín+n q'q'e'y'minn brochure. (n.)
7 q'e+q'ey'+m'ín'+n' q'eq'e'y'mi'n'n booklet. ((lit. a little paper (book)), n.)
8 čat+q'ey'+mín+n chatq'e'yminn desk, writing. (n.)
9 t+q[']ey'+mín+n tqe'yminn blackboard. ((lit. that on which one writes), n.)
10 q'éy'+ncut q'e'yntsut registered (he...), checked (he...in). ((lit. He wrote himself), vt, vi.)
11 s+can+q'ey'+iy' stsanq'e'yi'y chart, croquis, map, outline, sketch. ((lit. A thing traced), n.)
12 s+can+q'éy'+m stsanq'e'ym design, draw, paint, sketching. (vt.)
13 s+can+q'ey'+ncút stsanq'e'yntsut close‑up. ((lit. making outlines of oneself), n.)
14 s+can+q'ey'+ncút+n stsanq'e'yntsutn drawing, painting, picture. ((lit. means of marking oneself or one's outline), n.)
15 sya+q'éy'+m syaq'e'ym author, clerk, secretary, columnist. ((lit. One who writes for another), n.)
16 s+can+q'ey'=úl'mxʷ stsanq'e'yu'lmkhw // cartography, the making of maps (lit. writing of land). (n.)
17 q'ey'+m=utyeʔ q'e'ymutye' bill (five dollar...). (paper money, n.)
18 s+q'ey'=íčt+m sq'e'yichtm calligraphy, handwriting (the art of fine...), penmanship. (n.)
19 can+q'éy[']‑nt‑s tsanq'eynts ‡ circumscribe. ((lit. He drew a line around it), vt.)
20 can+q'éy'‑n tsanq'e'yn depict. ((lit. I painted him (around); I portrayed him), vt.)
21 q'ey'‑šít‑m q'e'yshitm written (he was...to). (vi.)
22 q'ey'‑šít=ew'eš q'e'yshite'wesh correspond. ((lit. They communicated by letter), vi.)
23 s+q[']ey'‑šít=ew'eš sqe'yshite'wesh communication (by letter), correspondence. (n.)
24 q'ay'+q'ay'=íč‑st‑n q'a'yq'a'yichstn ?? He occupied himself with writing. (vt.)
25 sya·+q'éy'+n tgʷel' č+ɫ+ɫx̣ʷ=álqʷ syaaq'e'yn tgwe'l chɫɫqhwalqw § composer. ((lit. writer for the flute, piano, etc.), n.)
26 s+q'ey'+al'+s+čí+čeʔ sq'e'ya'lschiche' brand. ((lit. act of marking ani­mals), n.)
27 s+can+q'ey'+iy'+s xʷe s+čint stsanq'e'yi'ys khwe schint demography. ((lit. writing concerning people), n.)
28 x̣em=enč+eɫ+q'ey'+mín+n qhemencheɫq'e'yminn bibliophile, bookish, bookworm, scholar, studious. ((lit. He is fond of books), adj.)
29 sye+k'ʷul'+ɫ+q'ey'+mín+n syek'u'lɫq'e'yminn bookie, bookmaker. ((lit. One who accepts and pays off bets/One who makes paper (books)), n.)
30 s+pox̣ʷm+eɫ+q'ey'+mín+n spoqhmeɫq'e'yminn circular, bulletin. (n.)
31 niʔ+q'eʔ=iw'es+na q'ey'+mín+n ni'q'e'i'wesna q'e'yminn bookmark. ((lit. a marker placed between the pages of a book), n.)
32 s+t+q'ey'+y'=ípeleʔ+s he+n+xʷél+xʷl+n stq'e'y'yipele's henkhwelkhwln biography. ((lit. a written account of the origin of one's life), n.)
33 hn+x̣em=ínč+n ha q'ey'+mín+n hnqheminchn ha q'e'yminn billet‑doux, love‑letter. ((lit. a letter that is the means of loving), n.)
34 qʷam+qʷam+t ha ic+q'ey' qwamqwamt ha itsq'e'y belle lettres. ((lit. writings that are beautiful), pl.n.)
35 y+ʔac'x̣a+ɫ+q'ey'+mín· 'yats'qhaɫq'e'yminn < s+ʔ etc. to read. (vt.)
36 t'uʔ čeɫ čiy+ʔac'x̣+al q'ey'+mín+n t'u'cheɫ chi'yats'qhal q'e'yminn read (Well, I am going to...a book), book (Well, I am going to read a...). (vt, n.)
37 pax̣+pax̣+t he q'ey'+mín+n paqhpaqht he q'e'yminn Bible. ((lit. A book that is wise), n.)
38 s+nukʷ+q'éy'+m snukwq'e'ym coauthor. (n.)
39 s+nukʷ+q'ey'+šít-ew'eš snukwq'e'yshite'wesh correspondent. ((lit. One with whom one corresponds), n.)
40 n+ʔílk'ʷ=elgʷes+n a q'ey'+mín+n 'nilk'welgwesn a q'e'yminn bookshelf, library. (n.)
41 *kʷen+ɫ+q'ey'+mín+n kwenɫqe'yminn H/s took a book along. (v.)
√q'ʔ1 1 q'iʔ q'i' † clasp, grasp, penetrate. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'áʔ+q'aʔ+t q'a'q'a't bugaboo. ((lit. a steady source of annoyance or concern; stuck stuck or stick stick), n.)
3 s+n+q'íʔ=cn Snq'i'tsn // Blessed Sacrament, communion, Consecrated Host, eucharist. ((lit. that which is put into the mouth, between the lips), n.)
4 q'aʔ=qín+n q'a'qinn bung, cork. ((lit. something stuck on the head, a stopper for a bunghole), n.)
5 s+q'íʔ=šn sq'i'shn brogan, shoe. ((lit. something stuck on the foot), n.)
6 niʔ+q'eʔ=iw'es+na q'ey'+mín+n ni'q'e'i'wesna q'e'yminn § bookmark. ((lit. a marker placed between the pages of a book), n.)
√q'ʔ2 1 s+n+q'eʔ+eʔ=ílgʷes snq'e'e'ilgwes // business, commerce, industry, occupation, profession. (commercial, industrial, or professional dealings (lit. sticking things in one's heart), n.)
2 in+q'eʔ+eʔ=ílgʷes inq'e'e'ilgwes busy. ((lit. He is occupied), adj.)
3 sya+n+q'eʔ+eʔ=ílgʷes syanq'e'e'ilgwes agent, broker, deputy. ((lit. One whose business is to occupy one's heart for another), n.)
4 sya+n+q'eʔ+eʔ=íl[g]ʷes syanq'e'e'ilqwes committee. (n.)

√qʷ

√qʷc 1 qʷic qwits † warm. ((stem), adj.)
2 [q]ʷic+t gwitst warm. (adj.)
3 qʷic+t qwitst It is warm. (can refer to weather, usually to house, clothing, etc.). (vi.)
4 qʷíc+m+ncut qwitsmntsut bundle up, he dressed warmly. (dress warmly, vi.)
5 s+qʷíc+mš sqwitsmsh bunny, rabbit. (n.)
6 ic+qʷíc+mš itsqwitsmsh warming (he is...himself). (vt.)
7 qʷác=qn qwatsqn // chapeau, hat. ((lit. head warmer), n.)
8 hn+qʷác=qn hnqwatsqn hat (It is my...). (n.)
9 in+qʷác=qn inqwatsqn hat (It is your (sg.)...). ((lit. head warmer), n.)
10 qʷác+qʷac=qn‑mp qwatsqwatsqnmp They are your (sg.) hats. (vt.)
11 qʷác=qi‑s qwatsqis It is h/h hat. (vt.)
12 qʷác=qn‑et qwatsqnet It is our hat. (vt.)
13 qʷac+qʷac=qn‑et qwatsqwatsqnet They are our hats. (vt.)
14 qʷác=qn‑mp qwatsqnmp It is your (pl.) hat. (vt.)
15 qʷác=qi‑s‑lš qwatsqislsh It is their hat. (vt.)
16 s+qʷíc=ul'umxʷ sqwitsu'lumkhw California, south (a warm country (the...)). (n.)
17 ul s+qʷic=úl'mxʷ he s+čint ul sqwitsu'lmkhw he schint § Apache. ((lit. Indian of a warm country), n.)
√qʷh 1 u· qʷíh uuqwih † rich. (He is well‑to‑do, wealthy, upper class, adj.)
2 u· [qʷ]íh uuqhih upper class, wealthy, well‑to‑do. (He is wealthy, rich, upper class, adj.)
√qʷl1 1 qʷaʔ+qʷel' qwa'qwe'l † speak. ((stem). talk, vi.)
2 qʷáʔ+qʷal' qwa'qwa'l talk. ((stem). speak, vi.)
3 qʷaʔ+qʷeʔl'+úl qwa'qwe'lul communicable. ((lit. He is talkative), adj.)
4 qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel quqwa'qwe'el conferred, chatted, consulted. (vi.)
5 s+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel sqwa'qwe'el directive, order. (n.)
6 s+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel' squqwa'qwe'e'l conference, counsel. (conference (lit. meeting for discussion), n.)
7 č'+ac+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel ch'atsqwa'qwe'el converse, speak, talk. (vi.)
8 s+t+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel'+m'ín' stqwa'qwe'e'l'mi'n chitchat. ((lit. one who is the subject of gossip), n.)
9 s+t+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel'+mín stqwa'qwe'e'lmin discussion. ((lit. talking about something), n.)
10 sya·+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel syaaqwa'qwe'el dictator. ((lit. One who talks, one who gives commands), n.)
11 sya+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel' syaqqwa'qwe'e'l attorney, barrister, councilman, lawyer. ((lit. One whose business is to talk for other people), n.)
12 sya+qʷ+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔeʔl syaquqwa'qwe'e'l lawyer. ((lit. little speaker), n.)
13 hi·c+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel hiitsqwa'qwe'el behest. ((lit. that which is spoken (commanded)), n.)
14 hiyc+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel hiytsqwa'qwe'el dictate, order, precept. ((lit. that which is spoken), n.)
15 hn+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+n hnqwa'qwe'ln language. (n.)
16 hn+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔl'+n' hnqoqwa'qwe''l'n basilica, court, courthouse, courtroom. ((lit. a room for talking), n.)
17 ul s+qʷ+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel' ul squqwa'qwe'e'l colloquial. ((lit. pertaining to conversation), adj.)
18 hayc+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel haytsqwa'qwe'el covenant, decree, proclamation, commandment. ((lit. that which is proclaimed), n.)
19 ic+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷe·l itsqqwa'qweel council. ((lit. An important person is speaking), n.)
20 ʔapɫ+n+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔl+n apɫnqwa'qwe'ln articulate, verbal. (vi. (lit. He has the power of speech), vi.)
21 čeɫ+kʷp‿his+qʷaʔ+qʷel+m' cheɫkuphisqwa'qwe'lm speak. (vi.)
22 čiʔc+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chi'tsqwa'qwe'el speaking (I am...), we are speaking. (vi.)
23 k'ʷnaʔ+čn‿qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel k'wna'chnqwa'qwe'el speak. ((lit. I am going to speak), vi.)
24 čeɫ+či‿s+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel cheɫchisqwa'qwe'el speak. ((lit. I will speak), vi.)
25 k'ʷ neʔ čn‿qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel k'wne'chnqwa'qwe'el I am going to speak. (vi.)
26 čiʔc+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m chi'tsqwa'que'lm spoken (I am being...to). (vi.)
27 čn'‿c+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel ch'ntsqwa'qwe'el speak. ((lit. I customarily speak), vt.)
28 čn‿qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chnqwa'qwe'el spoke (I...). (vi.)
29 hn‑n+qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑n hnnqwa'qwe'ln It is my language. (vi.)
30 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑š qwa'qwe'elsh You (sg.) speak (imper.). address. (vt.)
31 kʷu‿qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel kuuqwa'qwe'el spoke (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
32 k'ʷ‿c+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel ku'tsqwa'qwe'el speak (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
33 kʷu‿y'‿c+qʷá'+qʷeʔel ku'ytsqwa'qwe'el You (sg) are speaking. (vi.)
34 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷel' cheɫkusqwa'qw'el (lit. you (sg.) will speak). (vt.)
35 k'ʷ neʔ kʷu·‿qʷáʔ+qʷe·l k'wne'kuuqwa'qweel You (sg.) are going to speak. (vi.)
36 kʷu‿y'‿c+qʷá'+qʷeʔel‑m ku'ytsqwa'qwe'lm You (sg) are being spoken to. (vi.)
37 in‑n+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+n innqwa'qwe'ln It is your (sg.) language. (vi.)
38 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel qwa'qwe'el H/s spoke. addressed. (vt.)
39 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel atsqwa'qwe'el h/s speaks. (vi.)
40 ic+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel itsqwa'qwe'el speaking (H/s is...). (vi.)
41 čas+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chasqwa'qwe'el (lit. h/s will speak). (vt.)
42 i c+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel+m itsqwa'qwe'lm H/s is being spoken to. (v.)
43 hn+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+is hnqwa'qwe'lis language (It is h/h...). (n.)
44 č‿qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chqwa'qwe'el spoke (we...). (vi.)
45 čiʔc+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chi'tsqwa'qwe'el speaking (we are...). (vi.)
46 čaɫ‿č‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chaɫchsqwa'qwe'el speak (lit. we will speak). (vi.)
47 čaɫ‿č‿s+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel chaɫchsquqwa'qwe'el we are going to speak. (vi.)
48 k'ʷ neʔ č+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel k'wne'chqwa'qwe'el We are going to speak. (vi.)
49 č‿y'c+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m chi'tsqwa'qwe'lm We are being spoken to. (vi.)
50 hn‑qʷáʔ+qʷel'+n‑et hnqwa'qwe'lnet It is our language. (vi.)
51 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑ul qwa'qwe'lul You (pl.) speak (imper.). address. (vt.)
52 kʷp‿qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel kupqwa'qwe'el spoke (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
53 kʷp'‿ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel kup'atsqwa'qwe'el speak (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
54 kʷup‿iʔ‑c+qʷá'+qʷel'+m kupi'tsqwa'qwe'el You (pl) are speaking. (vi.)
55 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel cheɫkupsqwa'qwe'el (lit. you (pl) will speak). (vt.)
56 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+qʷá'+qʷel'+m kup'i'tsqwa'qwe'lm You (pl) are being spoken to. (vi.)
57 hn‑qʷáʔ+qʷel'+n‑mp hnqwa'qwe'lnmp It is your (p1.) language. (vi.)
58 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑lš qwa'qwe'llsh They spoke. addressed. (vt.)
59 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑lš atsqwa'qwe'llsh They speak. (vi.)
60 i c+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel‑lš itsqwa'qwe'llsh They are speaking. (v.)
61 čas+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑lš chasqwa'qwe'llsh (lit. they will speak). (vt.)
62 k'ʷ[n]aʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔ‑lš k'wa'qwa'qwe'lsh They are going to speak. (v.)
63 i c+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel+m‑lš itsqwa'qwe'lmlsh They are being spoken to. (v.)
64 hn‑qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑is‑lš hnqwa'qwe'lislsh It is their language. (vi.)
65 hn+t+qʷaʔ+qʷel'=íw'es+n hntqwa'qwe'li'wesn // telephone. ((lit. means of talking by wire), n.)
66 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mel‑em qwa'qwe'elstmelem ‡ I was spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
67 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑le‑m atsqwa'qwe'elstmelem I am spoken to. (vi.)
68 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑melem t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmelem spoken (I have been...to). (vi.)
69 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mel‑em t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'e'elstmelem I had been spoken to. (v.)
70 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n qwa'qwe'elstmn I spoke to you (sg.). addressed. (vt.)
71 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n atsqwa'qwe'elstmn I speak to you (sg.). (vi.)
72 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmn spoken (I have...to you (sg.)). (vi.)
73 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmn I had spoken to you (s). (v.)
74 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m kwi'tsqwa'qwe'lm I am speaking to you (s). (v.)
75 čet+kʷ‿is+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m chetkwisqwa'qwe'lm speak. ((lit. I will speak to you (sg.)), vt.)
76 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmn I am going to speak to you (sg.). (vi.)
77 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑n na'qhiɫ qwa'qweelstmn speak (I may...to you (sg.)). (vi.)
78 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n qwa'qwe'elsn addressed, spoke (I...to h/h). (vt.)
79 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n atsqwa'qwe'elsn I speak to h/h. (vi.)
80 hn‑iʔ‿c+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m hi'tsqwa'qwe'lm I am speaking to him/her. (vt.)
81 t'iʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n t'i'qwa'qwe'elsn I have spoken to h/h. (v.)
82 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elsn I had spoken to h/h. (v.)
83 čeɫ‿hi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m cheɫhisqwa'qwe'lm I will speak to h/h). (vt.)
84 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n k'wna'qwa'qwe'elsn I am going to speak to h/h. (vi.)
85 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷéʔel‑s‑n na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elsn speak (I may...to h/h). (vi.)
86 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n qwa'qwe'elstulmn I spoke to you (pl.). addressed. (vt.)
87 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n atsqwa'qwe'elstulmn I speak to you (pl.). (vi.)
88 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n t'i'qwa'qwe'elstulmn spoken (I have...to you (pl.)). (vi.)
89 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstulmn I had spoken to you. (v.)
90 kʷup‿hiʔ‑c+qʷá'+qʷel'+m kuphi'tsqwa'qwe'lm I am speaking to you (pl). (vi.)
91 čeɫ‿kʷup‿hi‑s+qʷaʔ+qʷel'+m cheɫkuphisqwa'qwe'lm speak (lit. I will speak to you (pl)). (vi.)
92 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstulmn I am going to speak to you (pl.). (vi.)
93 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑n na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstulmn speak (I may...to you (pl.)). (vi.)
94 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n‑lš qwa'qwe'elsnlsh I spoke to them. addressed. (vt.)
95 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n‑lš atsqwa'qwe'elsnlsh I speak to them. (vi.)
96 hn‑iʔ‿c+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+mš hi'tsqwa'qwe'lmsh I am speaking to them. (vt.)
97 t'iʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n‑lš t'i'qwa'qwe'elsnlsh I have spoken to them. (v.)
98 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elsnlsh I had spoken to them. (v.)
99 čeɫ‿hi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑lš cheɫhisqwa'qwe'lmlsh I will speak to them. (vt.)
100 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n‑lš k'wna'qwa'qwe'lsnlsh I am going to speak to them. (vi.)
101 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑n na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elsn speak (Maybe I...to them). (vi.)
102 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑t qwa'qwe'elstmit You (sg.) were spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
103 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑t t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmit spoken (You (sg.) have been...to). (vi.)
104 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑t t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmit You (s) had been spoken to. (v.)
105 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑exʷ qwa'qwe'elstmekhw You (sg.) spoke to me. addressed. (vt.)
106 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑xʷ atsqwa'qwe'elstmekhw You (sg.) speak to me. (vi.)
107 čn‿ʔi+ʔ+čs+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m chn'i'tsqwa'qwe'lm (lit. you(sg.) are speaking to me). (vt.)
108 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑xʷ t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmekhw spoken (you (sg.) have...to me). (vi.)
109 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me-xʷ t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmekhw You (s) had spoken to me. (v.)
110 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m cheɫchn'isqwa'qwe'lm you (s) will speak to me. (vt.)
111 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑xʷ k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmekhw You (sg.) are going to speak to me. (vi.)
112 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑eč qwa'qwe'lech You (sg.) speak to h/h (imper.). address. (vt.)
113 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ qwa'qwe'elstkhw You (sg.) spoke to h/h. addressed. (vt.)
114 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ atsqwa'qwe'elstkhw You (sg.) speak to h/h. (vi.)
115 ic'+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m i'tsqwa'qwe'lm speaking (You (sg.) are...to h/h). (vi.)
116 naʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ na'qwa'qwe'elstkhw are (You (sg.)...to speak to h/h). (vi.)
117 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ t'i'qwa'qwe'elstkhw spoken (You (sg.) have...to h/h). (vi.)
118 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstkhw You (s) had spoken to h/h. (v.)
119 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m cheɫ'isqwa'qwe'lm you(s) will speak to h/h. (vi.)
120 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstkhw You (sg.) are going to speak to h/h. (vi.)
121 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstkhw speak (you (sg.) may...to h/h). (vi.)
122 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m qwa'qwe'elstm H/s was spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
123 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m atsqwa'qwe'elstm H/s is spoken to. (vi.)
124 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m t'i'qwa'qwe'elstm spoken (H/s has been...to). (vi.)
125 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstm H/s had been spoken to. (v.)
126 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑es qwa'qwe'elstmes H/s spoke to me. addressed. (vt.)
127 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s atsqwa'qwe'elstmes H/s (cust.) speaks to me. (vi.)
128 c‿y'c+qʷaʔ+qʷel'+m‑s chi'tsqwa'qwe'lms H/s is speaking to me. (vt.)
129 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmes spoken (H/s has...to me). (vi.)
130 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmes H/s had spoken to me. (v.)
131 čeɫ‿či‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel+m‑s cheɫchisqwa'qwe'lms h/s will speak to me. (vi.)
132 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmes H/s is going to speak to me. (vi.)
133 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s. na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstmes speak (h/s may...to me). (vi.)
134 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑is qwa'qwe'elstmis H/s spoke to you (sg.). addressed. (vt.)
135 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s atsqwa'qwe'elstmis H/s speaks to you (sg.). (vi.)
136 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmis spoken (H/s has...to you (sg.)). (vi.)
137 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel+st+mi‑s t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmis H/s had spoken to you (s). (v.)
138 kʷu‿y'‿c+qʷá'+qʷeʔel‑m‑s ku'ytsqwa'qwe'lms H/S is speaking to you (sg). (vi.)
139 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑s cheɫkusqwa'qwe'lms (lit. h/s will speak to you (sg.)). (vt.)
140 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmis H/s is going to speak to you (sg.). (vi.)
141 naʔx̣íɫ qʷá+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstmis Maybe h/s will speak to you (s). (v.)
142 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s qwa'qwe'elstus He spoke to h/h. addressed. (vt.)
143 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s atsqwa'qwe'elstus H/s speaks to h/h. (vi.)
144 ic+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑s itsqwa'qwe'lms speaking (H/s is...to h/h). (vi.)
145 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s t'i'qwa'qwe'elstus spoken (H/s has...to h/h). (vi.)
146 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstus H/s had spoken to h/h. (v.)
147 čas+qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑m‑s chasqwa'qwe'lms (lit. h/s will speak to h/h). (vt.)
148 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstus H/s is going to speak to h/h. (vi.)
149 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstus speak (H/s may...to h/h). (vi.)
150 naʔx̣íɫ qʷá+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš na'quiɫ qwa qwe'estuslsh H/s may speak to h/h. (v.)
151 kʷu‿y'‿c+qʷá'+qʷeʔel‑m‑s ku'ytsqwa'qwe'lms H/S is speaking to you (pl). (vi.)
152 t+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel+mí‑nt‑me‑t tqwa'qwe'elmi'ntmet discuss. ((lit. We talked about it, We reasoned upon it), v.)
153 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑elit qwa'qwe'elstelit We were spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
154 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑eli‑t atsqwa'qwe'elstmelit We are spoken to. (vi.)
155 t'iʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑eli‑t t'i'qwa'qwe'elstelit We have been spoken to. (v.)
156 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑elit t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstelit We had been spoken to. (v.)
157 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulmi‑t qwa'qwe'elstulmit You (pl.) were spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
158 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulmi‑t atsqwa'qwe'elstulmit You (pl.) are spoken to. (vi.)
159 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulm‑it t'i'qwa'qwe'elstulmit spoken (You (pl.) have been...to). (vi.)
160 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulmi‑t t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstulmit You (pl) had been spoken to. (v.)
161 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mel‑p qwa'qwe'elstmelp You (pl.) spoke to me, addressed. (vt.)
162 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑elp atsqwa'qwe'elstmelp You (pl.) speak to me. (vi.)
163 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑lp t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmelp spoken (You (pl.) have...to me). (vi.)
164 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mel‑p t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmelp You (pl) had spoken to me. (v.)
165 čn‿ʔi+ʔc+qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑mp chn'i'tsqwa'qwe'lmp (lit. you (pl.) are speaking to me). (vt.)
166 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑p cheɫchn'isqwa'qwe'lmp you (pl) will speak to me. (vt.)
167 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mel‑p k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmelp You (pl.) are going to speak to me. (vi.)
168 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔqʷeʔel‑st‑mel-p na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstmelp speak (Maybe you (pl.)...to me). (vi.)
169 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑nt‑lš qwa'qwe'lntlsh You (pl.) speak to h/h (imper.). address. (vt.)
170 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš qwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh You (pl.) spoke to them. addressed. (vt.)
171 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš atsqwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh You (pl.) speak to them. (vi.)
172 ic'+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑lš i'tsqwa'qwe'lmlsh speaking (You (pl.) are...to them). (vi.)
173 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš t'i'qwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh spoken (You (pl.) have...to them). (vi.)
174 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh You (pl) had spoken to them. (v.)
175 naʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš na'qwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh are (You (pl.)...to speak to them). (vi.)
176 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑lš cheɫ'isqwa'qwe'lmlsh you (pl) will speak to them. (vi.)
177 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑s‑p‑lš k'wna'qwa'qwe'elsplsh You (pl.) are going to speak to them. (vi.)
178 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑xʷ‑lš na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstkhwlsh speak (You (pl.) may...to them). (vi.)
179 ic+qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑lš itsqwa'qwe'llsh speaking (They are...). (vi.)
180 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑lš qwa'qwe'elstmlsh They were spoken to. addressed. (vt.)
181 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑lš ti'qwa'qwe'elstmlsh spoken (They have been...to). (vi.)
182 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmlsh They had been spoken to. (v.)
183 ic+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑lš itsqwa'qwe'lmlsh spoken (They are being...to). (vi.)
184 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑es‑lš qwa'qwe'elstmeslsh They spoke to me. addressed. (vt.)
185 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s‑lš atsqwa'qwe'elstmeslsh They speak to me. (vi.)
186 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s‑lš t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmeslsh spoken (They have...to me). (vi.)
187 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstmeslsh They had spoken to me. (v.)
188 č‿y'c+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑s‑lš chi'tsqwa'qwe'lmslsh They are speaking to me. (vt.)
189 čeɫ‿či‿s+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel+m‑s‑lš cheɫchisqwa'qwe'lmslsh they will speak to me. (vt.)
190 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s‑lš k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstmeslsh They are going to speak to me. (vi.)
191 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑me‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstmeslsh speak (They may...to me). (vi.)
192 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš qwa'qwe'elstuslsh They spoke to h/h. (vt.)
193 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš atsqwa'qwe'elstuslsh They speak to h/h. (vi.)
194 ic+qʷáʔ+qʷel'+m‑s‑lš itsqwa'qwe'lmslsh speaking (They are...to h/h). (vi.)
195 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš t'i'qwa'qwe'elstuslsh spoken (They have...to h/h). (vi.)
196 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstuslsh They had spoken to h/h. (v.)
197 čas+qʷáʔ+qʷel'‑m‑s‑lš chasqwa'qwe'lmslsh (lit. they will speak to h/h). (vt.)
198 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑stu‑s‑lš k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstuslsh They are going to speak to h/h. (vi.)
199 naʔx̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔe[l]‑stu‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ qwa'qwe'estuslsh speak (They may...to h/h). (vi.)
200 qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑m‑is‑lš qwa'qwe'elstmislsh They spoke to you (pl.). addressed. (vt.)
201 ac+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s‑lš atsqwa'qwe'elstmislsh They speak to you (p1.). (vi.)
202 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+qʷá'+qʷel'+m‑s‑lš kup'itsqwa'qwe'lmslsh They are speaking to you (pl). (vi.)
203 t'iʔ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s‑lš t'i'qwa'qwe'elstmislsh spoken (They have...to you (pl.)). (vi.)
204 t'ixʷ as‑qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulmi‑s‑lš t'i'khwasqwa'qwe'elstulmislsh They had spoken to you (pl). (v.)
205 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+qʷaʔ+qʷál'+m‑s‑lš cheɫkupsqwa'qwa'lmslsh (lit. they will speak to you (pl)). (vt.)
206 k'ʷ naʔ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑ulmi‑s‑lš k'wna'qwa'qwe'elstulmislsh They are going to speak to you (pl.). (vi.)
207 nax̣íɫ qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel‑st‑mi‑s‑lš naqhiɫ qwa'qwe'elstmislsh speak (They may...to you (pl.)). (vi.)
208 s+qʷaʔ+qʷeʔel'‑st‑w'íš sqwa'qwe'e'lst'wish contention, controversy, debate. (contention (lit. talking against one another), n.)
209 ic+miyes+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷa·l' itsmiyesquqwa'qwaa'l § commune. ((lit. They are con­versing intimately), vi.)
210 s+miyas+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔel smiyasquqwa'qwe'el commune. ((lit. speaking at length), n.)
211 ul soltes han+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔl'+n' ul soltes hanquqwa'qwe'l'n' court‑martial. ((lit. courthouse of soldiers), n.)
212 uw'+ic+qox̣á·ʔ+qʷʔel' u'witsqoqhaaa'qw'e'l buttonhole. ((lit. He kept on talking and talking), vt.)
213 uw'i+c+qoq+há·ʔ+qʷeʔel' u'witsqoqhaaa'qwe'e'l lit. He kept on talking and talking. (vt.)
√qʷl2 1 qʷil qwil † cheat, swindle. ((stem). cheat, vt.)
2 s+qʷíl+n sqwiln deceit. ((lit. cheating), n.)
3 qʷel+qʷel+n+úl qwelqwelnul bilker, cheater, chiseler, defrauder, swindler. ((lit. He cheats habitually), n.)
4 qʷel+nun+cút qwelnuntsut He cheated himself. bilked, defrauded, chiseled, swindled. (vt.)
5 ac+qʷíl‑st‑m‑n atsqwilstmn ‡ I cheat you (sg.). (vt.)
6 qʷil‑nt‑s‑n qwilntsn I cheated you (sg.). (vt.)
7 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+qʷíl+m kwi'tsqwilm I am cheating you (s). (v.)
8 čeɫ+kʷ‿is+qʷíl+m cheɫkwisqwilm cheat. ((lit. I will cheat you (sg.)), vt.)
9 k'ʷ naʔ qʷíl‑nt‑s‑n k'wna'qwilntsn I am going to cheat you (sg.). (vi.)
10 qʷíl‑n qwiln bilked, cheated, chiseled, defrauded (I...h/h). (vt.)
11 ac+qʷíl‑s‑n atsqwilsn I cheat h/h. (vt.)
12 hn‑iʔ‿c+qʷil+m hi'tsqwilm I am cheating him/her. (vt.)
13 čeɫ+his+qʷil+m cheɫhisqwilm cheat. ((lit. I will cheat h/h), vi.)
14 k'ʷnaʔ+qʷíl‑n k'wna'qwiln I am going to cheat h/h. (vi.)
15 ac+qʷíl‑st‑ulm‑n atsqwilstulmn I cheat you (pl.). (vt.)
16 qʷíl‑nt‑ulm‑n qwilntulmn I cheated you (pl.). (vt.)
17 kʷp‿hiʔc+qʷíl+m kuphi'tsqwilm cheating (I am...you (pl)). (vt.)
18 čeɫ‿kʷup‿hi‑s+qʷíl+m cheɫkuphisqwilm cheat (lit. I will cheat you (pl). (vi.)
19 ac+qʷíl‑s‑n‑lš atsqwilsnlsh I cheat them. (vt.)
20 qʷil‑n‑lš qwilnlsh I cheated them. (vt.)
21 hn‑iʔ‿c+qʷíl+m‑lš hi'tsqwilmlsh I am cheating them. (vt.)
22 čeɫ‿hi‑s+qwil+m‑lš cheɫhisqwilmlsh I will cheat them. (vt.)
23 ac+qʷíl‑st‑me‑xʷ atsqwilstmekhw You (sg.) cheat me. (vt.)
24 qʷíl‑nt‑se‑xʷ qwilntsekhw You (sg.) cheated me. (vt.)
25 čn‿ʔi+ʔc+qʷíl+m chn'i'tsqwilm You (sg.) are cheating me. (vt.)
26 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+qʷíl+m cheɫchn'isqwilm you (s) will cheat me. (vt.)
27 k'ʷ naʔ qʷíl‑nt‑se‑xʷ k'wna'qwilntsekhw You (sg.) are going to cheat me. (vi.)
28 ac+qʷíl‑st‑xʷ atsqwilstkhw You (sg.) cheat h/h. (vt.)
29 qʷil‑nt qwilnt You (sg.) cheat h/h (imper.). (vt.)
30 qʷil‑nt‑xʷ qwilntkhw You (sg.) cheated h/h. (vt.)
31 ic'+qʷíl+m i'tsqwilm cheating (you(s) are...h/h). (vt.)
32 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+qʷíl+m cheɫ'isqwilm you (s) will cheat h/h. (vi.)
33 k'ʷ naʔ qʷíl‑nt‑xʷ k'wna'qwilntkhw You (sg.) are going to cheat h/h. (vi.)
34 qʷil‑nt‑lš qwilntlsh You (sg.) cheat them (imper.). (vt.)
35 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+qʷíl+m‑lš cheɫ'isqwilmlsh cheat (lit. you (sg.) will cheat them). (vi.)
36 ac+qʷíl‑st‑me‑s atsquilstmes H/s cheats me. (vt.)
37 qʷíl‑nt‑se‑s qwilntses H/s cheated me. (vt.)
38 č‿y'c+qʷíl+m‑s chi'tsqwilms H/s is cheating me. (vt.)
39 čeɫ‿či‿s+qʷíl+m‑s cheɫchisqwilms h/s will cheat me. (vi.)
40 k'ʷ naʔ qʷíl‑se‑s k'wna'qwilntses H/s is going to [cheat me]. (vi.)
41 ac+qʷíl‑st‑mi‑s atsqwilstmis H/s cheats you (sg.). (vt.)
42 qʷíl‑nt‑si‑s qwilntsis H/s cheated you (sg.). (vt.)
43 kʷu‿y'‿c+qʷíl‑m‑s ku'ytsqwilms H/S is cheating you. (vt.)
44 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+qʷíl+m‑s cheɫkusqwilms (lit. h/s will cheat you (sg)). (vt.)
45 k'ʷ naʔ qʷíl‑nt‑si‑s k'wna'qwilntsis H/s is going to cheat you (sg.). (vi.)
46 qʷil‑nt‑s qwilnts He cheated him. (vt.)
47 ac+qʷíl‑st‑m‑elp atsqwilstmelp You (pl) cheat me. (vt.)
48 qʷíl‑nt‑sel‑p qwilntselp You (pl.) cheated me. (vt.)
49 čn‿ʔi+ʔc+qʷíl‑mp chn'i'tsqwilmp You (pl.) are cheating me. (vt.)
50 čeɫ‿či‿s+qʷíl+em‑p cheɫchisqwilmp you (pl) will cheat me. (vi.)
51 ac+qʷíl‑st‑xʷ‑lš atsqwilstkhwlsh You (pl.) cheat them. (vt.)
52 qʷil‑nt‑xʷ‑lš qwilntkhwlsh You (pl.) cheated them. (vt.)
53 ic'+qʷíl+m‑lš i'tsqwilmlsh cheating (you (pl) are...them). (vt.)
54 ac+qʷíl‑st‑me‑s‑lš atsqwilstmeslsh They cheat me. (vt.)
55 qʷíl‑nt‑se‑s‑lš qwilntseslsh They cheated me. (vt.)
56 č‿y'c+qʷíl+m‑s‑lš chi'tsqwilmslsh They are cheating me. (vt.)
57 ac+qʷíl‑st‑ulmi‑s‑lš atsqwilstulmislsh They cheat you (pl.). (vt.)
58 qʷíl‑nt‑si‑s‑lš qwilntsislsh They cheated you (pl.). (vt.)
59 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+qʷíl+m‑s‑lš kup'itsqwilmslsh They are cheating you (sg.). (vt.)
60 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+qʷíl+m‑s‑lš cheɫkupsqwilmslsh (lit. they will cheat you (pl)). (vt.)
61 s+nukʷ+qʷíl+n snukwqwiln § collude. ((lit. one who is deceiving in conjunction with another), vi.)
√qʷl3 1 s+n+qʷúl=enč snqulench // cotton, denim, wool. (n.)
2 u+x̣ʷel'+é s+n+qʷúl=enč he s+t'+t'ús uqhe'le snqulench he st't'us § cotton candy. ((lit. candy that resembles cotton), n.)
√qʷl'1 1 qʷel' qwe'l † kindle, light. ((stem), vt.)
2 qʷil' qwi'l start a fire, kindle.
3 hn+t+qʷíl'=kʷp+n hntqwi'lkupn // oven, stove. ((lit. place for kindling), n.) [xref √gʷl]
√qʷl'2 1 qʷel' qwe'l † angry, enraged, livid. ((stem). black and blue wound, adj.)
2 u· qʷél' uuqwe'l black and blue, dark, purple. (adj.)
3 un+qʷél'=us unqwe'lus // black‑eye. ((lit. He was discolored as to the eye), n.)
4 qʷ+qʷl'=ít qoqo'lit black pine. (n.)
5 qʷl'+qʷl'+m+n=íɫp qw'lqw'lmniɫp sagebrush. ((lit. dark dark plant), n.)
6 t+qʷál'=sq'it tqwa'lsq'it cloudy (It is dark or...). (adj.)
7 ut+qʷál'=sq'it utqwa'lsq'it cloud (The sky has a) dark...). (n.)
8 ut+qʷal'=sq'it utqwa'lsq'it dark (The sky has a...cloud). (adj.)
√qʷl'3 1 qʷil' qwi'l † starve. ((stem), vt.)
√qʷlm' 1 qʷílem' qwile'm † anthem, aria, ballad, canticle, canto, carol, chanson, song. (n.)
2 qʷ+qʷíl'em'‑et quqwi'le'met ditty. ((lit. It is our little song), n.)
3 hn+pést+eʔ=us ha qʷilem' hnpeste'us ha qwile'm § anti‑phone. ((lit. It is on the other side of a song, it is a responsive song), n.)
√qʷlw 1 qʷlíw+l'š qwliw'lsh † bulb, wild onion, onion. (n.)
√qʷɫ1 1 qʷéɫ+qʷeɫ+t qweɫqweɫt † stamina, endurance. (vi.) [xref √q'ʷɫ]
√qʷɫ2 1 qʷuɫ quɫ † dusty. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+qʷuʔɫ squ'ɫ dirt, dust. (dirt, n.)
√qʷm 1 qʷam qwam † attractive, pleasant, pleasing. ((stem), adj.)
2 qʷám+qʷam+t qwamqwamt attractive, beautiful, choice, cute, dainty, delectable, delicious, elegant, pleasing. (adj.)
3 s+qʷám+qʷam+t sqwamqwamt delicacy, elegance, refinement, sensibility. ((lit. agreeableness), n.)
4 ul qʷám+qʷam+t ul qwamqwamt aesthetic. (adj.)
5 hn+qʷám+qʷam=cn hnqwamqwamtsn // good speaker. ((lit. He's a speaker of beautiful things), n.)
6 kʷ‿n+qʷám+qʷam=cn kunqwamqwamtsn eloquent. ((lit. You (sg.) express yourself in vivid and appropriate speech), adj.)
7 qʷam+qʷam+t ha ic+q'ey' qwamqwamt ha itsq'e'y § belle lettres. ((lit. writings that are beautiful), pl.n.)
8 x̣am=anč+ɫ+qʷám+qʷam qhamanchɫqwamqwam aesthete. ((lit. He loves beautiful things), n.)
9 x̣am=anč+ɫ+qʷám+qʷam+t qhamanchɫqwamqwamt aesthete (lit. He loves beautiful things). (n.)
√qʷm' 1 qʷum' qu'm † dim, gray, lacklustre. ((stem), adj.)
2 qʷem' qwe'm ignore, oblivious, overlook. ((stem), vt.)
3 qʷem'+p qwe'mp bemuse. ((lit. He became preoccupied), vt.)
4 c+an+qʷém'+p tsanqwe'mp blacked out (He...), unconscious (He became...). (vi, adj.)
5 ac+an+qʷém'+p atsanqwe'mp comatose (become...), faint, pass out. ((lit. He blacks out), vi.)
6 s+c+an+qʷem'+p stsanqwe'mp apoplexy, blackout, coma. (n.)
7 s+c+an+qʷém'+p stsanqwe'mp apoplexy, blacking out, unconscious, fainting. (n.)
8 hn+qʷm'+p=ílgʷes hnqu'mpilgwes // amnesia, forgetfulness. (amnesia (lit. He went gray as to memory), n.)
9 hn+qʷm'+qʷm'=ílgʷes hnqu'mqu'milgwes forgetful. ((lit. He is habitual­ly forgetful), adj.)
10 s+qʷúm'=c'eʔ squ'mts'e' blanket (gray...). (n.)
11 cen+qʷm'+p+nú‑nt‑m tsenqu'mpnuntm ‡ desensitize. ((lit. He was rendered insensitive), vt.)
12 qʷm'=íl'kʷ+p qu'mi'lkup § benighted, crass, ignorant, inane, asinine, silly, stupid. (a stupid silly person (lit. dark ashes), adj.)
√qʷn 1 qʷn qwn † blue. (n.)
2 qʷen qwen blue, green, celadon. ((stem) (lit. pale to very pale blue), n.)
3 qʷin qwin blue. ((stem), adj.)
4 u· qʷn uuqwn blue, green. (It is blue/green, adj.)
5 qʷín+emn qwinemn bluing. ((lit. means of making blue), n.)
6 s+qʷn=íɫkʷp sqwniɫkup // ashes, clinker. ((lit. grayish‑blue to white to black residue of combustion), n.)
7 u· qʷn=ul'umxʷ uuqwnu'lumkhw ground (The...is green). (n.)
8 t+qʷn+qʷén=us tqwnqwenus blue‑eyed. ((lit. He has eyes with bright blue iris), adj.)
9 t+qʷn=sq'it tqwnsq'it blue (...sky). (n.)
10 ut+qʷn=sq'it utqwnsq'it cerulean. ((lit. The sky is blue, It is azure), adj.)
11 u· qʷn‑lš uuqwnlsh ‡ green (They are...). (adj.)
√qʷr 1 qʷ+qʷár'eʔ+t qoqwa're't † gold. (n.)
2 t+qʷar+éq=qn tqwareqqn // blonde. ((lit. one with pale or yellowish hair), n.) [for expected √kʷr]
√qʷs1 1 qʷes qwes † blurred, confused. ((stem), adj.)
2 qʷés+s qwess dim. ((lit. It became indistinct), vt.)
3 u· qʷés uuqwes blurred (it is...), blurred (mentally), callow, childish, dense, dim, immature, inexperienced. (He is..., adj.)
4 s+qʷés+s sqwess blur. ((lit. becoming blurred), vt.)
5 qʷés+s+m qwessm befog. ((lit. It became obscure), vt.)
6 as+qʷ+qʷés+eʔ asqqwese' boy, chiquito. ((lit. Little blurred son), n.)
7 s+qʷás+qʷs+eʔ sqwasqwse' child. (n.)
8 qʷás=qn' qwasq'n // blue jay. ((lit. blurred head), n.)
9 qʷás+s=qn' qwassq'n crazy, entranced, possessed. ((lit. He is crazy), adj.)
10 t+qʷás+qʷs+s=us tqwasqwssus blear. ((lit. He became blurred as to the eyes), adj.)
11 s+t+qʷás+qʷas+s=us stqwasqwassus visual indistinctness. (n.)[xref √ʔsqʷ]
√qʷs2 1 hn+qʷs+t=íl'š‑stu‑s hnqwsti'lshstus ‡ deepen. ((lit. He deepened the well, etc.), vt.)
√qʷy1 1 qʷay qway † joke. ((stem). (lit. to talk backwards), vi.)
√qʷy2 1 s+qʷá·y=apaʔ sqwaayapa' // rose hip. (n.)
√qʷy3 1 qʷiy qwiy † to abound, He is affluent, wealthy. (adj.)
2 u· qʷíy uuqwiy abundant. ((lit. He has abundance), n.)
3 qʷe·y=úl'mxʷ qweeyu'lmkhw // capitalist. ((lit. He has plenty of land), n.)
4 qʷe·y=úl'umxʷ qweeyu'lumkhw rich. ((lit. He is well‑to‑do as to land), vi.)
5 l+qʷe·y=úl'mxʷ+n lqweeyu'lmkhwn bonanza. ((lit. means of becoming wealthy), vi.) [see also √qʷh]
√qʷy4 1 qʷiy=ós qwiyos // Negro. (n.) [xref √q'ʷh]
√qʷy'1 1 qʷay' qwa'y † impoverished, pitiable, poor. ((stem), adj.)
2 qʷiy' qwi'y to pity. ((stem), vt.)
3 qʷáy'+qʷiʔ+t qwa'yqwi't He is indigent, pitiful, poor. (adj.)
4 s+n+qʷéy'+t snqwe'yt alms, alms‑giving, benevolence, clemency, compassion, consolation, mercy‑giving, pitying. (n.)
5 s+qʷáy'+qʷiʔ+t sqwa'yqwi't beggary. (n.)
6 qʷiy'+qʷiy'+scút qwi'yqwi'ystsut He made himself humble. (vt.)
7 s+qʷiʔ+qʷiʔ+scút sqwi'qwi'stsut humility. ((lit. the act of making oneself poor, of lowering oneself), n.)
8 s+qʷiy'+qʷiy'+scút sqwi'yqwi'ystsut humble (be). (vt.)
9 sya+n+qʷéy'+t syanqwe'yt benefactor. (n.)
10 hn+qʷáy'+qʷiy'+n hnqwa'yqwi'yn alms‑house, poor‑house, poverty. (n.)
11 qʷiʔ=cín+m qwi'tsinm // conjure, implore. (vt.)
12 qʷiy'+qʷiy'=cín+m qwi'y qwi'ytsinm beseech. ((lit. Make oneself as poor), v.)
13 qʷiʔ+qʷiʔ=cín+m qwi'qwi'tsinm beseech, implore. (vt.)
14 qʷiy'=ús+m qwi'yusm blench. (quail (lit. he made his face pitiful, winced by closing his eyes), vi.)
15 s+n+qʷiy'+qʷiy'=ílgʷes snqwi'yqwi'yilgwes gentleness, sympathy. (n.)
16 hn+qʷiʔ+qʷiy'=ílgʷes hnqwi'qwi'yilgwes pity, sympathy. (fellow feeling.(lit. He has a sympathetic heart), n.)
17 hn+qʷiy'+qʷiy'=ílgʷes hnqwi'yqwi'yilgwes clement, compassionate, merciful. ((lit. He is merciful), adj.)
18 hn+qʷiʔ+t+mí‑nt‑s hnqwi'tmints ‡ console. ((lit. He offered him sym­pathy), vt.) § elu+s+n+qʷéy'+t cold‑blooded, ruthless, merciless. (elusnqwe'yt (lit. He has no mercy), adj.)
19 qʷy'+qʷi+ɫ+cegʷt qwu'yqwiɫtsegwt He has a poor personality. (lit. He is poor as to his nature). (vi.)
√qʷy'2 1 hn+qʷiy'=ítkʷeʔ hnqwi'yitkwe' // wash. ((lit. She washed clothes), vt.)
√qʷyʔ 1 s+qʷéyuʔ sqweyu' † grapes, Oregon grapes. (pl.n.)
√qʷʕʷ 1 qʷeʕʷ qwe(w † drunk, insane. ((stem). irresponsible, adj.)
2 qʷeʕʷ qwe(w boob, booby. ((lit. a stupid person), n.)
3 u· qʷéʕʷ uuqwe(w He is absurd, batty, brainless, cuckoo, daft, dull, ignorant, stupid. ((lit. He has absurd ideas), adj.)
4 qʷéʕʷ+ʕʷ qwe(w(w besot. ((lit. He became intoxicated), vt.)
5 qʷeʕʷ+qʷeʕʷ+t qwe(wqwe(wt feebleminded, foolish, silly. ((lit. H/s is a foolish person), adj.)
6 hn+qʷéʕʷ+ʕʷ+n hnqwe(w(wn alcohol, intoxication. ((lit. means of getting silly), n.)
7 hn+qʷéʕ'ʷ+qʷéʕ'ʷ+ʕ'ʷ+n hnqwe'(wqwe'(w'(w'n asylum (lit. place for mentally ill). (n.)
8 ic+qʷeʔʕʷ+qʷeʔʕʷ+ʔʕʷ itsqwe'(wqwe'(w'(w crazy. ((lit. He is insane), adj.)
9 ic+kʷeʔʕʷ+kʷeʔʕʷ+ʔʕʷ itskwe'(wkwe'('(w [also recorded as √kʷʕʷ] demented. ((lit. He is going crazy), adj.)
10 s+kʷéʔʕʷ+kʷeʕʷ+ʔʕʷ skwe'(wkwe(u'( insanity. (n.)
11 s+qʷéʕʷ+qʷeʕʷ+ʕʷ sqwe(wqwe(u(w carousal. ((lit. people becoming intoxicated), n.)
12 ic+qʷéʕʷ+ʕʷ itsqwe(w(w drunk (he is being...). (vi.)
13 ic+qʷéʕʷ+qʷeʕʷ+ʕʷ itsqwe(wqwe(w(w binge. ((lit. people having a carousal), n.)
14 s+qʷéʕʷ+m+ncut sqwe(wmntsut blunder, bungle. ((lit. making oneself silly), n.)
15 s+qʷéʕʷ+m+šeš sqwe(umshesh craze, delirium, fad. ((lit. becoming insane), n.)
16 ʔus+niʔ+qʷéʕʷ usni'qwe(w black sheep. ((lit. most inane among fam­ily), n.)
17 čs+qʷeʕʷ+eʕʷ+míncut chsqwe(we(wmintsut He got carried away. (vi.)
18 qʷeʕʷ=cn+mí+[n]cut qwe(wtsnmimtsut // blather. ((lit. He spoke foolishly or nonsensically), vi.)
19 s+qʷeʕʷ=cn+mí+ncut sqwe(wtsnmintsut bilge. ((lit. making oneself talk nonsense), n.)
20 qʷéʕʷ+m‑st‑m qwe(wumstm ‡ berserk (he went...), delirious, deranged (he was...). ((lit. He became phrenetic, frantic), adj, vt.)
√qʷʔ1 1 s+n+qʷáʔ=alq=šn snqwa'alqshn // angle, corner. (n.)
2 hn+qʷáʔ=alq=šn hnqwa'alqshn alcove. ((lit. a space at the foot of a corner or wall), n.)
3 ʔap+s+n+qʷáʔ=alq=šn apsnqwa'alqshn angular. ((lit. It has an angle or corner), adj.)
√qʷʔ2 1 qʷeʔ qwe' † to continue. ((stem), vt.)
√qʷʔ3 1 qʷiʔ qwi' † hollow. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+n+qʷíʔ snqwi' cavity. (n.)
3 an+qʷíʔ anqwi' cave. ((lit. That which is hollow), n.)
4 ac+miyás+n+qʷiʔ atsmiyasnqwi' § cave, cavern. ((lit. A hollow that is larg­er than usual), n.)
√qʷʔ4 1 qʷiʔ qwi' † accustomed. ((stem), adj.)

√q'ʷ

√q'ʷc1 1 q'ʷec q'wets † durable, firm, lasting, solid. ((stem), adj.)
√q'ʷc2 1 q'ʷuc q'uts † fat, obese. ((stem). to be fat, adj.)
2 q'ʷuc+t q'utst H/s is corpulent, fat. (adj.)
3 s+q'ʷuc+t sq'utst blubber, corpulence, diesel fuel, fat (excessive body...), fatness, gasoline, obesity, oil. (n.)
√q'ʷc' 1 q'ʷic' q'wits' † full, replete. ((stem), adj.)
2 q'ʷic'+t q'wits't brim‑full, chock‑full. (adj.)
3 ac+q'ʷic' atsq'wit's full (to be...). ((lit. It is...), vi.) ‡ q'ʷíc'+s‑n filled (I...it up). (q'wits'sn, vt.)
√q'ʷc'w' 1 q'ʷc'w=íyeʔ q'wts'wiye' // chipmunk. (n.)
2 q'ʷ+q'ʷc'w'=íy'eʔ q'q'wts''wi'ye' chipmunk. (n.)
√q'ʷd 1 q'ʷid q'wid † blacken. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'ʷed q'wed black (ref. to horse), black. ((stem), n.)
3 u· q'ʷéd uuq'wed black, dingy (It is...). (adj.)
4 q'ʷ+q'ʷd q'wq'wd horse (little black). (n.)
5 q'ʷd+q'ʷéd q'wdq'wed bison. ((lit. black black), n.)
6 s+q'ʷéd=ups sq'wedups // grouse. ((lit. black tail), n.)
7 q'ʷád=al'qs q'wada'lqs black robe, clergy, cleric, divine, priest. (adj.)
8 q'ʷad=al'qs q'wadal'qs minister. ((lit. One dressed in black), n.)
9 t+q'ʷed=c'eʔ tq'wedts'e' black (...of skin), Negro. ((lit. Black of skin), n.)
10 t+q'ʷed=elps tq'wedelps horse (black). (n.)
11 t+q'ʷéd=elxʷ tq'wedelkhw horse (black...). (n.)
12 ut+q'ʷád=qn utq'wadqn black, dark (He has...hair). (adj.)
13 ni+s+q'ʷíde=gʷeɫ=mš nisq'widegweɫmsh dark race. (n.)
14 q'ʷéd+p+m‑stu‑s q'wedpmstus ‡ to blacken it. (vt.)
15 u· q'ʷéd he šét'+ut uuq'wed he shet'ut § basalt. ((lit. rock that is black), n.)
√q'ʷh 1 q'ʷih q'wih † black (ref. to a person). ((stem), adj.)
2 s+t+q'ʷíh=šn=mš Stq'wihshnmsh // Blackfoot. ((lit. one of the Blackfoot Tribe), n.) [xref √qʷy4]
√q'ʷl1 1 q'ʷal q'wal † char, singe. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'ʷel' q'we'l burn, cook. ((stem), vt.)
3 s+q'ʷel+t sq'welt burn, cooked (being). (n, vt.)
4 q'ʷl=íln q'wliln // His food became cooked. (vt.)
5 s+q'ʷl=íln sq'wliln delicatessen. ((lit. cooked foods), n.)
6 s+n+q'ʷl=ul'umxʷ snq'wlu'lumkhw croutons, toast. (n.)
7 s+n+q'ʷl=úl'umxʷ snq'wlu'lumkhw bread. ((that which is baked in the ground), n.)
8 s+n+q'ʷ+q'ʷl'=úl'm'xʷ snq'uq''lu'l'mkhw brioche. ((lit. little bread (loaf)), n.)
9 hn+q'ʷl=úl'umxʷ+n hnq'ulu'lumkhwn bakery. ((lit. place for baking bread), n.)
10 sya+n+q'ʷl=úl'mxʷ syanq'ulu'lmkhw baker. ((lit. One whose occupation is to bake (bread) in the ground), n.)
11 q'ʷel‑n q'weln ‡ braise, cook. (braise (lit. I cooked it (meat)), vt.)
12 s+t+q'ʷíl'=kʷp stq'wi'lkup match(es). ((lit. means of starting a fire), n.)
13 q'ʷl+x̣ʷíʔ Q'wlqhwi' § Burnt Mountain. (n.)
√q'ʷl2 1 s+q'ʷel+t sq'welt † ripe (to be...). (vi.)
2 s+q'ʷl=ál[q]ʷ=astq sq'wlalgwastq // fruit. ((lit. ripened crops), n.)
√q'ʷlpš 1 q'ʷelpš q'welpsh! † Good for him! It serves him right! (interj.)
√q'ʷls 1 q'ʷóls=alqʷ q'olsalqw // pussy willow (used for baskets). (n.)
√q'ʷlw' 1 q'ʷelíw' q'weli'w † bear eats berries.
√q'ʷl' 1 q'ʷul' q'u'l † produce. ((stem), vt.) [xref? √k'ʷl']
√q'ʷɫ 1 q'ʷeɫ q'weɫ † endurance (to have...). ((stem), v.)
2 q'ʷiɫ q'wiɫ enduring, persevering. ((stem), adj, vi.) [xref √qʷɫ]
√q'ʷm 1 q'ʷem+p q'wemp † cramp, spasm (to have a muscle...). ((stem), v.)
2 s+c+an+q'ʷém+p=cn stsanq'wemptsn // crick. ((lit. cramp in the neck, note: similarity between q'wamp and cramp), n.)
3 s+n+q'ʷém+p=šn snq'wempshn charley horse, cramp (getting a...). ((lit. cramp of the leg), n, vt.)
√q'ʷnp' 1 q'ʷenp' q'wenp' † disappear below horizon, go out of sight behind hill, evening. (n.)
2 s+q'ʷénp'+n sq'wenp'n sunset, west. (n.)
3 ul s+čen[t]+cóc ha s+q'ʷenp' ul schentsots ha sq'wenp' § sunset (Canadian...). (n.)
4 s+c+an+q'ʷenp'+eɫ+ʔaɫ+dár=enč stsanq'wenp'eɫ'aɫdarench eclipse. ((lit. sun/moon going behind something), n.)
√q'ʷn' 1 q'ʷín'+t q'wi'nt † burped (h/s). (belched, blurted, vi.)
2 q'ʷíʔn'+t q'wi''nt belched (h/s), blurted (h/s). (burped, vi.)
√q'ʷp' 1 q'ʷup' q'up' † rain. ((stem), n.)
2 q'ʷup[']+t q'upt rained. (vi.)
3 s+q'ʷp'+t sq'up't rain. (n.)
4 ic+q'ʷp[']+t itsq'upt raining (It is...). (v.)
√q'ʷs 1 q'ʷes q'wes † pleated, shrivelled, wrinkled. ((stem), adj.)
2 q'ʷus q'us to be pleated.
3 ac+q'ʷés+m' atsq'wes'm pleated. ((lit. It is...), adj.)
4 s+q'ʷús+p=ugʷl sq'uspugul // skirt. (pleated, n.)
5 hn+q'ʷ+q'ʷos+m'=íčn'=šn' hnq'oq'os'mich'nsh'n dog. ((lit. with pleated soles), n.)
6 hn+q'ʷ+q'ʷs+m'=íčn'+š[n]=tkʷeʔ hnq'oq'os'mich'nshtkwe' walrus, seal. ((lit. water dog), n.)
7 sya+čeɫ+n+q'ʷ+q'ʷos+m=íčn=šn' syacheɫnq'oq'osmich'nsh'n dog catcher. ((lit. One who goes after dogs), n.)
8 u+x̣ʷal'+a+n+q'ʷ+q'ʷs+m'í uqhwa'lanq'oq'os'mi § canine. ((lit. It is doglike), n.)
9 s+m'u+m'úc=šn' ha n+qʷo+q[']ʷos+m'i sm'u'mutssh'n hanqoqos'mi bitch. ((lit. a female dog), n.)
√q'ʷt 1 hn+q'ʷt+út=mš=kʷeʔ Hnq'wtutmshkwe' // Coeur d'Alene River. (n.) [xref √q'ʷt'2]
√q'ʷt'1 1 q'ʷut' q'ut' † knitted, woven (to be...). ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+q'ʷt'=šn hnq'ut'shn // sock(s), stockings. (n.)
3 hn+q'ʷ+q'ʷút'=šn' hnq'uq'ut'sh'n bootie. ((lit. little sock), n.)
√q'ʷt'2 1 aɫ+q'ʷét'+ut Aɫq'wet'ut † Plummer Butte, Plummer. (n.)
2 s+q'ʷt'ú Sq'wt'u Cataldo, Idaho, Old Mission, Old Sacred Heart Mission. (n.) [xref √q'ʷt]
√q'ʷy'1 1 q'ʷey' q'we'y † dance, bounce. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut sq'we'ymntsut cotillion, ballet. ((lit. squeezing oneself), n.)
3 č'at+s+q'ʷey'+m+ncut ch'atsq'we'ymntsut dance. (vi.)
4 gʷɫ sya·+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut guɫ syaaq'we'ymntsut chorus. ((lit. a group of dancers in a musical comedy, revue, etc.), n.)
5 hn+q'ʷiy'+m+ncút+n hnq'wi'ymntsutn dancing place, ballroom. ((lit. place for squeez­ing oneself rhythmically), n.)
6 čn'‿c+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut ch'ntsq'we'ymntsut dance. ((lit. I, customarily, dance), vt.)
7 čn‿q'ʷéy'+m+nc[u]t chnq'we'ymntsnt danced (I...). (vi.)
8 č‿y'c+q'ʷéy'+mncut chi'tsq'we'ymntsut I am dancing. (v.)
9 k'ʷneʔ+čn‿q'ʷéy'+m+ncut k'wne'chnq'we'ymntsut dance (I will...), (lit. I am going to dance) (vi.)
10 q'ʷéy'+mncut‑š q'we'ymntsutsh dance (imper.). (vi.)
11 kʷu‿q'ʷéy'+mncut kuuq'we'ymntsut You (sg.) danced. (vi.)
12 kʷʔ‿c+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut ku'tsq'we'ymntsut dance (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
13 kʷu‿y'‿c+q'ʷéy'+m‑nt‑s‑n‑t ku'ytsq'we'ymntsnt You (sg) are dancing. (vi.)
14 k'ʷ neʔ kʷu·‿q'ʷéy'+mncut k'wne'kuuq'we'ymntsut You (sg.) will dance. (vi.)
15 q'ʷéy'+mncut q'we'ymntsut H/S danced. (vi.)
16 ac+q'ʷéy'+mncut atsq'wey'mntsut H/s dances. (vi.)
17 ic+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut itsq'we'ymntsut dancing (h/s is...). (vi.)
18 čas+q'ʷáy'+mncut chasq'wa'ymntsut dance (lit. h/s is going to dance). (vt.)
19 k'ʷ naʔ q'ʷéy+mncut k'wna'q'we'ymntsut H/s is going to dance. (vi.)
20 č‿q'ʷéy'+m+ncut chq'we'ymntsut danced (we...). (vi.)
21 č‿ʔa+c+q'ʷey'+mncut ch'atsq'we'ymntsut dance (lit. we dance). (vi.)
22 čat+čs+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut chatchsq'we'ymntsut dance. ((lit. we are going dance), vi.)
23 k'ʷ neʔ č+q'ʷáy'+mncut k'wne'chq'wa'ymntsut We will dance. (vi.)
24 čiʔc+q'ʷé[y]'+m+ncut chi'tsq'we'umntsut dancing (I am...), dancing (we are...). (vi.)
25 q'ʷéy'+mncut‑ul q'we'ymntsutul You (pl.) dance (imper.). (vi.)
26 kʷp'‿ac+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut kup'atsq'we'ymntsut dance (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
27 kʷp‿q'ʷéy'+m+ncut kupq'we'ymntsut danced (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
28 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+q'ʷéy'+mncut kup'itsq'we'ymntsut You (pl.) are dancing. (vi.)
29 k'ʷ neʔ kʷup‿q'ʷéy'+mncut k'wne'kupq'we'ymntsut You (pl.) will dance. (vi.)
30 q'ʷéy'+mncut‑lš q'we'ymntsutlsh They danced. (vi.)
31 ac+q'ʷéy'+mcut‑lš atsq'wey'mntsutlsh They dance. (vi.)
32 ic+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut‑lš itsq'we'ymntsutlsh dancing (they are...). (vi.)
33 čas+q'ʷáy'+mncut‑lš chasq'wa'ymntsutlsh dance (lit. they are going to dance). (vt.)
34 k'ʷnaʔ+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut‑lš k'wna'q'we'ymntsutlsh dance (they will...). (vi.)
35 s+míʔyem ha sya·+q'ʷéy'+m+ncut smi'yem ha syaaq'we'ymntsut § ballerina. ((lit. wom­an who dances), n.)
√q'ʷy'2 1 q'ʷey' q'we'y † strangle, wring, choke. ((stem), vt.)
2 q'ʷey'‑nt‑s q'we'ynts ‡ He squeezed it; he wringed it (wet clothes) . rinse. (vt.)
3 can+q'ʷiʔ=cín‑t‑s tsanq'wi'tsints choke. ((lit. He constricted him as to the neck), vt.)
4 t+q'ʷiy'=álpqʷ‑nt‑s tq'wi'yalpqwnts choke. (vi.)
5 t+q'ʷey'=álpqʷ‑nt‑s tq'we'yalpqwnts to choke. (vi.)
√q'ʷyʔ 1 q'ʷúyeʔ q'uye' † name of coyote's powers. (n.)
√q'ʷʕ 1 q'ʷeʕ+p q'we(p † slid (it...), he slid involuntarily. ([v].)
2 s+q'ʷaʕ+eʕ+p=líyeʔ sq'wa(e(pliye' // sledding, coasting. ((lit. sliding down an inclined slope on a sled), vi.) [xref √k'ʷʕ]
√q'ʷʔ 1 an+qʷaʔ+qʷaʔ=ep=eʔs+t anqwa'qwa'epe'st // [one entry recorded as √qʷʔ] castrate, geld. ((lit. He, e.g. bull, is castrated), vt, n.)
2 hn+q'ʷaʔ+q'ʷeʔ=ép=eʔst hnq'wa'q'we'epe'st castrated. (vi.)
3 hn+q'ʷaʔ+q'ʷeʔ=ép=eʔs‑nt‑s hnq'wa'q'we'epe'snts ‡ castrated. ((lit. he castrated the bull), vt.)
√q'ʷʔɫ 1 q'ʷiʔɫ q'wi'ɫ † camp (to move...), decamp, migrate. (decamp, vt, vi.)

√s

√sc1 1 sic sits † new, new (It is...). ((stem), adj.)
√sc2 1 síc=i[t]kʷ sitsikw // winter. (n.)
2 s+síc=itkʷ+m ssitsitkum hibernate. ((lit. passing the winter), vi.)
√sc' 1 sic' si'ts † blanket, blanketed. ((stem), n, adj.)
2 sic'+m sits'm blanket, cover. (n.)
3 sic'+síc'+m sits'sits'm bedding. ((lit. blankets), n.)
√sč1 1 sič sich † squirrel. (n.) [v. 1 has √sč']
√sč2 1 si+sč sisch † onion (species of wild...). (n.)
√sč'1 1 séč'=ečt sech'echt // moss on a tree. (n.)
√sč'2 1 hn+séč'+ntis hnsech'ntis † channel, river. (n.)
2 sč'=lwís sch'lwis // dead salmon. (n.)
3 ʔep+sč=l'wís epsch'lwis It, e.g., the river, has dead salmon. (vt.)
√sds 1 sídis+t sidist † during (...the night). (adv.)
2 sidis+t sidist overnight (to...). ((stem), vi.)
3 et+sids+t etsidst night. (n.)
4 sds+tíɫ+mš sdstiɫmsh travelled (He...by night). (v.) [see also √ds]
√sgʷ 1 sigʷ sigw † ask for, inquire, question (to...), request. ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 sigʷ+n sigwn ask, question. (vt.)
3 s+sígʷ+n ssigwn ask, inquiry, question. (vt, n.)
4 segʷ+et segwet who?. ((stem), inter.)
5 kʷu‿ségʷ+et kuusegwet? are (who...you?). (vi.)
6 neʔ ségʷet ne'segwet I wonder who it is? (qu.)
7 s+segʷ+segʷ+n+úl ssegwsegwnul curiosity, inquisitiveness. (n.)
8 hn+sígʷ=cn+n hnsigwtsnn // consult. ((lit. I asked his permission, took counsel with him), vt.)
√skʷ1 1 u· sí·kʷ uusiiikw † voice (His...was rather hoarse). (n.)
2 u+n+sí·kʷ unsiiikw hoarse (His voice was rather...). (adj.)
√skʷ2 1 s(=)íkʷeʔ sikwe' // alcohol, aqua, booze, bourbon, cordial, liquor, water. (n.)
2 s(=)ikʷeʔ tel' kolón sikwe' te'l Cologne cologne. ((lit. water from Cologne), n.)
3 čs+s(=)íkʷe=kʷeʔ chssikwekwe' alcoholic. ((lit. one who became enslaved by water (liquor)), adj.)
4 hn+s(=)íkʷeʔ+n hnsikwe'n barroom, buttery, aquarium. (liquor store. (lit. a place for water), n.)
5 s+čs+n+s(=)íkʷeʔ=kʷeʔ schsnsikwekwe alcoholism. (n.)
6 s+n+s(=)íkʷeʔ=mš snsikwe'msh aquanaut, dipper. ((lit. aquatic animal or water tribesman), n.)
7 ʔepɫ n+s(=) íkʷeʔ+n epɫ n sikwe'n barkeeper, bartender. ((lit. One who has a liquor place), n.)
8 s+s(=)ákʷaʔ=q'n ssakwa'q'n lost lake. ((lit. water on the head (mountain), n.)
9 s+s(=)áqʷaʔ=qn ssaqwa'qn [also recorded as √sqʷ] lake (little crater...). ((lit. water on the head (mountain), n.)
10 elu+ɫ+s(=)íkʷeʔ eluɫsikwe' § waterless, parched, anhydrous. ((lit. It has no water), adj.)
11 ul s(=)ikʷeʔ ha sóltes ul sikwe'ha soltes blue‑jacket. ((lit. soldier of the sea), n.) [xref √sxʷ1]
√sk'ʷ 1 suk'ʷ suk'w † float (...with current). ((stem), vi.)
2 súk'ʷ‑nt‑m suk'wntm ‡ afloat. ((lit. He was set adrift), adj.)
√sl1 1 sel sel † turn (to...), rotate. ((stem), vi.)
2 sel+p selp spin. ((stem), vi.)
3 sel+úp selup, to spin.
4 hn+sél+sl+p=us hnselslpus // drunk, tipsy. ((lit. His eyes spun), adj.)
5 s+n+sél+p=us snselpus daze. ((lit. turning of eye), n.)
6 s+n+sél+sl+p=us snselslpus daze (lit. turning of eye). (n.)
7 čiy'+n+sél+sl+p=us chi'ynselslpus dizzy, giddy. ((lit. I am having a whirling sensation in my head), adj.)
8 s+n+sl+p=ítkʷeʔ snslpitkwe' eddy. ((lit. a turning of water), n.)
9 sl'+p+st'úlixʷ s'lpst'ulikhw § earth (twisted...), earth (whirling...). ((name of Circling Raven's eldest son), n.)
√sl2 1 sel sel † hazy, obscure. ((stem), adj.)
2 sel' se'l indistinct, obscure. ((stem), adj.)
3 u· sél' uuse'l complex, complicated, confused (It is...), intricate. (It is complex, complicated, adj.)
4 sl'e·+séle s'leesele unknown ancestor. (n.)
5 niʔ+sél+l+m ni'sellm clutter. ((lit. It was piled in a disordered state), n.)
6 e niʔ+sél+m eni'selm assorted, mixed. (vt. (lit. It is a mixture), adj.)
7 s+sél'+m+ncut sse'lmntsut error, mistake. (n.)
8 če·+síl+el cheesilel oversleep. ((lit. he overslept), vi.)
9 e t+sél'=šn et se'lshn // clubfoot. ((lit. H/h foot has an uncer­tain shape), n.)
10 t+sél'+sl'=ečt t‑se'ls'lecht awkard, clumsy. ((lit. He is unsure by hand), vi.)
11 s+t+sél+sl'=ečt stsels'lecht clumsiness. ((lit. He is ignorant in hand), n.)
12 e n+sl+m=ítkʷeʔ enslmitkwe' cocktail, drink (cocktail). ((lit. mixed water, drink), n.)
13 s+n+sl+p=ílgʷes snslpilgwes amnesty, forgetting. (n.)
14 niʔ+sél+m‑s‑n ni'selmsn ‡ concoct, mix. (compound, (lit. I mixed it), vt.)
15 niʔ+sél+m‑st‑m ni'selmstm blend. ((lit. It was mixed (with other entities)), vt.)
16 sl'+sl'+eɫ+cégʷ+t s'ls'leɫtsegwt § block‑head, chump. ((lit. A person who is uncer­tain in his ways), n.)
17 niʔ+sel+m‑st‑m e lut šiɫ ni'selmstm e lut shiɫ adulterate. ((lit. It was mixed with something not just right, it was made impure by mixing in a foreign or poorer substance), vt.)
√sl3 1 sul sul † cold, refrigerated, to be cold. ((stem), adj.)
2 sul+t sult cold (he got...). (vi.)
3 čn‿súl+t chnsult cold (I got...). (vi.)
4 súl=ul'umxʷ sulu'lumkhw // froze (The ground was frozen...). (vt, adj, n.)
5 sul+sul+ɫ+cégʷ+t sulsulɫtsegwt § bleak. ((lit. He has a somber and gloomy manner (nature)), n.)
√slkʷ 1 *hn+sélukʷ Hnseluk † a place on the Coeur d'Alene river where canoes mysteriously stop and many were killed, a place of superstition. (n.)
√slp' 1 slip' slip', † woody.
2 sl'l'ip' s'l'lip' baton. ((lit. little wooden stick), n.)
√sls 1 sils+us silsus † blow down (e.g. houses). ((stem), vt.) [?]
√slts 1 sóltes soltes † armed forces. (n.)
2 gʷɫ sóltes guɫ soltes army, brigade, soldiers. (n.)
3 lut sóltes lut soltes § civilian. ((lit. He is not a soldier); soltes=l.w. from English), n.)
4 ul soltes ha n+qʷ+qʷáʔ+qʷeʔl'+n' ul soltes hanquqwa'qwe'l'n' court‑martial. ((lit. courthouse of soldiers), n.)
5 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+tum' ha sóltes nuk'wɫtu'm ha soltes battalion. ((lit. a unit of soldiers), n.)
6 ul s(=)ikʷeʔ ha sóltes ul sikwe'ha soltes blue‑jacket. ((lit. soldier of the sea), n.)
√slʔ 1 sileʔ sile' † maternal grandfather. (n.)
2 síleʔe sile'e lake (small...near Cheney). (pat, grandfather, n.)
√sɫq 1 *sɫaq sɫag † sarvice berry. (n.)
√smš 1 su·méš suumesh † power (Spokane). (n.)
√smx 1 su·míx suumikh † power (San Poil). (n.)
√sm' 1 sum' su'm † smell (to...), sniff. ((stem), vt.)
2 súm'‑nt‑s su'mnts ‡ sniffed (he...at it). (vi.)
√sn1 1 san san † drowsy, sleepy. ((stem), adj.)
√sn2 1 sn=íneʔ snine' // owl. (n.)
√sn3 1 č+sún=kʷeʔ chsunkwe' // island. (n.)
2 č+s+sún'=kʷeʔ chssu'nkwe' cay, island (a small...), key, islet. (n.)
3 ʔepɫ+č+sún+sun=kʷeʔ epɫchsunsunkwe' archipelago. ((lit. It has islands), n.)
√sncʔ 1 sinceʔ sintse' † deacon, kid brother. (n.)
2 s+sín'ceʔ ssi'ntse' cadet. ((lit. younger brother), n.)
√sns 1 s+sén'+sn'sʔ sse'ns'n † cents, pennies, copper. (n.)
2 ʔupen e·séns upeneesens § dime. ((lit. ten cents), n.)
√snt 1 sant ma·ri Sant Maari † Virgin Mary, Mary, Saint Mary, Holy Mary. ((l.w. from French), n.)
√sn'1 1 sen' sen' † tame (to...). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+sán'+sn'+t ssa'ns'nt It is a broken, tamed horse. (vi)
3 s+sn'+sn'+t+él'š‑stu‑s ss'ns'nte'lshstus ‡ tamed (he caused it to be...), caused (he...it to be tamed). (adj, vt.)
√sn'2 1 se·+sín'+n'cut'+n seesi'n'ntsut'n † perfume. (n.)
√sn'3 1 sú+sn' sus'n † spoon. (n.)
2 č+ɫuk'ʷ+ɫuk'ʷ+p+sín'+n chɫuk'wɫuk'wpsi'nn. § fork. (n.)
√sp 1 sip sip † sheep. (n.)
2 síp=elxʷ sipelkhw // cape‑skin. (sheepskin, n.)
3 sp=íɫc'eʔ spiɫts'e' elk. (n.)
√spn 1 sipn sipn † daughter‑in‑law. (n.)
√sps 1 s+č+s(=)úps+n schsupsn † tail. (n.)
2 ul s+č+s(=)úps+n ul schsupsn caudal. ((lit. pertaining to the tail or hind parts), adj.)
3 ʔep+s+čs+s=úps+n' Epschssups'n § Fernwood, Idaho (lit. It has a little tail). (n.)
√sp'y' 1 sip'ey' sip'e'y † buckskin. ((stem), n.)
2 síp'ey' si'pe'y leather; finished hide. (n.)
3 sip[']ay' sipa'y leather. (n.)
4 seʔp'y=al'qs se'p'ya'lqs // buckskin (jacket), leather (coat). (n.)
5 sép'y'=al'qs sep''ya'lqs buckskin suit, leather coat. (n.)
6 síp'+sip'ay'=šn sip'sip'a'yshn mocasins. (n.)
7 č+sep'+sep'y'=alq=šn chsep'sep''yalqshn leather pants, leggings, pants (leather...). (n.)
8 t+sep+sep'y=alq=šn tsepsep'yalqshn breeches. (n.)
√sq'1 1 saq' saq' † split (...in two). ((stem), vi.)
2 s+sáq'+m ssaq'm cleavage. ((lit. splitting), n.)
3 s+sáq'+p ssaq'p cleft, chink, crack, cranny, fissure (narrow). (n.)
4 sáq'‑nt‑s saq'nts ‡ split. (cleave (lit. He split (the blocks of wood)), vt.)
√sq'2 1 hn+séq'+m hnseq'm † criminal, digress, perverted, strayed, wandered. ((lit. He erred, turned aside, went off the path/He went astray/He was perverted), n, vi, adj.)
2 an+séq'+m anseq'm devious. (vi. (lit. He strays from the way of right and duty), adj.)
3 s+n+séq'+mš snseqmsh anomaly, crime, deviation. (go astray (lit. erring (from the path of life), n.)
4 in+séq'+mš inseq'msh aberrant. ((lit. H/s is going astray), adj.)
5 čeɫ čin‿séq[']+mš cheɫ chi nseqmsh I am going astray, deviate (I am going to...). (vi.)
6 čeɫ čis+n+séq[']+mš cheɫ chisnseqmsh astray (I am going...). (vi.)
√sr 1 sar sar † cricket. (n.)
√srqʷs 1 sarqʷs sarqws † pine squirrel. (n.)
√stč1 1 setč setch † twist. ((stem), vt.)
2 e·+setč eesetch amiss, awry. ((lit. It is twisted toward one side), adj.)
3 niʔ+sátč=iʔqs+n ni'satchi'qsn // crank. ((lit. nose twister), n. and vt.)
4 sétč+m‑st‑m setchmstm ‡ distort. ((lit. It was twisted from the natural shape), v.)
5 stč=íč‑st‑m stchichstm awry. ((lit. He put his hand in a twisted manner), adv.)
√stč2 1 sítč sitch † bladder, stomach. ((stem), n.)
√stq 1 sétq=aps setqaps † April. (n.)
√st' 1 suʔt' su't' † stretched. ((stem), adj.)
2 sut'e·+sút'e sut'eesut'e accordian, rubber. ((lit. that which is stretchable), n.)
3 u+s+sút' ussut' elastic. ((lit. It is having the power of returning to its original form), adj, n.)
4 sót'=al'qs sot'a'lqs // cardigan, sweater or colorless jacket opening down the front (lit. elastic clothes). (n.)
5 sót'=iʔqs Sot'i'qs nickname (...of an Indian), stretch nose. (n.)
6 e· sút'+m‑s‑n eesut'msn ‡ stretch, elongate (lit. I stretch (cust.) it out). (vt.)
√st'lxʷ 1 sl'p+st'úlixʷ s'lpst'ulikhw § earth (twisted...), earth (whirling...). ((name of Circling Raven's eldest son), n.)
√st'q 1 ac+sé[t]=q'it atsseq'it // date, day, time. ((lit. day), n.)
2 a+č+sét'=q'it achset'q'it day, daytime. (n.)
3 hn+ʔač+set'qit hn'achset'qit. ?? My time.
4 x̣es+t ha c+sét'q+it qhest ha' tsset'qit § day (It is good...). (n.) [see =sq'it in Appendix D]
√sw' 1 s+séw'+suw'+iš sse'wsu'wish † whisper. (n.)
√sw's 1 síw's si'ws † ground hog. (n.)
2 čn‿gʷíč e siw's chngwich e si'ws § groundhog (lit. I saw a ground­hog). (n.)
3 čn‿gʷič e· siw's chngwich ee si'ws groundhog. ((lit. I saw a groundhog), n.)
√sxʷ1 1 sixʷ sikhw † pour. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+síxʷ+xʷ ssikhukhw effluence. ((lit. a flowing out), n.)
3 síxʷ‑nt‑s sikhwnts ‡ spilled (He...it). (v.)
4 síxʷ‑nt‑xʷ sikhwntkhw effuse, spill. ((lit. you(s) poured it out), v.)
5 č+síxʷ+ɫ+p‑nt‑s chsikhwɫpnts decant. ((lit. He poured (the water) out of doors outside; he poured it forth), vt.)
6 s+síxʷ+m xʷe mít'č'=edeʔ ssikhum khwe mit'ch'ede' § bloodbath, bloodshed. ((lit. spilling that w/c is blood), n.)
7 s+nukʷ+síxʷ+sixʷ+xʷ snukwsikhwsikhukhw brethren, fellow‑bloods (n.)
8 s+nukʷ+síxʷ+xʷ snukwsikhukhw blood‑brother, concourse. ((lit. fellow in issue of blood/a flowing or moving together), n.) [xref √skʷ2]
√sxʷ2 1 sexʷ sekhw † carry (on back). ((stem), vt.)
2 sexʷ+m sekhwm bear, carry. ((lit. Carry on the back), vt.)
3 sye·+séxʷ+m syeesekhum carrier. ((lit. One who carries or conveys), n.)
4 s+suxʷ=ílgʷes ssukhwilgwes // burden. ((lit. something that is carried on the back), n.)
5 s+suxʷ+suxʷ=íl'gʷes ssukhwsukhwi'lgwes chapman. ((lit. one who packs around goods to sell). peddler, n.)
6 sexʷ+t‑s sekhwts ‡ convey, bear, packed (He...him (it) on his back). (he carried him, vt.)
7 sexʷ‑nt‑s sekhwnts carried (He...him). (He packed him (it) on his back. to bear, convey, vt.)
8 e·+séxʷ+stu‑s eesekhwstus carry, lug, piggyback. ((lit. He is carrying it/him on his back), vt, adv.)
√sxʷ3 1 suxʷ sukhw † acquainted (with), know (be acquainted with). ((stem), adj, vt.)
2 hn+súxʷ=eneʔ hnsukhwene' // comprehended, understood. (comprehended. (lit. He recognized with his ear, he came to understand (a new language)), vt.)
3 s+n+súxʷ=eneʔ snsukhwene' comprehension. (n.)
4 čn‿n+súxʷ=eneʔ chnnsukhwene' recognized, understand, understood. ((lit. I recognized him with my ear), v, vi.)
5 ni kʷu‿n+súxʷ=eneʔ nikunsukhwene'? Did you understand? ((qu.).)
6 ni kʷup‿n+súxʷ=eneʔ nikupnsukhwene'? Did you (pl.) understand? ((qu.).)
7 can+sóxʷ+p=qn' tsansokhwpq'n head (He recognized the back of his...), back (He recognized the...of a head). (n.)
8 č+súxʷ=meʔ+n chsukhwme'n barometer, criterion, indicator, sign. ((lit. A means of recognizing standard landmark), n.)
9 č+súxʷ=meʔ+n chsukhwme'n gauge. ((lit. a means of recognizing), [v].)
10 ɫš+súxʷ+meʔ+n ɫshsukhwme'n barometer, guide (lit. something to go by). (n.)
11 s+n+súxʷ=meʔ=cn+mš snsukhwme'tsnmsh a means of the weather. (n.)
12 súxʷ‑n sukhwn ‡ recognized (I...him). (vt.)
13 súxʷ‑s‑n sukhusn recognized (I...his voice). (vt.)
14 súxʷ=us‑n sukhusn I recognized his face. (vt.)
15 hn+súxʷ=ečn'‑n hnsukhwech'nn I recognized his back. (vt.)
16 hn+súxʷ=eneʔ+mn‑n hnsukhwene'mnn I understood h/h. (vt.)
17 e·+súxʷ-s‑n eesukhwsn know, aquainted. ((lit. I know/recognize him), vt, vi.)
18 e· súxʷ‑s‑n‑lš eesukhwsnlsh I know, recognize, am acquainted with them. (vt.)
19 hn+súxʷ=eneʔ+m‑nt‑se‑s hnsukhwene'mntses He understood me. (vt.)
20 e· súxʷ‑st‑me‑s eesukhwstmes H/s knows, recognizes, is acquainted with me. (vt.)
21 suxʷ‑t‑s sukhwts acquainted (He got...with him), recognized (He...him). (vi, vt.)
22 suxʷ+xʷ+nú‑nt‑s sukhukhwnunts acquainted (he got...with him). (vi.)
23 can+sóxʷ+p=qn'‑t‑s tsansokhwpq'nts recognized (He...the back of his head). (vt.)
24 e· súxʷ‑st‑eli‑s eesukhwstelis H/s knows, recognizes, is acquainted with us. (vt.)
25 suxʷ+s+čínt sukhwschint § recognized (He...a human being). (vt.)
26 sye+č+súxʷ=eneʔ tel' s+t+c'éx̣ʷ+ncut syechsukhwene' te'l stts'eqhwntsut astrologer, one who understands the stars. (n.)
27 č+súxʷ=meʔ+n ha s+t+c'exʷ+ncut chsukhwme'n ha stts'ekhwntsut astrology. ((lit. self illuminating body that is a guide), n.)
28 lut hey'p+súxʷ=meʔ+is lut he'ypsukhwme'is anesthesia. ((lit. He has no feeling), n.)
29 lut he y'+suxʷ=meʔ+m+s lut he'ysukhwme'ms analgesia. ((lit. He does not feel), n.)
√sxʷ4 1 súxʷ+xʷ sukhukhw † empty, vacated (it became...). (n.)
√sxʷ5 1 suxʷ=elš sukhwelsh // jump (ref. to a fish). ((stem), vi.)
2 súxʷ=lš sukhwlsh jumped (it (fish)...). (vi.)
3 s+suxʷ=elš ssukhwelsh to jump (ref. to a fish).
√sxʷq 1 sexʷq sekhwq † splash (to...). ((stem), vi.)
√sx̣ 1 sax̣ saqh † carve, hew, whittle. ((stem), vt.)
√sx̣ʷ1 1 saʔx̣ʷ sa'qhw † dissolve, melt. ((stem). thaw, v.)
2 seʔx̣ʷ se'qhw to dissolve, melt.
√sx̣ʷ2 1 sáx̣ʷ=[t]kʷeʔ saqhwɫkwe' // aorta, arteries, blood vessels, veins. (n)
√sx̣ʷ3 1 sex̣ʷ seqhw † cracking (ref. to wood). ((stem), v.)
2 s+séx̣ʷ+t sseqhwt crevasse, crevice. ((lit. a split), n.)
3 séx̣ʷ‑nt‑s seqhwnts ‡ cleave. (split (lit. He split (the blocks of wood)), vt.)
√sy1 1 siy siy † cedarbark. ((stem), n.)
√sy2 1 siy siy † exert. ((stem), v.)
2 siy+m+scut siymstsut act. ((lit. make an effort), vi.)
3 siy+m+scút siymstsut contended, strove, vied. (vi.)
4 s+siy+m+scút ssiymstsut ambition, attempt. ((lit. doing one's best to succeed, making an effort), n, vt.)
5 s+č+siy+m+scút schsiymstsut ambition. ((lit. doing one's best to reach a goal), n.)
6 s+č+siy+m+cút+m schsiymtsutm crusade. ((lit. any zealous movement for a cause), n.)
7 k'ʷnéʔ+čn‿siy+m+scút k'wne'chnsiymstsut do (I am going to...my best). (vt.)
8 i+siy+m+scút isiymstsut ambitious. ((lit. He is doing his best.), adj.)
9 siy+siy=ús siysiyus // astute, capable, clever, intelligent (He is...), shrewd. ((stem), adj.)
10 s+si+siy=us ssisiyus capability. (the little one is.., n.)
11 s+siy+siy=ús ssiysiyus ability, aptitude, skill, talent. (n.)
12 s+síy+siy=us ssiysiyus skill, talent, ability, aptitude. (n.)
13 si+siy=us sisiyus able (to be). (vi.)
14 s+niʔ+siy+siy=ús sni'siysiyus champ. ((lit. one who is most capable), n.)
√sʕʷ 1 saʕʷ sa(w † flow, pour, leak (to...). ((stem), vi.)
2 saʕʷ+p sa(wp dripped, overflowed. (It dripped/overflowed, vi.)
3 sʕʷ=íl'š s(wi'lsh // vomiting, botulism, regurgitating, throwing up. (n, vt.)
4 s+č+sáʕʷ+sʕʷ+p=us schsa(s(wpus aqueous humor. ((lit. tears), n.)
√sʔ 1 s+síʔ ssi' † maternal uncle. (n.)
2 ul+s+siʔ ulssi' avuncular. ((lit. pertaining to a maternal uncle), adj.)
3 siʔ+st+m si'stm woman's brother‑in‑law. (n.)
√sʔq' 1 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m'‑s‑n' t‑se'se'q''ms'n ‡ punned (I...on it). ((lit. I took it (word) off the beaten path repeatedly; I played with words), vi.)
2 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m'‑st‑xʷ t‑se'se'q''mstkhw punned (you (sg.)...on it). (vi.)
3 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m‑stu‑n t‑se'se'q"mstun H/S punned on it. (vi.)
4 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m‑st‑m'et t‑se'se'q"mst'met We punned on it. (vi.)
5 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m‑st‑p t‑se'se'q''mstp You (pl.) punned on it. (vi.)
6 t+séʔ+seʔq'+m'‑stu‑s‑lš t‑se'se'q''mstuslsh punned (they...on it). (vi.)

√š

√šc 1 šec shets † dig. ((stem), vi.)
2 šec+m shetsm dig, dug (He...something). (vi, vt.)
3 hn+šéc+m hnshetsm delve, dig. ((lit. He dug a hole), vt.)
4 s+n+šéc+m snshetsm digging (...a hole), hole (digging a...). (vt, n.)
5 hn+šc=úl'umxʷ hnshtsu'lumkhw. // He dug a hole in the ground.
6 hn+šc=úl'umxʷ+n hnshtsu'lumkhwn excavator. ((lit. means of digging in the earth), n.)
7 s+n+šc=úl'umxʷ snshtsu'lumkhw a hollow cavity or hole formed by cutting or digging out earth. (n.)
8 čn‿n+šc=ul'úmxʷ chnnshtsulumkhw dig (in the ground), excavate, I excavated land. ((lit. I dug in the ground), vt.)
9 hn+šc=ul'umxʷ‑nt‑xʷ hnshtsu'lumkhwntkhw ‡ dug (you...it up). (vt.)
10 šc=ítš‑st‑m shtsitshstm pawed (the horse...). (vi.)
√šc'1 1 šec' shets' † firm, permanent, solid. ((stem), adj.)
2 šec'+šc'+t shets'shts't consistent. (adj.)
3 šec[']+šc'+t shet'ssh'tst solid (It is...). (vi.)
4 s+šéc'+šc'+t sshets'shts't firmness, solidity. (n.)
5 hn+šč'+šc'=ílgʷes hnshch'shts'ilgwes // stout‑hearted. ((lit. He is stout‑hearted, emotionally stable, toughened, adj.)
6 šc'+šc'+t=íl'š‑st‑n shts'shts'ti'lshstn ‡ corroborate. ((lit. It was strengthened, it was made sturdy), vi.)
7 šét'+s+šic'=eʔst shet'sshits'e'st § diamond. ((lit. hard stone), n.)
√šc'2 1 šec' shets' † wait. ((stem), vi.)
2 cen+šéc'‑n tsenshets'n ‡ waited (I...for him). (vi.) [xref √šč']
√ščt 1 š(=)ečt shecht † thumb, any finger. (n.) [move to appendix B]
√šč'1 1 a+šč'=qín+m ashch'qinm // eavesdrop, overhear. ((lit. H/s customarily listens), vi.)
2 hn+šč'=qín+emn hnshch'qinemn auditorium. ((lit. a place for listening), n.)
3 šč'+mí‑nt‑s shch'mints ‡ heard (He...it). (vt.)
√šč'2 1 šeč' shech' † wait. ((stem), vi.)[?]
2 cen+šétč'‑n tsenshetch'n cf. (from Eng) I waited for him. (vi.) [xref √šc']
√šč'3 1 šič' shi'ch † miss (the target). ((stem), vt.)
2 šíč'=eʔst shich'e'st // missed (he...the target), target (he missed the...). (vt, n.)
3 t+šéč'=alqʷ tshech'alqw derail. ((lit. It (train) ran off the rails), vt.)
4 šíč'+nun‑n shich'nunn ‡ missed (I...my target), target (I missed my...). (vt, n.)
5 šíč'+nun‑t‑s shich'nunts missed (he...it). (vt.)
√šgʷ 1 ša+šagʷ shashagw † sharp. ((stem), adj.)
2 šá+šagʷ+t shashagwt sharp (It is...). (vi.)
3 hn+šá+šagʷ=ens hnshashagwens // H/s/i has sharp tooth or teeth. The saw has sharp teeth. (vi.)
√šgʷl 1 hn+šégʷel hnshegwel † trail, path, road. (the path of life, n.)
2 ac+ʕep+el+šugʷíl+m ats(epelshugwilm § elope. ((lit. H/s goes away by a secret road), vi.)
3 i c+ʕepé+ɫ+šegʷel+mš its(epeɫshegwelmsh He is going (away) through a secret path. (vi.)
4 hn+xʷuy+ɫ+šugʷíl hnkhuyɫshugwil He went on his last trip. (vi.)
√šl 1 šel shel † chop, split. ((stem), vt.)
2 šél+men shelmen adze. (n.)
3 šél+mn shelmn cleaver, axe, tomahawk. (n.)
4 šl=ítkʷp shlitkup // split (He...wood for the fire). (vt.)
5 s+šl=ítkʷp sshlitkup block. ((lit. wood split into pieces), n.)
6 š+šl'=ús shsh'lus battle‑axe, enemy, hostile, hostility, tomahawk. ((lit. chop face), n, adj.)
7 šél‑nt‑s shelnts ‡ chop. ((lit. He cut it by striking with a heavy sharp tool), vt.)
√šlč 1 šelč' shelch' [also recorded as √šlč'] † circle. ((stem), vt.)
2 šelč shelch circled (h/i...). ((lit. He went around, in a circle), vi.)
3 s+šélč+m+ncut sshelchmntsut cortege. ((lit. making a circle in ceremonial procession), n.)
4 šl'+šl'c'+m+n'cút sh'lsh'lts'm'ntsut [recorded once as √šl'c'] turning (...and...in a war dance). (vi.)
5 s+šél'+šl'č+m'+n'cut sshe'lsh'lch'mntsut carrousel, merry‑go‑round. ((lit. going round and round), n.)
6 s+t+šelč stshelch detour. ((lit. going a roundabout way), n.)
7 t+šélč‑n tshelchn ‡ compass. ((lit. I circled it; I went around it), vt.)
8 t+šélč‑nt‑m tshelchntm around, beleaguer, beset, surrounded (he was...). ((lit. He was encircled, crowded around), adv, vt.)
9 t+šélč‑nt‑s tshelchnts circle. ((lit. He circled it; h/s went around h/h/i), vt.)
10 šl+l+tš+ɫ+mnač=alqs Shlltshɫmnachalqs § Circling Raven. (n.)
11 nuk'ʷ+s+šél·č+m nuk'wsshellchm cycle. ((lit. one round), n.)
√šl'1 1 eɫ+šél'=ečt eɫshe'lecht // sucker (fish). (n.)
√šl'2 1 ši+šil' shishi'l † fine, precise. ((stem), adj.)
2 u š+šl' ushsh'l fine (It is very...), formed (nicely), shapely. (It is very fine, adj.)
√šɫ 1 šiɫ shiɫ † correct, exact, fitting. ((stem), adj.)
2 o· šiɫ ooshiɫ accu[]rate. ((lit. It is accurate), adj.)
3 ši+šiʔɫ shishi'ɫ precise. ((stem), adj.)
4 neʔ+šiɫ ne'shiɫ about, approximately, circa, roughly (approximately). (adv.)
5 u+n+šiɫ unshiɫ appropriate, apropos, cozy (becoming...). ((lit. It is accurate), adj.)
6 šíɫ‑nt‑s shiɫnts ‡ adjust (to...). ((lit. He made it accurate), vi.)
7 u·+šíɫ‑stu‑s uushiɫstus befit, beseem. ((lit. It is suitable or appro­priate for him), vt.)
8 naʔx̣íɫ šiɫ na'qhiɫ shiɫ § circa, about, Maybe or just about. ((used before approximate dates or figures), prep.)
9 šiɫ t'+t'áx̣+t shiɫ t't'aqht cruise. ((lit. He speeded just right), vi.) (na'qhi)
10 niʔ+sel+m‑st‑m e lut šiɫ ni'selmstm e lut shiɫ adulterate. ((lit. It was mixed with something not just right, it was made impure by mixing in a foreign or poorer substance), vt.)
√šm1 1 šam sham † between (to be...). ((stem), adv.)
2 e šm=íw'es eshmi'wes // two‑sided, bilateral. ((lit. both sides), adj.)
3 hn+šem‑nt‑s hnshemnts ‡ H/s put it (a long thing) between (in a bag). (vt.)
√šm2 1 s+šém+p+mš sshempmsh † fog. (n.)
√šmn' 1 šemen' sheme'n † enemy, foe, opponent. (n.)
2 s+šm[n]+ín'+en' sshmmi'ne'n antagonism, hostility. (antagonism, n.)
3 pul+uɫ+šemen' puluɫsheme'n § enemy (he killed his...), killed (he...his enemy). (n, vt.)
4 ylmíxʷ+m he šémen' ylmikhum he sheme'n devil, archenemy, Satan. ((lit. enemy who is chief), n.)
√šm'1 1 šim' shi'm † benefit (to...). ((stem), vt.)
2 t+ším' tshi'm benefited (H/s...from something). (vi.)
3 s+t+ším'+n stshi'mn benefitting (from something), profitting. (vt.)
4 t+ším'‑n tshi'mn ‡ benefit (I...from h/h). (vi.)
5 t+šim'‑nt‑s tshi'mnts benefited (H/s...from h/h). (vi.)
√šm'š 1 šim'íš shi'mish † all‑a‑round, any, anybody. (adj, adv, pron.)
2 šim'iš shi'mish anything, anytime. (pron, adv.)
3 u šim'íš ushi'mish ad‑lib, anything, anyway. ((lit. to one's liking), n.)
4 u šim'íš tel' tč+ʔésel ushi'mish te'l tch'esel either (lit. one or the other of two persons). (n.)
√šn 1 šen shen † labor, work (to...). ((stem), vi.)
2 šén+n shenn worked (H/s...). (vi.)
3 e· šén+n eeshenn labor, work. ((lit. H/s/i works), vi.)
4 s+šén+n sshenn labor, work. (vi.)
5 s+šén+n+s sshenns earnings, pay, wages. ((lit. They are things h/s worked for), n.)
6 šén+šn+t shehshnt diligent, earnest, industrious (H/s is industrious), zealous. ((lit. H/s loves to work), adj.)
7 s+šén+šn+t sshenshnt diligence, industry. (n.)
8 šén+n+ul shennul! work (pl.). (imper.)
9 šen+n‑š shennsh work (pl.). (imper.)
10 hiyc+šén+n+s hiytsshenns deserving. ((lit. something he worked for, he is deserving of it), vt.)
11 čes+šen+n chesshenn labor, work. (vi.)
12 ul sye·+šén+n ul syeeshenn blue‑collar. ((lit. of worker), adj.)
13 čn‿šén+n chnshenn worked. ((lit. I worked), vt.)
14 čn'‿š'en+n ch'nsh'enn I work (cust). (v.)
15 čiʔ‿šén+n chi'shenn working. ((lit. I am working), vt.)
16 t'iʔ+čn‿šén+n t'i'chnshenn worked (I have...). (vi.)
17 t'ixʷ hi+s+šén· t'i'khwehisshenn
18 čeɫ+či+s+šén+n cheɫchisshenn work. ((lit. I will work), vi.)
19 k'ʷneʔ+čn‿šén+n k'wne'chnshenn work (I am going to...). (vi.)
20 kʷʔ‿šén+n ku'shenn work (you (sg.)...). (vi.)
21 kʷu‿šén+n kuushenn You (sg.) worked. (vi.)
22 kʷu‿y'‿šén+n ku'yshenn You (sg) are working. (vi.)
23 t'iʔ kʷu‿šén· t'i'kuushenn You (s) have worked. (v.)
24 t'ixʷ eʔ i‑s+šén· t'i'khwe'isshenn
25 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+šén+n cheɫkusshenn (lit. you(sg.) will work). (vt.)
26 neʔ+kʷu‿šén+n ne'kuushenn work (You (sg.) shall...). ((imper.), vi.)
27 k'ʷ neʔ kʷu·‿šén+n k'wne'kuushenn You (sg.) are going to work. (vi.)
28 i· šén+n iishenn H/s is working. (vi.)
29 t'iʔ+šén+n t'i'shenn worked (H/s has...). (vi.)
30 t'ixʷ es+šén·‑s t'i'khwesshenns H/s had worked. (v.)
31 čes+šén‑n chesshenn he/she will work. (vi.)
32 k'ʷeʔ n+šén+n k'wen'shenn H/s is going to work. (v.)
33 č‿šén+n chshenn worked (we...). (vt.)
34 čʔe·‿šen+n ch'eeshenn work. ((lit. we work), vi.)
35 č‿ʔi·+šén+n ch'iishenn lit. we are working. (vt.)
36 t'iʔ+č‿šén+n t'i'chshenn worked (We have...). (vi.)
37 t'ixʷ es+šén·‑et t'i'khwesshennet We had worked. (v.)
38 č‿šen+n chshenn We will work. (vt.)
39 čet+čs+šén+n chetchsshenn work. ((lit. we will work), vi.)
40 ceɫ‿č‿s+šén+n cheɫchsshenn work (lit. we will work). (vi.)
41 *k'ʷneʔ+č+šén+n k'wnechshenn We are going to work. (v.)
42 kʷp'‿e·+šén+n kup'eeshenn work (you (pl)...). (vi.)
43 kʷp‿šén+n kupshenn worked (you (pl.)...). (vi.)
44 kʷup‿ʔi·‿šén+n kup'iishenn You (pl) are working. (vi.)
45 t'iʔ kʷup‿šén· t'i'kupshenn You (pl) have worked. (v.)
46 t'ixʷ es+šén·‑mp t'i'khwesshennmp You (pl.) had worked. (v.)
47 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+šén+n cheɫkupsshenn (lit. you will work). (vi.)
48 neʔ kʷup‿šén+n ne'kupshenn You (pl.) shall work (imper.). (v.)
49 k'ʷ neʔ kʷup‿šén+n k'wne'kupshenn You (pl.) are going to work. (vi.)
50 šén+n‑lš shennlsh worked (They...). (vi.)
51 e· šén+n+lš eeshennlsh They work, labor. (vi.)
52 i· šén+n‑lš iishennlsh They are working. (vi.)
53 t'iʔ+šén+n‑lš t'i'shennlsh worked (They have...). (vi.)
54 t'ixʷ es+šén·‑s‑lš t'i'khwesshennslsh They had worked. (v.)
55 čes+šén‑n‑lš chesshennlsh they will work. (vi.)
56 k'ʷ neʔ šén+n‑lš k'wne'shennlsh They are going to work. (vi.)
57 šen+n‑šít‑s shennshits ‡ worked (He...for him). (vi.)
58 šn+n+mí‑nt‑s shnnmints used (He...him for work). (vt.)
59 s+nukʷ+šén+n snukwshenn § colleague. ((lit. fellow worker), n.)
60 s+nukʷ+s+šén+n snukwsshenn cooperation. ((lit. working together), n.)
61 hiʔ+nukʷ+šn+mín+m hi'nukwshnminm collaborate. ((lit. I am employing him as my collaborator), vi.)
62 nukʷ+šen+n+mí‑nt‑s‑es nukwshennmintses cooperate. ((lit. She worked with me), vi.)
63 čen'+uʔš+čn‿šén+n che'nu'shchnshenn desire I work. (vt.)
64 čen'+uʔš+kʷu·‿šén+n che'nu'shkuushenn desire you (s) works. (vt.)
65 čen'+uʔš+šén+n che'nu'shshenn desire h/s works. (vt.)
66 čen'+uʔš+č‿šén+n che'nu'shchshenn desire we work. (vt.)
67 čen'+uʔš+kʷup‿šén+n che'nu'shkupshenn desire you (pl) work. (vt.)
68 čen'+uʔš+šen+n+lš che'nu'shshennlsh desire they work. (vt.)
√šn' 1 šen' she'n † lie (ref. to a flat object). ((stem), vi.)
2 a+n+šén'+šn'=us anshe'nsh'nus // bespectacled, glasses (to wear...). (adj, vi.)
3 hn+šén'+šn'=us hnshe'nsh'nus glasses (for the eyes). (n.)
4 šn'=aqs+n sh'naqsn breastplate. ((lit. a plate lying on the chest), n.)
5 s+cen+šn'=ílgʷes stsensh'nilgwes badge. ((lit. flat object on the chest), n.)
6 t+šan'=alqʷ tsha'nalqw billboard. (n.)
7 t+šn'=álqʷ+n tsh'nalqwn cardboard. ((lit. flat object that is put on a post), n.)
√šp1 1 šep shep † chew, eat off bone. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+šép+m sshepm corrosion, rot. ((lit. gnawing), n.)
3 t+šép‑m t‑shepm lit. h/s chewed meat from bone. (vt.)
4 s+t+šép+m stshepm chewing (meat from bone), gnawing. (vt.)
5 šép‑nt‑m shepntm ‡ corrode. ((lit. It was gnawed to pieces), vi.)
6 šép‑nt‑s shepnts chewed (h/s...it). (vt.)
√šp2 1 šep shep † select, sift, sort, discriminate. ((stem), vt, vi.)
√šp3 1 šip ship † deliberate. ((stem), adj.)
2 šip ship complete, finish, own (to...). ((stem), vt.)
3 šíp+ep shipep accomplish, complete, it became finished (He...). (vt, vi.)
4 e·+šip+ep eeshipep consummated, complete, done, finished, perfect. ((lit. It is complete, finished), adj.)
5 s+šíp+ep sshipep completion, finishing. (completion, n.)
6 s+šíp+ep+n sshipepn complement, supplement. ((lit. something that completes, perfects or makes up a whole), n.)
7 šep+ep=cín shepeptsin // conclude. ((lit. His speech came to an end), vi.)
8 s+šep+ep=cín sshepeptsin conclusion. ((lit. finishing one's speech), n.)
9 šíp+ep+s‑n shipepsn ‡ complete, finished (I...it). (vt.)
10 šíp+ep‑stu‑s shipepstus consummate. ((lit. He completed or achieved it. H/s fulfilled (a marriage) with the first act of sexual intercourse), vt.)
11 i·+šíp+ep+m‑s iishipepms finishing (He is...it). (vt.)
12 tel' t'iʔs šíp+ep te'l t'i's shipep § a priori. ((lit. from what is finished), conj.)
√šp4 1 šip ship † slow. ((stem), adj.)
2 šip+t shipt belated, slow (He is...), sluggish. (adj.)
3 šep+t=íl'š shepti'lsh // decelerate. ((lit. It became slow, less speedy), vi.)
√šp5 1 č+šíp chship † chase. ((stem), vt.)
2 č+šip‑nt‑s chshipnts ‡ He chased him. (vt.)
3 č+[š]íp‑nt‑se-s chschipntses chase. ((lit. He chased me), vt.)
√šr1 1 šar shar † annoying, difficult, disobedient, indolent, lazy, steep, unruly. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· ša·r uushaaar to be indolent, lazy. ((lit. he seems in a lazy state), v.)
3 šár+šar+t sharshart arduous, difficult, steep (It is...). (adj.)
4 šar+šar+t+úl sharshartul lazy (He is habitually...). (adj.)
5 hn+šár+n hnsharn indolence, laziness. (n.)
6 u čn‿šár uchnshar lazy (I feel...). (vt, adj.)
7 hn+šár+šar=cn hnsharshartsn // bull‑headed, headstrong, lit. great difficulty is felt by parents whose disobedient children fail to respond to verbal discipline. ((lit. he is steep (difficult) for the mouth (of the speaker)), adj.)
8 šar=čt+m‑nt‑se‑s sharchtmntses ‡ He caused me to feel lazy by his detaining me. (vt.) [see also √šrč]
√šr2 1 šar shar † hang (to...a person). ((stem), vt.)
2 a+t+šár atshar addition, appendage. ((lit. It is appended), vi.)
3 a+n+šár=enč ansharench // hang (on the wall). (vi, vi.)
4 s+niʔ+šár=us sni'sharus boiled beef, broiling meat. ((lit. hanging over fire), n.)
5 t+šar=íčs+n tsharichsn bail. ((lit. means of carrying (hanging on hand), n.)
6 t+šar=íčt+m tsharichtm hung (H/s...something on h/h hand). (vt.)
7 uʔ t+šar=qn u'tsharqn H/s just hangs on. (vi.)
8 t+šar=qn+cút tsharqntsut suspended (He...himself by hanging on to it). (vt.)
9 niʔ+šár+m=iʔqs ni'sharmi'qs Thanksgiving Day, turkey, elephant. (n.)
10 niʔ+šar=usiʔ+útm ni'sharusi'utm squash. (n.)
11 kʷan+ɫ+sc+šár=čt kwanɫstsharcht § H/S took (along) a valise, lantern, etc. (vt.)
√šr3 1 šar Shar † Charles. (n.)
√šrč 1 šarč sharch † troublesome. ((stem), adj.) [see also √šr]
√šrš 1 s+n+šáriš snsharish † going upstream, downstream. (n.)
2 an+šari·š+íɫ anshariishiɫ // upstream. (adv.)[?]
√šr' 1 hn+šar'+ar'=ípm hnsha'ra'ripm † He fell to his knees. (vt.)
√šs1 1 šes shes † unbelieving, doubtful. ((stem), adj.)
2 hn+šés+p=cn hnshesptsn // disbelieve. ((lit. He disbelieved), vt.)
3 hn+šs+p=cín‑t‑m hnshsptsintm ‡ disbelieve. ((lit. He was refused belief), vt.)
4 e+n+šs+p=cí‑stu‑s enshsptsistus distrust. ((lit. H/s (cust.) doubts h/h), vt.)
√šs2 1 e+šús+t=us eshustus // command, bid, order. (vt.)
√št 1 šet shet † tease. ((stem), vt.)
2 št+št=íɫc'eʔ shtshtiɫts'e' // teased (he...someone). (vt.)
3 s+št+št=íɫc'eʔ sshtshtiɫts'e' banter. ((lit. teasing another), n.)
4 šét+št‑n't‑s shetsht'nts ‡ aggravate (to...), chaff, teased (h/s...h/h). ((lit. He teased him), vi, vt.)
5 s+št+št‑n't-w'íš sshtsht'nt'wish teasing (one another). (vt.)
√št'1 1 šet' shet' † beat (to...in a contest), win. ((stem), vt.)
2 šet' shet' encircled, surrounded. ((stem). standby, adj.)
3 šét'+t' she't't also‑ran. ((lit. He was defeated in a com­petition), n.)
4 s+šét'+t' sshet't' defeat, defeated. (becoming defeated, n, vt.)
5 s+št'+t'+nu+ncút ssht't'nuntsut defeatism, self‑defeat. (n.)
6 št'+t'=ástq sht't'astq // checkmate. ((lit. He defeated others completely), vt.)
7 s+št'+t'=ástq ssht't'astq conquest. ((lit. subduing), n.)
8 čn'‿šit'+et'=ástq ch'nshit'et'astq beat (I...my opponent), won (I...the contest). (vt.)
9 čn‿št'+t'=astq chnsht't'astq beat (an opponent), vanquish, win (a contest). (vt.)
10 sya+št'+t'=ás[t]q syasht't'asq victor. (n.)
11 sya+št'+t'=[a]stq syasht't'stq conqueror. (n.)
12 št'+t'+nún‑t‑s sht't'nunts ‡ conquer, overcame (He...him). (vt.)
√št'2 1 šet' shet' † extend, project (e.g. a long object). ((stem), vi.)
2 e· šét' eeshet' upright. ((lit. It, e.g. a tree, stands upright), adj.)
3 u· šét' uushet' It is level (as ground). (vi.)
4 t+št'=íw'es tsht'i'wes // boiler, kettle. ((lit. spout jutting from another object), n.)
5 t+št'=iw'es tsht'iw'es kettle. (n.)
6 t+š+št'=iw'es tshsht'i'wes caldron. ((lit. vessel with a projec­tion from the body), n.)
7 č+šet[']=íw'es chshe'ti'wes kettle. ((lit. vessel with a projection from the body), n.)
8 č+šet'=íw'es chshe'ti'wes caldron, kettle (lit. vessel with a projection from the body). (n.)
9 e+niʔ+št'=íw'es eni'sht'i'wes conspicuous, outstanding. (vi. (lit. H/s/i towers above the rest), adj.)
10 et+šʔt'=íneʔ etsh't'ine' attentive. ((lit. He pays attention by ear), vi.)
11 t+šét'=ečt tshet'echt branch. ((lit. projection from a tree), n.)
12 u+n+šát'=qn unshat'qn egalitarianism, equality. ((lit. of equal heights on top of the head), n.)
13 u·+šét'=ul'umxʷ uushet'u'lumkhw ground (The...is level), level (The ground is...). (n, adj.)
14 hn+št'=ičn'‑t‑m hnsht'ich'ntm ‡ He was constrained. (lit. something (ie gun) was set up on his back). (vi.)
√št'3 1 šet' shet' † care (take...of). ((stem), n.)
2 s+č+šet[']+m schshe'tm custody. ((lit. act of guarding), n.)
3 e+t+št'+ncút etsht'ntsut fastidious. ((lit. He takes care of himself), vi.)
4 et+št'+ncút‑š etsht'ntsutsh to be fastidious, choosy. ((lit. He takes care of him­self), vi.)
5 č+št'+ncút+n chsht'ntsutn confident (lit. he has the means of taking care of oneself). (n.)
6 t+št'+ncút+n tsht'ntsutn amulet. ((lit. means of taking care of oneself), n.)
7 kʷ‿in+t+št'+ncút+n kwintsht'ntsutn depend. ((lit. you are my means of taking care of myself), vi.)
8 sye+č+šét'+m syechshet'm caretaker, chaperone, curator, custodian. (n.)
9 t+št'=ílt tsht'ilt // babysit (to...). ((lit. He cared for his own or other's children), vi.)
10 hi+[š]t'=ílt hischt'ilt apprentice. ((lit. He is (my) child under my charge), n.)
11 č+šet'‑nt‑s chshet'nts ‡ He took care of him. (vi.)
12 sye+č+št'+el'+s+čí+čeʔ syechsht'e'lschiche' § cowboy. ((lit. One who tends horses, (livestock, or cattle) for another), n.)
13 ul sye+č+št'+el'+s+čí+čeʔ ul syechsht'e'lschiche' bucolic. ((lit. belonging to a cattle herder), adj.)
√št'4 1 šét'+ut shet'ut † rock. (n.)
2 š+št'+ut shsht'ut little rock, pebble. (n.)
3 š+[š]t'+út shst'ut calculus. ((lit. small rock), n.)
4 šet+št'+ut shetsht'ut stone. ((lit. pebble), n.)
5 cen+šét'+ut tsenshet'ut bedrock. (n.)
6 šét'+s+šic'=eʔst shet'sshits'e'st § diamond. ((lit. hard stone), n.)
7 x̣em xʷe šét'+ut qhem khwe shetut rock (The...is heavy), heavy (The rock is...). (n, adj.)
8 u· q'ʷéd he šét'+ut uuq'wed he shet'ut basalt. ((lit. rock that is black), n.)
√šw' 1 šiw' shi'w † female, feminine. ((stem), adj.)
2 šiw'+t+m shi'wtm girl (adolescent...(12)13‑21). (n.)
3 šíw'+šew'+t+m shi'wshe'wtm girls. (n.)
4 š+šíw'+t+m' shshi'wt'm girl (a very young...). (n.)
5 s+šíw'+t+m=elt sshi'wtmelt // daughter. ((lit. girl offspring), n.)
6 s+wiʔ+núm+t+mš he šíw'+t+m swi'numtmsh he shi'wtm § Diana, belle. ((lit. a girl who is beautiful), n.)
√šw't 1 šiw't shi'wt † rat. (n.)
2 ul šiw't he čníl+emn ul shi'wt he chnilemn § rat poison. (n.)
√šx̣ 1 šáx̣+šax̣+t=aɫp shaqhshaqhtaɫp // spruce. (n.)
√šy' 1 hn+ší+šey'+t hnshishe'yt † He was famished.
√šʔ1 1 šiʔ shi' † respect (to...), revere. ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+šeʔ+šeʔ=ílgʷes hnshe'she'ilgwes // chivalrous, considerate, courteous. ((lit. He is respectful at heart), adj.)
3 e·+šíʔ‑stu‑s eeshi'stus ‡ respect, revere. ((lit. H/s treats h/h with respect, reverence.), vt.)
4 lut šíʔ+šeʔ+t lut shi'she't § cheeky. ((lit. He is disrespectful), adj.)
√šʔ2 1 hn+šeʔ+šeʔ=íneʔ‑nt‑se‑xʷ hnshe'she'ine'ntsekhw ‡ You rebuked me, you scolded me. (vt.)
2 hn+šeʔ+šeʔ=íneʔ‑nt‑s hnshe'she'ine'nts rebuke, remonstrate. (call down, chew out. (lit. He rebuked him in the ears), vt.)
√šʔ(t) 1 šiʔ(t) shi' † firstborn. ((stem), adj.)
2 šiʔt shi't firstborn, oldest. ((stem), adj.)
3 č+šiʔt chshi't alpha. ((lit. first), n.)
4 ec+še+šíʔt etssheshi't element, a main principal. ((lit. that w/c comes first), n.)
5 e+č+šiʔt echshi't capital, distinguished, first, foremost, prime. ((lit. that w/c or he who is...), adj.)
6 e+č+š+šiʔt echshshi't cardinal, important, primary. ((lit. It is of foremost importance), adj.)
7 e+c+š+šíʔt etsshshi't element. ((lit. that which comes first), n.)
8 e+t+šíʔt etshi't first (he is). (vi.)
9 e+t+ši+šíʔt etshishi't best, foremost. ((He is first), adj.)
10 ul eč+š+šíʔt ul echshshi't classical. ((lit. belonging to the first rank), adj.)
11 sye+c+ší[ʔ]t sye'tsshit bell‑wether. ((lit. One who acts as lead­er), n.)
12 sya+c+šÍʔt sya'tsshi't bell‑wether (lit. One who acts as leader). (n.)
13 sya+cen+šiʔ+m syatsenshi'm conductor. ((lit. One who leads or guides), n.)
14 hn+šiʔ(t)=cn+m+scút hnshi'tsnmstsut // boast. ((lit. He placed himself first verbally). pride, vi.)
15 hn+šiʔt=cn+[c]út+n hnshi'tsnsutn ancestor. ((lit. one who goes before oneself), n.)
16 cen+šíʔ‑nt‑s tsenshi'nts ‡ convoy, lead away. ((lit. He escorted h/h for protection; he went ahead of him), n.)
17 te+cen+šíʔ‑nt‑s tetsenshi'nts conduct. ((lit. He led or guided him), vi.)

√t

√tc 1 tuc tuts † well‑fed. ((stem), adj.)
√tcnɫ 1 č‿y'c+č+ʔit(=)ci·níɫ chi'ch'ittsiiniɫ † the sound of talking is coming nearer. (vt.)
√tč 1 etč‑ etch.. † at or on, in the sense of clinging or grasping. (pref.)
2 s+tč=íčst+m stchichstm awry (lit. He put his hand in a twisted manner). (adv.) [move to appendix A]
√tčcxʷ 1 s+tíčcxʷ stichtskhw † snow berries. (n. pl.n.)
2 s+tičcxʷ=élp stichtskhwelp // red willow. ((bitter berries), n.)
√tčy' 1 i+čs+tččíy'+ey' ichstchchi'ye'y † diuretic. ((lit. H/s is disturbed with too much urine), adj.)
2 elu+s+tčíy'+m elustchi'ym § anuresis. ((lit. It does not urinate), n.)
3 lut hey'+n+tččiy'+n=gʷílis lut he'yntchchi'yngwilis urinate (unable to...). (vi.)
√tdš 1 tediš tedish † crawl, creep. ((stem), vi.)
2 tédiš tedish crawled, crept. (vi.)
√tgʷ1 1 tagʷ tagw † buy. ((stem), vt.)
2 tegʷ tegw buy, sell. ((stem), vt.)
3 tegʷ+mí+ncut tegwmintsut bought (He...for himself). (vi.)
4 s+tegʷ+mí+ncut stegwmintsut commerce, commercialism, buy, purchase, shopping (go...for oneself). (n, vt, vi.)
5 hn+tegʷ+mí+ncut+n hntegwmintsutn marketplace. (n.)
6 hn+t+tegʷ+m'í+n'cut+n' hnttegw'mi'ntsutn' shop, boutique, store. (boutique, shop. (lit. little place for buying for oneself), n.)
7 čiʔ‿tegʷ+mí+ncut chi'tegwmintsut buy. ((lit. I am buying for myself), vi.)
8 sye+tegʷ+mí+ncut syetegwmintsut buyer, consumer, customer. ((lit. One who buys for himself), n.)
9 tagʷ=álpqʷ tagwalpqw // food (He bought...), bought (He...food). (n, vt.)
10 hi·+tágʷ=alpqʷ hiitagwalpqw cate, food (boughten...). ((lit. something bought for the mouth), n.)
11 hn+tágʷ=alpqʷ+n hntagwalpqwn commissary, market, store. ((lit. place to buy food), n.)
12 tágʷ=alqs tagwalqs bought (He...clothing), clothing (He bought...). (vt, n.)
13 tegʷ+mín‑šit‑se‑s tegwminshitses ‡ bought (He...(things) for me). (vt.)
√tgʷ2 1 tegʷ tegw † fail (to reach). ((stem), v.)
2 can+tégʷeʔ+n tsantegwe'n reach (He failed to...). (vi.)
3 cen+tégʷeʔ+n tsentegwe'n failed (He...to reach). (vi.)
4 e+cen+tégʷeʔ+n etsentegwe'n neophyte, novice, amateur. ((lit. One who has not quite reached (a requisite goal)), n.)
√tgʷm' 1 tígʷem' tigwe'm † belly button, navel. (n.)
√tkʷ1 1 tikʷ tikw † smell out, suspect. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+tíkʷ+tekʷ+n stikwtekwn clue, implication, indication, inference. ((lit. means of arousing suspicion), n.)
3 tekʷ=e·níʔ tekweeni' // heard (He...). (vt.)
4 čn‿tekʷ=e·níʔ chntekweeni' I heard (something) about (something). ((lit. I detected with the ear), vt.)
√tkʷ2 1 tukʷ tukw † chug (e.g. a motor). ((stem), vi.)
2 u· túkʷ+tukʷ+tukʷ uutukwtukwtukw chug. ((lit. It (engine) chugged on), vi.)
√tkʷʔ 1 tikʷeʔ tikwe' † paternal aunt (if father is living). (n.)
√tk'ʷ1 1 tek'ʷ tek'w † choke, smother. ((stem), vt.)
2 niʔ+tékʷ ni'tekw [also written as √tkʷ] brake, brushwood, thicket. ((lit. a woods whose interior is suffocating, n.)
3 niʔ+tákʷ ni'takw brushy. ((lit. It is brushy), adj.)
4 s+tékʷ+tukʷ+p+t stekwtukwpt angina, asthma. (angina (lit. becoming suffocated periodically, impairing the respiration again and again), n.)
√tk'ʷ2 1 tíʔk'ʷ+t ti'k'ut † Tekoa. (n.)
2 s+tikʷ=mš Stikwmsh // [also recorded as √tkʷ] Tekoa people. (n.)
√tl 1 tel tel † break off (ref. to a soft object). ((stem), vi.)
2 tel+p telp break‑up, crumble (ref. to a single object). ((stem), vi.)
3 til+til+p tiltilp break‑up, disintegrate. ((stem), vi.)
4 hn+tél+ncut hntelntsut diarrhea (to have...). ((lit. he had diarrhea), n.)
√tl'q 1 tal'q tal'q † touch with foot, kick, step on, tread. ((stem), vt, v, vi.)
2 č+tl'+tl'q+mín+n cht'lt'lqminn steps. (n.)
3 i·+tál'q+m-s iita'lqms He is square dancing, round dancing. (n.)
4 č+tl'+tl'q=íčn' cht'lt'lqich'n // bicycle, bike. (n.)
5 sya+č+tl'+t[l]'q=íčn' syacht'lt'qich'n cyclist. (n.)
6 tál'q‑nt‑s ta'lqnts ‡ kicked (He...it). (vt.)
7 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+č+tel'q+mín+n nuk'wɫchte'lqminn § degree, rung. ((lit. one bar of a ladder), n.)
√tɫ1 1 teɫ teɫ † straight. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· téɫ uuteɫ aright, correct, direct, straight (it is...). (adj.)
3 u· teɫ+t uuteɫt go directly, beeline. ((stem), vi.)
4 tɫ+ɫ+útm tɫɫutm corrigible. ((lit. He is capable of being straightened), adj.)
5 s+téɫ+m+ncut steɫmntsut discipline, training. (discipline (lit. straightening oneself), n.)
6 s+téɫ+m+šeš steɫmshesh correction. (aligning, n.)
7 sye·+téɫ+m+šeš syeeteɫmshesh administrator. ((lit. One who settles on estate), n.)
8 cen+téɫ+t=cn tsenteɫttsn // cut off, short cut. (vt.)
9 teɫ+m‑s‑n teɫmsn ‡ amend, rectified (I...it). (v.)
10 uc+ʔax̣iɫ s+tɫ+t=cín+m uts'aqhiɫ stɫttsinm § catachresis. ((lit. for no reason directing one's speech or discourse), n.)
11 uc+ʔax̣íɫ e+tɫ+t=cín+m uts'aqhiɫ etɫttsinm blabber. ((lit. For nothing he talks straight. He talks rapidly, incessantly and inanely), vi.)
√tɫ2 1 tiɫ tiɫ † brushy objects sprawl.
2 tíɫ+teɫ=l'mxʷ tiɫteɫ'lmkhw // blackberries (vine of the...). (n.)
3 s+n+gʷár'=us xʷe· tíɫ+teɫ=l'mxʷ sngwa'rus khwee tiɫteɫ'lmkhw § boysenberry. ((lit. descendant of blackberry vine), n.)
√tɫ3 1 s+tóɫ=ɫxʷ stoɫɫkhw // adobe. (n.)
2 hn+toɫ=álqs+n hntoɫalqsn black‑top. (asphalt. (lit. means of pav­ing roads), n.)
√tɫm 1 s+téɫm steɫm † boat, skiff, ship, vessel. (boat, n.)
√tm1 1 tam tam † scorch, singe, toast. ((stem), vt.)
2 u· tám uutam hot, scorching (It remains...). (adj.)
3 tam+p tamp scorched (It was...). (adj.)
4 s+tam+p stamp cinder. ((lit. a partly charred substance that can burn further, but without flame), n.)
5 tam‑nt‑m tamntm ‡ char. ((lit. It was scorched), v.)
√tm2 1 tem+tem+n+úl temtemnul † sociable (He is...). (adj.)
2 tam+tam+n+úl tamtamnul He is sociable. (adj.)
3 s+te·m=ílgʷes steemilgwes // relation (blood...), relative (collateral...). ((lit. a companion at heart), n.)
4 gʷɫ s+ta·m=ílgʷes guɫ staamilgwes clan. ((lit. relatives), n.)
5 čn‿is+te·m=ílgʷes chnisteemilgwes ‡ related (to be a relative to). relative (to be a relative to). ((lit. I am your relative), vi.)
6 či+s+te·m=ílgʷes‑s chisteemilgwess I am h/h relative. (adj.)
7 čn‿is+te·m=ílgʷes‑mp chnisteemilgwesmp relative. ((lit. I am your (pl) relative), n.)
8 čis+s+te·m=ilgʷes‑s‑lš chissteemilgwesslsh relative. ((lit. I am their relative), adj.)
9 kʷ‿i‑s+te·m=ílgʷes kwisteemilgwes You (sg.) are my relative. (vi.)
10 kʷu‿s+teem=ílgʷes‑s kusteemilgwess You (sg.) are his/her relative. (vi.)
11 hi‑s+s+te·m=ílgʷes histeemilgwes H/S is my relative. (vt.)
12 is+te·m=ílgʷes isteemilgwes relative (H/s is your (sg.)...). (n.)
13 s+te·m=ílgʷes‑s steemilgwess is (H/s...h/h relative). (vi.)
14 s+te·m=ílgʷes‑et steemilgweset is (H/s...our relative). (vi.)
15 s+te·m=ílgʷes‑mp steemilgwesmp is (H/s...your (pl.) relative). (vi.)
16 kʷup‿hn‑s+te·m=ílgʷes kuphisteemilgwes You (pl) are my relatives. (n.)
17 kʷup‿s+te·m=ílgʷes‑s kupsteemilgwess You (pl.) are his/her relatives. (vi.)
18 hi‑s+s+te·m=ílgʷes‑lš histeemilgweslsh They are my relatives. (vt.)
19 s+te·m=ílgʷes‑s‑lš steemilgwesslsh are (They...h/h relatives). (vi.)
20 e+tem+n+es=čínt etemneschint § convivial, kind. (vt. (lit. He treats others sociably), adj.)
21 s+tem+n+es+čint stemneschint entertain, host. (vt.)
22 elu+s+tem+n+es+čínt elustemneschint cantankerous, perverse (disposition), unfriendly, unsociable. ((lit. One who is not sociable), adj.)
23 pul+uɫ+s+te·m=ílgʷes puluɫsteemilgwes relative (he killed his...), killed (he...his relative). (n, vt.)
24 x̣es+t he s+te·m=ílgʷes qhest he steemilgwes boon. ((lit. He is good who is a relative), adj.)
25 s+t+kʷel'+tem+n=elwís stkwe'ltemnelwis visiting (He is going about...people). (vt.)
26 t+kʷeɫ+tem+n=elwís tkweɫtemnelwis visiting (He went about...people, treating them sociably). (vt, vi.)
27 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+túm' nuk'wɫtu'm bevy, covey, brood, group, class. (n.)
28 nuk'ʷ+ɫ+tum' ha sóltes nuk'wɫtu'm ha soltes battalion. ((lit. a unit of soldiers), n.)[xref √tmn2,3]
√tm3 1 eč+tm=ílxʷ echtmilkhw // bare (to be...). (vi.)
2 č+tm=elxʷ+ncút chtmelkhwntsut divest. ((lit. H/S make h/h self bare), vt.)
√tm4 1 en+tém+tm=ens entemtmens // cavity (teeth), decayed. (vt. (lit. To have decayed teeth), n, adj.)
2 s+n+tém+p=ens sntempens caries. ((lit. decaying of a tooth), n.)
√tm5 1 tum tum † pump, suck (e.g. through a tube). ((stem), vt.) [xref √t'm'3]
√tm6 1 u n+tó·m untooom † dirty (It is...), unclean (The water is...). (adj.)
2 u n+tó·m untooom water (The...is unclean). (n.)
√tmds 1 tmídus tmidus † tomato. (n.)
√tmh 1 s+niʔ+tm+tmi·h=ús+mš sni'tmtmiihusmsh // blizzard. (n.)
√tmn1 1 tm+tmníʔ tmtmni' † body, cadaver, carcass, corpse, defunct. ((lit. He is a dead body), n.)
2 hn+tm+tmn+in hntmtmnin grave, tomb. (n.)
3 hn+tm+tmníʔ+n hntmtmni'n mausoleum, cemetery, tomb. (n.)
4 s+n+tm+tmníʔ+n sntmtmni'n cemetery, catacomb. ((lit. a burying place for the dead), n.)
5 u+x̣ʷel'+e+tm+tmníʔ uqhwe'letmtmni' § cadaverous, corpselike. ((lit. He looks like a dead body), adj.)
√tmn2 1 s+timn stimn † amusement, entertainment. (n.)
2 tímn‑t‑m timntm ‡ amused (He was...). (vi.)
3 e+temn+es=čínt etemneschint § convivial, kind. (vt. (lit. He treats others sociably), adj.)
4 s+temn+es+čint stemneschint entertain, host. (vt.)
5 elu+s+temn+es+čínt elustemneschint cantankerous, perverse (disposition), unfriendly, unsociable. ((lit. One who is not sociable), adj.) [xref √tm2]
√tmn3 1 tímn+n timnn † chattel, commodity, utility. ((lit. a useful thing), n.)
2 č+tímn+n chtimnn caliber, quality, usefulness, worth. (adj, n.) [xref √tm2]
√tmrs 1 tmer'us tme'rus † ketchup. ((l.w. from Engl. tomatoes), n.)
2 tmérus tmerus catsup, ketchup. ((lit. tomatoes. Note the sound of the word), n.)
√tmš 1 u tmíš utmish † only, but. (adv.) [move to appendix]
√tmt 1 timu·tí Timuuti † Timothy. (n.)
√tmxʷ1 1 temxʷ temkhw † rotten (ref. to a tree). ((stem), adj.)
√tmxʷ2 1 t+tm'íxʷ tt'mikhw † animal, beast, bird, cattle. (n.)
2 hn+t+tm'íxʷ+n' hntt'mikhwn' aviary, birdcage. ((lit. a place for birds), n.)
3 ʔepɫ+t+tm'íxʷ epɫtt'mikhw livestock (to have...). ((lit. H/s has livestock, commonly ref. to animals or birds), vt.)
4 t+tm'i·xʷ=íl'š tt'miikhwi'lsh // dehumanize. ((lit. He became a mere animal), v.)
5 tmíxʷ=ul'mxʷ tmikhu'lmkhw country, earth, soil, territory. (n.)
6 t+tm'íxʷ=ul'um'xʷ tt'mikhu'lum'khw acre. ((lit. a small field), n.)
7 in+tmíxʷ=lumxʷ intmikhwlumkhw district. ((lit. It is your land, territory, province, etc.), n.)
8 e+tmíxʷ=ul'umxʷ etmikhu'lumkhw earth (to be on...). (vi.)
9 ul xʷiʔ+ye+tmixʷ=lmxʷ ul khwi'yetmikhw'lmkhw § American, earthly. ((lit. belonging to this land (country), adj.)
10 ul li·béč he tmíxʷ=ul'm[xʷ] ul liibech he tmikhu'lms diocese. ((lit. It is a land or district in which a bishop has authority), n.)
11 s+t+miy+iy=ípeleʔ+s xʷe t+č'm=ásq'it twe tmíxʷ=ulmxʷ stmiyiyipele's khwe tch'masq'it twe tmikhulmkhw cosmography, science of what is in the sky and earth. (n.)
12 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ+s ɫe tmíxʷ=l'umxʷ stmiyyipele's ɫe tmikhw'lumkhw earth (description of...), description (...of earth). (n.)
13 s+t+miy+y=ipeleʔ‑s xʷe tmixʷ=l'umxʷ stmiyyipele's khwe tmikhw'lumkhw description of earth, geology, geography. (n.)
14 s+cen+k[']ʷúl'+l'+s xʷe tmíxʷ=l'umxʷ stsenku'l'ls khwe tmikhw'lumkhw map. ((lit. means of making a description of land), n.)
15 s+č'm=álpqʷ+s he t+tm'íxʷ sch'malpqws he tt'mikhw craw. ((lit. esophagus of a bird), n.)
16 s+c'uwe·ní he t+tm'íxʷ sts'uweeni he tt'mikhw dinosaur. ((lit. It is a giant one who is an animal), n.)
17 qel'+tmxʷ+loko·so qe'ltmkhwlokooso boar. ((lit. male pig), n.)
18 qel'+tmxʷ+ɫ+wárč qe'ltmkhwɫwarch bullfrog. ((lit. a male frog), n.)
19 u+x̣ʷel'+é t+tm'íxʷ uqhwe'le tt'mikhw bestial, birdlike. ((lit. It is like an animal), n.)
20 qel'+tmxʷ+mí+ncut qe'ltmkhwmintsut bachelor, celibate. ((lit. one who is a man by himself), n.)
21 ul s+qil'+tmxʷ ul sqi'ltmkhw bisexual. (adj.)
22 s+gʷl'=tmxʷ sg'ltmkhw flirt. (n.)
√tmʔ 1 tímuʔ timu' † fern. (n.)
√tm'1 1 s+č+tem'+p schte'mp † cloud. (n.)
2 ʔep+s+č+tém'+p epschte'mp cloudy, dim, dull (...day), overcast. ((lit. It has clouds), adj.)
3 elu+s+č+tém'+p eluschte'mp § clear (sky), cloudless. ((lit. It has no cloud), adj.)
√tm'2 1 tim' ti'm † ground is clear of snow.
√tm'3 1 tim' ti'm † to use. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+tim' sti'm device. (appliance, tool (lit. something that is used), n.)
3 s+tim'+n sti'mn appliance, tool. (device (lit. something that is used), n.)
4 sye·+tím'+n syeeti'mn applicator. ((lit. an instrument for ap­plying something), n.)
5 ɫoqʷ+s+tim['] ɫoqwstim § what else. (adv.)
6 lut s+tim' lut sti'm cipher, nothing, zero. (n.)
7 s+č+tuxʷ+s+tim' schtukhwsti'm by‑product. ((lit. something added to a thing in the making), n.)
8 s+ta·m'+ɫ+p'áx̣ staaa'mɫp'aqh healed (The wound was finally...), wound (The...was finally healed). (vt, n.)
9 tgʷel'+s+tím' tgwe'lsti'm Why?, why. (qu, adv.)
10 tgʷel' s+tim'+ɫ kʷ‿čic+xʷy? tgwe'l sti'mɫ ku chitskhuy? come (Why did you...?). (vi.)
11 s+tiʔm xʷe s+kʷes+t=ílumxʷ‑s sti'm khwe skwestilumkhws? What is the name of the place? ((qu.).)[xref √tʔ]
√tn 1 ten ten † pull (rope), tight. ((stem), vt, adj.)
2 ten+tn+t tentnt fit tightly (clothes). ((stem), vi.)
√tnš 1 tunš tunsh † nephew. (n.)
2 tunš=íw'es tunshi'wes // uncle and nephew [or vice versa]. (n.)
√tn' 1 ten' te'n † arranged in a line, lined up. ((stem), v.)
2 s+tén'+m+šeš ste'nmshesh classification, echelon. ((lit. arranging in a line), n.)
3 tén'+m‑s‑n te'nmsn ‡ arrange. ((lit. I put them in a deliberate order or relation), v.)
4 tén'+m‑stu‑s te'nmstus classify. ((lit. He lined (them) according to category), v.)
5 s+ten[']+k'ʷl'+l' stenk'u'lu'l § structure. ((lit. a model formed under), n.)
√tp1 1 s+tp=čín stpchin // tin. (n.) [?]
√tp2 1 tup tup † cool. ((stem), vt.)
√tp3 1 tap+s+x̣es+t tapsqhest § is (It...not good). ((Spokane), vi.)
2 s+tep+kʷín+m stepkwinm detention (lit. witholding something from things taken away). (n.)
√tpɫq 1 s+tapaɫqi Stapaɫqi † Liberty Butte (near Tensed and DeSmet). ((about three miles SW of Tensed, Idaho), n.)
√tpn' 1 tupen' tupe'n † black widow, daddy longlegs, spider. (n.)
√tq1 1 taq taq † cover (with hand), deceive, fool, touch. ((stem), vt.)
2 teq teq cheat, outwit. ((stem), vt.)
3 té+teq+t teteqt cagey (He is...). (adj.)
4 téq+teq+t teqteqt artful, crafty, cagey, calculating, coy, crafty, deceitful, sly, wily, shrewd (He is...). (adj.)
5 s+téq+teq+t steqteqt cunning. ((lit. skill in deception), n.)
6 a+ča·+táq achaataq blind. ((lit. He is covered over, touched), adj.)
7 taq+aq+útm taqaqutm concrete, corporeal, tangible. ((lit. It is capable of being touched (physically), n.)
8 taq+taq+i·ʔútm taqtaqii'utm cable‑gram, telegraph, typewriter. ((lit. that which is oper­ated by the touch), n.)
9 taq+taq+taq+i·ʔ+útm taqtaqtaqii'utm telegraph, typewriter. ((lit. that which is operated by the touch), n.)
10 s+taq+aq+nún+m staqaqnunm artifice. ((lit. suceeding in making subtle deception), n.)
11 táq=čt+m taqchtm // wave. ((lit. He put his hand in a touching attitude), vi.)
12 [t]áq+[t=č]t+m ɫaqɫshtm waved. ((lit. He put his hand in a touching attitude), vi.)
13 an+taq+taq=íneʔ antaqtaqine' deaf (to be...). (vi. (lit. Touched in both ears), vi.)
14 s+taq+aq+n=úɫc'eʔ staqaqnuɫts'e' barratry. ((lit. deceiving other people), n.)
15 táq‑n taqn ‡ touched (I...him). (vt.)
16 táq‑šit‑s taqshits bespeak. ((lit. He gave a sign to him with his hand), v.)
17 taq+aq+nún‑n taqaqnunn deceive, fooled (I...him), touching (I succeeded in...him). (vi, vt.)
18 taq+aq+nún+t‑se‑s taqaqnuntses beguile, deceived (He...me). (vt.)
19 s+taq+aq+nu+s+čínt staqaqnuschint § chicanery, deception. ((lit. deceiving people), n.)
20 s+myes+taq+aq+n=us+čínt smyestaqaqnuschint coup, deception (extraordinary...). (n.)
√tq2 1 [t]a+tq ɫatq † hang (strips of smoked fat). ((stem), vt.)
√tq3 1 taq=il'p‑nt‑m taqi'lpntm // clog. ((lit. It (stream) was clogged (dammed up), v.)
√tq4 1 čat+teq=egʷeɫ chatteqegweɫ † // bluebird. (n.)
√tqw' 1 taqáw' taqa'w † deaf‑mute, dumb (He is a...(mute) person). (n, adj.) [see also √tq]
√tq' 1 taq'+taq'+mí Taq'taq'm † Chilco Mountain. (n.)
2 taq'+taq'+n+mí Taq'taq'nmi' Chilco Mountain. (n.)
√tqʷ 1 an+tuqʷ=úlm'xʷ antuqul'mkhw // crypt. ((lit. Hole in the ground), n.)
2 a+n+tuqʷ=úll'mxʷ antuqul'lmkhw grave. ((lit. Hole in the ground), n.)
3 s+n+tuqʷ+qʷ=úl'mxʷ sntuququ'lmkhw crater. ((lit. a depression in the ground caused by a volcano, meteor, etc.), n.)
√tq'ʷsm' 1 s+tuq'ʷsúm' stuq'wsu'm † weasel. (n.)
√tr1 1 tar tar † loosen, stretch out, extend, untie. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+tár+m starm absolve, compurgation. ((lit. untying), n.) [xref √tr']
√tr2 1 tor tor † tough (as meat, leather). ((stem), adj.)
√tr3 1 tor=s tor...s // beckon (with the eye). ((stem), vt.)
√trq 1 s+taréq=šn stareqshn // mud hen. (n.)
√tr' 1 tar' tar' † trail (to be laid out in trails), have trails. ((stem), n.)
2 tar'=ítkʷeʔ ta'ritkwe' // canalize. ((lit. He provided an outlet for water), vi.)
3 s+tar'=ítkʷeʔ sta'ritkwe' canal, ditch. (canal (lit. a man‑made stream), n.)
4 s+niʔ+tar'=íɫxʷ sni'ta'riɫkhw avenue, boulevard. ((lit. road among houses), n.)
5 s+niʔ+ta+tar'=íɫxʷ sni'tata'riɫkhw alley. (n.) [xref √tr1]
√ts 1 tes tes † bulge. ((stem), vi.)
2 tes+p tesp bloat. ((lit. It became swollen), vi.)
3 s+niʔ+tés+ts+p=enč sni'testspench // bulkage. ((lit. swellings among the intestines, any substance that stimulates peristal­sis by increasing the bulk of material in the intestines), n.)
4 s+niʔ+tes+ts+p=enč sni'testspench intestines (swelling up of the...), swelling (...up of the intestines). (n, v.)
√tt 1 ʕʷa+ʕʷe+ɫ+t+tót+ot a(weɫttotot § H/s has many pets. (vt.)
√twn 1 tíwn=ɫc'eʔ tiwnɫts'e' // doe. (n.)
√twp' 1 twip' twip' † step over. ((stem), vi.)
2 twíp'=šn‑t‑s twip'shnts ‡ bestride, stepped (He...over it). (v.)
√twš 1 tewš tewsh † cross (country or prairie), traversed. ((lit. he traversed a plain), vt.)
2 s+tewš stewsh diameter. ((lit. going across, traversing, measure thereof), n.)
3 téwš=ečt tewshecht // six. ((lit. H/h finger went across), n.)
4 tuwš=íčt=us tuwshichtus cube. ((lit. It has six faces), n.)
5 hn+tuwš=íč=ɫceʔ hntuwshichɫtse' cylinder, six‑shooter, revolver. (n.)
6 s+tuwš=íl'=kʷeʔ stuwshi'lkwe' [?] to swim. (vi.)
7 ʔupen uɫ téwš=ect upen uɫ tewshect § sixteen. (n.)
8 tuwš+ačl+ʔúpen tuwshach'lupen sixty, six times ten. (n.)
9 tuwš+ačl+ʔúpen tuwshach'lupen sixty. (n.)
√twʔ 1 tiweʔ tiwe' † indulge. ((stem), vi.)
2 tíweʔ‑nt‑s tiwe'nts ‡ coddle. ((lit. She babied h/h), v.) [xref √tw't]
√tw' 1 tuw' tu'w † crowd, stuff, swarm. ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 hn+túw'‑nt‑m hntu'wntm ‡ cram. ((lit. It was stuffed), vi.)
√tw't 1 t+tw'ít tt'wit † adolescent boy, young man. (n.)
2 peɫ+t+tuw'it peɫttu'wit adolescents. (n.)
3 s+t+tw'i·t=íl'š stt'wiiti'lsh // adolescence. ((lit. becoming youth), n.)
4 t+tw'ít ha s+l'ax̣+t tt'wit ha sl'aqht § boyfriend. (n.) [xref √twʔ]
√txʷ 1 tíxʷ+m tikhum † obtain (He looked to...necessities). (vi, n, vt.)
2 s+č+téxʷ+m schtekhum addiction. (n.)
3 s+č+téxʷ+xʷ schtekhukhw accretion, addition. (n.)
4 hiyč+téxʷ hiychtekhw appendix, appurtenance. ((lit. something added to another, more important, thing), n.)
5 i· tíxʷ+mš iitikhumsh She is gathering something. (vt.)
6 č+tuxʷ=cín+n chtukhwtsinn // condiments, relishes. ((lit. something added to food eaten), n.)
7 č+téxʷ‑nt‑s chtekhwnts ‡ add (to...), aggrandize, increased (he...it). ((lit. he added it to something else), vt.)
8 č+téxʷ+tuxʷ‑n't‑s chtekhwtukhw'nts exaggerated (h/s...it). ((lit. h/s colored it highly), vt.)
9 ux̣ʷel'é č+tuxʷ+mín+n uqhwe'le chtukhwminn § complementary. ((lit. like an addition), n.)
10 tíxʷ+m e s+p'ít'em tikhum e sp'it'em gather (He went out to...bitterroots). (n, vt.)
11 s+č+tuxʷ+s+tim' schtukhwsti'm by‑product. ((lit. something added to a thing in the making), n.)
12 his+tiʔxʷa+s+l'áx̣+t histi'khwas'laqht acqua[i]ntance. ((lit. He is one who became a friend), n.)
13 tíʔxʷe s+míʔyem ti'khwe smi'yem succeeded (He...in getting a wife). (vi.)
14 tiʔiʔxʷ+as+hoy+s ti'i'khwashoys afterwards, later. (adv.)
15 tiʔxʷ+eɫ+cégʷ+t ti'khweɫtsegwt acquire (to...). ((lit. He acquired a way (habit), vt.)
16 tuxʷ+ɫ+s+kʷís‑nt‑s tukhwɫskwisnts named (He...him). (vt.)
17 tiʔxʷ+eɫ+n+dol+dolq'ʷ+t=íl'š-n ti'khweɫndoldolq'wti'lshn confirmed. ((lit. He gained strength, he received the rite of confirmation), vi.)
√txʷcč 1 tixʷcč tikhwtsch † tongue. (n.)
2 s+n+m+n+ʔepɫ+tíxʷcč snmnepɫtikhwtsch dagger (small). ((lit. blade in form of tongue), n.)
√tx̣1 1 tax̣ taqh † bitter (taste), piquant, sharp (taste). ((stem), adj.)
2 tax̣+t taqht acid, acidic, bitter. ((lit. having a taste that is sharp and unpleasant), n, adj.)
3 tax̣+táx̣ taqhtaqh pepper, spice. ((lit. bitter bitter), n.)
4 hn+tax̣+táx̣+n hntaqhtaqhn pepper shaker. (n.)
5 x+tax̣+tax̣+n khtaqhtaqhn pepper shaker. (n.) [?]
6 tax̣+t‑š taqht...sh unbearable. ((stem), adj.) [written as √t'x̣ in volume 1] t'ax̣+t‑š unbearable. (t'aqht...sh)
7 tax̣+tax̣=iɫp taqhtaqhiɫp // birch (black...). (n.)
8 tax̣+tax̣+q=iɫp taqhtaqhqiɫp black birch. (n.)
9 in+taʔx̣=ílgʷes inta'qhilgwes anxious. ((lit. H/s felt a sting of pain in h/h heart), adj.)
10 hn+taʔx̣=ilgʷes hnta'qhilgwes agitate, disturb, upset (lit. His heart was con­cerned. He was disturbed). ((lit. His heart was made bitter), v.)
11 s+n+taʔx̣=ílgʷes snta'qhilgwes anxiety, apprehension, care, uneasiness. (n.)
12 s+n+tax̣=ílgʷes sntaqhilgwes angst. (n.)
13 tax̣+t ha n+x̣ʷús=kʷeʔ taqht hanqhuskwe' § ale. ((lit. (more) bitter beer), n.)
14 u+x̣ʷal'+á tax̣+táx̣ uqhwa'la taqhtaqh all‑spice. ((lit. It is like pepper), n.)
√tx̣2 1 s+táx̣=enč staqhench // bowel, colon, intestine. (n.)
2 niʔ+s+táx̣+tax̣=enč ni'staqhtaqhench intestines. (pl.n.)
3 ul pus ha s+táx̣=anč+s ul pus ha staqhanchs § catgut. ((lit. of cat his gut), n.)[probably the same as √tx̣1]
√tx̣3 1 s+tax̣+tex̣=él'č staqhteqhe'lch † doll. (n.)
2 s+t+tax̣+téx̣=el'č sttaqhteqhe'lch doll. (n.)
3 s+t+ta+téx̣=el'č sttateqhe'lch [d]olly. ((lit. a little doll), n.)
√tx̣ʷ 1 tax̣ʷ taqhw † stop (to...). ((stem), vi.)
2 táx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ taqhuqhw died (He...). (vi.)
3 u· táx̣ʷ uutaqhw rest (He is at...), still. (n, adj.)
4 s+táx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ staqhuqhw dead, death, decease. (death, dead (lit. coming to a stop), adj, n, vi.)
5 ul+s+táx̣ʷ+xʷ ulstaqhukhw deleterious. ((lit. It belongs to death), adj.)
6 hn+tax̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+n hntaqhuqhwn deadly, death. ((stem), n.)
7 hn+táx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+n hntaqhuqhwn death. (n.)
8 ul+n+táx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+n ulntaqhuqhwn deathly, mortal. ((lit. belonging to death), adj.)
9 s+táx̣ʷ+m+šeš staqhumshesh barrier, blockade, delay, dam. ((lit. stopping something), n.)
10 s+táx̣ʷ+n+šeš staqhunshesh check. ((lit. an abrupt or stop), n.)
11 t+tx̣ʷ+ox̣ʷ+í·ʔ ttqhoqhwiii found (He was...dead). (vi.)
12 t+tux̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+í· ttuqhoqhwiii He was found dead. (vi.)
13 u+ci·+táx̣ʷ+ax̣ʷ utsiitaqhwaqhw caesura. ((lit. He made a pause in phrasing a metrical line), n.)
14 pan'+táx̣ʷ+x̣ʷ pa'ntaqhuqhw widow, widower, H/h spouse died. (She/He became a widow/widower, n.)
15 u+č+táx̣ʷ=us uchtaqhus // bug‑eyed, excited, expectant. ((lit. He is looking with a still eye), adj.)
16 táx̣ʷ+m‑stu‑s taqhumstus ‡ delay. ((lit. He detained (stopped) him), v.)
17 tux̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+m‑nú‑nt‑s tuqhuqhumnunts deactivate. ((lit. He secceeded in stopping him), v.)
18 tux̣ʷ+x̣ʷ+nú‑nt‑s tuqhuqhwnunts devitalize. ((lit. He succeeded in bringing him to a standstill), v.)
19 uɫ+[c]i·+táx̣ʷ+m‑st‑m uɫsiitaqhumstm deferred. ((lit. It is stopped for now), vi.)
√ty' 1 tuy'+m+ncut tu'ymntsut † bend down, bend, bow, crouch. ((lit. He bowed), vi, v.)
√ty'qʷ 1 tiy'eqʷ ti'yeqw † fight. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+tiy'éqʷ+t sti'yeqwt bout, combat, fight. ((lit. fighting), n.)
3 hn+t'+tey'éqʷ+n hnt'te'yeqwn arena. ((lit. a place for fighting), n.)
4 hn+tiy'+tiy'eqʷ+n' hnti'yti'yeqwn' Armageddon. (the scene of a final battle between the forces of good and evil, n.)
5 čeɫ+n+tiy'+tiy'éqʷ+n' cheɫnti'yti'yeqw'n Armageddon. ((lit. the scene of a final battle between good and evil), n.)
6 a+n+tiy'eqʷ+t+núm+t anti'y e qwtnumt combative. (vi. (lit. He is eager to fight), adj.)
7 tiy'+tiy'eqʷ+t+úl ti'yti'yeqwtul bellicose, pugnacious (He is...). (adj.)
8 siya+tiy'éqʷ+t siyati'yeqwt champion. ((lit. One who defends a cause or another person), n.)
9 čs+tiy'éqʷ‑nt‑s chsti'yeqwnts ‡ champion, support. ((lit. He fought as champion of i/h/etc.), vi.)
10 tiy'+tiy'éqʷ‑t‑lš ti'yti'yeqwtlsh conflict. ((lit. They fought with each other), n.)
√tʕ 1 taʕ ta( † extend. ((stem), vt.)
√tʕl 1 sya+tʕél=qn syat(elqn // barber. ((lit. One who trims another head), n.) [?]
√tʕn 1 s+tʕin st(in † antelope. (n.)
2 xʷis+t ha s+tʕin Khwist Ha St(in § Louie Antelope. (name of my maternal grandfather (lit. antelope that walked), n.)
√tʔ1 1 tiʔ ti' † hit, pound. ((stem), vt.)
2 tiʔ+iʔ ti'i' bump. ((stem), vt.)
3 s+tiʔ+m sti'm baste (food), beating (dried meat). (vt.)
4 s+n+taʔ=qín snta'qin // confirmation, credential. ((lit. hitting on top of head), n.)
5 č+teʔ+eʔ+mín'+t=ew'eš chte"emi'nte'wesh clash. ((lit. they collided), vi.)
6 s+č+teʔe+m'i·n=íw'es schte'e'miini'wes collision. (n.)
7 č+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím+n chte'eɫwlwlimn § anvil. (n.)
8 hn+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím+n hnte'eɫwlwlimn blacksmith shop, forge, smithy. ((lit. place for shaping metals by hammering), n.)
9 sye+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím syete'eɫwlwlim blacksmith, coppersmith. ((lit. One who shapes metals by hammering), n.)
√tʔ2 1 s+tiʔ sti' † article, belonging, possession (personal). (n.)
2 hi+s+tíʔ histi' mine (It is...). (vi.)
3 stiʔ‑s sti's It is his. (vi.) [xref √tm']
√tʔ3 1 e n+túʔ entu' † there (at a distance). (vi.)
√tʔ4 1 e+n+t+tuʔ+tuʔ enttu'tu' † bologna, lunch meat. ((lit. stuffed stuffed). hot dogs, weiners, n.)
√tʔɫ 1 tiʔ[ɫ] ti'l † fly. ((stem), vi.)
2 tiʔɫ ti'ɫ, to fly.
3 s+tiʔɫ sti'ɫ aviation, flying. (n.)
4 e·+tiʔ+teʔɫ eeti'te'ɫ airplane. ((flying machine), n.)
5 e·+ti+teɫ eetiteɫ [also recorded as √tɫ] machine. ((flying machine, airplane), n.)
6 teʔ+teʔɫi·ʔ+útm te'te'ɫii'utm airplane. ((lit. that which flies by itself), n.)

√t'

√t'c'1 1 t'ic' t'its' † smooth (by rubbing). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+t'ic'+m st'its'm to stroke, caress, iron (clothes). (v.)
3 t'íc'+emn t'its'emn iron (for pressing clothes). from to stroke, caress. (n. st'its'm,)
4 t'éc'=alqs t'ets'alqs // pressed (He...(ironed) his clothes). (vt.)
5 s+t'íc'+t'ec'=šn st'its't'ets'shn rubbers. (n.)
6 sye·+t'íc'+t[']ec'=[š]n syeet'i'tste'tschn boot‑black. (n.)
7 yuqʷeʔ+ɫ+t'íc'+m yuqwe'ɫt'its'm § pretended (She...to iron). (vi.)
8 yuqʷ+eʔ+s+t'íc'+m yuqwe'st'its'm She pretended to iron. (v.)
√t'c'2 1 s+t'úc'+t=ew'es St'uts'te'wes † Mission Point; due NW of St. Maries, Idaho. (n.)
√t'č 1 t'ič t'ich † protrude. ((stem), vi.)
2 t'íʔč=cn+m t'i'chtsnm // stuck (He...his tongue out), tongue (He stuck his...out). (vt, n.)
√t'č'1 1 če+t'č'+et' chet'ch'et' † blackbird. (n.)
2 t'eč'+t'č' t'ech't'ch' blackbird. (n.)
3 t'éʔč'+tč t'e'ch'tch blackbird. (n.) [see also √č't'3]
√t'č'2 1 t'ič' t'ich' † provide (food for travel), stock up (as food for travel). ((stem), vt, vi.)
2 t'ič'+t+m t'ich'tm took (He...along provisions). (vt.)[xref √t'č'l]
√t'č'3 1 sye·+t'íč'+t syeet'ich't † boatman, bowman. ((lit. One who rows a boat or paddles a canoe), n.)
2 x̣es+es+t'íč+t qhesest'icht § He rowed without trouble or difficulty. (v.)
√t'č'l 1 s+t'íč'l st'ich'l † provisions (travelling...). (pl.n.)
2 t'ič'l+m t'ich'lm provisions (He took along...). (n.) [xref √t'č'2]
√t'd1 1 t'édeʔ t'ede' † ship, canoe. (n.)
2 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t he t'éde qhay'qhi't he t'ede § argosy. ((lit. a big canoe), n.)
√t'd2 1 t'éʔ+td+t t'e'tdt † difficult (It is...). (adj.)
2 t'é+t'd+t t'et'dt crucial, crux. (adj.)
3 t'+t'éd+d+t t't'eddt crucial, crux, it is difficult, trying. (adj.)
4 t'éd+d+t t'eddt difficult (It is...), trying (It is trying). (adj.)
5 s+t'd+m=éstq st'dmestq // difficulty. ((lit. having a hard time), n.)
6 lut t'é+t'd+t' lut t'et'dt' § effortless. ((lit. It is not too difficult), adj.)
√t'd3 1 t'id+m' t'id'm † fragile, frail. ((stem), adj.)
2 u+t'+t'íd+m ut't'idm brittle, crisp. ((lit. It is fragile), adj.)
3 u+t'+t'íd+m' ha n+x̣em=ínč+n ut't'id'm hanqheminchn § false love. ((lit. love that is brittle (term of old‑time Coeur d'Alenes'), n.)
√t'dʔ 1 s+t'édeʔ st'ede' † alfalfa, clover, grass, hay. (n.)
2 s+t'edeʔ st'ede' fodder, hay. (n.)
3 niʔ+t[']éd+iš ni'tedish It crept in the grass. He acted foolishly. (v.)
4 s+t'ádaʔ=qn st'ada'qn // wheat. ((lit. hay head), n.)
5 t'ádaʔ=alqʷ tadalqw [see vol. I] white pine. (n.)
6 l+č'is+t'édeʔe lch'ist'ede'e § very slick grass on hills. (n.)
√t'ǰ 1 t'eǰ t'ej † pour. ((stem), vt.)
2 t'ǰ+mín+n t'jminn carafe. ((lit. Bottle for pouring wine or water at the table), n.)
3 hn+t'ǰ+min+n hnt'jminn cask, demijohn. ((lit. a large container for holding liquids), n.)
4 hn+t'ǰ+mín+n hnt'jminn decanter, barrel (for holding liquids). (n.)
√t'kʷ1 1 t'ekʷ t'ekw † cry out, whinny. ((stem), vi.)
2 t'+t'ékʷ+t'ukʷ t't'ekwt'ukw colt, foal. (n.)
√t'kʷ2 1 t'ekʷ t'ekw † watertight. ((stem), adj.)
2 tekʷ tekw [written as √tkʷ in volume 1] watertight.
3 t'ekʷ+s t'ekws burst. ((stem), vi.)
4 s+t'íkʷs=us st'ikwsus // sap of a tree used as an eye medicine. (n.)
5 hn+t'ukʷ+s=ús‑nt‑s hnt'ukwsusnts ‡ He burst his eye. (vt.)
√t'kʷ3 1 t'ikʷ t'ikw † old. ((stem), adj.) [for expected √t'k'ʷ3]
√t'kʷ4 1 s+t'okʷ=alpqʷ st'okwalpqw // bow tie. (n.)
√t'kʷ5 1 s+n+t'ukʷ=u·s=íw'es snt'ukuusi'wes // argument. ((lit. crossing a statement), n.)
2 ul+s+n+t'ukʷ=u·s=íw'es ulsnt'ukuusi'wes argumentative. ((lit. pertaining to argument), adj.)
3 hn+t'ukʷ=u·s=íw'es‑nt‑s hnt'ukuusi'wesnts ‡ argue (to...). ((lit. He contra­dicted him, he crossed his statement), vi.)
√t'k'ʷ1 1 u+t'ék'ʷ ut'ek'w † bedridden. ((lit. He just lies down all the time), adj.)
2 e t'úk'ʷ+iʔ et'uk'wi' There he is lying down. (vi.)
3 t'ék'ʷ+m t'ek'um chip in, contributed (He...money). (v.)
4 t'ek'ʷ+k'ʷ t'ek'uk'w collapse, fell (He...down). (v.)
5 s+t'ék'ʷ+m st'ek'um appointment. (n.)
6 s+t'uk'ʷ+útn st'uk'utn bed. (n.)
7 s+t'+t'k'ʷ+útn' st't'k'ut'n cradle, crib. ((lit. small bed), n.)
8 s+n+t'uk'ʷ+útn snt'uk'utn casket, coffin. (n.)
9 s+n+t'ék'ʷ+m snt'ek'um confinement. ((lit. being put in), n.)
10 s+č+t'ék'ʷ+n scht'ek'wn application. (n.)
11 s+č+t'ék'ʷ+m scht'ek'wm application. (n.)
12 s+če+t'uk'ʷ+útn schet'uk'utn bed, berth, bunk. ((lit. a means for lying), n.)
13 s+čet'+t'k'ʷ+útn' schet't'k'ut'n cot. ((lit. narrow bed), n.)
14 cen+t'uk'ʷ+mín+n tsent'uk'wminn chock, support, brace. (n.)
15 s+t'uk'ʷ+ncut st'uk'wntsut sleeping bag. (n.)
16 s+t'uk'ʷ+ncút+n st'uk'wntsutn sleeping bag, spot for laying down. (n.)
17 u+t'+t'uk'ʷ+m'+n'cút ut't'uk'w'm'ntsut dilatory. ((lit. He establishes or situates himself, He lingers or loiters), adj.)
18 s+t'+t'uk'ʷ+m'+ncút st't'uk'w'mntsut andante. ((lit. making oneself go slowly), adj.)
19 xʷey+t[']ék'ʷ khweytek'w appointee. ((lit. one who put down (set)), n.)
20 hn+t'ák'ʷ=alqs hnt'ak'walqs // beeline. ((lit. that which is put on a fast, straight course), n.)
21 hn+t'ak'ʷ=alqs hnt'ak'walqs shortcut. ((lit. that which is put on a fast, straight course), n.)
22 h[n]+t'ák'ʷ+k'ʷ=alqs hmt'ak'uk'walqs brunt. ((lit. He fell in the middle of the road), n.)
23 s+n+t'ak'ʷ=alqs+ncút snt'ak'walqsntsut constancy, loyalty, perseverance, stability, steadfastness. ((lit. establishing oneself on the road (of life)), n.)
24 ča·+t'ák'ʷ+m=alqs Chaat'ak'wmalqs Tensed. ((lit. object laid on spur), n.)
25 čn‿č+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=ipeleʔ chncht'uk'uk'wipele' charge, duty, responsibility, I was entrusted with a duty or responsibility. ((lit. Some­thing fell to my charge), n.)
26 s+t'uk'ʷ=ílt+m st'uk'wiltm childbirth, parturition (lit. laying down an offspring). (n.)
27 t'uk'ʷ=ílt+m t'uk'wiltm child (She gave birth to one...), gave birth (She...to one child). (n, vi.)
28 t'u·k'ʷ=ip t'uuk'wip begin. ((stem), vt.)
29 t'uk'ʷ=íp+m t'uk'wipm began, commenced, started (He...). (vi.)
30 s+t'uk'ʷ=íp+mš st'uk'wipmsh beginning, commencement, creation, origination, to begin, debut. (adj, n, v.)
31 s+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=ip+m st'uk'uk'wipm beginning, conception, start. (n.)
32 s+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=íp+m st'uk'uk'wipm conception, origin. (n.)
33 ul+s+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=íp+m ulst'uk'uk'wipm elementary. ((lit. belonging to the begining or first principle(s), adj.)
34 s+cen+t'uk'ʷ=íp=ceʔ stsent'uk'wiptse' backfire, to ignite. (n.)
35 xʷey'+t'uk'ʷ=íp=mš khwe'yt'uk'wipmsh debutante. ((lit. one who makes a start (a first appearance in society), n.)
36 č+t'uk'ʷ=ɫc'eʔ=íp cht'uk'wɫts'e'ip purse (beaded belt...), beaded belt purse on the hip. (n.)
37 t'ék'ʷ‑nt‑m t'ek'wntm ‡ to appoint. ((lit. He was fixed or set by authority), v.)
38 t[']ék'ʷ‑nt‑s tek'wnts deposit. ((lit. He put it down), v.)
39 č+t'ék'ʷ‑nt‑s cht'ek'wnts apply (to...). ((lit. he put it on something), vt.)
40 hn+t'ék'ʷ‑nt‑m hnt'ek'wntm confine, enclose. ((lit. He was put into some­thing), v.)
41 hn+t'ék'ʷ‑nt‑s hnt'ek'wnts deposit. ((lit. He put it in a bank), v.)
42 t'uk'ʷ=íp+m‑st‑eli-t t'uk'wipmstelit create. ((lit. We were originated (by God), v.)
43 t'uk'ʷ=íp+m‑stu‑s t'uk'wipmstus concoct. ((lit. He invented it, ori­ginated it), v.)
44 t'uk'ʷ+ep=(c)ín+m‑nt‑s t'uk'wepsinmnts broach. ((lit. He began to talk about it (the subject), v.)
45 t'uk'ʷ+p=íw'es‑nt‑s t'uk'wpi'wesnts athwart. ((lit. He went contrary to it. He interfered with another's act), adj.)
46 mel'+s+če+t'uk'ʷ+útn me'lschet'uk'utn § bedside. ((lit. It is by the bed), n.)
47 t'uk'ʷ=ilt+m xʷa s+t'm'á t'uk'wiltm khwa st"ma calve. ((lit. the cow gave birth to a calf), n.)
48 s+t'uk'ʷ+k'ʷ=íp+ms haʔɫ+dar=enč st'uk'uk'wipms ha'ɫdarench calends, the first day of the month (lit. its beginning what is a moon). (n.)
√t'k'ʷ2 1 t'ek'ʷ+ílš t'ek'wilsh † conjurer, medicine man, shaman, psychic master. (n.)
2 s+t'ek[']ʷ+lš+scút st'e'kwlshstsut conjuration. (sorcery (lit. the practice of magic), n.)
3 s+t'ek[']ʷ+lš+scút st'e'kwlshstsut sorcery. (conjuration (lit. the practice of magic), n.)
√t'k'ʷ3 1 t'ík'ʷ+ut ti'k'ut † elder. (n.)
2 t'ík'ʷ+t'k'ʷ+t t'ik'wt'k'ut old (H/s is...), ancient. (adj.)
3 t'ik'ʷ+u·t+út+m t'ik'uututm elderly. ((lit. H/s looks or is some­what old), adj.)
4 hn+t'ík'ʷ+tik'ʷ+tn hnt'ik'wtik'utn old people's home. (n.)
5 s+niʔ+t'ík'ʷ+t'ik'ʷ+t sni't'ik'wt'ik'ut eldest. ((lit. H/s is the oldest person in group), n.)
6 s+t'ek'ʷ+ót=qn st'ek'otqn // allegory. (fairy tale, parable (lit. older head), n.)
7 s+t'ihk'ʷ+ót=qn st'ihk'otqn parable. (fairy tale, allegory (lit. older head), n.)
8 s+t'i·k'ʷ+ót=qn st'iik'otqn fairy tale. (parable, allegory (lit. older head), n.)
9 s+nukʷ+t'ík'ʷ+t'ik'ʷ+t snukwt'ik'wt'ik'ut § commensurate, one of the same old age. (grandparents, adj.)
10 ylmuxʷ+s+t'i·k'ʷ+ót=qn ylmukhwst'iik'otqn son (oldest). (n.)
11 s+t'+t'ík'ʷ+s+m'eʔeʔm st't'ik'us'me'e'm crone, beldam, old maid. (n.)
12 elu+ɫ+t'ík'ʷ+t eluɫt'ik'ut bastard, illegitimate. ((lit. H/s is w/o legitimate elders), n, adj.)
√t'k'ʷ4 1 t'uk'ʷ t'uk'w † uneven (roots on the ground). ((stem), adj.)
2 s+t'úk'ʷ+m st'uk'um carrot (wild). (n.)
3 hn+t'uk'ʷ=íʔsn hnt'uk'wi'sn // acorn, bur (burr), seed. (n.)
√t'l1 1 t'el' t'e'l † rip, tear. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+č+t'l=íw'es scht'li'wes // surgery. (n.)
3 č+t'l'+t'l'=íw'es cht''lt''li'wes burst. ((lit. It was torn apart from internal pressure), vi.)
4 s+č+t'l'+t'l'=íw'es scht''lt''li'wes air burst, blow‑up, cloudburst, downpour, explosion. ((lit. becoming torn up on the surface), n.)
5 s+č+t'él'+p=šn scht'e'lpshn blow‑out, bursting (a sudden...). ((lit. tearing of the foot; flat tire), n.)
6 t'l'=úl'mxʷ t''lu'lmkhw cultivate, plowed (He...). ((lit. He tore the earth), vt.)
7 s+t'l'=úl'mxʷ st''lulmkhw plowing, cultivation. (plowing (lit. tearing up the earth), n.)
8 t'il'=lumxʷ+útm t'i'llumkhutm arable. ((lit. capable of being plowed), n.)
9 t'él‑nt‑s t'elnts ‡ tore (He...it). (vt.)
√t'l2 1 e+čs+t'lú·‑stu‑s echst'luuustus ‡ bystander (to be a...). (vi.) [?]
√t'l'1 1 t'ul' t'u'l † approachable, civilized, decent, humane, poised, refined, sympathetic, well‑bred. ((stem), adj.)
√t'l'2 1 hn+t'l'=áneʔ hnt''lane' † wolf. (n.)
√t'lq' 1 t'alq' t'alq' † scoop, to scoop ice cream. ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+t'álq'+m hnt'alq'm gulp, to scoop (lit. He scooped, food). ((lit. He gulped), v.)
√t'lqʷ 1 hn+t'lqʷ=ups‑nt‑m hn't'lqupsntm ‡ He was hit in the buttocks (to be kicked). (v.)
√t'ɫ1 1 e·+t'éɫ+t'ɫ eet'eɫt'ɫ † blotched. ((lit. H/s is caked with damp blotches of mud, dust), adj.)
2 s+t'éɫ+ɫ st'eɫɫ blotch. (n.)
3 s+t'+t'ɫ=úl'eʔxʷ st't'ɫu'le'khw // brick, earthenware. (ceramic, china, n.)
4 s+t'+t'ɫ=úl'exʷ st't'ɫu'lekhw ceramic, china. (earthenware, brick, n.)
5 t'eɫ‑nt‑s t'eɫnts ‡ daub. ((lit. He smeared it), v.)
6 t'eɫ‑nt‑m t'eɫntm besmirch. (v.)[xref √t'ɫ2]
√t'ɫ2 1 t'oɫ t'oɫ † lumpy, sticky. ((stem), adj.)
2 can+t'óɫ=šn+n tsant'oɫshnn // cement. ((lit. An adhesive put under the feet), n.)
3 t'óɫ‑nt‑s t'oɫnts ‡ bedaub. (vt.)
4 č+t'óɫ=c'eʔ‑nt‑m cht'oɫts'e'ntm besmeared (it was body...). (vi.) [xref √t'ɫ1]
√t'm1 1 t'em t'em † scissors (to cut with...). ((stem), v) [written as √t'm' in volume 1] ' to cut with scissors. (t'e'm)
√t'm2 1 t'em t'em † damp. ((stem), adj.)
2 t'am' t'a'm damp. ((stem), adj.)
3 t'em+p t'emp damp. ((lit. It became moistened), adj.)
4 u· t'ém uut'em dank. ((lit. It is uncomfortably damp), adj.)
5 t'ém+p+m‑s‑n t'empmsn ‡ dampen. ((lit. I dampened it), vt.)
√t'm3 1 t'im t'im † shake hands. ((stem), vi.)
2 t'im=čt t'imcht // hands (He shook...), shook (He...hands). (n, vt.)
3 t'ím+čs‑n't=ew'eš t'imchs'nte'wesh hands (They shook each other's...), shook (They...each other's hands). (n, vt.)
4 t'em+t'em=čs+ncút t'emt'emchsntsut He pressed his hands together (as in prayer). (vt.)
√t'm4 1 s+t'úm+um st'umum † breast, milk. (n.)
2 s+t'úm+t'um+um st'umt'umum breasts. ((lit. Name of 2 hills between Tekoa and Farmington Washington which look like breasts), n.)
3 hn+t'úm+um+n hnt'umumn dairy. ((lit. an establishment that processes and/or sells milk and milk products), n.)
4 s+t'm=qen=íɫxʷ st'mqeniɫkhw // tepee. ((lit. cone‑shaped dwelling), n.)
5 u+x̣ʷel'+é s+t'm=qn=íɫxʷ uqhwe'le st'mqniɫkhw § conical. ((lit. It is shaped like a tepee), n.)
√t'm5 1 t'um t'um † smirk. ((stem), vi.)
√t'm6 1 s+t'm'a st''ma † buffalo, cow. (sg.n.)
2 ha s+t'má hast'ma mammal (bovine...). (n.)
3 čn‿ʔp+s+t'má ch'npst'ma cattle (I have...). (n.)
4 čn‿ʔp+s+t'ma ch'npst'ma cattle (to own). ((lit. I have cattle), vt.)
5 ya+s+t'm'á yast''ma He got a buffalo. (v.)
6 s+t'm'=ált=mš st''maltmsh // cattle (herd of), bison (herd of), (lit. licking tribe). (buffalo, n.)
7 s+t'+t'm=alt=mš st''tmaltmsh buffalo (herd of). (bison, cow, n.)
8 ʔap+s+t'm=ált=mš apst'maltmsh buffalo country. ((lit. It has a herd, bison), n.)
9 ya+s+t'm=ált=mš yast'maltmsh buffalo (He killed the...). (n.)
10 t'm'+m+čí· t'm'mchiii! § caravan. ((lit. There goes a single file of many vehicles or pack animals), n.)
11 u+x̣ʷal'á+ s+t'm'=ált+mš uqhwa'la st"maltmsh bovine. ((lit. It resembles a cow), n.)
12 t'uk'ʷ=ilt+m xʷa s+t'm'á t'uk'wiltm khwa st"ma calve. ((lit. the cow gave birth to a calf), n.)
13 s+n+laqʷ=ús+s ha s+t'm'=ált=mš snlaquss ha st''maltmsh cud. ((lit. a cow's chewing gum), n.)
√t'mč 1 s+t'ímč'eʔ st'imch'e' † daughter. (n.)
2 s+t'ím+t'emčeʔ st'imt'emche' daughters. (pl.n.)
√t'ml'x̣ 1 t'omól'x̣ t'omo'lqh † hailstone. (n.)
√t'm'1 1 t'am' t'a'm † kiss, lick. ((stem), vt.)
2 t'am'+um'+ótm t'a'mu'mot tasted, licked (It is capable of being...). (vi.)
3 s+n+t'ám[']=cn snt'amtsn // kiss. (n.)
4 s+n+t'am'=cn snt'a'mtsn kissing. (n.)
5 t'am'+tam'=yóyeʔ t'a'mta'myoye' blood‑sucker, snail. (n.)
6 t'm'=algʷás=cen+m t''malgwastsenm licked (He...his lips). (vt.)
7 t'am'‑nt‑s t'a'mnts ‡ lick. ((lit. He licked it), vt.)
8 t'ám'‑nt‑s t'a'mnts licked (I...it). (vt.)
√t'm'2 1 hn+t'í+t'm'=el'ps hnt'it''me'lps // gooseberry. (n.)
√t'm'3 1 t'um' t'u'm † pipelike, tubelike. ((stem), adj.)
2 t'úm'+pn t'u'mpn chimney, conduit, pipe, tube. ((lit. stovepipe), n.) [xref √tm]
√t'n1 1 s+t'én+t'en=ax̣n st'ent'enaqhn // name of arm ornaments in form of fringes (lit. wing dress). (n.)
√t'n2 1 s+t'ún=ɫc'eʔ st'unɫts'e' // ass, mule deer. (n.)
2 s+t'+t'ún'=ɫc'eʔ st't'u'nɫts'e' burro. ((lit. a small donkey), n.)
3 s+n+ʔukʷún=cn+is xʷe s+t'ún=ɫc'eʔ s'nukuntsnis khwe st'unɫts'e' § bray. ((lit. the cry of a donkey), n.)
√t'nʔ 1 t'(=)íneʔ t'ine' † ear. (n.)
2 t'ín+t' (=)eneʔ t'int'ene' ears. (n.)
√t'p1 1 t'ap t'ap † shoot. ((stem), vt.)
2 t'áp+emn t'apemn arrow, arrowhead, bomb, exploder. (n.)
3 sya·+t'áp+m syaat'apm archer, bombardier. ((lit. One who shoots with a bow and arrow), n.)
4 t'ap=šn+cót t'apshntsot // shot (He...himself on the foot). (n, vt.)
5 a·+t'áp=ɫc'eʔ aat'apɫts'e' desperado, gangster, maverick, outlaw. ((lit. H/s shoots people), n.)
6 hn+t'ap=ɫc'eʔ+ncót+n hnt'apɫt'se'ntsotn pineapple. ((lit. "shooting oneself in the stomach", referring to acid reaction in the stomach), n.)
7 s+t'a+t'a·p=áčs+n' st'at'aapachs'n archery. ((lit. shooting target), n.)
8 hn+t'áp=ul'mxʷ hnt'apu'lmkhw He blasted the earth. (v.)
9 t'ap‑n t'apn ‡ shot (I...it). (vt.)
10 t'áp‑nt‑s t'apnts shot (He...him). (vt.)
11 t'áp=šn‑t‑s t'apshnts shot (He...him on the foot). (n, vt.)
12 s+t'áp‑n't-w'eš st'ap'nt'wesh battle, war. ((lit. shooting one another), n.)
13 i·+t'áp‑n't-w'eš iit'ap'nt'wesh belligerency. ((lit. They are in the state of being at war), n.)
14 sya·+t'áp‑n't-w'eš syaat'ap'nt'wesh brave, warrior (note: old timers preferred the term "warrior" to "brave"). (n.)
15 h[n]+t'ap-n't-w'eš+n' ht'ap'nt'wesh' field (battle...). ((lit. place of battle), n.)
16 s+nukʷ+t'áp‑n't=w'eš+m'n'm' xʷe s+ník'ʷ=elumxʷ snukwt'ap'nt'wesh'm'n'm khwe snik'welumkhw § civil war. (n.)
√t'p2 1 t'ep t'ep † to stand up, stop. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+t'ép+p st'epp arrival (of more than one person). (n.)
3 t'ép‑liš t'eplish ‡ stood (They...up). (vi.)
√t'p3 1 s+t'op=qs st'opqs // spool, thread. (n.)
2 s+č+t'op=qs scht'opqs bobbin, spool. (n.)
√t'px̣ʷ 1 u t'póx̣ʷ ut'poqhw! † It made sound of flat stone falling vertically into water (onomatopoeia).
√t'pyʔ 1 t'upyeʔ t'upye' † great grandfather. (n.)
√t'q1 1 t'aq t'aq † lie (bushy objects). ((stem), vi.)
2 t'aq+ap=w'as=qn t'aqap'wasqn // beard. (n.)
3 s+t'aq+áp=w'as=qn st'aqap'wasqn beard. (bushy, n.)
√t'q2 1 t'aq+t t'aqt † return (birds from migration), migrate. ((stem). (lit. The birds have come back from the south), vi.) [also written as √tq in volume 1] taq+t Bird returns in the spring. (taqt, v.)
2 t'aq+t=íčn' t'aqtich'n // to succeed in killing game, hunt (successfully), killed (He...game). (vi, vt, n.)
3 čn‿t'aq+t=íčn' chnt'aqtich'n hunt (I was successful in my...), successful (I was...in my hunt). (n, adj.)
√t'q3 1 t'a[q+p] t'apq † puncture, perforate. ((stem), vt.)
√t'q4 1 t'áq=ney' t'aqne'y // cyst. ((lit. a sack), n.)
2 s+w'iʔ+p+ɫ+t'áq=ney' s'wi'pɫt'aqne'y flour sack. (n.)
√t'q5 1 s+t'eq=ʔɫn' st'eq'ɫ'n // huckleberries (a species of...found in the woods). (n.) [written as √tq in volume 1] s+teq=ɫn (a species of) huckleberries (found in the woods). (steqɫn, n.)
√t'q' 1 hn+t'áq'+n hnt'aq'n † Hayden Lake. (n.)
2 ʔapɫ t'+t'áq'+n Apɫ t't'aq'n Worley, saddle‑shaped mountain S.E. of Worley. (n.)
√t'qʷ1 1 t'aqʷ t'aqw † slap. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+t'áqʷ+m st'aqum buffet, slap. ((lit. slapping with the hand), vt.)
3 s+t'+t'áqʷ+n' st't'aqw'n dab. ((lit. a quick light pat), n.)
4 t'uqʷ+t'uqʷ=ačs+ncút t'uqwt'uqwachsntsut // clap. ((lit. He clapped himself as to the hands), v.)
5 s+t'uqʷ+t'uqʷ=čs+n'cút st'uqwt'uqwchs'ntsut acclaim (lit. clapping one's hands). (n.)
6 t'aqʷ‑nt‑s t'aqwnts ‡ cuff, he slapped him. (v.)
7 t'+t'áqʷ+t'uqʷ‑nt‑s t't'aqwt'uqwnts dab. ((lit. He struck or hit him lightly repeatedly with the palms of the hands), v.)
8 t'uqʷ=uʔs=ús‑nt‑s t'uqu'susnts slapped. (He...him in the face), v.)
√t'qʷ2 1 t'eqʷ t'eqw † explode, burst. ((stem)., vi.) [xref √t'q'ʷ]
√t'qʷ3 1 t'oqʷ t'oqw † to have power, succeed in everything.
√t'qʷ4 1 t'u·qʷ t'uuqw † partners (make...with), marry, team up. ((stem), n, vi.)
2 t'oqʷ t'oqw marry. ((stem), vt.)
3 an+t'oqʷ+m=íw'es ant'oqmi'wes // conjoin, conjunct, join together, united (to be...). (vi. (lit. They are united/joined together), vi.)
4 hn+t'oqʷ+qʷ+m=íw'es hnt'oqoqwmi'wes coalesce. ((lit. They became grown together), vi.)
5 s+n+t'oqʷ+m=íw'es snt'oqmi'wes contraction, drawing together. (n.)
6 hn+t'oqʷ+m=íw'es‑nt‑m hnt'oqwmi'wesntm ‡ combine, merge. ((lit. It was merged), vi.)
7 hn+t'oqʷ+m=íw'es+m‑st‑m‑lš hnt'oqmi'wesmstmlsh contract. ((lit. They were drawn together), vi.)
√t'qʷ5 1 s+n+t'uqʷ+úmn snt'uqumn sheath (for arrows), quiver. (n.) [v. 1 has √t'gʷ, analysis unclear]
√t'q'ʷ 1 t'u·q'ʷ t'uuq'w † extinguish, put out (e.g. light). ((stem), vt.)
2 t'aq'ʷ=s t'aq'w...s // burst (ref. to egg or eye). ((stem), vi.)
3 ɫ+t'q'ʷ=cin+m ɫt'q'wtsinm. blurt, (lit. he uttered impulsively). (vt.) [xref √t'qʷ]
√t'rk'ʷ 1 s+t'ark'ʷ st'ark'w † flee, fleeing. (vi, n.)
√t'rm' 1 s+t'ar+t'arím' st'art'ari'm † thunder. (n.)
√t's1 1 t'as t'as † skinny, thin. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+č+t'ás+s scht'ass atrophy. ((lit. becoming emaciated), n.)
√t's2 1 s+t'us st'us † marrow. (n.)
2 s+t'+t'ús st't'us bonbon, candy, confection. ((lit. little marrow), n.)
3 s+t'+t'ús+t'us st't'ust'us bonbons, confetti, confiture, sweetmeats. (pl.n.)
4 hn+t'+t'ús+n' hnt't'usn' candy store, confection, confectionary. (candy, n.)
5 u+x̣ʷel'+é s+n+qʷúl=enč he s+t'+t'ús uqhe'le snqulench he st't'us § cotton candy. ((lit. candy that resembles cotton), n.)
√t'sq'ʷ 1 t'asq'ʷ t'asq'w † weary (with waiting). ((stem), adj.)
√t'š 1 t'eš t'esh † sweet. ((stem), adj.)
2 t'eš+t t'esht delicate, sweet, sweetened (It is...or very sweet, delicate). (adj.)
3 t'iš t'ish sugar, sweetened. ((stem), n, adj.)
4 u· t'íš uut'ish It is sweet. (adj.)
5 hn+t'iš+n hnt'ishn bowl. ((lit. sugar container), n.)
6 s+t'šá st'sha huckleberries. (pl.n.)
7 ʔepɫ+t'íš Epɫt'ish Waverly, Washington. ((lit. It has sugar), n.)
8 s+t'š=astq st'shastq // huckleberries. ((lit. sweet crop), n.)
9 s+t'š=ástq st'shastq huckleberries. (sweet crop, pl.n.)
10 s+cil'+eɫ+s+t'š=astq stsi'leɫst'shastq blueberry. ((lit. a huckleberry substitute), n.)
11 hn+t'íš=ul'mxʷ hnt'ishu'lmkhw eclair. ((lit. sweet bread, that which is baked in the ground), n.)
12 hn+t'iš+t'íš=ulmxʷ hnt'isht'ishulmkhw cookie. ((lit. sweet little loaves of bread), n.)
13 s+cil'+eɫ+s+t'š=ástq stsi'leɫst'shastq § blueberry (lit. a huckleberry substitute). (n.)
14 u· hén he t'iš uuhen he t'ish brown sugar. ((lit. sugar that is more or less tan), n.)
15 čs+t'iš+iš+ɫ+mát'=us chst'ishishɫmat'us diabetes. ((lit. supplying the kidneys with sugar), n.)
√t'šsʔ 1 t'išsoʔ t'ishso' † sneeze. ((stem), vi.)
√t'xʷ1 1 t'exʷ t'ekhw † to die (people only), kill (people). ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 s+t'exʷ+p st'ekhwp corpses, carnage. (dead people, people who are slaughtered, n.)
√t'xʷ2 1 t'oxʷ t'okhw † superstition. ((stem), n.)
√t'xʷ3 1 t'uxʷ t'ukhw † to wade. ((stem), vi.)
2 t'uxʷ=ilš t'ukhwilsh // jump off. ((stem), vt.)
3 t'uʔúxʷ=l'š t'u'ukhw'lsh cavort. ((lit. He jumped around), v.)
4 hn+t'úxʷ=lš=kʷeʔ hnt'ukhwlshkwe' dip. ((lit. He plunged in, as into water), vt.)
√t'xʷl 1 t'ixʷl t'ikhwl † abnormal, different. ((stem), adj.)
2 t'íxʷl+m t'ikhwlm alien, foreigner. ((lit. A person of a different family), n.)
3 e· t'íxʷl+m eet'ikhwlm unlike, diverse, bizarre, different, stranger (lit. It is...). ((lit. H/s is different), adj, n.)
4 e· t'íxʷl+m‑lš eet'ikhwlmlsh pl. cf. sg. eet'ikhwlm. (adj.)
5 s+t'íxʷl+m st'ikhwlm difference, diversity, variety. (n.)
6 t'ixʷx[ʷ]l+m t'ikhukhlm different, alienated (He became different or alienated). (adj.)
7 t'ixʷ+xʷl+m+útm t'ikhukhwlmutm convertible. ((lit. It is trans­formable), adj.)
8 en+t'ʔíxʷl+m=elgʷes ent''ikhwlmelgwes // differ, disagree. ((lit. H/s is different in heart or thought), vi.)
9 e+n+t'íʔxʷl+m=cn ent'i khwlmtsn language (to speak a different...). (vt.)
10 t'íxʷxʷl+m=us t'ikhwkhwlmus discolor. ((lit. He was change as to his face), v.)
11 t'íxʷl+m‑s‑n t'ikhwlmsn ‡ change, convert, differentiate, transform. ((lit. I caused it to become different (as by modification), v.)
12 t'íxʷl+m‑stu‑s t'ikhwlmstus alter, different (He made it...). (adv.)
13 e+t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ+t et'ikhwlmɫtsegwt § eccentric, odd, queer, strange. (vi. (lit. H/s has different ways), adj.)
14 s+t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ+t st'ikhwlmɫtsegwt eccentricity, idiosyncrasy, peculiarity. ((lit. differences of a person's ways), n.)
15 t'ixʷl+m+ɫ+cégʷ‑nt‑m t'ikhwlmɫtsegwntm denature. ((lit. He was changed as to his nature), v.)
√t'xʷp 1 t'u·xʷ+p t'uukhup † to win, to earn. ((stem), vt.)
2 t'uxʷ+úp t'ukhup to attain, earn. ((lit. He gained or accomplished), v, vt.)
3 s+t'uxʷ+úp st'ukhup attainment, breakthrough, compendium, convert. ((lit. winning), n.)
4 kʷʔ‿t'uxʷúp ku't'ukhup earn. ((lit. You (sg.) gain a just pay for your labor, services, etc.), vt.)
√t'x̣ 1 tax̣ taqh † [also recorded as √tx̣] swift. ((stem), adj.)
2 s+t'áx̣+m st'aqhm accelerate. ((lit. speeding a thing up), vt.)
3 t'ax̣+t t'aqht fast (It is..., He is a...runner). (adj, n.)
4 s+t'ax̣+t st'aqht alacrity, celerity, speed, swiftness. (n.)
5 t'ax̣=ítkʷeʔ t'aqhitkwe' // swiftly (The stream runs...). (vi, n, adv.)
6 s+t'ax̣=ítkʷeʔ st'aqhitkwe' rapids. (n.)
7 i+č+t'áx̣=šn icht'aqhshn apace. ((lit. He is going at a rapid pace), adj.)
8 i č+t'áx̣=šin+mš icht'aqhshinmsh apace. (lit. He is going at a rapid pace). (adj.)
9 t'ax̣=ísč'ey't t'aqhisch'e'yt long‑winded (He is ...). ((lit. He has fast breath), adj.)
10 hn+t'ax̣=cn hnt'aqhtsn bold, loud, loud‑mouthed. ((lit. He is loud), adj.)
11 hn+t'áx̣=cn hnt'aqhtsn brazen, loud, loud‑mouthed. ((lit. He is loud‑mouthed), adj.)
12 hn+t'ax̣=cín+m‑nt‑s hnt'aqhtsinmnts ‡ blare, deafen. ((lit. H/s/i sounded loud­ly to him), v.)
13 t'ax̣+aɫ+q·ixʷ=íl'š t'aqhaɫqiikhwi'lsh § strong (The wind became...). (n, adj.)
14 t'ax̣+s+péw+m t'aqhspewm drummed (He...quickly, with fast tempo). (vt.)
15 šiɫ t'+t'áx̣+t shiɫ t't'aqht cruise. ((lit. He speeded just right), vi.)
16 t'ax̣+s+péw‑n t'aqhspewn He drummed quickly, with fast tempo. (vt.)
√t'x̣ʷč' 1 s+n+t'áx̣ʷč' snt'aqhwch' † arroyo, coulee, couloir. ((lit. gully), n.)
√t'yč 1 s+t'iyč+míš st'iychmish † virgin. (n.)
√t'ʔ1 1 t'iʔ t'i' † after. (prep.)
√t'ʔ2 1 t'uʔ t'u' † well. (adv.)
2 t'iʔ+ciʔ t'i'tsi' adequate, sufficient. ((lit. That is enough), adj.)
3 t'uʔ+láʔx̣ʷ t'u'la'qhw Well, tomorrow I am coming. (v.)
4 t'uʔ u+čn x̣é·s t'u' uchnqheees Well, I'm fine. (v.)

√w

√wh 1 wih wih † bark. ((stem), v.)
2 wih+m wihm bark. (vi.)
3 wíh+m wihm barked (he (the dog)...). (vi.)
4 s+wíh+m swihm bark (dog's...), bow‑wow. (n.)
5 wíh+weh+m wihwehm barked (the dogs...), dogs (the...barked). (vi, n.)
6 ec+wih+m etswihm The dog (cust.) barks. (vi.)
7 ec+wih+weh+m etswihwehm The dogs (cust.) bark. (vi.)
8 i c+wíh+mš itswihmsh The dog is barking. (vi.)
9 ic+wíh+weh+mš itswihwehmsh barking (the dogs are...). (vi.)
10 t'iʔ+wíh+m t'i'wihm The dog has barked. (v.)
11 t'iʔ+wíh+weh+m t'i'wihwehm dogs (The...have barked). (n.)
12 t'iʔ+wí+weh+m t'i'wiwehm barked (The dogs have...). (vi.)
13 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh+m+s t'i'khhweswihms barked (The dog had...). (vi.)
14 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh+weh+m+s t'i'khweswihwehms barked (The dogs had...). (vi.)
15 čes+wíh+m cheswihm h/s will be barked at, the dog will bark. (vt.)
16 čes+wíh+weh+mš cheswihwehmsh bark. ((lit. the dogs will bark), vi.)
17 k'ʷ neʔ wíh+m k'wne'wihm The dog is going to bark. (vi.)
18 k'ʷ neʔ wíh+weh+m k'wne'wihwehm The dogs are going to bark. (vi.)
19 wih+m‑š wihmsh ‡ (You‑sg.) bark! (imper.). (vi.)
20 wíh+weh+m-ul wihwehmul (You dogs) bark! (imper.). (vi.)
21 wíh‑nt‑sel-em wihntselem barked (I was...at). (vi.)
22 ec+wih‑st‑me‑lem etswihstmelem I am barked at (by a dog). (v.)
23 č‿y'c+wíh+m chi'tswihm I am being barked at. (vt.)
24 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑se‑lem t'i'wihntselem I have been barked at. (v.)
25 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑sel-em t'i'khweswihntselem barked (I had been...at). (vi.)
26 čeɫ+či‿s+wíh+m cheɫchiswihm barked. ((lit. I will be barked at), vi.)
27 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑selem k'wne'wihntselem I am going to be barked at. (vi.)
28 wíh‑nt‑sit wihntsit You (sg.) were barked at. (vi.)
29 ec+wih‑st‑mi‑t etswihstmit You (sg.) are barked at. (v.)
30 kʷu‿y'‿c+wíh+m ku'ytswihm You (sg.) are being barked at. (v.)
31 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑si-t t'i'wihntsit You (s) have been barked at. (v.)
32 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑si-t t'i'khweswihntsit barked (You (sg.) had been...at). (vi.)
33 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+wíh+m cheɫkuswihm You (sg.) will be barked at. (vi.)
34 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑si‑t k'wne'wihntsit You (sg.) are going to be barked at. (vi.)
35 wih‑nt‑m wihntm H/S was barked at. (vi.)
36 ec+wih‑st‑m etswihstm H/s/i is barked at. (vi.)
37 i c+wíh+m itswihm H/s is being barked at. (vi.)
38 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑m t'i'wihntm H/s had been barked at. (v.)
39 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑m t'i'khweswihntm barked (H/s had been...at). (vi.)
40 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑m k'wne'wihntm H/s is going to be barked at. (vi.)
41 wíh‑nt‑elit wihntelit We were barked at. (vi.)
42 ec+wih‑st‑eli‑t etswihstelit We are barked at. (vi.)
43 č‿y'c+wíh+m chi'tswihm We are being barked at. (vt.)
44 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑eli-t t'i'wihntelit We have been barked at. (v.)
45 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑eli-t t'i'khweswihntelit barked (We had been...at). (vi.)
46 čeɫ+č‿s+wíh+m cheɫchswihm bark. ((lit. we will be barked at), vi.)
47 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑eli‑t k'wne'wihntelit We are going to be barked at. (vi.)
48 wíh‑nt‑ulmi‑t wihntulmit You (pl.) were barked at. (vi.)
49 ec+wíh‑st‑ulm-it etswihstulmit bark at. ((lit. You (pl.) are barked at), vi.)
50 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+wíh+m kup'itswihm You (pl.) are being barked at. (vi.)
51 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑ulmi‑t t'i'wihntulmit You (pl) have been barked at. (v.)
52 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑ulm‑it t'i'khweswihntulmit barked (You (pl.) had been...at). (vi.)
53 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+wíh+m cheɫkupswihm (lit. you will be barked at). (vt.)
54 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑ulmi‑t k'wne'wihntulmit You (pl.) are going to be barked at. (vi.)
55 wih‑nt‑m‑lš wihntmlsh They were barked at. (vi.)
56 ec+wih‑st‑m‑lš etswihstmlsh They are barked at. (vi.)
57 i c+wíh+m‑lš itswihmlsh They are being barked at. (vi.)
58 t'iʔ+wíh‑nt‑m‑lš t'i'wihntmlsh They have been barked at. (v.)
59 t'iʔxʷe+s+wíh‑nt‑m‑lš t'i'khweswihntmlsh barked (They had been...at). (vi.)
60 čes+wíh+m‑lš cheswihmlsh they will be barked at. (vi.)
61 k'ʷ neʔ wíh‑nt‑m‑lš k'wne'wihntmlsh They are going to be barked at. (vi.)
√wlč' 1 welč' welch' † roll, rolled (it (sphere)...), thrown (he was...off horse). ((stem) (e.g. a solid object), v, vi.)
2 wíl·č' willch' thrown (they were...off horse), walked (they (plump people)...around). (vi.)
3 s+čet+w'él'+w'l'č'+m'š schet'we'l'w'lch"msh bowling. ((lit. rolling on repeatedly), n.)
4 e+čet+w'el+w'l'č+t'+m'‑st'‑m echet'we'lw'lcht''mst'm ‡ ball (bowling). ((lit. That w/c is rolled in bowling), n.)
5 e+čet+w'el'+wl'č'+m'‑st‑m' echet'we'lw'lch"mst'm bowling ball. ((lit. That w/c is rolled in bowling), n.)
√wlm 1 wl+wlím wlwlim † aluminum, argent, capital, coin, metal, money, silver. (n.)
2 w'l'+w'l'im' 'w'l'w'li'm knife. ((lit. little iron), n.)
3 w'l'+wl'ím' 'w'lw'li'm knife. (n.)
4 s+n+wl+wlím+n snwlwlimn bank, billfold. ((lit. something to contain paper money), n.)
5 ʔepɫ+wl+wlím epɫwlwlim money (to have...), he has money. (vt.)
6 ʔep+s+n+wlím+n epsnwlimn banker. ((lit. One who has a place for metal money), n.)
7 ʔep+s+n+wl+wlím+n epsnwlwlimn cashier, teller. ((lit. One who has a place for metal money), n.)
8 cmiʔ epɫ+wl+wlím tsmi'epɫ wlwlim money (he used to have...). (n.)
9 s+wl+wlm=ín'č swlwlmi'nch // gun, rifle. ((lit. metal weapon), n.)
10 s+w'+w'l'+w'l'm'=ín'č s'w'w'l'w'l'mi'nch carbine. ((lit. a small rifle), n.)
11 s+n+wl+wlm=ín'č+n snwlwlmi'nchn arsenal. ((lit. place for weapons (guns), n.)
12 ʔaʕʷ+eɫ+wl+wlím a(weɫwlwlim § well‑to‑do, rich, wealthy (to be...). ((lit. H/s has much money), adj.)
13 wl+wlím ha ʕec+el'+s+čí+čeʔ+n wlwlim ha (etse'lschiche'n cable. ((lit. metal what is a rope), n.)
14 a+ʕʷ+eɫ+wl+wlím a(weɫwlwlim rich (to be...). ((lit. H/s has much money), vi.)
15 kʷen+ɫ+w'l'+w'l'ím' kwenɫ'w'l'w'li'm knife (h/s took a...). (n.)
16 kʷen+ɫ+wl+wlím kwenɫwlwlim money (h/s took some...). (n.)
17 č+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím+n chte'eɫwlwlimn anvil. (n.)
18 hn+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím+n hnte'eɫwlwlimn blacksmith shop, forge, smithy. ((lit. place for shaping metals by hammering), n.)
19 sye+teʔ+eɫ+wl+wlím syete'eɫwlwlim blacksmith, coppersmith. ((lit. One who shapes metals by hammering), n.)
20 s+k'ʷul'+ɫ wl+wlím sk'u'lɫ wlwlim coinage. ((lit. making money), n.)
21 č'+č'en'eʔ he wl+wlim ch'ch'e'ne' he wlwlim chicken feed (lit. small money, trifling amount of money). (n.)
√wlms 1 wlums+mú Wlumsmu † Williams (name of). (n.)
√wlʔ 1 s+wé+wlaʔ=qn swewla'qn // sound (...of wind on tree tops etc.), wind (sound of...on tree tops etc.). (n.)
√wnm 1 s+wánem' swane'm † economizing, economy, thrift. (n.)
√wnš 1 winš winsh † wardance. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+winš swinsh dancing (war...), war (to...dance). (vi, n.)
√wr 1 s+wár=ep swarep // skunk's organ for spraying. (n.)
2 t+wár=gʷl twargul stomach (Person with a well‑rounded...). (n.)
√wrč 1 warč warch † frog. (n.)
2 is+wár+warč+iš iswarwarchish croak. ((lit. It (frog) is making croaking sounds), vi.)
3 qel'+tmxʷ+ɫ+wárč qe'ltmkhwɫwarch ‡ bullfrog. ((lit. a male frog), n.)
√wsx̣ 1 wésx̣+ax̣ wesqhaqh † robin. (n.)
√wš 1 wiš wish † build, raise poles. ((stem), v.)
2 ec+wíš etswish stand. ((lit. The house stands), vi.)
3 hiyc+wíš hiytswish structure. ((lit. that which is built up), n.)
4 wíš=ɫxʷ wishɫkhw // built, construct. ((lit. He built a house), vt.)
5 s+wíš=ɫxʷ swishɫkhw building (...a house), construction. (vt, n.)
6 ic+wíš=ɫxʷ itswishɫkhw build. ((lit. He is building a house), vt.)
7 s+nuk'ʷ+c+wiš snuk'wtswish § co‑exist, fellow, inmate, roommate. (in a house, n.)
√wšn 1 wašn Washn † administration, bureaucracy, Washington, D.C.. (n.)
2 lut ul wášn lut ul Washn § apolitical. ((lit. not belonging to Wash., D.C.), adj.)
√wšʔ 1 wíšuʔ+s wishu's † white tail deer. (n.)
√wt1 1 wit wit † maggoty, worm‑ridden. ((stem), adj.)
2 u· wí·t uuwÍ··t expression of a person when he swarm of maggots. (excl.)
√wt2 1 wt=cn+mé+ncut wttsnmentsut // always finding fault, carp, complain. ((lit. He found fault and complained constantly/He expressed feelings of dissatisfaction), vt, vi.)
2 s+wt=cn+mé+ncut swttsnmentsut complaint, fretting. (n.)
√wt'č 1 s+wít'č=alqʷ swit'chalqw // type of pine on top of Mt. Grizzly, has edible cones once every seven years. (n.)
√ww 1 u+wí·w uwiiiw! † chatterbox, mumble, prattle (He made a continuous mumble or...). (He is a chatterbox, n.)
√wxʷ 1 wuxʷ wukhw † draft. ((stem), n.) [xref √wx̣ʷ]
√wx̣1 1 wax̣ waqh † murm[u]r (e.g. a brook). ((stem), v.)
2 wáx̣=iʔɫp waqhi'ɫp // dog‑wood, wild maple. (n.)
√wx̣2 1 wex̣ weqh † chapped. ((stem), adj.) [see also √wʔx̣]
√wx̣ʷ 1 wu·x̣ʷ wuuqhw † draft, wind. ((stem), n.) [xref √wxʷ]
√wy 1 wa·y waaay! † babel. ((lit. a confused sound of voices), n.)
2 way· wayyy ! (onom?) babel (lit. a confused sound of voices). (n.)
3 u· wá·y uuwaaay! babel. ((lit. They made a confused sound of voices), excl.)
√wyč 1 we·+wyíč (weewyich † wee owl, whip‑poor‑will, figuratively: cannibal or assimilation. (n.)
√wyp 1 s+wiyép+mš=mš swiyepmshmsh // acculturation, civilization. ((lit. becoming non‑In­dian), n.)
2 ic+wiyép+mš=mš itswiyepmshmsh Anglicize, civilize. ((lit. He is becoming English idiom or character/as Caucasian race; h/s is being civilized), vi.)
3 s+n+wyép+mš=cn snwyepmshtsn English language. (n.)
4 s+n+wyép+mš=cn=mš snwyepmshtsnmsh English language. (n.)
√wyq 1 wayq wayq † bother. ((stem), vi.)
2 wáyq‑nt‑s wayqnts ‡ aggravate. ((lit. He bothered him), vt.)
√wy' 1 s+wiʔ swi' † goodlooking, handsome, (ref to persons only). ((stem), adj.)
2 s+wiʔ+núm+t+mš swi'numtmsh beautiful (She is...), beauty, beautiful girl, handsome (He is...), comely, curvaceous. (vi, adj.)
3 s+w'iʔ+w'iʔ+n'úm'+t'+mš s'wi''wi''nu'mt'msh young people (usually good looking). (n.)
4 s+wiʔ+núm+t+mš he šíw'+tm swi'numtmsh he shi'wtm § Diana, belle. ((lit. a girl who is beautiful), n.)
5 čn‿x̣e[m]=[en]č [ɫ] s+wiʔ+núm+t=mš chnqhencht swi'numtmsh aesthete, connoisseur. ((lit. I love beautiful persons), n.)
√wʔ 1 wiʔ wi' † announced, annunciated, cry out, shout, shouted (he...). ((lit. town crier in Indian village), vi, vt.)
2 wi·ʔ wiii' shouting (Kept on...). (vt.)
3 s+wiʔ swi' announcement (public...), shouting. (n.)
4 ec+wiʔ+s+t etswi'st call (...aloud). ((stem), vt.)
5 ec+wíʔ+š etswi'sh... call aloud.
6 is+wíʔ+weʔ+iš iswi'we'ish bluster. ((lit. He is speaking again and again noisily and boastfully), vi.)
7 is+wíʔ+weʔ+wiš iswi'we'wish shouting, chatter. ((lit. He is uttering inarti­culate speechlike sounds), vi.)
8 sye·+wiʔ syeewi' announcer, barker, emcee, herald, town crier. (n.)
9 wíʔ-nt-selem wi'ntselem ‡ called (I was...aloud). (vt.)
10 ec+wíʔ‑st‑me‑lem etswi'stmelem I am called aloud. (vt.)
11 č‿y'c+wíʔ+m chi'tswi'm gloss?? I am being called aloud. (vt.)
12 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑em t'i'khweswi'ntselem I had been called aloud. (v.)
13 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑lem t'i'wi'ntselem I have been called aloud. (v.)
14 čeɫ‿či‿s+wíʔ+m cheɫchiswi'm I will be called aloud. (v.)
15 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑em k'wne'wi'ntselem I am going to be called aloud. (vi.)
16 wíʔ‑nt‑s‑n wi'ntsn called (I...you (sg.) aloud). (vt.)
17 ec+wíʔ‑st‑m‑n etswi'stmn I call you (sg.) aloud. (vt.)
18 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+wíʔ+n kwi'tswi'n I am calling you(s) aloud. (v.)
19 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑s‑n t'i'khweswi'ntsn I had called you (s) aloud. (v.)
20 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑s‑n t'i'wi'ntsn I have called you (s) aloud. (v.)
21 čeɫ+kʷ‿i-s+wíʔ+m cheɫkwiswi'm call. ((lit. I will call you (sg.)), vt.)
22 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑s‑n k'wne'wi'ntsn I am going to call you (sg.) aloud. (vi.)
23 wíʔ‑n wi'n called (I...h/h aloud). (vt.)
24 ec+wíʔ‑s‑n etswi'sn I call h/h aloud. (v.)
25 hiʔc+wíʔ+m hi'tswi'm am calling (I...h/h). (vt.)
26 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑n t'i'khweswi'n I had called h/h aloud. (v.)
27 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑n t'i'wi'n I have called h/h aloud. (v.)
28 čeɫ‿hi‑s+wíʔ+m cheɫhiswi'm I will call h/h aloud. (v.)
29 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑n k'wne'wi'n I am going to call h/h aloud. (vi.)
30 wíʔ‑nt‑ulm‑n wi'ntulmn called (I...you (p1.) aloud). (vt.)
31 ec+wíʔ‑st‑ulm‑n etswi'stulmn I call you (pl.) aloud. (vt.)
32 kʷp‿hiʔc+wíʔ-m kuphi'tswi'm calling (I am...you (pl) aloud). (vt.)
33 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑ulm‑n t'i'khweswi'ntulmn I had called you (pl) aloud. (v.)
34 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑ulm‑n t'i'wi'ntulmn I have called you (pl) aloud. (v.)
35 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑ulm‑n k'wne'wi'ntulmn I am going to call you (pl.) aloud. (vi.)
36 wíʔ‑n‑lš wi'nlsh called (I...them aloud). (vt.)
37 ec+wíʔ‑s‑n‑lš etswi'snlsh I call them aloud. (vt.)
38 hiʔc+wíʔ+m‑lš hi'tswi'mlsh am calling (I...them aloud). (vt.)
39 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑n‑lš t'i'khweswi'nlsh I had called them aloud. (v.)
40 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑n‑lš t'i'wi'nlsh I have called them aloud. (v.)
41 čeɫ‿hi‑s+wíʔ+m‑lš cheɫ hiswi'mlsh I will call them aloud. (v.)
42 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑n‑lš k'wne'wi'nlsh I am going to call them aloud. (vi.)
43 wíʔ‑nt‑si‑t wi'ntsit You (sg.) were called aloud. (vt.)
44 ec+wíʔ‑st‑mi‑t etswi'stmit you (sg.) are called aloud. (vt.)
45 kʷu‿y'‿c+wíʔ+m ku'ytswi'm You (sg.) are being called aloud. (v.)
46 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑si‑t t'i'khweswi'ntsit you (s) had been called aloud. (v.)
47 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑si‑t t'i'wi'ntsit You (s) have been called aloud. (v.)
48 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+wíʔ+m cheɫkuswi'm (lit. you(sg.) will be called aloud). (vt.)
49 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑si‑t k'wne'wi'ntsit You (sg.) are going to be called aloud. (vi.)
50 wíʔ‑nt‑se‑xʷ wi'ntsekhw You (sg.) called me aloud. (vt.)
51 ec+wíʔ‑st‑me‑xʷ etswi'stmekhw you (sg.) call me aloud. (vt.)
52 čn'‿y'c+wiʔ+m chn'i'tswi'm you (s) are calling me aloud. (v.)
53 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑xʷ t'i'khweswi'ntsekhw you (s) had called me aloud. (v.)
54 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑xʷ t'i'wi'ntsekhw You (s) have called me aloud. (v.)
55 čeɫ‿čn‿ʔi‑s+wíʔ+m cheɫchn'iswi'm you (s) will call me aloud. (v.)
56 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑se‑xʷ k'wne'wi'ntsekhw You (sg.) are going to call me aloud. (vi.)
57 wiʔ‑nt‑s wi'nts (You sg.) call me aloud! (imper.). (vt.)
58 wíʔ‑nt‑sel wi'ntsel Call me aloud! (v. (Imp. sg.))
59 neʔ+wíʔi-nt-se-xʷ ne'wi'intsekhw call (You (sg.) shall...me aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
60 wiʔ‑nt‑xʷ wi'ntkhw You (sg.) called h/h aloud. (v.)
61 ec+wíʔ‑st‑xʷ etswi'stkhw you (sg.) call h/h aloud. (vt.)
62 iʔ c+wíʔ+m i'tswi'm You(s) are calling h/h aloud. (vt.)
63 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑xʷ t'i'khweswi'ntkhw you (s) had called h/h aloud. (v.)
64 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑xʷ t'i'wi'ntkhw You (s) have called h/h aloud. (v.)
65 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+wíʔ+m cheɫ'iswi'm you (s) will call h/h aloud. (v.)
66 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑xʷ k'wne'wi'ntkhw You (sg.) are going to call h/h aloud. (vi.)
67 neʔ+wíʔi-nt‑xʷ ne'wi'intkhw call (You (sg.) shall...h/h aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
68 neʔ+wíʔi-nt‑xʷ‑lš ne'wi'intkhwlsh call (You (sg.) shall...them aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
69 wiʔ‑nt‑m wi'ntm H/S was called aloud. (vt.)
70 ec+wíʔ‑st‑m etswi'stm h/s is called aloud. (vt.)
71 i c+wíʔ+m itswi'm H/s is being called aloud. (vt.)
72 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑m t'i'khweswi'ntm h/s had been called aloud. (v.)
73 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑m t'i'wi'ntm h/s has been called aloud. (v.)
74 čes+wiʔ+m cheswi'm he/she will be called aloud. (vt.)
75 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑m k'wne'wi'ntm H/s is going to be called aloud. (vi.)
76 wiʔ‑nt wi'nt Call h/h aloud! (v. (Imp. sg.))
77 wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s wi'ntses H/S called me aloud. (vt.)
78 ec+wíʔ‑st‑me‑s etswi'stmes h/s calls me aloud. (vt.)
79 č‿y'c+wíʔ+m chi'tswi'ms h/s is calling me aloud. (vt.)
80 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s t'i'khweswi'ntses h/s had called me aloud. (v.)
81 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s t'i'wi'ntses h/s has called me aloud. (v.)
82 čeɫ‿či‿s+wíʔ+m‑s cheɫchiswi'ms h/s will call me aloud. (v.)
83 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s k'wne'wi'ntses H/s is going to call me aloud. (vi.)
84 wíʔ‑nt‑si‑s wi'ntsis H/S called you (sg.) aloud. (vt.)
85 ec+wíʔ‑st‑mi‑s etswi'stmis h/s calls you (sg.) aloud. (vt.)
86 kʷu‿y'‿c+wíʔ+m‑s ku'ytswi'ms H/s is calling you (sg.) aloud. (v.)
87 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑si‑s t'i'khweswi'ntsis h/s had called you (s) aloud. (v.)
88 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑si‑s t'i'wi'ntsis h/s has called you (s) aloud. (v.)
89 čeɫ‿kʷu‿s+wíʔ+m cheɫkuswi'ms (lit. h/s will call you(sg.) aloud). (vt.)
90 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑si‑s k'wne'wi'ntsis H/s is going to call you (sg.) aloud. (vi.)
91 wiʔ‑nt‑s wi'nts H/s called h/h aloud. (vt.)
92 ec+wíʔ‑stu‑s etswi'stus h/s calls h/h aloud. (vt.)
93 i c+wíʔ+m‑s itswi'ms H/s is calling h/h aloud. (vt.)
94 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑s t'i'khweswi'nts h/s had called h/h aloud. (v.)
95 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑s t'i'wi'nts h/s has called h/h aloud. (v.)
96 čes+wiʔ+m‑s cheswi'ms h/s will call h/h aloud. (v.)
97 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑s k'wne'wi'nts H/s is going to call h/h aloud. (vi.)
98 wíʔ‑nt‑el‑it wi'ntelit We were called aloud. (vt.)
99 ec+wíʔ‑st‑eli‑t etswi'stelit we are called aloud. (vt.)
100 č‿y'c+wíʔ+m chi'tswi'm We are being called aloud. (vi.)
101 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑eli‑t t'i'khweswi'ntelit We had been called aloud. (v.)
102 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑elit t'i'wi'ntelit We have been called aloud. (v.)
103 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑eli‑t k'wne'wi'ntelit We are going to be called aloud. (vi.)
104 wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑t wi'ntulmit You (pl.) were called aloud. (v.)
105 ec+wíʔ‑st‑ulmi‑t etswi'stulmit you (pl.) are called aloud. (vt.)
106 kʷup‿ʔi‿c+wíʔ+m kup'itswi'm You (pl.) are being called aloud. (vi.)
107 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑t t'i'khweswi'ntulmit you (pl) had been called aloud. (v.)
108 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑t t'i'wi'ntulmit You (pl) have been called aloud. (v.)
109 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+wíʔ+m cheɫkupswi'm (lit. you (pl) will be called aloud). (vi.)
110 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑t k'wne'wi'ntulmit You (pl.) are going to be called aloud. (vi.)
111 wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑p wi'ntselp You (pl.) called me aloud. (vt.)
112 ec+wíʔ‑st‑me‑lp etswi'stmelp you (pl.) call me aloud. (vt.)
113 čn'‿y'c+wíʔ‑mp chn'i'tswi'mp You (pl.) are calling me aloud. (vt.)
114 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑p t'i'khweswi'ntselp you (pl) had called me aloud. (v.)
115 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑p t'i'wi'ntselp you (pl) have called me aloud. (v.)
116 čeɫ‿či‿s+wíʔ+m‑p cheɫchiswi'mp you (pl) will call me aloud. (v.)
117 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑sel‑p k'wne'wi'ntselp You (pl.) are going to call me aloud. (vi.)
118 neʔ+wíʔi-nt-sel-p ne'wi'intselp call (You (pl.) are to...me aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
119 wíʔ‑nt‑ul wi'ntul (You pl.) call h/h aloud! (imper). (vt.)
120 neʔ+wíʔi-nt‑p ne'wi'intp call (You (pl.) shall...h/h aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
121 wiʔ‑nt‑p‑lš wi'ntplsh You (pl.) called them aloud. (v.)
122 ec+wíʔ‑st‑xʷ‑lš etswi'stkhwlsh you (pl.) call them aloud. (vt.)
123 iʔ c+wíʔ+m‑lš i'tswi'mlsh You(pl) are calling them aloud. (vt. Gloss: You (sg) are calling them.)
124 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑p‑lš t'i'khweswi'ntplsh you (pl) had called them aloud. (v.)
125 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑xʷ‑lš t'i'wi'ntkhwlsh You (pl) have called them aloud. (v.)
126 čeɫ‿ʔi‑s+wíʔ+m‑lš cheɫ'iswi'mlsh gloss?? you (pl) will call them aloud. (v.)
127 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑p‑lš k'wne'wi'ntplsh You (pl.) are going to call them aloud. (vi.)
128 neʔ+wíʔi-nt‑p‑lš ne'wi'intplsh call (You (pl.) are to...them aloud!). ((imp.), vt.)
129 wiʔ‑nt‑m‑lš wi'ntmlsh They were called aloud. (vt.)
130 ec+wíʔ‑st‑m‑lš etswi'stmlsh they are called aloud. (vt.)
131 i c+wíʔ+m itswi'mlsh They are being called aloud. (vt.)
132 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑m‑lš t'i'khweswi'ntmlsh they had been called aloud. (v.)
133 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑m‑lš t'i'wi'ntmlsh They have been called aloud. (v.)
134 čes+wéʔ+m‑lš cheswe'mlsh they will be called aloud. (v.)
135 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑m‑lš k'wne'wi'ntmlsh They are going to be called aloud. (vi.)
136 wiʔ‑nt‑lš wi'ntlsh Call them aloud! (v. (Imp. [pl.]))
137 wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s‑lš wi'ntseslsh They called me aloud. (vt.)
138 ec+wíʔ‑st‑me‑s‑lš etswi'stmeslsh they call me aloud. (vt.)
139 č‿y'c+wíʔ+m‑s‑lš chi'tswi'mslsh They are calling me aloud. (vt.)
140 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s‑lš t'i'khweswi'ntseslsh they had called me aloud. (v.)
141 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s‑lš t'i'wi'ntseslsh They have called me aloud. (v.)
142 čeɫ‿č‿hi‑s+wíʔ+m‑s‑lš cheɫchiswi'mslsh ?? they will call me aloud. (v.)
143 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑se‑s‑lš k'wne'wi'ntseslsh They are going to call me aloud. (vi.)
144 wiʔ‑nt‑s‑lš wi'ntslsh They called h/h aloud. (vt.)
145 ec+wíʔ‑stu‑s‑lš etswi'stuslsh they call h/h aloud. (vt.)
146 i c+wíʔ+m‑s‑lš itswi'mslsh They are calling h/h aloud. (vt.)
147 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑s‑lš t'i'khweswi'ntslsh they had called h/h aloud. (v.)
148 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑s‑lš t'i'wi'ntslsh They have called h/h aloud. (v.)
149 čes+wiʔ+m‑s‑lš cheswi'mslsh they will call h/h aloud. (v.)
150 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑s‑lš k'wne'wi'ntslsh They are going to call h/h aloud. (vi.)
151 wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑lš wi'ntulmislsh They called you (pl.) aloud. (vt.)
152 ec+wíʔ‑st‑mi‑s‑lš etswi'stmislsh they call you (pl.) aloud. (vt.)
153 kʷu‿y'‿c+wíʔ+m‑s‑lš ku'ytswi'mslsh They are calling you (pl.) aloud. (v.)
154 t'ixʷ es+wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑s‑lš t'i'khweswi'ntulmislsh they had called you (pl) aloud. (v.)
155 t'iʔ+wíʔ‑nt‑si‑s‑lš t'i'wi'ntsislsh They have called you (pl) aloud. (v.)
156 čeɫ‿kʷup‿s+wíʔ+m‑s‑lš cheɫkupswi'mslsh (lit. they will call you (pl.) aloud). (vt.)
157 k'ʷ neʔ wíʔ‑nt‑ulmi‑s‑lš k'wne'wi'ntulmislsh They are going to call you (pl.) aloud. (vi.)
√wʔp 1 s+w'iʔp+ɫ+t'áq=ney' s'wi'pɫt'aqne'y § flour sack. (n.) [possibly related to √wyp]
√wʔt' 1 s+weʔít'+n swe'it'n † spring, well. (n.)
√wʔx̣ 1 waʔx̣ wa'qh † sting, smart (to...). ((stem), vi.) [probable inchoative of √wx̣2]

√w'

√w' 1 uw'eʔ+n+t u'we'nt † low (to be very...). ((stem), v.)
2 uw'e+m'n'=ús u'we'm'nus // coistrel, knave, bogus, rascal. ((lit. He is good for nothing), n.)
3 ɫuʔ+w'e ɫu'we § that near third person or remote. (n.)
4 uw'+em'n'=ús he s+míʔyem u'we'm'nus he smi'yem worthless (a woman who is...). (adj, n.)
5 úw'e k'ʷ+k'ʷn=iy'eʔ u'we k'uk'w'ni'ye' awhile. ((lit. for a short time only), adv.)
6 uw'+ic+qox̣á·ʔ+qʷʔel' u'witsqoqhaaa'qw'e'l buttonhole. ((lit. He kept on talking and talking), vt.)
7 ɫuʔ+w'en ɫuʔ x̣es+t ɫu'wenɫu'qhest that one is a good man, besides. (vi.)
8 uw'e+n+púʔs+n u'wenpu'sn abstract (lit. only in imagination). (n.) [see appendix C]
√w'l' 1 w'el' 'we'l † clownish, silly, unnatural. ((stem), adj.)
√w't 1 w'et 'wet † to roll (e.g. a solid object), to be just outside door.
√w'ʔ 1 s+w'aʔ s'wa' † cougar, tiger. (n.)

√xʷ

√xʷc1 1 xʷec khwets † to suffer. ((stem), vi.)
2 s+n+xʷc+xʷc+m=ʔíl's snkhwtskhwts'mi'ls // agony, anguish. ((lit. suffering with great anguish), n.)
3 hn+xʷc+xʷc+m=íl's hnkhwtskhwtsmi'ls suffered (he...). (vi.)
4 s+nukʷ+n+xʷc+xʷc+m'=íl's snukwnkhwtskhwts'mi'ls § compassion. ((lit. fellow sufferer), n.)
√xʷc2 1 xʷ+xʷic khukhwits † short. ((stem), adj.)
2 xʷ+xʷíc+eʔ khukhwitse' concise, brief, curt, short, terse. ((lit. It goes only here, not there), adj.)
3 čs+xʷ+xʷíc+eʔ chskhukhwitse' bob‑tail. ((lit. a short tail), n.)
4 xʷ+xʷéc=al'qʷ khukhwetsa'lqw // short (He is...). (adj.)
5 s+can+[x]ʷ+xʷic=cn' stsanqhukhwitsts'n bob. ((a short haircut on a woman or child), n.)[xref √x̣ʷc2]
√xʷc'1 1 xʷc'+út Khwts'ut † crag, Rocky Mountains, Clear Water Mountains (in Idaho). ((lit. rocky mountain), n.)
2 s+q'eyuʔ+ɫ+xʷc'+út Sq'eyu'ɫkhwts'ut § Lawrence Nicodemus (Indian name of). ((lit. Disbelieved Rocky Mountain), n.)
√xʷc'2 1 xʷic' khwits' † amuse, befriend, companion (be a...to), entertain. ((stem). whistle, vt, n.) [written as √xʷc in volume 1] xʷic to entertain, amuse. (khwits)
2 xʷíc'+eʔ-nt‑s khwits'e'nts ‡ consort. ((lit. He kept him company), vt.)
√xʷc'3 1 xʷic' khwit's † indicate, point out. ((stem), vt.)
√xʷd 1 xʷed khwed † to itch. ((stem), vi.)
2 xʷed+p khwedp It itched. (vi.)
3 xʷád=alqʷ khwadalqw // grub worm, wood worm. (grub (lit. tickling of pole), n.)
4 s+t+xʷd+p=íc'eʔ stkhwdpits'e' eczema. ((lit. intense itching of the skin), n.)
√xʷdnt 1 s+xʷúdent skhudent † ice cream, ice. (n.)
2 xʷdent=íl'š khudenti'lsh // congeal, freeze. (conceal (lit. It (water) was turned into ice by cold), vt.) [xref √x̣ʷdnt]
√xʷk'ʷ1 1 xʷek'ʷ khwek'w † clean, sweep. ((stem), vt.)
2 u· xʷék'ʷ uukhwek'w candid, chaste, clean, decent, pure, sincere (it is...). (adj.)
3 u· xʷúk'ʷ+xʷk'ʷ uukhuk'wkhuk'w cleans (she...habitually). (vi.)
4 u· xʷúk'ʷ+xʷk'ʷ+xʷk'ʷ uukhuk'wkhuk'wkhuk'w habitually (she cleans...). (adv.)
5 s+xʷék'ʷ+m skhwek'um clean (to make...). (vi.)
6 sye·+xʷék'ʷ+m syeekhwek'um cleaning person. ((lit. One who is hired to do cleaning), n.)
7 hn+xʷk'ʷ=íɫc 'e+n' hnkhuk'wiɫts'e'n // cathartic. ((lit. cleaning inside), n.)
8 hn+xʷk'ʷ=íns+n hnkhuk'winsn dentifrice. ((lit. means of cleaning the teeth), n.)
9 hn+xʷuk'ʷ+xʷuk'ʷ=íns+m hnkhuk'wkhuk'winsm He brushed his teeth. (vt.)
10 s+t+xʷk'ʷ+p=ílgʷes stkhuk'wpilgwes catharsis. ((lit. the heart becoming clean, a purifying or figurative cleansing of the emotions), n.)
11 sye+xʷk'ʷ=íɫxʷ syekhuk'wiɫkhw charwoman. ((lit. One who cleans house(s)), n.)
12 xʷk'ʷ=ílup+n khuk'wilupn broom. ((lit. instrument for cleaning floors, mattress, etc.), n.)
13 *s+xʷuk'ʷ=ílup sqhuk'wilup to sweep. (vt.)
14 t+xʷék'ʷ‑nt‑s tkhwek'wnts ‡ efface, delete. ((lit. He cleaned it off, he erased it), v.) [xref √x̣ʷk'ʷ]
√xʷk'ʷ2 1 s+xʷík'ʷ+t skhwik'wt † frost. (n.)
2 t+xʷ+xʷík'ʷ+xʷak'ʷ=ečen'=us tkhukhwik'wkhwak'weche'nus // frosty eyebrows. (n.)
√xʷl1 1 xʷel khwel † alive, live. ((stem), adj.)
2 xʷél+xʷl+t khwelkhwlt debt. ((lit. It came back to life, that which is due from one person to another), n.)
3 ec+xʷel+xʷl+t etskhwelkhwlt alive (be), living (be). (v.)
4 ec+xʷél+xʷl+t etskhwelkhwlt alive (to be...). (vi.)
5 s+xʷel+xʷl+m skhwelkhwlm conservation (lit. preserving in life from destruction). (n.)
6 hn+xʷél+xʷl+n hnkhwelkhwln culture, electro‑chemistry, life, life (way of...), lifestyle, vital capacity. (n.)
7 ul hn+xʷél+xʷl+n ul hnkhwelkhwln cultural. ((lit. belonging to a way of living), adj.)
8 hn+xʷl+xʷl+scút+n Hnkhwlkhwlstsutn Christ, Savior. ((lit. means of resurrecting oneself), n.)
9 ʔepɫ+xʷé[l]+xʷl+t epɫkhwekhwlt debtor ((lit. One who owes something to another), n.)
10 ʔapɫ+n+xʷél+xʷl+n apɫnkhwelkhwln animated (to be...). ((lit. What has life), vi.)
11 xʷél+[x]ʷl+s‑n khwelkwlsn ‡ conserve, preserve, save. ((lit. I preserved (saved) his life), vt.)
12 s+t+my+y=ípeleʔ+s xʷe n+xʷel+xʷl+n stmyyipele's khwe nkhwelkhwln § biology (lit.exposition of the origin of what is the means of life). (n.)
13 s+t+q'ey'+y'=ípeleʔ+s he n+xʷél+xʷl+n stq'e'y'yipele's henkhwelkhwln biography. ((lit. a written account of the origin of one's life), n.)
14 can+x̣i[ɫ]+ɫ+xʷél+xʷl+t tsanqhilɫkhwelkhwlt condone. ((lit. He abandoned another's debt to himself), vt.)
√xʷl2 1 xʷel khwel † clean material like moss, cotton, a swab. ((stem), n.)
√xʷl3 1 i+xʷu·l ikhwuul † be (some). ((stem), vi.)
√xʷl4 1 xʷul khul † bore (a hole). ((stem), vt.)
2 xʷúl+emn khulemn auger, bit. ((lit. means of drilling a hole), n.)
3 l'+l'+xʷil'=us L'l'khwil'us // DeSmet, Idaho. ((lit. a little hole in the forehead, referring to a spring on the north side of DeSmet hill), n.)
4 en+xʷúl=ul'mxʷ enkhulu'lmkhw burrow, cave. ((lit. a hold dug in the ground), n.)[xref √lxʷ]
√xʷlʔ 1 xʷéleʔ khwele' † lark, meadowlark. (n.)
√xʷl' 1 xʷel' khwe'l † spin (as a top). ((stem), vt.)
√xʷlkʷ 1 s+xʷlíkʷ skhwlikw † cyclone, whirlwind. (n.)
√xʷɫ1 1 xʷuɫ khuɫ † proceed. ((stem). as far as, vi.)
√xʷɫ2 1 s+xʷuʔɫ skhu'ɫ † mist. ((stem). smog, n.) [xref √x̣ʷɫ]
√xʷm 1 xʷam khwam † roan‑colored. ((stem), adj.)
2 xʷám=qn khwamqn // roan horse. (n.)
3 xʷém=ečt khwemecht woodpecker. (n.)
√xʷm'1 1 xʷum' khu'm † homesick, lonely. ((stem), adj.)
√xʷm'2 1 xʷum'+út khu'mut † of course. (adv.)
√xʷny' 1 s+xʷú+xʷney' skhukhwne'y † ant, rice (from resemblance of a swarm of ants). (n.) [xref √x̣ʷny']
√xʷn' 1 an+xʷan'=áx̣n ankhwa'naqhn // point (at this...), now. (from now on, adv.)
2 xʷa tal' an+xʷan'=áx̣n khwa ta'l ankhwa'naqhn anymore. (from now on (lit. from this arm over), adv.)
3 č[i]+n+xʷen'=ítkʷeʔ chnkhwe'nitkwe' America(n). ((lit. on this side of the water), n.)
√xʷp1 1 xʷep khwep † flatten out, spread. ((stem). to flatten out blanket, vt.)
2 s+xʷép+m+šeš skhwepmshesh development, unfolding, unrolling. (n.)
3 xʷép+m‑st‑m khwepmstm ‡ develop, grow, mature, unfold. (vt.)
√xʷp2 1 xʷu·p khuup † show‑off, ostentatious. ((stem). intentional or vain display of wealth, adj.)
√xʷps 1 xʷ(=)ups khups † to slap (with tail). ((stem), vt.)
√xʷq'ʷ 1 t+xʷéq'ʷ=ečn' tkhweq'wech'n // calliope, cello. ((lit. An organlike musical instrument), n.)
2 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ha t+xʷéq'ʷ=ečn' qha'yqhi't ha tkhweq'wech'n § bass viol (lit. It is big big what is a viol (means of pulverizing)). (n.) [see also √x̣ʷq'ʷ]
√xʷr1 1 xʷar khwar † time (a very long...). ((stem), n.)
√xʷr2 1 xʷar khwar † to quiver, tremble. ((stem), vi.)
2 xʷar+p khwarp convulse, quake, trembled. (vi.)
3 s+xʷar+p skhwarp convulsion, to shake as with fear, cold, or weakness, vibrate. (n, vt.)
4 t+xʷar+p=ílgʷes tkhwarpilgwes // shook (He...in his heart from effects of fat.). (vi.)
5 xʷar+p=úl'umxʷ khwarpu'lumkhw earth (The...quaked), earthquake, tremor. (n.)
√xʷs1 1 xʷis khwis † to travel. ((stem). to go about, vi.)
2 s+xʷis+t skhwist departure, going away, walking. (n, vi.)
3 čn‿xʷís+t chnkhwist walked (I...). ((lit. I went away), vi.)
4 čiʔ‿c+xʷís+t chi'tskhwist walking (I am...). (adj.)
5 čn'‿c+xʷis+t ch'ntskhwist (lit. I, customarily, walk). (vt.)
6 čeɫ+či‿s+xʷis+t cheɫchiskhwist walk. ((lit. I will walk), vi.)
7 k'ʷneʔ čn‿xʷís+t k'wne'chnkhwist walk (I am going to...). (vi.)
8 kʷu‿xʷís+t kuukhwist You (sg) walked. (vi.)
9 kʷʔ‿c+xʷís+t ku'tskhwist walk (you (sg.)...). ((lit. go places), vi.)
10 kʷu‿y'‿c+xʷís+t ku'ytskhwist You (sg.) are walking. (v.)
11 čeɫ+ kʷ‿s+xʷís+t cheɫkuskhwist You (sg.) will walk. (vi.)
12 k'ʷ neʔ kʷu·‿xʷís+t k'wne'kuukhwist You (sg.) are going to walk. (vi.)
13 xʷis+t‑š khwistsh (You sg.) walk (imper). (vi.)
14 xʷis+t khwist H/S walked; h/s departed. (vi.)
15 ec+xʷis+t etskhwist H/s walks. (vi.)
16 ic+xʷís+t itskhwist walking (h/s is...). (vi.)
17 čas+xʷís+t chaskhwist he/she will walk. (vi.)
18 k'ʷ neʔ xʷís+t k'wne'khwist He/she is going to walk. (vi.)
19 xʷis+t=áx̣n Khwistaqhn // along‑side. ((lit. one who walked by the side of a crowd; name of a Coeur d'Alene Indian), adv.)
20 xʷis+s+t=úl'umxʷ khwisstu'lumkhw He came to a walking status (lit. forced by circumstances to go on foot). (v.)
21 xʷis+t ha s+tʕin Khwist Ha St(in § Louie Antelope. (name of my maternal grandfather (lit. antelope that walked), n.)
22 n+ʔed+xʷu·s=íw'es 'nedkhuusi'wes alternate. ((lit. It alternated, It changed places, that which occurs in successive turns), vi.)
√xʷs2 1 eʔ xʷ(=)ús e'khus.. † hunt, look for. ((stem). vt, vi.)
2 eʔ xʷús‑n' e'khus'n ‡ I looked for h/h/i. (vi.)
3 aʔ+xʷós=qn'+t‑s a'khosq'nts H/s looked for lice, etc. on h/h head. (vt.)
√xʷs3 1 xʷ+xʷs+ós khukhwsos † rebellious, resistant, defiant, opposed. ((lit. He is full of, or expressing, resistance or opposition), adj.)
√xʷt1 1 xʷet khwet † depleted. ((stem), adj.)
2 in+xʷét+p inkhwetp breathless. ((lit. He is panting), adj.)
3 hn+xʷet+p hnkhwetp He was out of wind, he or she got exhausted. (vi.)
4 s+n+xʷét+p snkhwetp exhaustion. ((lit. being out of breath), vi.)
5 hn+xʷt+p+útm hnkhwtputm exhaustible (h/s/i is...). (vi.)
6 ac+xʷt=áx̣n ats khwtaqhn // amputee. ((lit. He is amputated as to the arm), n.)
7 hn+xʷt=ús Hnkhwtus Cree, Dakota, Sioux. (n.)
8 s+n+xʷát+p=alqs snkhwatpalqs climax. ((lit. the road, story coming to an end), n.)
9 ul+s+n+xʷát+p=alqs ulsnkhwatpalqs climatic. ((lit. pertaining to the end of a story), adj.) [xref √xʷt'2 and √x̣ʷt]
√xʷt2 1 i+c+xʷít itskhwit † whistling (he is...). (vi.)
2 s+xʷe·+xʷít skhweekhwit bobwhite (lit. whistle whistle). (n.)
√xʷt'1 1 s+xʷét'=ečt skhwet'echt // shoulder blade. (n.)
2 s+xʷét'+xʷt'=ečt skhwet'khwt'echt shoulder blades. (n.)
√xʷt'2 1 xʷet'+p khwet'p † He ran off, away. (vi.)
2 s+teč+s+xʷét'+p+n stechskhwet'pn counterattack. ((lit. counterattack by running), n.)
3 xʷét'+p+m‑stu‑s khwet'pmstus ‡ [run] cause. ((lit. He caused it to run, as a car), vt.)
4 čs+xʷét'+p‑nt‑s chskhwet'pnts dash. ((lit. He ran against (towards) him), vi.)[xref √xʷt1 and √x̣ʷt]
√xʷtk'ʷ 1 xʷéʔtk'ʷ khwe'tk'w † rise (suddenly) (like hair). ((stem), vi.)
√xʷy 1 xʷuy khuy † go (over there), over there (He went...). (vi, adv.)
2 s+xʷuy skhuy journey. (n.)
3 uɫ+xʷúy uɫkhuy went (He...over there again). (vi.)
4 uln'+xʷúy+iy+m ul'nkhuyiym dilatory. ((lit. He often becomes be­hind in work), adj.)
5 hn+xʷúy+n hnkhuyn passageway. ((lit. means of passage), n.)
6 sye·+x̣ʷúy syeeqhuy [also recorded as √x̣ʷy] ambassador, consul. ((lit. One who goes to a place for another or others), n.)
7 sye·+xʷúy syeekhuy delegate. ((lit. One who goes to a place for another or others), n.)
8 čn‿xʷúy chnkhuy I went over there. (vt.)
9 k'ʷneʔ+čn‿xʷúy k'wne'chnkhuy over there (I am going...). (adv.)
10 kʷu‿xʷúy kuukhuy You went over there. (vi.)
11 kʷ‿čic+xʷy? tgwe'l sti'mɫ ku chitskhuy? come (Why did you...?). (vi.)
12 č‿xʷúy+š chkhuysh command, sg. come over here.
13 čic+xʷúy chitskhuy came (he....over here). (vt.)
14 či+te·+xʷúy chiteekhuy He came to meet me on my way over there. (vi.)
15 te·+xʷúy teekhuy went (He...to meet him), (vi, vt.)
16 č‿xúy chkhuy we went over there.
17 kʷup‿xʷúy kupkhuy You went over there. (vi.)
18 s+xʷy=elwís skhuyelwis // travel, trip. (n.)
19 čs+xʷúy‑n chskhuyn ‡ went (I...to see him). (vi.)
20 čs+xʷuy‑nt‑s chskhuynts He went to see him. (vi.)
21 čic+xʷúy‑stu‑s chitskhuystus brought. ((lit. He brought him/her/it over here), vt.)
22 čič+s+xʷúy‑nt‑sel‑p chichskhuyntselp lit. you (pl) came after me. (vt.)
23 a·+yaʕ čic+xʷúy aaya) chitskhuy § came (they all...). ((lit. They all came), vi.)
24 pin'č'+neʔ kʷ‿č'ic+xʷúy pi'nch'ne' kuch'itskhuy When are you coming over?. (qu.)
25 tgʷel' s+tim'+ɫ kʷ‿čic+xʷy? tgwe'l sti'mɫ ku chitskhuy? come (Why did you...?). (vi.)
26 xʷay'+t+x̣es=ípeleʔ khwa'ytqhesipele' beneficiary. ((lit. one who is the recipient of a benefit), n.)
27 t+kʷeɫ+xʷy=elwís tkweɫkhuyelwis circulate. ((lit. He moved around from place to place), vi.)
28 s+t+kʷel'+čs+xʷy+s+čínt stkwe'lchskhuyschint people (He is going about visiting...), gathering (He is going about...people). (n, vt.)
29 s+nukʷ+xʷúy+m+n snukwkhuymn convection. ((lit. carrying with or to­gether), n.)
30 nukʷ+xʷúy+m‑n‑ts nukwkhuymnts abduct, kidnap. (kidnap (lit. He took her along with him), vt.)
31 čn‿xʷuy hiɫ čn‿gʷič e c'iʔ chnkhuy hiɫ chngwich e ts'i' lit. I went over there and I saw a deer. (vt.)
32 kʷup‿xʷuy teč+e·líš kupkhuy tech eelish You went to the mountain. (vi.)
33 hn+xʷuy+ɫ+šugʷíl hnkhuyɫshugwil He went on his last trip. (vi.)
34 yuqʷ+eʔ+s+xʷúy yuqwe'skhuy He feigned to go there. (vt.)
√xʷy' 1 xʷ+xʷéy'+eʔ khukhwe'ye' † narrow (it is...). (n.)
2 xʷ+xʷey'+eʔ khukhwe'ye narrow. ((stem), adj.)
3 hn+xʷ+xʷáy'+aʔ=al'qs hnkhukhwa'ya'a'lqs // bottleneck. ((lit. The road is narrow), n.)
4 hn+xʷ+xʷey'=íɫc'eʔ hnkhukhwe'yiɫts'e' (?)cell. ((lit. a narrow confining room, a room that is only (so large), n.)
5 hn+xʷ+xʷiy'=íɫc'eʔ hnkhwkhwi'ya'iɫts'e' The room is narrow. (vi.)
6 xʷxʷ=iy'eʔ=il'š khukhwi'ye'i'lsh It lessened in breadth, reduced, diminished. (vt.)
7 xʷ+xʷiy'+eʔ=íl'š‑s‑n' khukhwi'ye'i'lshs'n ‡ diminish, reduce. ((lit. I lessened it in breadth), vt.)
√xʷʕ 1 xʷéʕ+iš khwe(ish † to step over a person ceremonially.
√xʷʔ 1 xʷiʔ khwi' † direction (this...), moment (at this...), here, this. ((stem). at this moment, n, adv, adj.)
2 xʷíʔ+in khwi'in to go along here. (stem)
3 e+n+t+xʷíʔ entkhwi' here (it is...). (vi.)
4 e+mel'+xʷíʔ eme'lkhwi' § here (It is right...). (adv.)
5 ul xʷiʔ+ye+tmíxʷ=l'mxʷ ul khwi'yetmikhw'lmkhw American, earthly. ((lit. belonging to this land (country/world), adj.)
√xʷʔs 1 xʷuʔs khu's † awake (He became wide...), awake (wide...). ((stem), adj.) [written in volume 1 as √phʔs] phuʔs He became wide awake. (phu's, vi.)
√xʷʔt1 1 xʷeʔ+t khwe't † run away.
√xʷʔt2 1 xʷiʔt khwi't † abuse, attack, berate. ((stem). abuse (with words or acts), vt.)

√x̣

√x̣c1 1 x̣ac qhats † to bet. ((stem), vi.)
2 x̣ác+x̣ac+m' qhatsqhats'm bet, wager. (bet (lit. He made a bet), vt.)
3 s+x̣ác+x̣ac+m' sqhatsqhats'm dice, gamble. (n, vt.)
4 ul s+x̣ac+x̣ác+m' ul sqhatsqhats'm aleatory. ((lit. belonging to gambling, chance), adj.)
5 hn+x̣ac+x̣ac+m'ín'+n' hnqhatsqhats'mi'n'n casino, house (gambling...). (n.)
√x̣c2 1 x̣ec qhets † clothed, dressed, ready. ((stem), adj.)
2 ac+x̣éc+m atsqhetsm prepared, conditioned. ((lit. He is prepared for something in particular), adj.)
3 x̣ec+út qhetsut companion. ((stem), n.)
4 s+x̣éc+ut sqhetsut attendant, companion, companionship, one who accompanies another. (n.)
5 his+x̣éc+ut hisqhetsut companion. ((lit. He is my companion along the way), n.)
6 s+x̣ác+x̣ac+ut sqhatsqhatsut crew, those who accompany oneself. (n.)
7 twas+x̣éc+ut twasqhetsut concomitant. ((lit. He is with a compan­ion), n.)
8 s+x̣éc+m+šeš sqhetsmshesh edition (lit. preparing for something). (n.)
9 iʔ c+x̣éc+m+šeš i'tsqhetsmshesh edit (lit. You(s) are preparing it (for something). (vt.)
10 sya·+x̣éc+m+šeš syaaqhetsmshesh editor (lit. One whose business is to prepare (for something)). (n.)
11 ac+x̣ec+núm'+t atsqhetsnu'mt to be clothed, dressed. ((lit. He is clothed), adj.)
12 x̣ec+núm'+n qhetsnu'mn attire, clothing, costume, dress. (attire, clothing, costume, n.)
13 ʔapɫ+n+x̣ec+núm'+n apɫnqhetsnu'mn clothier. ((lit. One who has a clothing store), n.)
14 x̣ec+u·t=íw'es qhetsuuti'wes // They went together. (vi.)
15 s+n+x̣éc+t=us snqhetstus advocate, ally. (n.)
16 hn+x̣ec+t=ús‑nt‑se‑s hnqhetstusntses ‡ behalf. ((lit. He acted in my behalf), n.)
17 kʷan+ɫ+x̣ec+núm'+n kwanɫqhetsnu'mn § clothes (h/s took along...), took (h/s...along clothes). (n, vt.)
√x̣c3 1 x̣ic qhits † raise (one's hand), threaten. ((stem), vt.)
2 s+n+x̣íc+m snqhitsm bluff. ((lit. a feint), n.)
3 hn+x̣íc‑nt‑s hnqhitsnts ‡ bluff. ((lit. He intimidated him by a pretended motion to hit him), vt.)
√x̣c'1 1 x̣ac' qhats' † extraordinary, outstanding. ((stem), adj.)
2 x̣ec' qhe'ts curiosity (to arouse...), outstanding. ((stem), adj.)
3 x̣ác'+x̣ac'+t qhats'qhats't Comment re. Grassman's law. admiration (object of), appealing, dilly, exciting, fascinating, interesting. (adj.)
4 x̣ac'+x̣ac'+t qhats'qhats't extraordinary, interesting, outstanding. (adj.)
5 s+t+x̣ec'+p=us stqhets'pus // belvedere. ((lit. viewing something beautiful, loose‑ getting an eyeful), n.)
√x̣c'2 1 s+x̣íc'=ul'mxʷ sqhits'u'lmkhw // deforestation, cutting down trees or slashing of thickets. (grass, n.)
√x̣l1 1 x̣el qhel † bright, clear, light, redhot. ((stem), adj.)
2 x̣al qhal redhot.
3 u· x̣él uuqhel crystal. ((lit. It is clear, transparent), n.)
4 u· x̣él uuqhel It is clear (air). (vi.)
5 u n+x̣él unqhel clear (It is...water). (adj, n.)
6 s+x̣el'=ús+m sqhe'lusm // diagnosis. ((lit. quickly detecting the symptoms of disease), n.)
7 u y'+t+x̣al+p=ásq'it u'ytqhalpasq'it clearing (it (sky) is...up again). (vi.)
8 x̣el=ú·s‑tu‑s qheluuustus ‡ recognized, spotted (He...him immediately). (vt.)
9 x̣al s+gʷarp+m qhal sgwarpm § dandelion. (n.)
10 x̣al+hn+nak'ʷáʔ=all'qs ha s+gʷárp+m qhalhnnak'wa'al'lqs ha sgwarpm daisy. (n.)
√x̣l2 1 x̣el qhel † lay (side by side as lumber). ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+x̣el=íw'es hnqheli'wes // bridge, deck, trestle. ((lit. boards set side by side over waterway or other obstacle), n.)
3 hn+x̣el=íw'es+n hnqheli'wesn bridge. ((lit. means of making a bridge), n.)
4 čat+x̣el=ílup+n chatqhelilupn floor. (n.)
√x̣lxʷ 1 x̣élexʷ qhelekhw † tooth, cog. (tooth, n.)
2 ul+x̣élexʷ ulqhelekhw dental. ((lit. pertaining to the teeth), adj.)
3 x̣ál+x̣alexʷ qhalqhalekhw teeth. (pl.n.)
4 hn+x̣elíxʷ+n hnqhelikhn dentistry, office (dentist's...). (n.)
5 ʔepɫ+n+x̣elíxʷ+n epɫnqhelikhwn dentist. ((lit. One who has a place for dental surgery), n.)
6 s+cil'+eɫ+x̣élexʷ stsi'leɫqhelekhw § denture. ((lit. substitute for teeth), n.)
7 čam'+ʔelu+ɫ+x̣al+x̣elexʷ cha'm'eluɫqhalqhelekhw toothless. ((lit. he no longer has his teeth), adj.)
8 č'am' a+lut x̣ál+x̣alexʷ ch'a'm alut qhalqhalekhw toothless, he no longer has his teeth. (adj.)
9 *hn+mey't+eʔw+aɫ+x̣élexʷ hnme'yte'waɫkhelekhw bucktooth (lit. middle tooth). (n.)
√x̣ɫ1 1 x̣aɫ qhaɫ † to frighten, scare. ((stem), vt.)
2 hn+x̣áɫ+x̣a[ɫ]+n' hnqhaɫqhal'n deterrent. ((lit. means of discouraging by fear), n.)
3 hn+x̣aɫ+x̣e·ɫ+úl hnqhaɫqheeɫul caitiff, chicken‑hearted, coward, craven, dastard(ly), pusillanimous. ((lit. He is given to fear), n.)
4 hn+x̣eɫ+x̣e·ɫ+ul hnqheɫqheeɫul afraid, cowardly, fearful (habitually). (adj.)
5 hn+x̣iɫ hnqhiɫ be afraid, fear. ((lit. feel alone inside), v.)
6 in+x̣íɫ inqhiɫ afraid, chicken, frightened. (adj.)
7 s+n+x̣íɫ snqhiɫ fear (to...), fear, fearing, phobia. (vt, n.)
8 s+n+x̣iɫ snqhiɫ fright. (n.)
9 s+n+x̣eɫ+x̣e·ɫ+úl snqheɫqheeɫul cowardice. ((lit. lack of courage, fearfulness), n.)
10 s+n+x̣áɫ+x̣aɫ+m' snqhaɫqhaɫ'm bug‑bear. ((lit. an object of obsessive dread; the act of scaring), n.)
11 hn+x̣áɫ+x̣aɫ‑n't‑m' hnqhaɫqhaɫ'nt'm ‡ deter, hindered, daunt. ((lit. He was thoroughly frightened), vt.)
12 hn+x̣íɫ+m‑nt‑s hnqhiɫmnts feared (he...him). (vt.)
13 elu+s+n+x̣íɫ elusnqhiɫ § brave, daring, dauntless, courageous. ((lit. He has no fear), adj.)
14 x̣eɫ+s+čs+n+ʕél'+l'=ep qheɫschsn(e'l'lep claustrophobia. ((lit. fear of being confined), n.)
15 lut hey'+s+n+x̣iɫ+s lut he'ysnqhiɫs courage. ((lit. He has no fear), n.)
16 lut hay'+[s]+n+x̣iɫ+s lut ha'ynqhiɫs bravery. ((lit. He has no fear), n.)
17 lut hay'p+s+n+x̣iɫ‑s lut ha'ypsnqhiɫs to be brave, courageous, fear­less (lit. He has no fear). (vi.)
√x̣ɫ2 1 x̣iɫ qhiɫ † to abandon, desert, leave. ((stem), vt.)
2 x̣eɫ+t qheɫt whipped (He was...). (vt.)
3 s+x̣iɫ+n sqhiɫn damnation. (n.)
4 s+x̣i[ɫ]+n sqhiln abandonment. (n.)
5 ac+an+x̣íɫ atsanqhiɫ destroyed (to be...). ((lit. It is aban­doned from under), vi.)
6 s+x̣iɫ+emn sqhiɫemn devil. ((lit. one who is abandoned), n.)
7 ul+s+x̣íɫ+emn ulsqhiɫemn demoniac, demonial. ((lit. one belonging to the devil), adj.)
8 hn+x̣iɫ+en+n hnqhiɫenn place for abandoned things or junk. (n.)
9 x̣eɫ+eɫ+útm qheɫeɫutm damnable. ((lit. He is [deserving] to be eternally punished), adj.)
10 x̣iɫ+el+ncút qhiɫelntsut abandoned (He...his offspring). (vt, n.)
11 s+c+an+x̣íɫ+ɫ stsanqhiɫɫ blight. ((lit. becoming abandoned beneath the surface), n.)
12 s+c+an+x̣íɫ+m stsanqhiɫm abolish, annihilation, destruction. ((lit. to abandon from under), n.)
13 s+c+an+x̣íɫ+n stsanqhiɫn condemnation. (n.)
14 s+x̣iɫ=s+m sqhiɫsm // frown, scowl (lit. leaving face). (vi.)
15 s+x̣iɫ=č+mn sqhiɫchmn (?)cession, surrendering (lit. letting go with the hand). (n)
16 x̣iɫ+t‑s qhiɫts ‡ He abandoned him. (vt.)
17 cen+x̣íɫ‑t‑s tsenqhiɫts annihilate, destroy (lit. he abandoned it from under; he destroyed it completely). (vt.)
18 can+x̣íɫ-t‑s tsenqhiɫts decimate, destroy, annihilate. ((lit. He abandoned/deserted it from under; he destroyed it completely), vt.)
19 c+an+x̣íɫ-t-m tsanqhiɫtm condemn. ((lit. He was forsaken from under), vi.)
20 x̣íɫ=čt+m‑nt‑s qhiɫchtmnts relinquish, cede. ((lit. He ceased his hold on it), vt.)
21 čas+c+an+x̣íɫ-m-s chastsanqhiɫms abolish. wipe out, destroy, eliminate. ((lit. he is going to destroy it), vt.)
22 c+an+x̣i[ɫ]+ɫ+xʷél+xʷl+t tsanqhilɫkhwelkhwlt § condone. ((lit. He abandoned another's debt to himself), vt.)
23 u+x̣ʷal'+a s+x̣íɫ+emn uqhwa'lasqhiɫemn diabolic. ((lit. He is like the devil; he is outrageously wicked), adj.)
24 s+x̣iɫ+ɫ+yʔíɫn sqhiɫɫ'yiɫn feast. ((lit. throwing food away), n.)
25 s+x̣iɫ+s+yʔíɫn sqhiɫs'yiɫn potlatch. (giving away food, n.)
√x̣ɫ3 1 s+x̣ʔoɫ+alyóʔ Sqh'oɫalyo † Smoke Mountain (located west of DeSmet).(n.)
√x̣m1 1 x̣em qhem † cumbersome, important, heavy. ((lit. It is heavy/cumbersome), adj.)
2 s+x̣em sqhem avoirdupois, heaviness, importance, weight. (n.)
3 x̣em=íčn' qhemich'n // weighed down (He was...). (vt.)
4 x̣amá+[c]'am' qhamast'a'm § heavy‑boned. ((lit. He is heavy as to the bone), adj.)
5 x̣ama+[c]'am' ɫ dol+dólq'ʷ+t qhamats'a'm ɫ doldolq'wt burly, husky. ((lit. He is heavy‑boned and strong), adj.)
6 x̣em xʷe šét'+ut qhem khwe shetut rock (The...is heavy), heavy (The rock is...). (n, adj.)
√x̣m2 1 x̣em=inč qheminch // to like, love. ((stem), vt.)
2 x̣em=ínč‑s qheminchs He loves her, she loves him, love is large in extent, quality, powerful. (vt.)
3 ac+x̣em=ínč atsqheminch love, h/s loves. ((stem), vt.)
4 s+x̣am=inč sqhaminch affection, esteem. ((lit. an attitude to one who has value), n.)
5 s+x̣em=ínč+m sqheminchm love. (n.)
6 s+x̣em=ínč+n sqheminchn love. (n.)
7 hn+x̣am=ínč hnqhaminch like (I...it). (vt.)
8 hn+x̣em=í·nč hnqhemiiinch! beloved. ((lit. She is my beloved; I love her very much), n.)
9 hn+x̣em=ínč+n hnqheminchn affection, beneficence, love. ((lit. means of loving (God), means of attachment), n.)
10 x̣em=enč=íw'es qhemenchi'wes They loved mutually. (vt.)
11 hn+x̣em=enč=íw'es+n hnqhemenchi'wesn charity. ((lit. love of one an­other), n.)
12 x̣am=énč=qi‑s hnqhamenchqis He likes her voice. (vt.)
13 x̣em=ínč‑s qheminchs ‡ love (powerful, large in extent or quality). (He loves her, she loves him, n.)
14 čn‿x̣em=inč chnqheminch loved. ((lit. I am loved), vt.)
15 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mn qheminchstmn I loved you (sg.). (vt.)
16 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑m‑n atsqheminchstmn I customarily love you (sg.). (vt.)
17 kʷu‿i‑n+x̣em=ínč kwnqheminch I love you (sg.). (vt.)
18 kʷu‿iʔ‑c+x̣em=ínč+m kwi'tsqheminchm I am loving you (s). (v.)
19 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑m‑n k'wna'qheminchstmn I am going to love you (sg.). (vi.)
20 x̣iɫ meʔ kʷu‿n+x̣m=inč qhiɫme'kwnqheminch I may love you (sg.). (vt.)
21 x̣em=ínč‑s‑n qheminchsn I loved h/h. (vt.)
22 ac+x̣em=ínč‑s‑n atsqheminchsn I love h/h. (vt.)
23 hn+x̣em=ínč hnqheminch love (I...h/h). (vt.)
24 x̣em=ínč‑s‑n qheminchsn loved (I...h/h). (vt.)
25 hiʔc+x̣em=ínč+m hi'tsqheminchm loving (I am...h/h). (vt.)
26 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑s‑n k'wna'qheminchsn I am going to love h/h. (vi.)
27 nax̣íɫ hn+x̣em=ínč naqhiɫ hnqheminch love (Maybe I...h/h). (vt.)
28 x̣em=ínč‑st‑ulm‑n qheminchstulmn I loved you (pl.). (vt.)
29 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑ulm‑n atsqheminchstulmn I love you (pl.). (vt.)
30 kʷp‿hn+x̣em=ínč kuphnqheminch love (I...you (pl)). (vt.)
31 kʷp‿hiʔc+x̣em=ínč+m kuphi'tsqheminchm loving (I am...you(pl)). (vt.)
32 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑ulm‑n k'wna'qheminchstulmn I am going to love you (pl.). (vi.)
33 naʔx̣íɫ kʷp‿hn+x̣em=ínč na'qhiɫ kuphnqheminch love (Maybe I...you (pl.). (vt.)
34 x̣em=ínč‑s‑n‑lš qheminchsnlsh I loved them. (vt.)
35 ac+x̣em=ínč‑s‑n‑lš atsqheminchsnlsh I love them. (vt.)
36 hn+x̣em=ínč‑lš hnqheminchlsh love (I...them). (vt.)
37 gʷɫ+n+x̣em=ínč guɫnqheminch love (I...them). (vt.)
38 hn‑iʔ‿c+x̣em=ínč+m‑lš hi'tsqheminchmlsh I am loving them. (v.)
39 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑s‑n‑lš k'wna'qheminchsnlsh I am going to love them. (vi.)
40 naʔx̣íɫ hn+x̣em=ínč‑lš na'qhiɫ hnqheminchlsh love (Maybe I...them). (vt.)
41 kʷu‿x̣em=ínč kuqheminch You (sg) are loved. (vi.)
42 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mexʷ qheminchstmekhw You (sg.) loved me. (vt.)
43 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑me‑xʷ atsqheminchstmekhw you (sg.) love me. (vt.)
44 čn'‿in+[x̣]em=ínč chn'ingheminch love. ((lit. you (sg.) love me), vt.)
45 čn'‿y'c+x̣em=ínč+m chn'i'tsqheminchm You (sg.) are loving me. (vt.)
46 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč+č‑st‑me‑xʷ k'wna'qheminchchstmekhw You (sg.) are going to love me. (vi.)
47 naʔx̣íɫ čn'‿in+x̣em=ínč na'qhiɫ chn'inqheminch love (You (sg.) maybe...me). (vt.)
48 x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ qheminchstkhw You (sg.) loved h/h. (vt.)
49 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ atsqheminchstkhw you (sg.) love h/h. (vt.)
50 in‑x̣em=ínč inqheminch You (sg.) love h/h. (vt.)
51 hn-iʔ c+x̣em=ínč+m i'tsqheminchm You(s) are loving h/h. (vt.)
52 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ k'wna'qheminchstkhw You (sg.) are going to love him/her. (vi.)
53 naʔx̣íɫ in+x̣em=ínč na'qhiɫ inqheminch love (Maybe you (sg.)...h/h). (vt.)
54 iʔ c+x̣em=ínč+m‑lš i'tsqheminchmlsh You(s) are loving them. (vt.)
55 naʔx̣íɫ in+x̣em=ínč‑lš na'qhiɫ inqheminchlsh love (Maybe you (sg.)...them). (vt.)
56 x̣em=ín+t qhemint H/s is loved. (vt.)
57 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mes qheminchstmes H/s loved me. (vt.)
58 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑me‑s atsqheminchstmes H/s customarily loves me. (vt.)
59 čn‿x̣em=ínč‑s chnqheminchs lit. H/s loves me. (vt.)
60 č‿y'c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s chi'tsqheminchms H/S is loving me. (vt.)
61 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑me‑s k'wna'qheminchstmes H/s is going to love me. (vi.)
62 naʔx̣íɫ čn‿x̣em=ínč‑s na'qhiɫ chnqheminchs love (H/s maybe...me). (vt.)
63 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mis qheminchstmis H/s loved you (sg.). (vt.)
64 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑mi‑s atsqheminchstmis h/s loves you (sg.). (vt.)
65 kʷu‿x̣em=ínč‑s kuqheminchs H/S loves you (sg). (vt.)
66 kʷu‿y'‿c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s ku'ytsqheminchms H/s is loving you (sg.). (v.)
67 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑mi‑s k'wna'qheminchstmis He/she is going to love you (sg.). (vi.)
68 x̣em=ínč‑st‑us qheminchstus H/s loved h/h. (vt.)
69 i c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s itsqheminchms H/s is loving h/h. (vt.)
70 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑stu‑s k'wna'qheminchstus He/she is going to love him/ her. (vi.)
71 naʔx̣íɫ x̣em=ínč‑s na'qhiɫ qheminchs loves (maybe h/s...h/h). (vt.)
72 č‿x̣em=ínč chqheminch loved. (We are loved, adj.)
73 kʷup‿x̣em=ínč kupqheminch You (pl.) are loved. (vi.)
74 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mel‑p qheminchstmelp You (pl.) loved me. (vt.)
75 ac+x̣em=ínč‑s‑m‑elp atsqheminchsmelp you (pl.) love me. (vt.)
76 čn‿x̣em=ínč‑mp chnqheminchmp lit. You (pl) love me. (vt.)
77 čn'‿y'c+x̣em=ínč‑mp chn'i'tsqheminchmp You (pl.) are loving me. (vt.)
78 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑mel‑p k'wna'qheminchstmelp You (pl.) are going to love me. (vi.)
79 naʔx̣íɫ čn‿x̣em=inč‑mp na'qhiɫ chnqheminchmp love (You (pl.) maybe...me). (vt.)
80 x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ‑lš qheminchstkhwlsh You (pl.) loved them. (vt..)
81 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ‑lš atsqheminchstkhwlsh you (pl.) love them. (vt.)
82 in‑x̣em=ínč‑lš inqheminchlsh You (pl) love them. (vt.)
83 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑xʷ‑lš k'wna'qheminchstkhwlsh You (pl.) are going to love them. (vi.)
84 x̣em=ínč‑lš qheminchlsh They are loved. (vt.)
85 x̣em=ínč‑st‑mes‑lš qheminchstmeslsh They loved me. (vt.)
86 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑me‑s‑lš atsqheminchstmeslsh they love me. (vt.)
87 čn‿x̣em=ínč‑s‑lš chnqheminchslsh lit. They love me. (vt.)
88 čiʔ‿c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s‑lš chi'tsqheminchmslsh loving (they are...me). (vt.)
89 k'ʷnaʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑me‑s‑lš k'wna'qheminchstmeslsh They are going to love me. (vi.)
90 naʔx̣íɫ čn‿x̣em=ínč‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ chnqheminchslsh love (They may...me). (vt.)
91 x̣em=ínč‑st‑us‑lš qheminchstuslsh They loved h/h. (vt.)
92 x̣em=ínč‑s‑lš qheminchslsh They love h/h. (vt.)
93 ac+x̣em=ínč‑stu‑s‑lš atsqheminchstuslsh they love h/h. (vt.)
94 i c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s‑lš itsqheminchmslsh They are loving h/h. (vt.)
95 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑stu‑s‑lš k'wna'qheminchstuslsh They are going to love him/her. (vi.)
96 naʔx̣íɫ x̣em=ínč‑s‑lš na'qhiɫ qheminchslsh love (Maybe they...h/h). (vt.)
97 x̣em=ínč‑st‑m‑s‑lš qheminchstmslsh They loved you (pl.). (vt.)
98 ac+x̣em=ínč‑st‑ulmi‑s atsqheminchstulmis they love you (pl.). (vt.)
99 kʷup‿x̣em=ínč‑s‑lš kupqheminchslsh They love you (pl). (vt.)
100 kʷu‿y'‿c+x̣em=ínč+m‑s‑lš ku'ytsqheminchmslsh They are loving you (pl.). (v.)
101 k'ʷ naʔ x̣em=ínč‑st‑ulmi‑s‑lš k'wna'qheminchstulmislsh They are going to love you (pl.). (vi.)
102 x̣em=enč+es+čínt qhemencheschint § Indian‑lover. ((lit. one who loves Indians), n.)
103 x̣em=enč+eɫ+q'ey'+mín+n qhemencheɫq'e'yminn bibliophile, bookish, bookworm, scholar, studious. ((lit. He is fond of books), adj.)
104 hn+x̣em=ínč+n ha q'ey'+mín+n hnqheminchn ha q'e'yminn billet‑doux, love‑letter. ((lit. a letter that is the means of loving), n.)
105 x̣am=anč+ɫ+qʷám+qʷam+t qhamanchɫqwamqwamt aesthete. ((lit. He loves beautiful things), n.)
106 čn‿x̣e[m]=[en]č [ɫ] s+wiʔ+núm+t=mš chnqhencht swi'numtmsh aesthete, connoisseur. ((lit. I love beautiful persons), n.)
107 u+t'+t'íd+m' ha n+x̣em=ínč+n ut't'id'm hanqheminchn false love. ((lit. love that is brittle (term of old‑time Coeur d'Alenes'), n.)
108 elu+s+x̣em=ínč e s+čin[t]+coc elusqheminch e Schntsots Anglophobe. (n.)
109 s+meyes+x̣em=enč+es+čínt smeyesqhemencheschint devotion. ((lit. having a more ardent love for a person), n.)
√x̣m3 1 x̣eme+ncot+n qhementsotn † to leave one's own people, go to live with in‑laws. (vi.)
√x̣mc 1 x̣emc qhemts † shave. ((stem), v.)
2 x̣emc=us+ncút qhemtsusntsut // shaved. (vt.)
√x̣m'1 1 x̣am' qha'm † monster, ghoul. ((stem), n.)
2 x̣em' qhe'm monster. ((stem), n.)
√x̣m'2 1 x̣em' qhe'm † bite (to...). ((stem). animal bite, vt.)
√x̣mc 1 x̣emc qhemts † shave. ((stem), v.)
2 x̣emc=us+ncút qhemtsusntsut // He shaved. (vt.)
√x̣n' 1 x̣a+x̣an'+út qhaqha'nut † nine. (n.)
2 x̣a+x̣n'=ósq'it qhaqh'nosq'it // novena. ((lit. nine days), n.)
3 ʔupen uɫ x̣a+x̣an'+út upen uɫ qhaqha'nut § nineteen. (n.)
4 x̣ax̣n'+u·l+ʔúpen' qhaqh'nuu'lupe'n ninety. (n.)
√x̣nwt 1 s+x̣e·níwt Sqheeniwt † Chief Moctelme (great, great‑grandfather of...). (n.)
√x̣p1 1 x̣ep qhep † pile (flat objects). ((stem), n.)
2 x̣a+x̣ép qhaqhep book, tome, volume. (n.)
3 x̣á+x̣ep qhaqhep breviary. ((lit. little pile of plates (sheets) of paper), n.)
4 s+x̣a+x̣ep sqhaqhep entrails (game animals), the entrails of a deer or other game, near the stomach. (n.)
5 ac+x̣ép atsqhep to be accumulated, stacked, placed over another. (adj.)
6 čat+x̣ep=iɫxʷ+n chatqhepiɫkhwn // roofing, shingle, shingles. (n.)
7 čat+x̣ep=ilxʷ+n chatqhepilkhwn thatch. (n.)
√x̣p2 1 s+x̣ep=íw'es sqhepi'wes † a person's double, soul, spirit, energy, second self. (n.)
2 s+n+x̣ep=íw'es snqhepi'wes double (a person's...), soul, spirit. (n.)
3 elu+s+n+x̣ep=íw'es elusnqhepi'wes § dead, dead (to be...). ((lit. It has no second self, soul), adj.)
√x̣p3 1 x̣ip qhip † to gnaw. ((stem), vt.)
√x̣pʔ 1 x̣ípeʔ qhipe' † grandfather (paternal). (n.)
√x̣p' 1 x̣ep' qhep' † button, fasten, sew. ((stem), vt.)
2 x̣ép'‑nt‑s qhep'nts ‡ He buckled, fastened, latched, buttoned it. (vt.)
√x̣q' 1 x̣aq' qhaq' † pay, reward. ((stem), n.)
2 s+x̣áq'+aq' sqhaq'aq' award, prize. (n.)
3 s+x̣aq'+ncút sqhaq'ntsut tax. ((lit. paying oneself), n.)
4 čas+x̣áq'+aq' chasqhaq'aq' coupon (lit. pay to be made). (n.)
5 čas+x̣aq'+aq'+q chasqhaq'aq'q coupon. (n.)
6 x̣aq'=kʷeʔ Qha'qkwe' // paying in the water. Refers to same place as Hnseluk: meaning place of confusion.
7 x̣áq'=kʷeʔ qhaq'kwe' paying with water. (vt.)
8 s+x̣áq'=ul'umxʷ sqhaq'u'lumkhw demise. ((lit. pay for use of land), n.)
9 x̣áq'‑nt‑s qhaq'nts ‡ defray, paid, supplied. (He defrayed it, paid it, vt.)
10 s+lu+s+x̣áq'+n slusqhaq'n § decompensation. ((lit. reversal of recom­pense), n.)
√x̣s 1 x̣es qhes † to be good, well. ((stem), adj, adv.)
2 u· x̣és uuqhes well, fine (he is...). (adj.)
3 x̣és+x̣es qhesqhes good good. (adj.)
4 x̣ás+x̣as qhasqhas good good. (adj.)
5 x̣es+t qhest! It is good!. (excl.)
6 x̣es+t qhest beneficial, bon voyage, clean‑cut, good evening, good morning, good, goodbye, hello, wholesome. (adj.)
7 x̣e+x̣és+t qheqhest benignant. (adj.)
8 hn+x̣és+n hnqhesn benefit, blessing, boon. ((lit. condition of being good), n.)
9 s+x̣eʔs+mín+n sqhe'sminn appreciation. (n.)
10 x̣és+m+ncut qhesmntsut behave, deport. ((lit. He behaved him­self well), vi.)
11 x̣es+m+ncút+n qhesmntsutn bricabrac, ornaments. (bricabrac (lit. means of making oneself good), pl.n.)
12 s+x̣es+m+ncút sqhesmntsut cleanliness. ((lit. habitually dressing oneself neat and clean), n.)
13 s+x̣és+m+ncut sqhesmntsut behavior (good...), demeanor. (n.)
14 čn‿x̣est chnqhest good (lit. I am good). (adj.)
15 ni x̣es+t ni qhest? Is it good? ((qu.).)
16 s+niʔ+x̣és+t sni'qhest H/s is the best in the crowd, best, elite. ((he is the...of them), adj, n.)
17 cmiʔ+u+čn‿x̣é·s tsmi'uchnqheees fine (I was...). ((lit. I used to be fine), adj.)
18 t'uʔ u+čn‿x̣é·s t'u' uchnqheees fine (Well, I'm...). (adj.)
19 x̣as=ál'qs qhasa'lqs // dapper. (He has neat clothes, he is neatly dressed, adj.)
20 x̣ás=iʔqs qhasi'qs moose. ((lit. a good nose), n.)
21 t+x̣ás=iʔqs tqhasi'qs meal (He had a good...). ((lit. He en­joyed something good with his nose), n.)
22 x̣as=ílup qhasilup bed (He has a comfortable...) (lit. good bedding). (n.)
23 čat+x̣es=íw'es chatqhesi'wes plain. ((lit. good middle of surface), n.)
24 x̣as+x̣as+t=cin+m qhasqhasttsinm extoll. ((lit. Say good about), vt.)
25 s+x̣as+x̣as+t=cín+m sqhasqhasttsinm extolling, praise (to...), praising. (vt.)
26 s+x̣as+x̣as+t=cín+mn sqhasqhasttsinmn praising, commendation. (n.)
27 x̣es+x̣es+t=cn+mí+ncut qhesqhesttsnmintsut boast, brag. ((lit. He talked about himself), vi.)
28 x̣es=íɫxʷ qhesiɫkhw house (He has a good...). (n.)
29 hn+x̣es=ílgʷes hnqhesilgwes to be amiable, kind, sociable. (adj.)
30 kʷu‿n+x̣es=ílgʷes kunqhesilgwes You are kind‑hearted. (vi.)
31 s+n+x̣és=elgʷes snqheselgwes contentment. ((lit. state of being contented), n.)
32 s+n+x̣es=ílgʷes snqhesilgwes benevolence. (n.)
33 s+x̣as+x̣as=ílgʷes sqhasqhasilgwes art. ((lit. having beautiful ways of doing things), n.)
34 un+x̣és=elgʷes unqheselgwes blithe, content. ((lit. He is cheerful, etc.), adj.)
35 x̣es+t=il'š qhesti'lsh cured, recovered. ((lit. He became good), vt.)
36 x̣es+t=íl'š qhesti'lsh Get well!. ((excl.))
37 x̣es+t+íl'š‑s qhesti'lshs Get well! ((excl.).)
38 s+x̣es+t=íl'š+m sqhesti'lshm detoxification. ((lit. curing of poison or toxins, removing venom by the mere touch of the medicine man), n.)
39 x̣es+t=il'š+útm qhesti'lshutm healable, curable. (It is healable, adj.)
40 x̣es=ul'úmxʷ qhesu'lumkhw fertile (land), land (good, fertile, productive), open country, plain, productive (land). (good land, fertile land, plain, open country, adj.)
41 ec+x̣es+m=íčt+m+n etsqhesmichtmn decorated, ornate, elaborate. (adj.)
42 s+x̣es=íčt+m+n sqhesichtmn benefit, treating (...well). (vi.)
43 kʷu‿n+x̣es=ísč'eyt kunqhesisch'eyt You have a beautiful, good voice. (vt.)
44 s+x̣es=ítkʷeʔ sqhesitkwe' bouillon, broth, consomme. ((lit. good water), n.)
45 hn+x̣es=ítkʷeʔ hnqhesitkwe' water (it is good...). (n.)
46 s+x̣es+e·y=ʔíɫn sqhesee'yiɫn diet. ((lit. eating correctly), n.)
47 t+x̣as=ásq'it tqhasasq'it beautiful, clear, good (The vault of the sky is...). (adj.)
48 s+t+x̣eʔs=ús stqhe'sus belvedere (lit. viewing something beau­tiful. loose‑ getting an eyeful). (n.)
49 x̣eʔs+mín‑n qhe'sminn ‡ appreciate, esteem, value. ((lit. I real­ized the good in something), vt.)
50 x̣és‑stu‑s qhesstus approve. ((lit. He made it good), vt.)
51 x̣es+t=íl'š‑s‑n qhesti'lshsn I healed him, I put him into proper condition. (vt.)
52 x̣as+x̣as+t=cin+mn‑n qhasqhasttsinmnn commend. ((lit. I represented it as worthy), vt.)
53 naʔ+x̣es+m=íčt+m‑nt‑xʷ na'qhesmichtmntkhw elaborate. ((lit. You manipulate it carefully), v.)
54 lut+x̣es+t lutqhest § amoral, immoral. ((lit. It is not good), adj.)
55 lut ha s‑x̣es+t‑s lut ha sqhests It is not good. (vi.)
56 x̣as+aɫ+qixʷ qhasaɫqikhw aroma, fragrance, scent. ((lit. good odor), n.)
57 tel'+ciʔ+x̣es+t te'ltsi'qhest better. ((lit. Good from that point on), adj.)
58 x̣es+t he s+te·m=ílgʷes qhest he steemilgwes boon. ((lit. He is good who is a relative), adj.)
59 x̣es=íɫceʔ xʷa+nɫamqeʔ qhesiɫtse' khwanɫamqe' bear meat (...is good). ((lit. It is good meat that which is bear), n.)
60 xʷay'+t+x̣es=ípeleʔ khwa'ytqhesipele' beneficiary. ((lit. one who is the recipient of a benefit), n.)
61 č's=cin+m‑nt‑s xʷa x̣es+t ch'stsinmnts khwa qhest blasphemy, profanity. (n.)
62 ul+ápel(s) ha s+can+x̣as=ítkʷeʔ+s ulapel ha stsanqhasitkwe's apple brandy, apple‑jack. ((lit. good juice from the apple), n.)
63 miyeɫ+t+x̣as=ic'eʔ miyeɫtqhasits'e' bedizen. ((lit. he is dressed too well), n.)
64 tap+s+x̣es+t tapsqhest is (It...not good). ((Spokane), vi.)
65 taʔ+s+x̣es+t ta'sqhest It is not good (Spokane). (v.)
66 x̣es+t ha c+sét'q+it qhest ha' tsset'qit day (It is good...). (n.)
67 his+k'ʷl'+ɫ+x̣ést hisku'lɫqhest deign. ((lit. I deem it worthy), vt.)
68 s+k'ʷl'+ɫ x̣es+t sk'u'lɫ qhest deem. ((lit. It is something considered good), n.)
69 x̣e+ec+méy+stm qhe etsmeystm celebrated, famous, well‑known, celebrity, star. (celebrated, well‑known, celebrity, star, adj, n.)
70 čn‿x̣es+e·y+ʔítš chnqhesee'yitsh slept. ((lit. I slept well), vt.)
71 x̣es+eɫ+c'égʷ+t qheseɫts'egwt courtly, refined. (He has nice manners, he is courtly. adj.)
72 ɫuʔ+w'en ɫuʔ x̣es+t ɫu'wenɫu'qhest that one is a good man, besides. (vi.)
73 x̣es+es+t'íč+t qhesest'icht He rowed without trouble or difficulty. (v.)
√x̣t 1 x̣et qhet † club. ((stem), n.)
2 x̣et qhet to punish. ((stem), vt.)
3 x̣et+m qhetm beat. (vt.)
4 s+x̣ét+t sqhett chance, disaster, luck (hard...), penalty. ((lit. a whipping), n.)
5 x̣at+mín+n qhatminn bat. ((lit. means of clubbing), n.)
6 x̣et+x̣et+m'+úl' qhetqhet'mu'l caterpillar. ((lit. one given to whip whip), n.)
7 x̣at+ncút qhatntsut ascetic. ((lit. He whipped himself), n.)
8 x̣at=áp=qn+n qhatapqnn // club, black‑jack. ((lit. that with which one clubs another), n.)
9 x̣a+x̣t=áp=qn'+n' qhaqhtapq'n'n club, bludgeon, billy, cudgel. (small club, n.)
10 x̣at=qín+n qhatqinn thrashing machine. ((lit. means of clubbing the head), n.)
11 s+t+x̣at=qín+n stqhatqinn straw. ((lit. what is left after flailing grain), n.)
12 c+an+x̣ét=cn tsanqhettsn batting (He is...). (vi.)
13 sya+c+an+x̣et=cn syatsanqhettsn batter (baseball). ((lit. One who hits (the ball), n.)
14 x̣ét‑n qhetn ‡ beat (I...him). (vt.)
15 s+x̣ét+t‑et sqhettet punishment (It is our...). (n.)
16 x̣ét‑nt‑m qhetntm castigated, corrected, punished. (He was castigated, punished (lit. He was whipped), vt.)
17 x̣ét‑nt‑s qhetnts beat, belabor, chastise, whip. (vt.)
18 s+x̣ét‑t‑s sqhetts punishment (It is his...). (n.)
19 x̣at=qín‑t‑s qhatqints belabor, thrash. ((lit. He beat the head. He thrashed it (grain)), vt.)
20 t+x̣at+x̣at=úps‑nt‑s tqhatqhatupsnts spanked (He...him). (v.)
21 x̣at=ápqn‑t‑s qhatapqnts He clubbed him. (vt.)
22 x̣at+x̣at=[a]p=qn‑t‑s‑lš qhatqhatqpqnts clubbed (He...several persons). (vt.)
23 gʷiy'+a+s+x̣át=qn gwi'yasqhatqn § harvest (after...). (n.)
√x̣t'1 1 x̣et' qhet' † to gnaw, graze. ((stem), vi, vt.)
2 s+x̣ét'+m sqhet'm corrosion, rot. ((lit. gnawing), n.)
3 x̣at'=úl'mxʷ qhat'u'lmkhw // He grazed. ((lit. He munched on the ground), vi.)
4 ic+x̣et'=úl'umxʷ itsqhet'u'lumkhw browse. ((lit. It (horse) is grazing), vi.)
√x̣t'2 1 x̣it qhit [also recorded as √x̣t] † corrugated. ((stem). marked, adj.)
2 x̣it' qhit' marked. ((stem). corrugated, adj.)
3 s+x̣it'+m=šn sqhit'mshn // breeches, chinos, corduroy, pants, trousers. (n.)
√x̣w 1 x̣iw qhiw † ashamed, embarrassed, shy, timid. ((stem), adj.)
2 x̣íw+t qhiwt blushed, confound. ((lit. He was ashamed), vt.)
3 x̣iw+t qhiwt ashamed (be), embarrassed (be). (vt.)
4 x̣éw+x̣ew+t qhewqhewt derogatory, disparaging, shameful. (adj.)
5 x̣ew+x̣ew+t+úl qhewqhewtul bashful, shy, withdrawn. ((lit. He is habitually ashamed), adj.)
6 s+x̣iw+t sqhiwt chagrin, decency, embarrassment, humiliation, modesty, shyness. (n.)
7 hn+x̣íw+n hnqhiwn disgrace, ignominy. ((lit. It is a cause of shame), n.)
8 hn+x̣íw+m hnqhiwm disgrace, ignominy (lit. It is a cause of shame). (n.)
9 ic+x̣íw+t itsqhiwt ashamed. ((lit. He is being ashamed), vi.)
10 x̣ew+um+scút qhewumstsut shame, disgrace, dishonor. ((lit. He brought reproach upon himself), vt.)
11 s+x̣ew+um+scút sqhewumstsut degradation, disgrace (...oneself). (n, vt.)
12 s+n+x̣ew+p+ší+cut snqhewpshitsut compunction. ((lit. feeling shame of one's experience), n.)
√x̣wt 1 x̣ewit+x̣awít qhewitqhawit † swan (white). (n.)
√x̣w' 1 x̣iw' qhi'w † raw (uncooked).
2 ac+x̣íw' ats qhi'w crude, raw. (vt. (lit. It is raw), adj.)
3 s+x̣aw'+lu+tx̣ʷeʔ sqha'wlutqhwe' § camas (raw...). (n.)
√x̣w'ɫ 1 a· x̣íw'ɫ aaqhi'wɫ † today, now, presently. (adv.)
2 ul a· x̣íw'ɫ ul aaqhi'wɫ current. ((lit. belonging to the time now passing), adj.)
√x̣x̣ 1 aɫ+x̣áx̣+ax̣ aɫqhaqhaqh † crow. (n.)
√x̣y 1 x̣iy qhiy † gray (horse). ((stem), adj.)
2 t+x̣íy=elps tqhiyelps // gray horse. (n.)
3 t+x̣iy=elps tqhiyelps horse (gray). (n.)
4 s+x̣ey+l'+s+čí+čeʔ sqhey'lschiche' § horse (worn out...), plug. (old horse, n.)
√x̣yš 1 x̣eyiš qheyish † revenge. ((stem), n.)
√x̣y'1 1 x̣áy'+x̣iy' qha'yqhi'y † large. ((stem), adj.)
2 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t qha'yqhi't large, gross. ((big), adj.)
3 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t qha'yqhi't It is ample, big, bulky, huge, large. (adj.)
4 s+x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t sqha'yqhi't amplitude, bulk, capacity, volume. (n.)
5 s+x̣áy'+x̣iy'+m sqha'yqhi'ym apotheosis. ((lit. making one great), n.)
6 hn+x̣áy'+x̣iy'=alqs hnqha'yqhi'yalqs // considerable, costly, dear, road (It is a wide...), valuable. ((lit. It is a wide road), adj.)
7 s+n+x̣áy'+x̣iy'=alqs snqha'yqhi'yalqs costliness, high price(s). ((lit. bigness of road), n.)
8 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t=ílš qha'yqhi'tilsh It became enlarged or extended or dilated. (vt.)
9 s+x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t=íl'š+m sqha'yqhi'ti'lshm dilation. (n.)
10 hn+x̣áy'+x̣iʔ=ɫc'eʔ hnqha'yqhi'ɫts'e' cannon. ((lit. a gun with a large interior), n.)
11 x̣ay'+x̣íʔ=ɫxʷ qha'yqhi'ɫkhw building (big), chateau. (n.)
12 t+x̣áy'+x̣iy'=eʔst tqha'yqhi'ye'st big rock, boulder. (n.)
13 *x̣ay'+x̣í=qn' qha'yqhiq'm He has a big head. (vi.)
14 t+x̣áy'+x̣iy'=us tqha'yqhi'yus eye (He has a large...), large flame. (n.)
15 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t=íl'š‑s‑n qha'yqhi'ti'lshsn ‡ dilate. ((lit. I enlarged or widened it in all directions), vt.)
16 x̣ay'+x̣iy'+t=íl'š‑st‑m qha'yqhi'yti'lshstm amplify, augment, enlarge. (vt.)
17 x̣ay'+x̣iy'+t=íl'š‑stu‑s qha'yqhi'yti'lshstus amplified, enlarging (He succeeded in...it). (vt.)
18 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t he t'éde qhay'qhi't he t'ede § argosy. ((lit. a big canoe), n.)
19 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ha gʷar=úl'mxʷ+n qha'yqhi't ha gwaru'lmkhwn bulldozer. ((lit. big ground scraper), n.)
20 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t ha mo·nkí qha'yqhi't ha moonki ape, gorilla. ((lit. big monkey), n.)
21 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ha t+x̣ʷéq'ʷ=ečn' qha'yqhi't ha tqhweq'wech'n bass viol. ((lit. It is big big what is a viol (means of pulverizing)), n.)
22 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t ha t+xʷéq'ʷ=ečn' qha'yqhi't ha tkhweq'wech'n bass viol (lit. It is big big what is a viol (means of pulverizing)). (n.)
23 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+t ic+puʔ+puʔs=ínč qha'yqhi't itspu'pu'sinch brokenhearted, mournful. ((lit. He is grievously mourning), adj.)
24 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t hen+cúnmeʔ+n qha'yqhi't hentsunme'n school (It is a big...). (n.)
25 x̣áy'+x̣iʔ+t he s+n+piy+y=ílgʷes qha'yqhi't he snpiyyilgwes bliss, ecstasy. ((lit. great thrilling of the heart), n.)
26 x̣ay'+x̣iʔ+s+qíl=tč qha'yqhi'sqilch chubby, buxom. ((lit. She has a big body), adj.)
√x̣y'2 1 x̣ey' qhe'y † leftovers (food). ((stem), n.)
√x̣ʕ 1 x̣a[ʕ] qha † fan (to...). ((stem), vt.)
2 s+x̣aʕ+p sqha(p breeze. (n.)
3 s+x̣áʕ+ncut sqha(ntsut air conditioning (oneself). (vt.)
√x̣ʕgʷ 1 x̣eʕigʷ qhe(igw † perforated. ((stem), adj.)
√x̣ʔ1 1 hn+x̣áʔ+x̣aʔ+mn hnqha'qha'mn † sturgeon, whale. (n.)
√x̣ʔ2 1 x̣eʔ=úl'mxʷ qhe'u'lmkhw // rattler. (n.)

√x̣ʷ

√x̣ʷc1 1 t+x̣ʷec+t tqhwetst † by‑gone. (adj.)
2 t+x̣ʷéc+t tqhwetst past. (n.)
3 t+x̣ʷéc‑nt‑s tqhwetsnts ‡ beyond (He went...him), bypassed (He...it). (adv.)
√x̣ʷc2 1 s+x̣ʷ+x̣ʷic+eʔ sqhuqhwitse' † brevity, concision, shortness. (n.)